Lipophilic bacteria

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Lipophilic bacteria (fat-liking bacteria) are bacteria that may proliferate in lipids.

Types[edit]

They include lipophilic corynebacteria.[1]

Propionibacterium acnes is a type of liphophilic bacteria,[2] releasing fatty acids and worsening comedones.

However, the group of lipophilic bacteria are not pathogenic, i.e. they don't cause food poisoning or food infection [3]

Health risks[edit]

Most materials in laboratories and health-care centers have small amounts of lipids on their surface, and thus may support the proliferation of lipophilic bacteria.[4] However, since they are not pathogenic,[3] this is not a serious threat.

Lipophilic bacteria may also proliferate in diet fat. However, in modern food industry this is very rare[3] and at worst causes a discoloration of the fat[3]

Commercial Use[edit]

Many lipophilic bacteria are a good source of Biosurfactants, hence are used commercially, e.g. Bacillus lichenoformis. These kind of bacteria produce Biosurfactant which replaces chemically produced surfactants, Biosurfactans are degradable unlike the chemical ones.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clinical Microbiology of Coryneform Bacteria GUIDO FUNKE,1* ALEXANDER VON GRAEVENITZ,1 JILL E. CLARRIDGE III,2 AND KATHRYN A. BERNARD3 Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Zu¨rich, Zu¨rich, Switzerland1; Laboratory Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Departments of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas2; and Special Bacteriology Laboratory, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada3
  2. ^ Natural Acne Treatments Guide - How to get rid of pimples
  3. ^ a b c d The Action of Microorganisms on Fats By L. B. JENSEN and D. P. GRETTIE Swift & Company Laboratories, Chicago, Ill. (Published 1933, so feel free to replace)
  4. ^ Postoperative endophthalmitis. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, Volume 30, Issue 11, Pages 2441-2444 C. Ferrer, J. Ruiz-Moreno, A. Rodríguez, J. Montero, J. Alió