Lipotropin

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pro-opiomelanocortin
Identifiers
Symbol POMC
Entrez 5443
HUGO 9201
OMIM 176830
RefSeq NM_000939
UniProt P01189
Other data
Locus Chr. 2 p23

Lipotropin is a hormone produced by the cleavage of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). The anterior pituitary gland produces the pro-hormone POMC, which undergoes cleavage to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and β-lipotropin (β-LPH).

β-Lipotropin[edit]

β-Lipotropin is a 90-amino acid polypeptide that is the carboxy-terminal fragment of POMC.

It stimulates melanocytes to produce melanin, and can also be cleaved into smaller peptides. In humans, γ-lipotropin, α-MSH, β-MSH, γ-MSH, α-endorphin, β-endorphin, γ-endorphin, and met-enkephalin are all possible fragments of β-lipotropin.[1]

β-Lipotropin also performs lipid-mobilizing functions such as lipolysis and steroidogenesis.

γ-Lipotropin[edit]

γ-lipotropin is the amino-terminal peptide fragment of β-lipotropin. In humans, it has 56 amino acids.

Use in sport[edit]

Lipotropin has also, under its alternate name AOD-9604 (Anti-Obesity Drug-9604),[2] been connected with controversies in Australian Rules Football. Allegations have arisen around the use of the drug and its administration to players of the Essendon Football Club as a supplement, including weekly administration to players in the 2012 season. The matters are currently under investigation due to the relationship between Lipotropin and growth hormones, as noted by club medical staff.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joachim Spiess, Charles D. Mount, Wendell E. Nicholson, David N. Orth (1982), "NH2-Terminal amino acid sequence and peptide mapping of purified human β-lipotropin: Comparison with previously proposed sequences", Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79 (16): 5071–5, Bibcode:1982PNAS...79.5071S, doi:10.1073/pnas.79.16.5071, PMC 346829, PMID 6956916 
  2. ^ Peptides Direct information page, accessed 26 August 2013
  3. ^ AFL Statement of Charges against James Hird and Essendon Football Club, accessed 26 August 2013 [1]

External links[edit]