District location in Uganda
|• Total||1,368.9 km2 (528.5 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,328.9 km2 (513.1 sq mi)|
|• Water||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,080 m (3,540 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||303.3/km2 (786/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Lira District is bordered by Pader District to the north, Otuke District to the northeast, Alebtong District to the east, Dokolo District to the southeast, Apac District to the southwest and Kole District to the west. The main municipal, administrative and commercial center in the district, Lira, is located 110 kilometres (68 mi), by road, southeast of Gulu, the largest city in Northern Uganda. The coordinates of the district are: 02 20N, 33 06E (Latitude:02.3333; Longitude:33.1000).
Until 2005, the district comprised six counties; Erute, Dokolo, Kyoga, Otuke, Moroto and Lira Municipality. These were further subdivided into 28 sub-counties. Of the 28 sub-counties, four are Municipal Divisions. There are a total of 192 parishes with 2,247 villages. With the creation of Dokolo District in 2005, and the creation of Otuke District in 2010, Lira District today consists of four counties: 1. Erute North County 2. Erute South County 3. Moroto County and 4. Lira Town Council.
Conflict and Displacement
Long untouched by the Lord's Resistance Army insurgency that ravaged Kitgum and Pader Districts to the north, the increased violence of 2002 resulted in massive population displacement within the district of Lira. However, as of June 2009, the security situation in the district was relatively peaceful. In 2006 and 2007, Lira District experienced a massive return of Internally Displaced Persons. Over 310,000 of the estimated 350,000 left camps to return to their home villages in a period of 14 months.
Lira District is part of Lango sub-region, which consists of the following districts: Alebtong, Amolatar, Apac, Dokolo, Lira, Kole, Otuke and Oyam. The sub-region is coterminus with the now defunct Lango District. Lango sub-region was home to an estimated 1.5 million Langi in 2002, according to the national census conducted at that time.
In 1991, the Uganda national population census estimated the population in the district at about 191,500. Eleven years later, the 2002 national population census, put the district population at about 290,600, with an annual population growth rate of 3.4%. In 2012, the population of Lira District was estimated at about 403,100. The table below attempts to demonstrate the district population growth estimates over the last 10 to 15 years. A new national population census is planned for in August 2014. The majority of the population are ethnic Langi and the predominant language spoken is Lwo.
|Lira District Population Trends|
Lira District has a diversified economy including: