|Birth name||Lisa Nicole Lopes|
|Also known as||Left Eye, N.I.N.A.|
May 27, 1971|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Origin||Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.|
|Died||April 25, 2002
La Ceiba, Atlántida, Honduras
|Genres||Hip hop, R&B, dance|
|Occupation(s)||Rapper, singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, actress, model|
|Labels||LaFace, Arista, Death Row|
|Associated acts||TLC, Tionne Watkins, Rozonda Thomas, Blaque, Raina "Reigndrop" Lopes, Tangi Forman, Missy Elliott, Mercedes, Tupac Shakur, Lil' Kim, Angie Martinez, Da Brat, Toni Braxton, Lil' Mama, Method Man, Will Smith, N'Sync|
|Website||Lisa Lopes Foundation|
Lisa Nicole Lopes (May 27, 1971 – April 25, 2002), better known by her stage name Left Eye, was an American rapper, singer, dancer, musician, and songwriter. She achieved fame as a member of the R&B girl group TLC. Lopes contributed her self-written raps to many of TLC's hit singles, including "Ain't 2 Proud 2 Beg", "What About Your Friends", "Hat 2 da Back", "No Scrubs", "Waterfalls", "Girl Talk". She won four Grammy Awards for her work with TLC.
On April 25, 2002, Lopes was killed in an automobile accident in La Ceiba, Honduras when she swerved off the road to avoid hitting another vehicle. She was thrown from her own vehicle and later died from her injuries. The last days of her life were documented from March 30, 2002 until her death on April 25, 2002. The footage included the accident that took her life and was made into a documentary called The Last Days of Left Eye. It aired on VH1's rock docs on May 19, 2007, eight days prior to what would have been Lopes' 36th birthday.
Lisa Lopes was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Wanda, a seamstress, and Ronald Lopes, an Army staff sergeant. She had two younger siblings, Ronald and Raina. Her father has been described by music journalist and academic Jacqueline Springer, as an "oppressively" strict and demanding disciplinarian. Lopes' parents separated when she was still at school and for the later years of her childhood, she was raised by her paternal grandmother. She attended Girls' High School. She was of Afro-Cape Verdean  and African American descent.
At the age of 17, having heard of an open casting call for a new girl group through her boyfriend at the time, Lopes moved to Atlanta to audition. TLC started off as a female trio called 2nd Nature. The group was renamed TLC – derived from the first initials of its then three members – Tionne, Lisa and Crystal. Things did not work out with Crystal Jones, and TLC's manager Perri "Pebbles" Reid brought in Damian Dame backup dancer Rozonda Thomas as a third member of the group. To keep the "initial" theme of the band's name, Rozonda needed a name starting with C, and so became Chilli—a name chosen by Lopes. Band mate Tionne Watkins became T-Boz which was derived from the first letter of her first name and "Boz," which is slang for "boss". Lopes was renamed "Left Eye", after a compliment from a man who once told her he was very attracted to her because of her left eye. Lopes emphasized her nickname by wearing a pair of glasses with the left lens covered with a condom, in keeping with the group's promotion of safe sex, wearing a black stripe under her left eye and, eventually getting her left eyebrow pierced.
The group arrived on the music scene in 1992 with the album Ooooooohhh... On the TLC Tip. With four singles, it sold six million copies worldwide; TLC became a household name. 1994 saw the release of CrazySexyCool, which sold over 23 million copies worldwide and cemented TLC as one of the biggest female groups of all time. TLC's third album, FanMail, was released in 1999 and sold over 14 million copies worldwide. Its title was a tribute to TLC's loyal fans and the sleeve contained the names of hundreds of them as a "thank you" to supporters.
During the recording of FanMail, a public conflict began amongst the members of the group. In the May 1999 issue of Vibe magazine, Lopes said, "I've graduated from this era. I cannot stand 100 percent behind this TLC project and the music that is supposed to represent me." In response to Lopes' comments, Watkins and Thomas stated to Entertainment Weekly that Lopes "doesn't respect the whole group" and "Left Eye is only concerned with Left Eye". In turn, Lopes sent a reply through Entertainment Weekly issuing a "challenge" to Watkins and Thomas to release solo albums and let the public decide who was the "greatest" member of TLC:
|“||I challenge Tionne Watkins (T-Boz) and Rozonda Thomas (Chilli) to an album entitled "The Challenge"... a 3-CD set that contains three solo albums. Each [album]... will be due to the record label by October 1, 2000...I also challenge Dallas 'The Manipulator' Austin to produce all of the material and do it at a fraction of his normal rate. As I think about it, I'm sure LaFace would not mind throwing in a $1.5 million dollar prize for the winner.||”|
T-Boz and Chilli declined to take up the "challenge," though Lopes always maintained it was a great idea. Things were heated between the ladies for some time, with Thomas speaking out against Lopes, calling her antics "selfish", "evil", and "heartless." TLC then addressed these fights by saying that they are very much like sisters that have their disagreements every now and then as Lisa stated, "It's deeper than a working relationship. We have feelings for each other, which is why we get so mad at each other. I usually say that you cannot hate someone unless you love them. So, we love each other. That's the problem."
After the release of FanMail, Lopes began to expand her solo career. She became a featured rapper on several singles, including Spice Girl Melanie C's "Never Be the Same Again", which topped the charts in thirty five countries, including the United Kingdom. She was also featured on "U Know What's Up", the first single from Donell Jones' second album, Where I Wanna Be, and she rapped a verse in "Space Cowboy" with 'N Sync on their 2000 album, No Strings Attached. On October 4, 2000, Lopes co-hosted the MOBO Awards alongside Trevor Nelson, where she also performed "U Know What's Up" with Jones. She also collaborated on "Gimme Some" by Toni Braxton from her 2000 album The Heat. In 2001, she appeared in a commercial for Gap Inc. Three years earlier in 1998, Lopes hosted the short-lived MTV series, The Cut. A handful of which would be pop stars, rappers, and rock bands who would compete against each other and were judged. The show's winner, which ended up being a male-female rap duo named Silky, was promised a record deal and funding to produce a music video, which would then enter MTV's heavy rotation. A then-unknown Anastacia finished in third place, but ended up securing a record deal after Lopes and the show's three judges were impressed by her performance. In July 2001, Lopes appeared on the singers' edition of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire along with Joey McIntyre, Tyrese, Nick Lachey, and Lee Ann Womack. She dropped from a $125,000 question and won $32,000 for charity. She would later appear again in the audience alongside Tyrese. A year later, in 2002, the episode of her drop was shown and was dedicated to her.
Lopes created "Left Eye Productions" to discover new talent. She mentored the R&B trio Blaque, and helped them secure a record deal with Columbia Records. Their self-titled debut album was executive-produced by Lopes, who also made a cameo appearance in their music video "808" and also rapped in their second music video "I Do". Lopes was also developing and promoting another new band called Egypt. They worked with Lopes on her second album under her new nickname, N.I.N.A., meaning New Identity Not Applicable.
Lopes spent much of her free time after the conclusion of TLC's first headlining tour supporting Fanmail recording her debut solo album, Supernova. It includes a song titled "A New Star is Born", which is dedicated to her late father. She told MTV News:
|“||That track is dedicated to all those that have loved ones that have passed away. It's saying that there is no such thing as death. We can call it transforming for a lack of better words, but as scientists would say, 'Every atom that was once a star is now in you.' It's in your body. So, in the song I pretty much go along with that idea. ... I don't care what happens or what people think about death, it doesn't matter. We all share the same space."||”|
Other tracks covered personal issues, including her relationship with NFL football player Andre Rison. In 1994, Lopes infamously burned down Rison's Atlanta mansion, resulting in the loss of all his possessions. Among the album's thirteen tracks was also a posthumous duet with Tupac Shakur that was assembled from the large cache of unreleased recordings done prior to his murder in 1996. Initially scheduled for release on a date to coincide with the eleventh anniversary of her grandfather's death, Arista Records decided to delay, then cancel the American release. The album was eventually released in August 2001 in various foreign countries. The Japan import includes a bonus track called "Friends", which would later be sampled for "Give It to Me While It's Hot" on TLC's fourth album 3D.
After numerous talks with Death Row Records CEO Suge Knight, Lopes severed her solo deal with Arista (despite remaining signed to the label as a member of TLC) and signed with Knight's Tha Row Records in January 2002, intending to record a second solo album under the pseudonym "N.I.N.A." (New Identity Not Applicable). She was recording with David Bowie for the project, who she was also trying to get involved with the fourth TLC album. The project was also to include several songs recorded with Ray J along with close friend Missy Elliott. After Lopes' death in April 2002, Death Row Records still had plans to release the album in October 2002, but after legal issues with Arista Records, the album was cancelled. In 2011, all the tracks from the album were uploaded onto YouTube featuring artists from Tha Row Records. Lopes's unreleased songs were also sampled by TLC for their fourth album 3D after she died. Another track, "Too Street 4 T.V", was released on the soundtrack to the film Dysfunktional Family.
Eye Legacy, Forever... The EP and "Fantasies"
In 2008, Lopes' family decided to work with producers at Surefire Music Group to create a posthumous album in her honor, Eye Legacy. Originally set to be released October 28, 2008, the release date was pushed back to November 11, then to January 27, 2009. The song "Crank It", which features Lopes' sister Reigndrop, was released as a promotional single. The first official single from the album, "Let's Just Do It", was released on January 13, 2009 and features Missy Elliott and TLC. The second official single, "Block Party", features Lil Mama and Clyde McKnight. The album largely consists of reworked versions of tracks from the Supernova album. In November 2009, Forever... The EP was released which contained international bonus tracks not used on the Eye Legacy album. The EP was only available to download. An unreleased track featuring Lopes was uploaded to SoundCloud on the eve of the 10-year anniversary of her death by Block Starz Music. A portion of the proceeds from the song "Fantasies", which features rapper Bootleg of The Dayton Family, will go to the Lisa Lopes Foundation.
Lopes was often vocal about her personal life and difficult past. She readily admitted that she had come from an abusive, alcoholic background and struggled with alcohol problems herself. These problems became headline news in 1994, when she set fire to Andre Rison's tennis shoes in a bathtub, which ultimately spread to the mansion they shared, destroying it. Lopes claimed that Rison had beaten her after a night out, and she set fire to his shoes to get back at him. However, she said burning down the house was an accident. Lopes later revealed that she did not have a lot of freedom within the relationship and was abused mentally and physically, having released all her frustrations on the night of the fire.
Lopes, who was sentenced to five years probation and therapy at a halfway house, was never able to shake the incident from her reputation. Her relationship with Rison continued to make headlines, with rumors of an imminent wedding, later debunked by People magazine. Lopes revealed on The Last Days of Left Eye documentary that her meeting with a struggling mother in rehab left a big impression on her. She subsequently adopted the woman's 8-year-old daughter. Ten years previously, she had adopted a 12-year-old boy.
Lopes had several large tattoos. Most prominent was a large eagle on her left arm, which she said represented freedom. Later, she added the number "80" around the eagle, which was Rison's NFL number while in Atlanta. She also had a tattoo of a moon with a face on her foot in reference to Rison's nickname, Bad Moon. On her upper right arm was a large tattoo of the name Parron, for her late step brother who died in a boating accident, arching over a large tattoo of a pierced heart. Her smallest tattoo was on her left ear and consisted of an arrow pointing to her left over the symbol of an eye, a reference to her nickname.
Roughly two weeks before her own death, Lopes was involved in a traffic accident that resulted in the death of a ten-year-old Honduran boy. As reported in Philadelphia Weekly, "It is commonplace for people to walk the roads that wind through Honduras, and it's often difficult to see pedestrians." The boy, Bayron Isaul Fuentes Lopez, was following behind his brothers and sisters when he stepped off the median strip and was struck by the van driven by Lopes' personal assistant. Lopes' party stopped and loaded the boy into the car, and the Philadelphia Weekly goes on to explain that "Lisa cradled the dying boy's bleeding head in her arms" while "Someone gave him mouth-to-mouth resuscitation as they rushed him to a nearby hospital." Lopez died the next day and Lopes paid approximately US$3,700 for his medical expenses and funeral, and later compensated the family around US$925 for their loss, although it was apparently agreed upon by the authorities and the boy's family that his death was an "unforeseeable tragedy", and no blame was placed on Lopes or the driver of the van. In the documentary The Last Days of Left Eye, Lopes is shown in a local funeral home choosing a casket for the child. Earlier in the documentary, Lopes mentioned that she felt the presence of a "spirit" following her, and was struck by the fact that the child killed in the accident shared her last name, even thinking that the spirit may have made a mistake by taking his life instead of hers.
Shortly after the death of Lisa Lopes, her family started the Lisa Lopes Foundation, a charitable group dedicated to providing neglected and abandoned youth with the resources necessary to increase their quality of life. Her spiritual motto is the one that she used for her foundation: "Energy never dies...It just transforms." Her foundation went into various underdeveloped villages and gave away brand new clothes to needy children and their families. In 2012, the Foundation began hosting an annual music festival, known as "Left Eye Music Fest", in Decatur, Georgia.
On April 25, 2002, in La Ceiba, Honduras, while driving a rented Mitsubishi Pajero around a bend in the road, Lopes swerved to the right slightly then again to the left as she tried to avoid a collision with another vehicle that was in her lane ahead of her (it is not clear as to the direction of travel of the other vehicle at the time of the accident). The vehicle rolled several times after hitting two trees, throwing Lopes and three others out of the windows. She died of neck injuries and severe head trauma, and was the only person fatally injured in the accident. Raina Lopes, in the front passenger seat, was videotaping at the time, so the last seconds leading up to the swerve that resulted in the fatal accident were recorded on video. In the video, Lisa appears to not be wearing a seat belt.
Her funeral was held at New Birth Missionary Baptist Church in Lithonia, Georgia on May 2, 2002. Thousands of people attended her funeral. Engraved upon her casket were the lyrics to her portion of "Waterfalls": "Dreams are hopeless aspirations, in hopes of coming true, believe in yourself, the rest is up to me and you." Lopes was buried at Hillandale Memorial Gardens, in Lithonia, Georgia.
In a statement to MTV, producer Jermaine Dupri remembered Lopes:
She was determined to be something in life. She was a true Hip-Hop star. She cared about some press. She was the star out of the group. She was the one who would curse on TV. She had the tattoos. You could not expect the expected. When you see Lisa, you could expect something from her. That is the gift she carried.
Controversy over leaked autopsy photos led to a protest by NASCAR Sprint Cup Series star Dale Earnhardt, Jr. In response, Earnhardt, Jr. and his DEI teammates Michael Waltrip and Steve Park painted a single black stripe next to the left headlight decals of their Chevrolet Monte Carlos for the Pontiac Excitement 400 at Richmond International Raceway to protest about the display of her autopsy photos. A similar controversy had befallen Earnhardt, Jr. himself after his father's death in the Daytona 500 a year earlier.
A documentary showing the final 27 days of Lopes' life, titled The Last Days of Left Eye, premiered at the Atlanta Film Festival in April 2007, for an audience that included many of Lopes' contemporaries, including Monica, Ronnie DeVoe, 112, Big Boi, India.Arie, and CeeLo Green. VH1 and VH1 Soul broadcast the documentary on May 19, 2007. Much of the footage was shot with a hand-held camera, often in the form of diary entries filmed by Lopes while on a 30-day spiritual retreat in Honduras with family and members of the R&B group Egypt. In these entries, she reflected on her personal life and career. A calmer side of her personality was on display, showing interests in numerology and yoga. She was in the process of setting up an educational center for Honduran children on 80 acres (32 ha) of land she owned called CAMP YAC as well as another center, CREATIVE CASTLE.
Lopes is remembered for adding a unique rap sensibility to TLC's music as well as being relatively creative towards the group's look and sound (e.g. creating the album titles for all four of TLC's LPs, designing the groups performance apparel and even sometimes, the setting of the stage in which they would perform on). She was often thought of as "crazy" and was known for being one of the most outspoken and controversial female rap artist of that time. Lopes' colorful but yet troublesome life and career was often heavily publicized and perhaps was a contributing factor to TLC's mega-success with the CrazySexyCool and FanMail LPs. She heavily embraced change throughout her career & one could sense the elevation within Lopes' lyrics over the course of her career as she went from having a squeaky-voiced, silly and boisterous sound to having a more in-depth and definite tone within her raps. She is one of the most successful, multi-platinum artists around as a multi-talented female rapper who always 'spoke from the heart and was never afraid to be herself'.
In 1996, Lopes created the UNI Studios for the purpose of recording solo projects. Lopes' family opened the studio to the public. Her brother Ronald Lopes is the general manager of the studio. Lopes had a dream of making new artists able to record music at a low price, in a high-end studio at her house. Her family continues to operate it and fill it with new equipment.
- 2001: Supernova
- 2002: N.I.N.A. (shelved due to Lisa's death)
- 2009: Eye Legacy (a remixed version of Supernova)
- 2009: Forever... The EP
- 2013: Reigndrops in My LeftEye
|1994||House Party 3||Sex as a Weapon (with TLC)|
|1995||Living Single||Herself (with TLC)|
|2013||CrazySexyCool: The TLC Story||Herself (archive footage) (VH1 biopic)|
- "Grammy.com". Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Smolowe, Jill; Morrissey, Siobhan; Westfall, Jill; Cohen, Michael; Wescott, Gail; Rozsa, Lori; Stambler, Lyndon (May 13, 2002). "Sad Rap". People. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Keeps, David A. (June 6, 2002). "Life of Fiery Rapper Lisa Lopes Tragically Cut Short". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "DJ Sara Cox nominates singer Lisa 'Left Eye' Lopes". Great Lives (Podcast). BBC Radio 4. January 31, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- DeLuca, Dan (April 27, 2002). "Lisa Lopes, Grammy-winning singer, rapper". Philly.com (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- Noakes, Tim (October 2013). "T-Boz: the original tomboy". Dazed & Confused. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (April 24, 2002). "Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes". People. pp. 1–2. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "TLC Reveal Title and Track-listing For New Collection Inspired By Upcoming VH1 Biopic CrazySexyCool: The TLC Story". Sony. PR Newswire. September 23, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Freydkin, Donna (February 25, 1999). "TLC's glam goddesses resurface with 'Fan Mail'". CNN. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- DeCurtis, Anthony (May 1999). "Three the Hard Way". Vibe (Vibe Media Group) 7 (4). ISSN 1070-4701. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- Krulik, Nancy (2002). Lisa Lopes: The Life of a Supernova. Simon and Schuster. p. 41. ISBN 0-689-85690-3.
- Gill, John (November 23, 1999). "TLC's Left Eye Challenges T-Boz, Chili To Solo Album Showdown". MTV. Retrieved September 29, 2008.
- Sinclair, Tom (November 27, 2000). "Left Field". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Sinclair, Tom (October 29, 1999). "Unpretty Situation". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- "The Fire This Time". Talk. September 2001. OCLC 60627261.
- Youngs, Ian (April 26, 2002). "Left Eye's sideways look at life". BBC News. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "Donell Jones Thrills Fans With New Album, 'Life Goes On'". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company) 102 (2): 40. July 1, 2002. ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- Paoletta, Michael (March 25, 2000). "Reviews & Previews". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 112 (13): 23. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "Craig David All Over Your MOBOs". NME. October 5, 2000. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "2000 MOBO Awards". MOBO Awards. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "Who Knows?". People. July 30, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Hay, Carla (April 17, 1999). "Blaque Wants More Than Just TLC". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.) 111 (16): 18. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "Remembering Lisa (Left Eye) Lopes". Ebony (Johnson Publishing Company) 57 (10): 136. August 2002. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- Cruz, Clarissa; Sinclair, Tom (May 2, 2002). "Waterfalls of Tears". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- "Chilli, T-Boz, Jermaine Dupri Remember TLC's Left Eye". MTV. April 26, 2002. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- Reid, Shaheem (September 6, 2002). "Suge Knight Plans To Release Left Eye's 'N.I.N.A.' LP". MTV News. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Moss, Corey; Johnson, Tina (January 3, 2002). "Left Eye Signs With Suge Knight's Tha Row". MTV News. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Reid, Shaheem; Vineyard, Jennifer (April 26, 2002). "Lisa 'Left Eye' Lopes Killed in Car Accident". MTV News. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Reid, Shaheem (November 11, 2002). "Kurupt Hits Big Screen, Talks Lisa Lopes Album, Tha Row". MTV. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Reid, Shaheem (April 25, 2007). "Lisa Lopes Documentary Captures Singer's Last Days". MTV. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (June 7, 2001). "Whither 'Left Eye' Lopes and Rison?". People. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Lazin, Lauren (Director) (May 19, 2007). The Last Days of Left Eye (Documentary). United States: VH1.
- TLC time for Lisa Lopes Tour Dates. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- Interview with The Independent[dead link]
- "entry". Vanishingtattoo.com. July 4, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Jones, Solomon (August 14, 2002). "Over the Waterfall". Philadelphia Weekly. pp. 1–2. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Susman, Gary (April 30, 2002). "Bad Car-ma". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "Thousands Gather to Say Goodbye to Left Eye". MTV. May 2, 2002. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "Thousands mourn 'Left Eye'". BBC News. May 3, 2002. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "entry with photos". Findagrave.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Kurz Jr., Hank (May 3, 2002). "Earnhardt teams to honor Lopes at Richmond". USA Today. AP. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- ""Last Days of Left Eye" and "Fay Grim" Bookend 31st Atlanta Film Fest". Indiewire. April 18, 2007. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Hefferan, Virginia (May 19, 2007). "Last Days of Left Eye". The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (April 30, 2002). "The Idyllic Last Days of Lisa Lopes". People. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "About Uni Studios". unimusicstudios.com. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- "Left Eye's Uni Studio's and Emancipated Talent Present a "Summer 2008 Star Showcase" for Unsigned Talent". 24-7pressrelease.com. May 29, 2008. Retrieved July 24, 2008.