Dr Lisbet Rausing (born 9 June 1960) is a Swedish historian of science and philanthropist.
She is the daughter of Tetra Pak entrepreneur Hans Rausing and his wife Märit Rausing. She has one sister, Sigrid Rausing, and one brother, Hans Kristian Rausing. She was educated at the University of California at Berkeley and Harvard University.
Rausing is the author of a scholarly biography of Carl Linnaeus published in 1999 – Linnaeus: Nature and Nation – as well as numerous scholarly articles. She holds honorary doctorates from Uppsala University, Imperial College and SOAS, and is a fellow of the Linnean Society and the Royal Historical Society. In 2006 she was elected an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy.