Main Street c. 1914
Location of the town of Lisbon (in yellow) in Androscoggin County and the state of Maine
|Incorporated||June 22, 1799|
|• Total||23.82 sq mi (61.69 km2)|
|• Land||22.82 sq mi (59.10 km2)|
|• Water||1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)|
|Elevation||200 ft (61 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||8,943|
|• Density||394.8/sq mi (152.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||04250, 04252|
|GNIS feature ID||0582563|
Lisbon is a town in Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. The population was 9,009 at the 2010 census. It is included in both the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan statistical area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England city and town area. Lisbon includes the village of Lisbon Falls.
The community was originally part of Bowdoin, a township within the Kennebec Purchase. But because travel to attend town meetings was difficult, on June 22, 1799 the General Court of Massachusetts divided Bowdoin in two to create Thompsonborough. Residents, however, soon grew dissatisfied with the long name. Consequently, it would be renamed in 1802 as Lisbon, after Lisbon in Portugal. In 1808, Lisbon annexed the remainder of Little River Plantation (part of the Pejepscot Purchase) as Lisbon Falls. In 1840, part of Lisbon was set off as Webster.
With fertile and easily cultivated soil, farming was an early industry. Sawmills and gristmills were built using water power from the streams. Larger brick mills followed to manufacture textiles. In 1864, the Worumbo Mill was established to produce woolens, and would remain a principal employer until it burned in 1987. Today, the small mill town is largely a bedroom community for companies like Bath Iron Works and L.L.Bean and increasingly for people working in the Portland area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.82 square miles (61.69 km2), of which 22.82 square miles (59.10 km2) is land and 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2) is water. Lisbon is drained by the Sabattus River, Little River and Androscoggin River.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,009 people, 3,696 households, and 2,477 families residing in the town. The population density was 394.8 inhabitants per square mile (152.4/km2). There were 3,948 housing units at an average density of 173.0 per square mile (66.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 3,696 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the town was 39.4 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.8% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,077 people, 3,608 households, and 2,485 families residing in the town. The population density was 384.5 people per square mile (148.4/km²). There were 3,789 housing units at an average density of 160.5 per square mile (62.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.41% White, 0.65% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.
There were 3,608 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,115, and the median income for a family was $42,614. Males had a median income of $32,107 versus $21,099 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,263. About 6.7% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Lisbon School Department includes three schools, Lisbon Community School, Philip W. Sugg Middle School and Lisbon High School.
Rick Green is the Superintendent of Schools.
- William Dunn, sailor
- Howard Gerrish, author and teacher
- John Gould, columnist
- Stephen King, writer
- Garrett Mason, state legislator
- Greg Moore, hockey forward
- James Tierney, politician
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 196.
- Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Lisbon, Boston: Russell
- Maine Genealogy: Lisbon, Androscoggin County, Maine
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Lisbon School Dept. Central Office". Lisbon Schools. Retrieved 2012-08-06.