Lisbon is situated on a land grant patented by Seth Warfield in 1794 as "Warfield's Forest". The town was founded by Caleb Pancoast in 1810. Named "New Lisbon", followed by a shortened "Lisbon" name. In 1820, Pancoast deeded land for the Union Church for Public Worship which would become a schoolhouse with gravesites remaining in 1880. Pancoast subdivided the town in 1822 with one hundred lots of a quarter acre in size, including roads and alleys. By 1835, eight scheduled daily stagecoaches ran through town. The town built the single room Annapolis Rock School in 1894, which served the area until 1943.
The National Road passed through the middle of the village of Lisbon, with the 1804 Caleb Pancoast House in background- picture circa August 1912.
The photograph is the National Road, looking East toward Baltimore. The road between the two houses runs north for 2 miles (3.2 km) to Woodbine, where the Patapsco River and the B&O Railroad cross the road. About one mile north of Lisbon exists the original road that ran from Baltimore to Frederick. This road runs west toward Poplar Springs and east toward Sykesville. The exact route of this road is not discernible at this time.
^Seeking Freedom The History of the Underground Railroad in Howard County. p. 78.
^Howard County Historical Society. Images of America Howard County. p. 42.
^Barbara Feaga. Howard's Roads to the Past. p. 44.
^Howard County Historical Society. Images of America Howard County. p. 65.
^CRAIG TIMBERG (6 February 1997). "$2.85 million deal reached on Carrs Mill 3 national companies paying for cleanup at toxic landfill 'A very fair settlement' None of the firms is admitting liability". The Baltimore Sun.