Liskeard

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Coordinates: 50°27′13″N 4°27′54″W / 50.4536°N 4.4651°W / 50.4536; -4.4651

Liskeard
Cornish: Lyskerrys
The Guildhall, Market Street, Liskeard - geograph.org.uk - 666030.jpg
Liskeard Guildhall
Liskeard is located in Cornwall
Liskeard
Liskeard
 Liskeard shown within Cornwall
Population 8,656 (2001)
OS grid reference SX251645
Civil parish Liskeard
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LISKEARD
Postcode district PL14
Dialling code 01579
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Liskeard Listeni/lɪsˈkɑrd/[1] (Cornish: Lyskerrys) is an ancient stannary and market town and civil parish in south east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.[2]

Liskeard is situated approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Plymouth, 14 miles (23 km) west of the River Tamar and the border with Devon, and 12 miles (20 km) east of Bodmin. The town is at the head of the Looe valley in the ancient hundred of West Wivelshire and has a population of 9,417.[3] Liskeard was the base of the former Caradon District Council and it still has a town council.

History[edit]

The placename element Lis, along with ancient privileges accorded the town, indicates that the settlement was once a high status 'court'. A Norman castle was built here after the Conquest, which eventually fell into disuse in the later Middle Ages. By 1538 when visited by John Leland only a few insignificant remains were to be seen.[4] Sir Richard Carew writing in 1602 concurred;

Of later times, the Castle serued the Earle of Cornwall for one of his houses; but now, that later is worm-eaten out of date and vse. Coynages, Fayres, and markets, (as vitall spirits in a decayed bodie) keepe the inner partes of the towne aliue, while the ruyned skirtes accuse the iniurie of time, and the neglect of industrie.[5]

Liskeard was one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall.[6] The market charter was granted by Richard, Earl of Cornwall (brother of Henry III) in 1240. Since then, it has been an important centre for agriculture. The seal of the borough of Liskeard was Ar. a fleur-de-lis and perched thereon and respecting each other two birds in chief two annulets and in flank two feathers.[7]

When Wilkie Collins wrote of his visit to the town in his Rambles beyond Railways he had a low opinion of it: "that abomination of desolation, a large agricultural country town".[8] The town went through a period of economic prosperity during the pre-20th century boom in tin mining, becoming a key centre in the industry as a location for a stannary and coinage.

Present day[edit]

Liskeard is one of the few towns in Cornwall still to have a weekly livestock market, every Tuesday. There is a range of restaurants, cafes and pubs in the town, and some shops retain their Victorian shopfronts and interiors.

Liskeard puts on a pantomime in the last week of January and holds a carnival every June arranged by the Liskeard Lions.[9] Every July, Liskeard holds a large agricultural show, The Liskeard Show, which is always held on the second Saturday in July.[10] St Matthew's Fair was originally established by charter in 1266, the Liskeard Lions' Club re-established the fair in 1976 which runs in September/October.[11] Every December, there is street entertainment and a lantern parade for 'Liskeard Lights Up', when the Christmas lights are switched on.

Geography[edit]

Liskeard and District in the 1920s

Bodmin Moor lies to the northwest of the town. The A38 trunk road used to pass through the town centre but a dual carriageway bypass now carries traffic south of the town leaving the town centre accessible but with low traffic levels. Liskeard is one of the gateway towns for Bodmin Moor.

Climate[edit]

Liskeard has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).

Climate data for Liskeard
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
9
(48)
12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
11
(52)
9
(48)
13
(55)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
11
(52)
9
(48)
6
(43)
4
(39)
8
(46)
Source: Weather Channel[12]

Notable buildings[edit]

Stuart House

The town boasts St. Martin's, the second largest parish church in Cornwall [13] Built on the site of the former Norman church, the oldest parts of the current structure date back to the 15th century. Other places of worship include a Roman Catholic church and Methodist chapels.[14]

  • The Foresters Hall now houses the Tourist Information Office and Liskeard & District Museum. The Foresters still meet in the town at the Public Rooms in West Street. [15]
  • Stuart House (on The Parade) was used by Charles I as a lodging in 1644, when his forces were chasing the Parliamentarians.[16] Restored, it is now used as a community building for arts, heritage and community events
  • Luxstowe House (1831). Designed by George Wightwick for William Glencross.
  • The Guildhall was built in 1859 and has a prominent clock tower.
  • The Public Hall was constructed in 1890.
  • Webb's House (formerly Webb's Hotel) is a classic early Victorian market-town hotel featuring in royal visits, parliamentary declarations and much more but recently converted into flats and is the home of the local newspaper The Cornish Times.
  • Pencubitt House was built in 1897 for J. H. Blamey, a wealthy wool merchant. The house was designed by local architect John Sansom, responsible for many Liskeard homes of that period.[17]
  • The Liskeard Union Workhouse, architect John Foulston of Plymouth (later the Lamellion Hospital).

Politics[edit]

For further details of the parliamentary history of the town see Liskeard (UK Parliament constituency)

In the year 1294, Liskeard began to send two members to Parliament, but this was reduced to one by the 1832 Reform Act. The MPs have included Edward Gibbon, author of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, and Isaac Foot.[18]

Liskeard is now part of the South East Cornwall constituency, and is represented by Conservative Sheryll Murray.

Education[edit]

The first school in Liskeard was founded in 1550 on Castle Hill. For a time it was maintained by the Earls of St Germans, but it closed around 1834 due to a decline in numbers and financial difficulties. From 1835 a series of private schools existed in the borough, until 1908 when Cornwall Education Committee built the County School at Old Road. From 1945 it was known as Liskeard Grammar School until September 1978 when it became the Lower School site of Liskeard School, following amalgamation with the town's secondary modern school.[19]

Liskeard County Secondary School received its first pupils on Monday 12 September 1960, and was formally opened by the Minister of Education, Sir David Eccles on 7 July the following year.[20] Costing £100,000, it was built to accommodate around 500 pupils on the site of the current school at Luxtowe. Its glass and steel structure made "free use of fresh air and sunlight" according to local newspaper reports, whilst other modern features included a well-equipped gymnasium, automated central heating and synchronised clocks across the school, operated from the secretary's office.[21] A new block was opened by the Right Honourable Margaret Thatcher, Secretary of State for Education and Science in 1974, following the raising of the school leaving age from 15 years to 16, two years earlier.[22] Like many similar secondary schools in Cornwall, from the late 1970s it housed the Upper School (3rd Year / Year 9 upwards), when it merged with the town's grammar school to create a split-site comprehensive school.[23]

Twenty years later, with increased pupil numbers requiring many to be taught in temporary buildings, the need for improvements to Liskeard's secondary and primary schools was being raised in Parliament.[24] By the late 1990s, Liskeard School and Community College had been extended at Luxstowe, and the Old Road site closed and redeveloped for housing. Further multi-million pound science and technology facilities were added in 2002, and the original 1960s and 1970s buildings were completely modernised by 2011. As Cornwall's only school with an engineering speciality,[25] it now caters for approximately 1300 students aged between 11 and 19, and employs around 200 teaching and non-teaching, full- and part-time staff. It also has a creche, a teenage advice and information service, a centre for children with autism, and facilities at Moorswater where some engineering-based courses are taught.[26]

There are two primary schools in Liskeard: St Martin's Church of England (Voluntary Aided) School in Lake Lane and Hillfort Primary School on Old Road. The latter was opened in September 2006 following the renaming of Liskeard Junior School after its merger with Liskeard Infant School.[27]

Caradon Short Stay School (previously known as a Pupil Referral Unit) is located in West Street, on the site of the former Liskeard Infant School. It provides education for students aged 11–16 from across south east Cornwall who are unable to attend a mainstream school or special school. The nearest independent schools are in Plymouth and Tavistock, Devon.

Transport[edit]

Liskeard railway station, on the London to Penzance Cornish Main Line, and the A38 trunk road provide the town with rapid access to Plymouth, the rest of Cornwall and the motorway network. The town is also served by the Looe Valley branch line to Looe. There are regular bus services to various parts of Cornwall.

Leisure and sports[edit]

There is a leisure centre at Lux Park on the north side of the town: there is a bowling club on the southern side. The town has a Non-League football club Liskeard Athletic F.C. who play at Lux park. The town also has a rugby and cricket club who are both well-supported. The town has a King George V Playing Field. Live music and various theatrical events frequently take place in the unusual but acoustically good Carnglaze Caverns just to the north.

Leisure trails[edit]

There are three trails, each has its own blue commemorative plaque (these were unveiled by former town mayor, Sandra Preston).

  • Footpath from the town to the railway station: the path was built by Thomas Lang, who was a former mayor, in 1890.
  • Trail around the north of the town centre, including the Parade and the ornamental fountain. The fountain was given to the town by Michael Loam, whose father (also called Michael Loam) invented the Man engine (a device for lifting men up and down mineshafts, and used in many mines throughout Cornwall & West Devon).
  • Trail around the southern part of the town, commemorating Lt. Lapenotière, who brought back the news of the Battle of Trafalgar to England. For this Lt. Lapenotière was given a silver spice sprinkler by King George III. The sprinkler is still owned by the mayor's office, and is exhibited occasionally.

Freemasonry[edit]

Liskeard has a sizeable Masonic presence with no fewer than seven Masonic bodies meeting at the Masonic Hall in The Parade, [28]

  • St Martin's Lodge No. 510 Date of Warrant, 5 March 1845, who currently meet on the 1st Tuesday in each month
  • St Martin's Royal Arch Chapter No. 510 Consecrated on the 1 August 1865, who currently meet on 3rd Monday in January, March, May, September & November
  • St Martin's Lodge of Mark Master Masons No. 379 Consecrated on the 26 January 1888, who currently meet on the 2nd Tuesday in February, April, June, October & December
  • St Martin's Lodge of Royal Ark Mariners No. 379 Consecrated 1 June 1933 who currently meet on 2nd Friday in January, March, September & November
  • Duchy Chapter of the Ancient & Accepted Rite of the Rose Croix of Heredom No. 289 Warranted on the 10 December 1931, who currently meet on the 4th Thursday in January, April, September & November
  • Duchy Conclave of the Order of the Secret Monitor No. 260 Consecrated on the 8 April 1975, who currently meet on 3rd Friday in February, June & October
  • St Martin's Chapel No.27 of the Commemorative Order of St Thomas of Acon, which meets on the 3rd Friday in June, and the 2nd Friday in February & October

Twinning[edit]

In 1974 Liskeard was twinned with Quimperlé (Kemperle) in Brittany, France.[29]

People associated with the town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Often incorrectly stressed on the first syllable
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  3. ^ Office for National statistics : Census 2011 : Parish Headcounts : Caradon Retrieved 24 March 2013
  4. ^ Oman, Sir Charles (1926) Castles; "Cornwall and its castles", p. 109. London: Great Western Railway
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ Hatcher, John (1970) Rural Economy and Society in the Duchy of Cornwall 1300-1500. Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-08550-0
  7. ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 133. ISBN 0-902899-76-7. 
  8. ^ Book Time; no. 58 (May 2011), p. 4
  9. ^ "Liskeard Lions". Liskeard Lions. Retrieved 20 June 2011. 
  10. ^ The Liskeard Show
  11. ^ "Fair keeps ancient tradition running". This is Cornwall. October 6, 2010. 
  12. ^ Liskeard travel information Weather Channel UK Retrieved 4 April 2009
  13. ^ Pevsner, N. (1951). The Buildings of England: Cornwall. Harmondsworth: Penguin, p. 103
  14. ^ "Liskeard Churches". Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  15. ^ Fisk, Audrey (1997) The Ancient Order of Foresters in Cornwall Southampton: Foresters Heritage Trust
  16. ^ Liskeard & District Museum
  17. ^ Pencubitt House History
  18. ^ Deacon, Bernard W. (1989). Liskeard and Its People. ISBN 0-9515355-0-1. 
  19. ^ Cornwall Record Office Online catalogue
  20. ^ Commemorative plaque within the school: in foyer by "Old Hall"
  21. ^ "Liskeard and District Museum Press Release Exhibition – 50th Anniversary of the Opening of Liskeard County Secondary School"
  22. ^ Commemorative plaque within the school: entrance to Sixth Form Centre
  23. ^ Liskeard Town Council, as [15]
  24. ^ Liskeard School and Community College; Hansard
  25. ^ Liskeard School and Community College
  26. ^ Liskeard School and Community College Prospectus
  27. ^ Liskeard; All the Schools
  28. ^ Province of Cornwall (2012)Cornwall Masonic Year Book 2012/13
  29. ^ "Liskeard Town Leaflet" (PDF). Liskeard Town Council. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  30. ^ Harding Family. A Short History and Narrative Pedigree From 1480 to the present day; by Nicholas John Royal. Published privately 1970

External links[edit]