Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House

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Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House
Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House is located in New York
Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House
Location 180 Davenport Ave., New Rochelle, New York
Coordinates 40°54′4″N 73°46′17″W / 40.90111°N 73.77139°W / 40.90111; -73.77139Coordinates: 40°54′4″N 73°46′17″W / 40.90111°N 73.77139°W / 40.90111; -73.77139
Built 1700
Architectural style Late Victorian, Picturesque
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 86002637[1]
Added to NRHP September 22, 1986

The Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House in New Rochelle, New York a historic residence dating back to the early 18th century. The house is the oldest residential structure in New Rochelle.[2] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[1][3]

In 1708 Antoine Lispenard bought from Jacob Leisler's son a half interest in the peninsula, or neck, between New Rochelle Creek and Long Island Sound. Six years later he bought the other half. Across the inlet he built a dam and a tidal gristmill. Each incoming tide filled a millpond behind the dam, and then, as the tide ebbed, the water was released through a millrace to turn the mill wheel. Nearby the mill, on the neck itself, Lispenard built his home, a stone house of one-and-a-half stories, with the front eaves extending to form the roof of a wide porch.[4]

In 1732 he sold his property to Joseph Rodman who later doubled the size of the house. By 1776 the house and Neck had passed to John R. Myers who owned it for the duration of the American Revolutionary War. During this brief period the house was used by the British as a hospital for their wounded soldiers.[5][6]

In 1784 the property came into the possession of the Davenport family, and so is currently known as Davenport's Neck. Generations of the Davenport family, and other owners after them made further changes to the house, so that the original structure built by Antoine Lispenard and Joseph Rodman is largely invisible. In the 1860s, the original roof was replaced by a modified mansard, topped by a cupola. Restoration by the late Louis Ferguson managed to reveal and preserve several elements of the original structure such as the hand-hewn beams of its frame and the lime mortar made from local oyster shells, used to cement its stone wall.[7] Other features of the house include 20-inch-thick (510 mm) walls, 16-inch-wide (410 mm) pine floorboards and a 5 12-foot-wide (1.7 m) fireplace in the kitchen. Several Lispenard family grave-sites are also located on the property.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ Brown, Betsy (April 5, 1987). "Westchester Journal; Landmark Status". New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2009. 
  3. ^ Larsen, Neil (July 1986). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Lispenard-Rodman-Davenport House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-06-17.  and Accompanying 11 photos, exterior and interior, from c. 1890 and 1986
  4. ^ "American Architecture - Westchester County, New York: Colonial to Contemporary", Frank E. Sanchis, Publisher: Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y. : North River Press, 1977. ISBN 0-88427-026-2. pages 94 - 95
  5. ^ "Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle" By Morgan Horton Seacord, William S Hadaway, N.Y Huguenot and Historical Association of New Rochelle, Huguenot and Historical Association of New Rochelle (N.Y.), 1938. page 56
  6. ^ The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1903
  7. ^ Reunion for Three Families Spanning Three Centuries, NY Times 1996
  8. ^ Brown, Betsy (July 7, 1985). "DAVENPORT HOUSE IS CENTERPIECE FOR A 'FAMILY REUNION'". New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2009.