Lezhë

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"Lissus" redirects here. For the ancient city in Crete, see Lissos.
Lezhë
Lezha
City
Lezhë seen from Lezhë Castle hill
Lezhë seen from Lezhë Castle hill
Lezhë is located in Albania
Lezhë
Lezhë
Coordinates: 41°47′N 19°38′E / 41.783°N 19.633°E / 41.783; 19.633Coordinates: 41°47′N 19°38′E / 41.783°N 19.633°E / 41.783; 19.633
Country Albania
County Lezhë County
District Lezhë District
Founded 385 BC
Government
 • Type Municipality (Bashki)
 • Mayor Viktor Tushaj
 • Sposure Arjan Barbullushi
Area
 • City 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 15,644
 • Density 2,800/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
 • Metro 25,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4501-4502
Area code(s) (+355) 215
Car Plates LE
Website www.lezha.org

Lezhë (Albanian: Lezha or Lezhë, Albanian pronunciation: [ˈlɛʒə]; Italian: Alessio, Greek: Λισσός, Lissòs) is a city in northwest Albania, in the district and county with the same name. It is located at 41°47′N 19°39′E / 41.79°N 19.65°E / 41.79; 19.65 and has a population of about 27,500 (2009 est). In ancient history it was an ancient Greek colony named Lissus. The latter is an Archaeological Park of Albania.

History[edit]

The grave of Skanderbeg and Lezhë Castle on its hill

As a settlement, the city dates back to at least 8th century BC.[1] Around 385 BC, a Greek colony was found by Dionysius I of Syracuse by the name of Lissos (Λισσός),[2] as part of a strategy by Dionysius to secure Syracusan trade routes along the Adriatic.[3] Diodorus calls it a polis.[2] The city was separated into sectors by diateichisma[2] (Greek: διατείχισμα, "cross-wall"[4]) and there are elements of Syracusan architecture in part of its walls. At a later time it came under Illyrian rule. In 211 BC, Philip V of Macedon captured the citadel of Akrolissos, and Lissos surrendered to him.[5] The town was later recovered by the Illyrians. It was in Lissos that Perseus of Macedon negotiated an alliance against Rome with the Illyrian king Gentius, and it was from Lissos that Gentius organized his army against the Romans. Lissos maintained a large degree of municipal autonomy under both Macedonian and Illyrian rule, as evidenced by the coins minted there.[3] The city was of some importance in the Roman Civil War, being taken by Marc Antony [6] and then remaining loyal to Caesar. In Roman times, the city was part of the province of Epirus Nova,[7] its name Latinized as Lissus.[8]

From 2004 an excavation started around the ancient Acropolis of Lissos and the Skanderbeg Memorial, which revealed Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine buildings, tombs and other findings.[9]

Lezha Castle

In Middle Ages Lissus (then known as Alessio) frequently changed masters until the Venetians took possession of it in 1386. It still belonged to them when Skanderbeg died, but In 1478 it fell into the hands of Turks during the siege of Shkodra, with the exception of a short period (1501–1506) when it returned to Venetian domination.[10] Because it was under the Venetian control, it was chosen in 1444 by George Castrioti (Skanderbeg) as a neutral place for the convention of Albanian, Serbian, Dalmatian and other lords of the area aiming at organizing their common defence against the Turks.[11]

According to other historians, Lezhë is considered as the site of the League of Lezhë where Skanderbeg united the Albanian princes in the fight against the Ottoman Empire.

Skanderbeg was buried in the cathedral of Lezhë which was dedicated to Saint Nicholas.

Lezhë has also been known by the Italian form of its name, Alessio and in the 19th century as Alise, Lesch, Eschenderari, or Mrtav (Catholic Encyclopedia).

Today Lezhë is a growing city. Its proximity to the port of Shëngjin as well as its location on the national road between the Montenegrin border to the North and Tirana to the South make it an attractive location for industry and business.

Sport[edit]

The association football club is KS Besëlidhja Lezhë. Although primarily concerned with football, KS Besëlidhja also participates in sports such as wrestling and beach volleyball.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Elsie (2010), Historical Dictionary of Albania, Historical Dictionaries of Europe 75 (2 ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 272, ISBN 978-0810861886, "As a settlement, Lezha, with its fortified acropolis, dates back at least to the eighth century BC." 
  2. ^ a b c Mogens Herman Hansen, In An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford University Press, 2004, page 322, ISBN 0-19-814099-1
  3. ^ a b Evans, A., Destani, B., Ancient Illyria, an archeological exploration. IB Tauris, 2007. p. 276.
  4. ^ διατείχισμα, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  5. ^ Polybius 8.13-14
  6. ^ Plutarch (1920). Life of Antony. Loeb Classical Edition. p. 7.4. 
  7. ^ Epirus Vetus: The Archaeology of a Late Antique Province (Duckworth Archaeology) by William Bowden, 2003, ISBN 0-7156-3116-0,2003, page 233, of Lissos in Epirus Nova
  8. ^ Diodorus Siculus, "Library", 15.13 at Perseus
  9. ^ Karl-Franzens Universitat, Lissus excavation report 2004.
  10. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia, article "Alessio (Lissus, Alexiensis)"
  11. ^ Schmitt Jens O.(2009) Skanderbeg, Der neue Alexander auf dem Balkan, Verlag Friedrich Pustet, pp. 55,56

External links[edit]