List of ships sunk by submarines by death toll

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Heavy casualties occurred when large passenger ships such as the Wilhelm Gustloff were overloaded with soldiers, prisoners, or refugees.

Self-propelled torpedoes dramatically increased effectiveness of submarine warships. Initial scouting patrols against surface warships sank several cruisers in the first month of World War I. Incidental encounters with merchant ships were handled by signalling the ship to stop and sinking the ship after removing the crew in accordance with international law. After unrestricted submarine warfare began in February 1915, any ship might unexpectedly sink rapidly from heavy underwater hull damage inflicted by torpedoes. Many large ships sank unknown to friendly forces, and the submarines which sank them were too small to rescue more than a few survivors.[1] Heavy personnel casualties continued through World War II, and there have been a few later sinkings.


List of ships sunk by submarines with death toll exceeding 300[edit]

Deaths Name Type Nationality Date Submarine
9,343[2] Wilhelm Gustloff Cruise ship serving as evacuation ship  Germany 30 January 1945 S-13
6,500[3] Goya Freighter serving as evacuation ship  Germany 16 April 1945 L-3
5,620[4] Junyō Maru Hell ship  Japan 18 September 1944 HMS Tradewind
5,400[5] Toyama Maru Troopship  Japan 29 June 1944 USS Sturgeon
4,998[6] Ryusei Maru Troopship  Japan 24 February 1944 USS Rasher
4,406-4,755[7] Tamatsu Maru Troopship  Japan 19 August 1944 USS Spadefish
3,608[8] General von Steuben Ocean liner  Germany 10 February 1945 S-13
3,546[9] Mayasan Maru Troopship  Japan 18 November 1944 USS Picuda
3,219[10] Nikkin Maru Troopship  Japan 30 June 1944 USS Tang
3,000[6] Tango Maru Hell ship  Japan 24 February 1944 USS Rasher
2,765[11] Lima Maru (ja) Troopship  Japan 8 February 1944 USS Snook
2,670[5] Petrella Prisoner Transport  Germany 8 February 1944 HMS Sportsman
2,665[7] Teia Maru Troopship  Japan 19 August 1944 USS Rasher
2,649[12] Yoshida Maru Troopship  Japan 26 April 1944 USS Jack
2,495[13] Yoshino Maru Troopship  Japan 31 July 1944 USS Parche
2,495[13] Sakito Maru Troopship  Japan 1 March 1944 USS Trout
2,246[9] Akitsu Maru Troopship  Japanese Navy 14 November 1944 USS Queenfish
2,113[14] Edogawa Maru Troopship  Japan 17 November 1944 USS Sunfish
2,089[15] Dainichi Maru Troopship  Japan 8 October 1944 USS Gurnard
2,035[16] Kamakura Maru Troopship  Japan 28 April 1943 USS Gudgeon
2,008[17] Awa Maru Ocean liner  Japan 1 April 1945 USS Queenfish
2,000[5] Ural Maru Ocean liner  Japan 27 September 1944 USS Flasher
1,934[13] Nichiren Maru Troopship  Japan 16 March 1944 USS Tautog
1,926[18] Principe Umberto Troopship  Italy 8 June 1916 SM U-5
1,773[19] Arisan Maru Hell ship  Japan 24 October 1944 USS Snook or USS Shark
1,747[13] Arabia Maru Troopship  Japan 18 October 1944 USS Bluegill
1,704[13] Denmark Maru Troopship  Japan 16 January 1944 USS Whale
1,650[20] Taihō Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 19 June 1944 USS Albacore
1,621[21] Laconia Ocean liner serving as POW ship  UK 12 September 1942 U-156
1,602[13] Daisyō Maru Troopship  Japan 26 October 1944 USS Drum
1,576[13] Marei Maru Troopship  Japan 25 January 1945 USS Silversides
1,540[6] Kōshū Maru Hell ship  Japan 4 August 1944 USS Ray
1,539[13] Kenzui Maru Troopship  Japan 23 December 1944 USS Blenny
1,529[22] Tsushima Maru Passenger/cargo ship serving as evacuation ship  Japan 22 August 1944 USS Bowfin
1,471[13] Jinyō Maru Troopship  Japan 7 December 1944 USS Trepang
1,451[13] Hakuyō Maru (ja) Troopship  Japan 25 October 1944 USS Seal
1,450[13] Maebashi Maru Troopship  Japan 30 September 1943 USS Pogy
1,435[16] Shinano Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 29 November 1944 USS Archer-Fish
1,428[13] Shiranesan Maru Troopship  Japan 19 October 1944 USS Raton
1,400[16] Tatsuta Maru Troopship  Japan 9 February 1943 USS Tarpon
1,338[23] Gallia Troopship  France 8 October 1916 SM U-35
1,300 Ashigara Cruiser  Japanese Navy 8 June 1945 HMS Trenchant
1,291[24] Conte Rosso Troopship  Italy 24 May 1941 HMS Upholder
1,279[25] Khedive Ismail Troopship  UK 12 February 1944 I-27
1,272[16] Shōkaku Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 19 June 1944 USS Cavalla
1,250[16] Chūyō Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 4 December 1943 USS Sailfish
1,240[16] Unryū Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 19 December 1944 USS Redfish
1,201[26] Lusitania Ocean liner  UK 7 May 1915 SM U-20
1,200[6] Takachiko Maru Ocean liner  Japan 19 March 1943 USS Kingfish
1,200[27] Kongō Battleship  Japanese Navy 21 November 1944 USS Sealion
1,188[28] Yasukuni Maru Troopship  Japan 24 January 1944 USS Trigger
1,130[29] Shinyo aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 17 November 1944 USS Spadefish
1,053[30] Montevideo Maru Hell ship  Japan 1 July 1942 USS Sturgeon
995[31] Galilea Troopship  Italy 28 March 1942 HMS Proteus
956[16] Taihei Maru Troopship  Japan 9 July 1944 USS Sunfish
935[32] HMT Royal Edward Troopship  Royal Navy 13 August 1915 SM UB-14
921[33] Città di Palermo Armed merchant cruiser serving as troopship  Italy 5 January 1942 HMS Proteus
930[34] La Provence Troopship  France 26 February 1916 SM U-35
883[35] USS Indianapolis Cruiser  US Navy 30 July 1945 I-58
880[36] Verona Troopship  Italy 11 May 1918 SM UC-52
870[37] Minas Troopship  Italy 15 February 1917 SM U-39
866[38][39] Scillin Cargo ship serving as POW ship  Italy 14 November 1942 HMS Sahib
865[40] Arandora Star Ocean liner serving as POW ship  UK 2 July 1940 U-47
862[41] HMS Barham Battleship  Royal Navy 25 November 1941 U-331
856[42] Nova Scotia Troopship/POW ship  UK 28 November 1942 U-177
846[43] Lisbon Maru Hell ship  Japan 1 October 1942 USS Grouper
819[44] Leopoldville Troopship  Belgium 24 December 1944 U-486
817[16] Taiyō Maru Ocean liner  Japan 8 May 1942 USS Grenadier
800[24] Francesco Crispi Troopship  Italy 19 April 1943 HMS Saracen
786[45] HMS Royal Oak Battleship  Royal Navy 14 October 1939 U-47
768[46] Struma Motor schooner  Panama 24 February 1942 Shch-213
754[47] Athos Ocean liner  France 17 February 1917 SM U-65
747[16] Taiyō Aircraft carrier  Japanese Navy 18 August 1944 USS Rasher
740[48] Le Calvados Troopship  France 4 November 1915 SM U-38
700[49] Shuntien Coastal passenger & cargo ship serving as POW ship  UK 23 December 1941 U-559
688[50] Shinyo Maru Hell ship  Japan 7 September 1944 USS Paddle
684[51] Léon Gambetta Cruiser  France 27 April 1915 SM U-5
683 [52] USS Juneau Cruiser  USA 13 November 1942 I-26
675[53] USAT Dorchester Troopship  USA 3 February 1943 U-223
672[54] SMS Prinz Adalbert Cruiser  German Navy 23 October 1915 HMS E8
654[55] Ceramic Ocean liner  UK 7 December 1942 U-515
656[16] Rakuyo Maru Hell ship  Japan 12 September 1944 USS Pampanito
648[56] Suffren Battleship  French Navy 26 November 1916 SM U-52
644[57] USS Liscombe Bay Aircraft carrier  US Navy 24 November 1943 I-175
643[58] Hampshire armoured cruiser  Royal Navy 5 June 1916 SM U-75
638[59] Sant Anna Troopship  France 11 May 1918 SM UC-54
615[6] Suez Maru Hell ship  Japan 29 November 1943 USS Bonefish
611[60] Sidi-Bel-Abbès Troopship  France 20 April 1943 U-565
610[61] HMT Aragon Troopship  Royal Navy 30 December 1917 SM UC-34
597[62] Pallada Cruiser  Russia 11 October 1914 SM U-26
570[63] Trento Cruiser  Italy 15 June 1942 HMS Umbra
562[64] HMS Cressy Cruiser  Royal Navy 22 September 1914 SM U-9
555[65] Euterpe Troopship  Austria-Hungary 11 August 1918 F 7
547[66] HMS Formidable Battleship  Royal Navy 1 January 1915 SM U-24
544[67] Konron Maru Troopship  Japan 5 October 1943 USS Wahoo
530[68] Leinster Cross Channel Ferry  UK 10 October 1918 SM UB-123
527[69] HMS Aboukir Cruiser  Royal Navy 22 September 1914 SM U-9
526[70] HMS Hawke Cruiser  Royal Navy 15 October 1914 SM U-9
523[12] Aden Maru Troopship  Japan 6 May 1944 USS Gurnard
518[45] HMS Courageous Aircraft carrier  Royal Navy 17 September 1939 U-29
514[71] HMS Avenger Aircraft carrier  Royal Navy 15 November 1942 U-155
500[6] Shinyu Maru Hell ship  Japan 24 November 1943 USS Redfin
500~[72] Rooseboom Troopship  Netherlands 1 March 1942 I-59
497[73] Tembien Cargo ship serving as POW ship  Italy 27 February 1942 HMS Upholder
488[16] Kachidoki Maru (ja) Hell ship  Japan 12 September 1944 USS Pampanito
484[74] Yoma Troopship  UK 17 June 1943 U-81
484[75][76] Armando Diaz Cruiser  Italy 25 February 1941 HMS Upright
470[77] HMS Galatea Cruiser  Royal Navy 14 December 1941 U-557
461[6] Ikoma Maru Hell ship  Japan 20 January 1944 USS Seahorse
450[78] Bahia Laura Troopship  Germany 30 August 1941 HMS Trident
450[79] Tama Cruiser  Japanese Navy 20 October 1944 USS Jallao
448[14] Seisho Maru Troopship  Japan 18 November 1944 USS Sunfish
440[80] Asama Maru hell ship  Japan 1 November 1944 USS Atule
436[81] Djemnah Ocean liner  France 14 July 1918 SM UB-105
419[82] HMS Dunedin Cruiser  Royal Navy 24 November 1941 U-124
417[83] HMS Penelope Cruiser  Royal Navy 18 February 1944 U-410
414[84] Transylvania Troopship  UK 4 May 1917 SM U-63
400[85] Balkan Troopship  France 16 August 1918 SM UB-48
392[86] Empress of Canada Troopship  UK 13 March 1943 Leonardo da Vinci
381[87] Giovanni delle Bande Nere Cruiser  Italy 1 April 1942 HMS Urge
379[88] Brazza Ocean liner  France 28 May 1940 U-37
375[89] HMS Hogue Cruiser  Royal Navy 22 September 1914 SM U-9
374[90] Amiral Charner Cruiser  France 8 February 1916 SM U-21
373[91] Marina Raskova Merchant ship  USSR 13 August 1944 U-365
369[92] HMS Fidelity Q-ship  Royal Navy 30 December 1942 U-435
364[93] Doggerbank Blockade runner  Nazi Germany 3 March 1943 U-43
362[94] Abosso Ocean liner  UK 29 October 1942 U-575
360[95] Calabria Cargo and passenger liner  UK 8 December 1940 U-103
360[96] Almeda Star Ocean liner  UK 17 January 1941 U-96
360[97] Atago Cruiser  Japanese Navy 23 October 1944 USS Darter
349[98] Nagara Cruiser  Japanese Navy 7 August 1944 USS Croaker
344[99] Medjerda Troopship  France 11 May 1917 SM U-34
343[100] Emma Cargo ship/Troopship  Italy 16 January 1943 HMS Splendid
336[101] Maya Cruiser  Japanese Navy 23 October 1944 USS Dace
336[102] Diana Aviso/Slooè  Italy 29 June 1942 HMS Thrasher
334[103] Persia Ocean liner  UK 30 December 1915 SM U-38
330[104] Natori Cruiser  Japanese Navy 18 August 1944 USS Hardhead
323[105] ARA General Belgrano Cruiser  Argentine Navy 2 May 1982 HMS Conqueror
320[106] Sebastiano Venier Cargo ship serving as POW ship  Italy 9 December 1941 HMS Porpoise
307[6] Urakaze Destroyer  Japanese Navy 21 November 1944 USS Sealion II
305[6] Mefküre Motor schooner  Turkey 5 August 1944 Shch-215
300[107] Andrea Sgarallino Passenger steamer  Italy 22 September 1943 HMS Uproar

References[edit]

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  89. ^ "Hogue". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
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  91. ^ "Marina Raskova". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
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  93. ^ "Doggerbank". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  94. ^ "Abosso". Uboat.net. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
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