List of étude composers

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An étude is a musical composition (usually short) designed to provide practice in a particular technical skill in the performance of a solo instrument.

For the piano[edit]

Born 1700–1799[edit]

Born 1800–1850[edit]

  • Henri Herz (1803–1888): wrote Études de l'agilité (Op.179), 30 Etudes progressives (Op.119), 24 Etudes (Op.151), 24 Etudes (Op.152)
  • Friedrich Burgmüller (1806–1874): wrote many études, of which the best known are his 25 Études faciles et progressives, Op. 100, and 12 Études, Op. 105
  • Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847) wrote three études (Op. 104)
  • Robert Schumann (1810–1856): wrote the Studies (Op. 3) and Études (Op. 10) after Paganini's Caprices; and the Symphonic Studies (Op. 13, in three revisions: 1834, 1852, and posthumously 1893).
  • Frédéric Chopin (1810–1849): wrote 24 études in two sets of 12 each (Opp. 10 and 25), plus three more (a little easier), for a total of 27.
  • Franz Liszt (1811–1886): wrote the set of Transcendental Études, with its two previous versions being Étude en douze exercises and Douze Grandes Études; six études, also with an earlier set, on themes by Niccolò Paganini (among them the famous La Campanella); and six concert études (one set of three, another set of two and Ab Irato which also has an earlier version). In contrast with Chopin's études, which tend to stress a specific aspect of performance difficulty, Liszt's études tend to stress mastery of performance as a whole. Liszt also wrote 12 books of Technical Studies (S.146) between 1868 and 1880.
  • Charles-Valentin Alkan (1813–1888): wrote Trois Études de bravoure (Op. 16); études in all 12 major keys (Op. 35) and in all 12 minor keys (Op. 39); and also three Grande Études (Op. 76). He also wrote three other études: Op. 17 (Le preux), Op. 27 (Le chemin de fer), and one without opus number.
  • Stephen Heller (1813–1888): 24 Études Op. 16, 25 Études Op. 45, 30 Études Op. 46, 25 Études Op. 47, 24 Nouvelles études d'expression et de rhythme Op. 125, 4 Études d'après Der Freischütz Op. 127, 21 Études techniques pour préparer à l'exécution des ouvrages Op. 154, among others
  • Adolf von Henselt (1814–1889): wrote 24 études, Opp. 2 and 5.
  • Theodor Kirchner (1823–1903): wrote 12 études, Op. 38 (1878), Études rythmiques et mélodiques, Op. 105
  • Bedřich Smetana (1824–1884): wrote a concert étude, Am Seegestade - Eine Erinnerung
  • Julius Schulhoff (1825–1898): wrote 12 études
  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829–1869): wrote Tremolo and Manchega, two concert études.
  • Johannes Brahms (1833–1897): wrote 51 Exercises for Piano (published in 1893)
  • Camille Saint-Saëns (1835–1921): wrote two sets of 6 études each (Opp. 52 and 111) and 6 études for the left hand (Op. 135)
  • Théodore Lack (1846–1921): wrote 12 Études elégantes Op.30, Études de bravoure Op.43, Études artistiques Op.91
  • Agathe Backer-Grøndahl (1847–1907): wrote 19 Concert Études.

Born 1850–1899[edit]

Born after 1899[edit]

For other instruments[edit]

In chronological order[edit]

By instruments[edit]

Organ[edit]

Flute[edit]

Guitar[edit]

Violin[edit]

Viola[edit]

Cello[edit]