List of 1984 Winter Olympics medal winners

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A woman wearing a hooded unitard speed-skates along an ice track.
Karin Enke, an East German speed skater, was one of three athletes who won four medals at the 1984 Winter Olympics.

The 1984 Winter Olympics – officially known by the International Olympic Committee as the XIV Olympic Winter Games – were a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (currently Bosnia and Herzegovina). A total of 1,272 athletes, representing a record 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs), competed in 39 events across 10 disciplines of 6 sports.[1] The official program was the same as that of the 1980 Winter Olympics, with the addition of a 20-kilometer event in women's cross-country skiing.[1] Disabled skiing was featured for the first time as an Olympic demonstration sport.[2]

The 117 Olympic medals in dispute at these Games were awarded to athletes from 17 NOCs. The athletes from the Soviet Union collected 25 medals and secured their NOC a top spot in the overall medal count, ahead of East Germany (24 medals) and Finland (13 medals). East Germany, however, topped the gold medal count with nine medals, three more than those won by Soviet athletes. Finland, the United States and Sweden followed with four gold medals each.[3] The host delegation won the nation's first medal at the Winter Olympics, through alpine skier Jure Franko's silver in the men's giant slalom event.[4]

American skier Phil Mahre, runner-up in 1980, won the slalom event and saw his twin brother Steve secure the silver medal.[5] In biathlon, Eirik Kvalfoss of Norway and Peter Angerer of West Germany won six medals between them, each securing a complete set.[6] The Nordic countries displayed their strength in the cross-country skiing competition: from the 24 medals in dispute, 17 were won by athletes from Finland (8), Sweden (5), and Norway (4). Finnish skier Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen won four medals, including a gold medal sweep in the three individual cross-country distances, becoming the most successful athlete at these Games.[7] In the men's section, Gunde Svan of Sweden also won four medals, though one less gold than Hämäläinen.[8] Katarina Witt, a young figure skater from East Germany, narrowly defeated the reigning World champion, Rosalynn Sumners of the United States, to collect the first of two successive Olympic gold medals.[9] The British ice dancing pair, Torvill and Dean, took the gold medal after giving performances that earned them not only the first-ever perfect scores (6.0) in Olympic ice dancing compulsories,[10] but also a complete set of perfect artistic impression scores in the free program.[11]

The Soviet Union dominated the ice hockey competition, winning every match to take their sixth Olympic gold in eight Winter Games.[3] East German sledders fully demonstrated their prowess at the Trebević track. Wolfgang Hoppe and Dietmar Schauerhammer clinched gold in both bobsleigh events, while Bernhard Lehmann and Bogdan Musiol secured both silvers.[12] Led by Steffi Martin, who won the first of her two back-to-back Olympic titles, East German lugers swept the women's singles medals. This show of strength was also observed in the women's speed skating, where East German athletes grabbed nine of the twelve medals in dispute. Four of these were won by Karin Enke (matching the total tallies of Hämäläinen and Svan),[13] and three by Andrea Schöne – in direct competition with Enke. Speed skater Gaétan Boucher won three of Canada's four medals in Sarajevo, including two golds.[14]

Alpine skiing[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's downhill[15]
details
 Bill Johnson
United States (USA)
 Peter Müller
Switzerland (SUI)
 Anton Steiner
Austria (AUT)
Men's slalom[16]
details
 Phil Mahre
United States (USA)
 Steve Mahre
United States (USA)
 Didier Bouvet
France (FRA)
Men's giant slalom[17]
details
 Max Julen
Switzerland (SUI)
 Jure Franko
Yugoslavia (YUG)
 Andreas Wenzel
Liechtenstein (LIE)
Women's downhill[18]
details
 Michela Figini
Switzerland (SUI)
 Maria Walliser
Switzerland (SUI)
 Olga Charvátová
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Women's slalom[19]
details
 Paoletta Magoni
Italy (ITA)
 Perrine Pelen
France (FRA)
 Ursula Konzett
Liechtenstein (LIE)
Women's giant slalom[20]
details
 Debbie Armstrong
United States (USA)
 Christin Cooper
United States (USA)
 Perrine Pelen
France (FRA)

Biathlon[edit]

A man skies on a snow-covered course. He wears a white vest on top of a blue unitard, a white winter cap, and red ski boots. On his back, he carries a rifle.
Eirik Kvalfoss of Norway won gold, silver and bronze in biathlon.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 10 km[21]
details
 Eirik Kvalfoss
Norway (NOR)
 Peter Angerer
West Germany (FRG)
 Matthias Jacob
East Germany (GDR)
Men's 20 km[22]
details
 Peter Angerer
West Germany (FRG)
 Frank-Peter Roetsch
East Germany (GDR)
 Eirik Kvalfoss
Norway (NOR)
Men's 4 × 7.5 km[23]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Dmitri Vasilyev
Yuri Kashkarov
Algimantas Šalna
Sergey Bulygin
 Norway (NOR)
Odd Lirhus
Eirik Kvalfoss
Rolf Storsveen
Kjell Søbak
 West Germany (FRG)
Ernst Reiter
Walter Pichler
Peter Angerer
Fritz Fischer

Bobsleigh[edit]

Four men in winter tracksuits stand at the side of a bobsled. They are outdoors, at a snow-covered hill top, with many people behind them.
Hoppe, Musiol, Voge and Schauerhammer (left to right) contributed to East Germany's four medals in bobsleigh.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Two-man[24]
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Wolfgang Hoppe
Dietmar Schauerhammer
 East Germany (GDR)
Bernhard Lehmann
Bogdan Musiol
 Soviet Union (URS)
Zintis Ekmanis
Vladimir Aleksandrov
Four-man[25]
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Wolfgang Hoppe
Roland Wetzig
Dietmar Schauerhammer
Andreas Kirchner
 East Germany (GDR)
Bernhard Lehmann
Bogdan Musiol
Ingo Voge
Eberhard Weise
 Switzerland (SUI)
Silvio Giobellina
Heinz Stettler
Urs Salzmann
Rico Freiermuth

Cross-country skiing[edit]

Two middle-aged men wearing winter jackets and caps embrace each other while smiling for the camera.
Cross-country skier Nikolay Zimyatov (left) gave the Soviet Union a gold medal in the 30 km and a silver medal in the team relay.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 15 km[26]
details
 Gunde Svan
Sweden (SWE)
 Aki Karvonen
Finland (FIN)
 Harri Kirvesniemi
Finland (FIN)
Men's 30 km[27]
details
 Nikolay Zimyatov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Alexander Zavyalov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Gunde Svan
Sweden (SWE)
Men's 50 km[28]
details
 Thomas Wassberg
Sweden (SWE)
 Gunde Svan
Sweden (SWE)
 Aki Karvonen
Finland (FIN)
Men's 4 × 10 km[29]
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Thomas Wassberg
Benny Kohlberg
Jan Ottosson
Gunde Svan
 Soviet Union (URS)
Alexander Batyuk
Alexander Zavyalov
Vladimir Nikitin
Nikolay Zimyatov
 Finland (FIN)
Kari Ristanen
Juha Mieto
Harri Kirvesniemi
Aki Karvonen
Women's 5 km[30]
details
 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
Finland (FIN)
 Berit Aunli
Norway (NOR)
 Květa Jeriová
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Women's 10 km[31]
details
 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
Finland (FIN)
 Raisa Smetanina
Soviet Union (URS)
 Britt Pettersen
Norway (NOR)
Women's 20 km[32]
details
 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen
Finland (FIN)
 Raisa Smetanina
Soviet Union (URS)
 Anne Jahren
Norway (NOR)
Women's 4 × 5 km[33]
details
 Norway (NOR)
Inger Helene Nybråten
Anne Jahren
Britt Pettersen
Berit Aunli
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Dagmar Švubová
Blanka Paulů
Gabriela Svobodová
Květa Jeriová
 Finland (FIN)
Pirkko Määttä
Eija Hyytiäinen
Marjo Matikainen
Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen

Figure skating[edit]

A female figure skater holds up her right leg with her right hand.
Katarina Witt won her first Olympic figure skating singles gold medal in Sarajevo.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men[34]
details
 Scott Hamilton
United States (USA)
 Brian Orser
Canada (CAN)
 Jozef Sabovčík
Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Ladies[35]
details
 Katarina Witt
East Germany (GDR)
 Rosalynn Sumners
United States (USA)
 Kira Ivanova
Soviet Union (URS)
Pairs[36]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Elena Valova
Oleg Vasiliev (figure skater)
 United States (USA)
Kitty Carruthers
Peter Carruthers
 Soviet Union (URS)
Larisa Selezneva
Oleg Vitalyevich Makarov
Ice dancing[37]
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Jayne Torvill
Christopher Dean
 Soviet Union (URS)
Natalia Bestemianova
Andrei Bukin
 Soviet Union (URS)
Marina Klimova
Sergei Ponomarenko

Ice hockey[edit]

A smiling man wearing a dark suit over a light-colored shirt and blue tie. He has short and dark hair with some gray highlights.
Vladislav Tretiak, the Soviet Union ice hockey goaltender, won his third Olympic gold and fourth and last Olympic medal in Sarajevo.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's tournament[38]
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Vladislav Tretiak
Zinetula Bilyaletdinov
Sergei Shepelev
Nikolai Drozdetsky
Viacheslav Fetisov
Aleksandr Geramisov
Alexei Kasatonov
Andrei Khomutov
Vladimir Kovin
Aleksandr Kozhevnikov
Vladimir Krutov
Igor Larionov
Sergei Makarov
Vladimir Myshkin
Vasili Pervukhin
Aleksandr Skvortsov
Sergei Starikov
Igor Stelnov
Viktor Tyumenev
Mikhail Vasiliev
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Milan Chalupa
Jaroslav Benák
Vladimír Caldr
František Černík
Miloslav Hořava
Jiří Hrdina
Arnold Kadlec
Jaroslav Korbela
Jiří Králík
Vladimír Kýhos
Jiří Lála
Igor Liba
Vincent Lukáč
Dušan Pašek
Pavel Richter
Dárius Rusnák
Vladimír Růžička
Jaromír Šindel
Radoslav Svoboda
Eduard Uvíra
 Sweden (SWE)
Thomas Åhlén
Per-Eric Eklund
Thom Eklund
Bo Ericsson
Håkan Eriksson
Peter Gradin
Mats Hessel
Michael Hjälm
Göran Lindblom
Tommy Mörth
Håkan Nordin
Rolf Ridderwall
Jens Öhling
Thomas Rundqvist
Tomas Sandström
Håkan Södergren
Mats Thelin
Michael Thelvén
Mats Waltin
Göte Wälitalo

Luge[edit]

Three men and a woman are lined up side-by-side wearing winter caps and identical winter jackets. They are outdoors and snow is falling.
East Germany's Steffi Martin (second from left), Jörg Hoffmann (second from right) and Jochen Pietzsch (first from right) won the luge women's singles gold and doubles bronze medals, respectively.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles[39]
details
 Paul Hildgartner
Italy (ITA)
 Sergey Danilin
Soviet Union (URS)
 Valery Dudin
Soviet Union (URS)
Doubles[40]
details
 West Germany (FRG)
Hans Stangassinger
Franz Wembacher
 Soviet Union (URS)
Yevgeny Belousov
Aleksandr Belyakov
 East Germany (GDR)
Jörg Hoffmann
Jochen Pietzsch
Women's singles[41]
details
 Steffi Martin
East Germany (GDR)
 Bettina Schmidt
East Germany (GDR)
 Ute Weiss
East Germany (GDR)

Nordic combined[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's individual[42]
details
 Tom Sandberg
Norway (NOR)
 Jouko Karjalainen
Finland (FIN)
 Jukka Ylipulli
Finland (FIN)

Ski jumping[edit]

A man is shown with a white vest bearing the word Germany and a number printed in black on top of a ski jumping suit. He also wears a ski helmet with attached goggles and holds his skis upright over his left shoulder.
Ski jumper Jens Weißflog of East Germany won the normal hill event over Finland's Matti Nykänen, but could not outpass the Finnish in the large hill.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's normal hill[43]
details
 Jens Weißflog
East Germany (GDR)
 Matti Nykänen
Finland (FIN)
 Jari Puikkonen
Finland (FIN)
Men's large hill[44]
details
 Matti Nykänen
Finland (FIN)
 Jens Weißflog
East Germany (GDR)
 Pavel Ploc
Czechoslovakia (TCH)

Speed skating[edit]

A blond man wears a red winter sports jacket and yellow ski goggles over a white wool head band.
Tomas Gustafson clinched gold and silver in the men's 5,000 and 10,000 metres, to give Sweden its only speed skating medals at the 1984 Games.
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 500 metres[45]
details
 Sergey Fokichev
Soviet Union (URS)
 Yoshihiro Kitazawa
Japan (JPN)
 Gaétan Boucher
Canada (CAN)
Men's 1,000 metres[46]
details
 Gaétan Boucher
Canada (CAN)
 Sergey Khlebnikov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Kai Arne Engelstad
Norway (NOR)
Men's 1,500 metres[47]
details
 Gaétan Boucher
Canada (CAN)
 Sergey Khlebnikov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Oleg Bozhev
Soviet Union (URS)
Men's 5,000 metres[48]
details
 Tomas Gustafson
Sweden (SWE)
 Igor Malkov
Soviet Union (URS)
 René Schöfisch
East Germany (GDR)
Men's 10,000 metres[49]
details
 Igor Malkov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Tomas Gustafson
Sweden (SWE)
 René Schöfisch
East Germany (GDR)
Women's 500 metres[50]
details
 Christa Rothenburger
East Germany (GDR)
 Karin Enke
East Germany (GDR)
 Natalya Glebova
Soviet Union (URS)
Women's 1,000 metres[51]
details
 Karin Enke
East Germany (GDR)
 Andrea Schöne
East Germany (GDR)
 Natalya Petrusyova
Soviet Union (URS)
Women's 1,500 metres[52]
details
 Karin Enke
East Germany (GDR)
 Andrea Schöne
East Germany (GDR)
 Natalya Petrusyova
Soviet Union (URS)
Women's 3,000 metres[53]
details
 Andrea Schöne
East Germany (GDR)
 Karin Enke
East Germany (GDR)
 Gabi Schönbrunn
East Germany (GDR)

Medal leaders[edit]

Four women wearing tracksuits and speed skates are sitting on a bench. Three of them are smiling, and among these, two are tying up their skates while a third one is clapping her hands.
East Germany's speed skaters Andrea Schöne (first from left) and Karin Enke (second from right) stood among the most successful athletes at these Games.

Athletes that won at least two gold medals or at least three total medals are listed below.

Athlete Nation Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Hämäläinen, Marja-LiisaMarja-Liisa Hämäläinen  Finland (FIN) Cross-country skiing 3 0 1 4
Enke, KarinKarin Enke  East Germany (GDR) Speed skating 2 2 0 4
Svan, GundeGunde Svan  Sweden (SWE) Cross-country skiing 2 1 1 4
Boucher, GaétanGaétan Boucher  Canada (CAN) Speed skating 2 0 1 3
Schöne, AndreaAndrea Schöne  East Germany (GDR) Speed skating 1 2 0 3
Angerer, PeterPeter Angerer  West Germany (FRG) Biathlon 1 1 1 3
Kvalfoss, EirikEirik Kvalfoss  Norway (NOR) Biathlon 1 1 1 3
Karvonen, AkiAki Karvonen  Finland (FIN) Cross-country skiing 0 1 2 3
Hoppe, WolfgangWolfgang Hoppe  East Germany (GDR) Bobsleigh 2 0 0 2
Schauerhammer, DietmarDietmar Schauerhammer  East Germany (GDR) Bobsleigh 2 0 0 2
Wassberg, ThomasThomas Wassberg  Sweden (SWE) Cross-country skiing 2 0 0 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Sarajevo 1984 Winter Olympics". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Honours List for the XIVth Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Olympic Review (Lausanne: International Olympic Committee) (197): 131. March 1984. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Kubatko, Justin. "1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Callahan, Tom (28 February 1984). "Sport: Something to Shout About". Time (Time Inc.). Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Madigan, Mike (20 February 1984). "Mahre twins finish on top". The Lewiston Daily Sun (Lewiston, Maine). p. 15. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Biathlon at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Clark, Mike (19 February 1984). "Finnish skier wins her 3rd gold medal". Anchorage Daily News (Anchorage). The Associated Press. p. c–7. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Gunde Svan Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Terry (19 February 1984). "Sumners gets a 6.0; Witt gets gold medal". The Sunday Union (Junction City, Kansas). The Associated Press. p. 13. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Terry (11 February 1984). "Skaters Torvill, Dean draw perfect scores". Schenectady Gazette (Schenectady, New York). p. 27. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Leavy, Jane (15 February 1984). "Torvill-Dean win; Hamilton slips slightly". The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.). p. G1. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
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  14. ^ "1984 Sarajevo – List of Canadian medalists". Olympic.ca. Canadian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
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