List of 2006 human rights incidents in Egypt

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The following is a list of notable events concerning human rights in Egypt in 2006. Although there is no single accepted definition of what constitutes a "human rights incident" in common use, those listed here are commonly called either human rights violations or advances in the recognition of human rights, or meet some of the commonly used criteria.

January 2006[edit]

  • January 2: Hundreds of the Sudanese refugees that were arrested on December 30, 2005 and detained in Cairo-area detention camps were released. Hundreds more (approximately 654) remained in detention and were scheduled to be deported to Sudan on January 6, 2006.[1]
  • January 11: 164 of the 654 Sudanese refugees slated for deportation were not deported, but were instead released.[4]
  • January 17: The US declared that it intended to postpone free trade talks with Egypt due to the December 24, 2005 court sentencing of politician Ayman Nour to five years of prison for alleged election law violations.[5]
  • January 17: Egyptian officials declared that they no longer planned on deporting any of the Sudanese refugees still in detention.[6]
  • January 18: 233 more of the Sudanese refugees slated for deportation were not deported, but were instead released. At this point, 183 of the original 654 Sudanese refugees slated for deportation remain detained.[7]
  • January 18: A mob of Muslim Egyptians attacked a mob of Coptic Christian Egyptians in the village of El Udaysaat, near Luxor. One Egyptian was killed and 12 were injured in the attack. The day before the attack, it had been discovered that the Coptic Egyptians were secretly using a guest house as a church.[8][9]
  • January 28: A family court refused Hind El Hinnawy’s request that the actor Ahmed El Fishawy be recognized as the father of El Hinnawy's daughter. The court ruled that while the DNA test showed El Fishawy was the father, El Hinnawy could not produce proof that they he had agreed to a marriage, secret or otherwise.[12]

February 2006[edit]

  • February 12: Egypt’s upper house of parliament approved a two-year postponement of municipal elections, putting them off from April 2006 to April 2008. The MB MPs protested this move, which extended the terms of 4,500 officeholders.[15]
  • February 13: Hundreds of family members of the victims of the Al-Salaam ferry disaster stormed the shipping company offices in Safaga. Riot police resorted to throwing tear gas in an attempt to restore order.[16]
  • February 18: Three MB members were ordered to stand trial on charges of possessing weapons and provoking violence.[citation needed]
  • February 18: Ayman Nour's lawyers filed an appeal and requested suspension of his sentence until this appeal had been ruled on.[citation needed]

March 2006[edit]

  • March 3: Police arrested Rashad al-Bayoumi, a Cairo University professor, for affiliation with the MB.[20]
  • March 3: Egypt-based political website www.masreyat.org was shut down by state-owned internet company TE Data.[citation needed]
  • March 5: Police arrested 12 MB members who were holding a meeting in Cairo's Zahraa el-Maadi district.[21]
  • March 6: Police arrested 5 MB members in Giza and Ismaliya on charges of plotting to "revive the group's activities".[22]
  • March 8: Police shut down the MB newspaper Afaq Arabiya (Arab Horizons) and arrested four MB members.[23]
  • March 17: Nearly 1,000 Egyptian judges held a half-hour silent protest to demonstrate for full judicial independence and against the government's order to interrogate of six of their colleagues who criticized recent elections.[24]

April 2006[edit]

  • April 9: Egyptian authorities barred jailed opposition leader Ayman Nour from sending any more articles to his party’s newspaper.[26]
  • April 11: Egyptian authorities released 300 former members of the al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group) militant group. 650 others from this group had been released in the previous six weeks.[27]
  • April 15: A mob of Muslim Egyptians attacked a funeral procession for Nushi Atta Girgis in the Sidi Bishr district of Alexandria. Egyptian police intervened, using tear gas to disperse the violence. 15 Egyptians were injured and 15 were arrested.[28]
  • April 15: Police arrested five MB publishers for printing material that opposed the upcoming renewal of the emergency law.[29]
  • April 16: Mobs of Muslim Egyptians and Christian Egyptians continued to attack each other in Alexandria. Over course of the weekend, 2 were killed, 40 wounded, and over 100 arrested.[30]
  • April 17: Authorities summoned judges Mahmud Mekky and Hisham Al Bastawissi to a disciplinary hearing for telling the press that they witnessed electoral fraud in the November–December parliamentary elections.[31]
  • April 17: Police detained another Muslim Egyptian who entered a Cairo church with a knife, three days after the fatal Abdel-Rizziq knife attacks in Alexandria.[32]
  • April 24: At a sit-in in front of Judges’ Club, police arrested 15 activists who were demonstrating in solidarity with judges Mekky and Bastawissi.[34]
  • April 24: At a sit-in in front of Egyptian Judges Club, police beat Judge Mahmoud Mohammed Abdel Latif Hamza, hospitalizing him with minor injuries.[34]
  • April 24: Police arrested blogger Ahmed Droubi.[35]
  • April 26: Police arrested Al-Jazeera's Cairo bureau chief, Egyptian Hussein Abdel Ghani. Police then detained Ghani in Dahab on charges of propagating false news for his coverage of the aftermath of the April 24 bomb attacks.[36]
  • April 26: Police violently broke up a pro-judges demonstration taking place outside the Judges’ Syndicate.[37]
  • April 26: Two suicide bombers attacked security personnel and foreign peacekeepers in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, but did not cause any injuries to their targets.[38]
  • April 27: Police arrested blogger Malek Mostafa at a pro-Judges rally.[35]
  • April 27: An Egyptian court released Al-Jazeera's Cairo bureau chief Hussein Abdel Ghani on bail and charged him with propagating lies for his reporting on the April 24 Dahab bombings.[39]
  • April 27: Over the previous four days, police arrested over 51 pro-Judges demonstrators.[40]
  • April 28: Police arrested Amir Salem and Ehab el Kholy, the two main lawyers for Ayman Nour, on charges of inciting the masses and insulting the president.[41]
  • April 30: Prime Minister Nazif called for a two-year extension of the Emergency Laws in light of the April 24 Dahab bombings. The Egyptian parliament approved the extension that same day, by a 287-91 vote.[42]

May 2006[edit]

  • May 7: Police arrested blogger Alaa Seif al-Islam and ten other Egyptians demonstrating outside the South Cairo Court.[45]
  • May 10: Egyptian cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, who allegedly was abducted from an Italian street by CIA officers and turned over to Egypt in 2003, made allegations that he was beaten repeatedly in the early stages of his imprisonment, including while he was in U.S. custody.[46]
  • May 11: A High Court summoned judges Mekky and Bastawisi to appear, but the two judges refused to enter the court amid such a large presence of police.[47]
  • May 11: Outside the Judges' Club, the police attacked and beat anyone who tried to demonstrate, clubbing men and women as well as at least half a dozen journalists trying to cover the events. Authorities arrested 255 demonstrators and journalists.[48]
  • May 17: The Minister of Interior issued an order banning any peaceful assemblies or demonstrations in front of the High Court Building.[49]
  • May 18: A Supreme Judicial Council disciplinary tribunal exonerated Judge Mekky on charges that he had “disparaged the Supreme Judicial Council” and “talked to the press about political affairs.” But on the same grounds, the court issued a rebuke and denied a promotion to Judge Bastawisi.[50]
  • May 18: Police arrested over 300 pro-reform protesters and beat several others.[51]
  • May 18: A Cairo appeals court upheld the December 2005 conviction and 5-year prison sentence of Ayman Nour.[52]
  • May 25: 300 pro-reform judges staged a sit-in outside the High Court Building to demand the independence of Egypt's judiciary.[53]
  • May 25: Police arrested Karim el-Shaaer and Mohamed el-Sharqawi at a pro-judges demonstration outside the Journalists' Syndicate. Police allegedly tortured and sodomized Sharqawi at a Cairo police station.[54]
  • May 28: Prison medical authorities administered a medical exam on Mohamed el-Sharqawi but did not treat him for his injuries.[citation needed]

June 2006[edit]

  • June 2: Police allegedly assaulted BBC correspondents Dina Samak and Dina Gameel while the two are reporting on a meeting of the General Assembly of the Journalists' Syndicate.[citation needed]
  • June 4: Police arrested nine senior MB members.[56]
  • June 7: The Egyptian Parliament postponed discussion of the judicial reforms bill.[citation needed]
  • June 12: Police shot rubber bullets and tear gas at an MB protest that was being held in support of prominent MB member Hassan al-Hayawan, who was on trial in the town of Zagazig. Police injured ten Egyptians and briefly detained 110 others.[citation needed]
  • June 12: A Zagazig State Security Emergency Court acquitted MB member Hassan al-Hayawan of charges of illegal possession of weapons and belonging to an illegal organization. Police detained MB member Hassan al-Hayawan immediately after he was acquitted.[57]
  • June 13: Culture Minister Farouk Hosni moved to ban the film The Da Vinci Code.[58]
  • June 16: Egyptian Organization for Human Rights released a statement opposing Culture Minister Farouk Hosni's calls to ban the film The Da Vinci Code.[59]
  • June 18: A self-professedly devout Egyptian woman in a museum destroyed three sculptures by Egyptian artist Hassan Heshmat. The attack followed a fatwā issued by the Grand Mufti of Cairo, Ali Gomaa, which banned all decorative statues of living beings.[60]
  • June 19: Police arrested 31 MB members in the North Coast town of Marsa Matrouh on charges of holding illegal meetings.[61]
  • June 22: An Egyptian court released blogger Alaa Seif al-Islam from Tora Prison. Alaa had been imprisoned since May 7.[citation needed]
  • June 23: An Egyptian court sentenced Al-Dustour chief editor Ibrahim Issa and reporter Sahar Zaki to a year's imprisonment for insulting the president. In April, the Al-Dustour newspaper reported on a lawsuit that accused Egyptian President Mubarak of misusing public money during the privatization of state-owned companies. The man who filed the lawsuit, Said Abdullah, was also given a year's jail. The three were also fined 10,000 Egyptian pounds.[63]
  • June 23: Three hundred demonstrators at Press Syndicate called for the release of protesters that were being detained with criminals at Tora Prison.[64]
  • June 23: London-based Arab Press Freedom Watch condemned the Education Ministry's decision to fail secondary-school student Alia Farag Megahed for criticizing Mubarak and US President George W. Bush in a final-exam paper.[64]
  • June 27: An Administrative Court ruled in favor of blocking blogs that “threaten national security.”[65]

July 2006[edit]

  • July 4: A group of Coptic Christians began legal proceedings to sue Bishop Maximus I for setting up an alternative orthodox church in Egypt.[67]
  • July 8: Twenty-six Egyptian newspapers did not print in a show of protest against the proposed new press law.[69]
  • July 8: Police arrested 27 MB members.[70]
  • July 9: Authorities referred 18 MB leaders for trial, among them leading politburo member Essam al-Eryan, along with hundreds of other MB members arrested during recent protests in support of judicial reform.[70]
  • July 9: Three hundred opposition journalists and supporters gathered in front of the Cairo Parliament Building to protest the proposed new press law.[71]
  • July 10: Parliament passed the new press law, which includes huge fines for journalists who insult the president. Under the legislation, journalists found to be critical of government officials are liable to receive up to five years in prison or a fine of up to US $5220, while editors can be fined up to US $3480.[72]
  • July 21: Three thousand Egyptians at various Alexandria mosques demonstrated against Israel and in support of Lebanon and Palestine.[74]

August 2006[edit]

  • August 13: Al Ahram reversed a previous move and unblocked employees’ access to several blogs and independent political websites. The Labour Party website and several others remained blocked.[75]
  • August 14: An Egyptian court released MB politburo members Essam al-Eryan and Mohammed Morsi, both of whom had been detained since April.[76]
  • August 16: State prosecution has the order to release MB members Essam al-Eryan and Mohammed Morsi overturned. An Egyptian court then ordered Essam and Morsi to be detained for another 15 days.[75]
  • August 18: Police arrested 17 MB members in the Nile Delta town Menoufia on charges of holding a meeting aimed at reviving the banned group's activities.[77]
  • August 25: Police arrested 17 MB members, including MB secretary-general Mahmoud Ezzat and senior member Lasheen Abu Shanab.[78]

September 2006[edit]

  • September 7: 70 detainees at a Damanhur prison held a hunger strike in protest of their 2004 imprisonment.[79]
  • September 17: Egypt's public prosecutor charged 14 employees of the state's railway authority with negligence. One month previous, on August 21, a rail accident in Qalyub led to the deaths of 56 Egyptians.[80]
  • September 25: An Egyptian court released prominent MB member Mohamed Al-Hayawan, who had been detained since December 2005.[citation needed]

October 2006[edit]

  • October 13: Police arrested eight MB in the Nile Delta governorate of Monufia on charges of belonging to an illegal organization and possessing anti-government pamphlets.[82]
  • October 23: An Egyptian court ordered MB members Essam Al-Eriyan and Mohamed Morsi to be detained for another 15 days.[83]

November 2006[edit]

  • November 9: One hundred protesters outside downtown Cairo's Journalists' Syndicate demonstrated against the failure of authorities to stop the October 23 and 24 sexual harassment gangs in Tahrir Square.[citation needed]
  • November 19: Police arrested blogger Rami Siyam in downtown Cairo. Siyam had been running his blog since May 2005 and usually posted material critical of the government.[84]

December 2006[edit]

Notes[edit]

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  3. ^ "Last chance for Sudanese in Egypt". BBC. 2006-01-09. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  4. ^ "Egypt releases 164 Sudanese migrants". USA Today. 2006-01-12. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  5. ^ "U.S. halts Cairo talks after activist is jailed". International Herald Tribune. 2006-01-18. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  6. ^ New York Times. Section A; Column 1; Foreign Desk; Pg. 3 2006-01-18.
  7. ^ "Egypt releases 233 Sudanese migrants". ABC News. 2006-01-19. Retrieved 2007-09-06. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Egypt police, youths clash". Khaleej Times. 2006-01-20. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  9. ^ "Attacks on Copts expose Egypt's secular paradox". Washington Post. 2006-02-23. Retrieved 2007-09-06. [dead link]
  10. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices U.S. Department of State. March 3, 2007. Accessed September 6, 2007.
  11. ^ "Islamists withdraw from Egypt parliament in protest". Khaleej Times. 2006-01-28. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  12. ^ "Court rules against mother in landmark paternity case". Khaleej Times. 2006-01-28. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  13. ^ "Muslim anger boils over Danish cartoons". The Daily Star. 2006-01-31. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  14. ^ Critchlow, Andy (2006-02-04). "Egypt detained UK's Galloway `overnight' on security concerns". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  15. ^ "Egypt set to delay local polls". Gulf Times. 2006-02-13. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
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  27. ^ "Egypt frees hundreds of militants". BBC. 2006-04-12. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  28. ^ "15 arrests in clashes between Copts and Muslims in Egypt". International Herald Tribute. 2006-04-16. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  29. ^ "Five Islamist publishers detained in Egypt". Khaleej Times. 2006-04-15. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  30. ^ Sinan, Omar (2006-04-17). "More than 100 detained for three days of Muslim-Christian clashes in Alexandria, Egypt". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  31. ^ "Egyptian judges summoned to disciplinary hearing". Khaleej Times. 2006-04-17. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  32. ^ "Egyptian Muslim detained with knife". TV New Zealand: One News. 2006-04-18. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  33. ^ Fam, Mariam (2006-04-25). "Bombings kill 23 in Egyptian resort city". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  34. ^ a b "Clashes at Egypt judicial protest". BBC. 2006-04-24. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  35. ^ a b Williams, Daniel (2006-05-31). "New Vehicle for Dissent Is a Fast Track to Prison". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  36. ^ "Al-Jazeera bureau chief, three print journalists held". Committee to Protect Journalists News. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  37. ^ "Egypt's Ministry of Interior commits New Crime". ANHRI.NET. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  38. ^ "Sinai hit by fresh bomb attacks". BBC. 2006-04-26. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  39. ^ "Journalist charged with lying about Sinai blasts". San Diego Union Tribune. 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  40. ^ "Egypt: Troops Smother Protests, Detain Activists". Human Rights Watch. 2006-05-05. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  41. ^ "Nour’s top lawyer missing, says wife". Khaleej Times. 2006-04-30. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  42. ^ Williams, Daniel (2006-05-01). "Egypt Extends 25-Year-Old Emergency Law". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  43. ^ "Egypt police detain up to 23 Muslim Brothers". IOL. 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  44. ^ Williams, Daniel (2006-05-31). "New Vehicle for Dissent Is a Fast Track to Prison". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  45. ^ Allam, Hannah (2006-05-10). "Terror suspect beaten, lawyer says". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  46. ^ Slackman, Michael; Mona el-Naggar (2006-05-12). "Egyptian police beat demonstrators". San Francisco Chronicle. pp. A–11. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  47. ^ "Egypt: Police Assault Demonstrators, Journalists". Human Rights Watch. 2006-05-13. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  48. ^ "Egypt: Violent attacks and arrests of peaceful protesters must stop". Amnesty International USA. 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  49. ^ Ringer, Kandy (2006-05-19). "Muslim Brotherhood Leaders Among Detained in Egypt as Repression Intensifies". BBS News. Retrieved 2007-09-06. [dead link]
  50. ^ Fam, Mariam (2006-05-18). "Egyptian police beat protesters, arrest hundreds of Muslim Brothers in crackdown". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  51. ^ Ringer, Kandy (2006-05-19). "Egypt: Hundreds More Protesters Arrested". BBS News. Retrieved 2007-09-06. [dead link]
  52. ^ Michael, Maggie (2006-05-25). "Egypt judges demand independent judiciary". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  53. ^ El-Magd, Nadia Abou (2006-05-26). "Egyptian political activists accuse police of torture, sexual assault". San Diego Union Tribute. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  54. ^ "Detained Egyptian activist waiting for medical treatment". Jamaica Observer. 2006-05-29. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  55. ^ Sinan, Omar (2006-06-03). "Egypt Da Vinci Code". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-06. [dead link]
  56. ^ a b "Egypt asks US body to halt work". BBC. 2006-06-06. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  57. ^ "Egyptian Islamist detained after acquittal". IOL. 2006-06-18. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  58. ^ "Egypt's culture minister vows to ban 'Da Vinci Code'". Jamaica Observer. 2006-06-15. Archived from the original on July 1, 2006. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  59. ^ "Human rights group wants Egypt to allow Da Vinci Code". CBC Canada. 2006-06-17. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  60. ^ de Quetteville, Harry (2006-06-18). "Statue attack fuels fears of an Islamist Egypt". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  61. ^ Finn, Peter (2006-06-29). "Egypt Holds 31 Members Of Muslim Brotherhood". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  62. ^ "Taboo-smashing film breaks Egypt records". BBC. 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  63. ^ "Egypt journalists get jail terms". BBC. 2006-06-06. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  64. ^ a b "Weekly roundup of human rights violations". IRIN. 2006-06-29. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  65. ^ "Court upholds government's claim to be able to block opposition website". Reporters Without Borders. 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  66. ^ "Thousands Protest Israeli Assault". Arab News. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  67. ^ Saleh, Heba (2006-07-04). "Egyptians sue new church leader". BBC. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  68. ^ "Egypt debates controversial film". BBC. 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  69. ^ Saleh, Heba (2006-07-08). "Egyptian papers protest over law". BBC. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  70. ^ a b "Weekly roundup of human rights violations". IRIN. 2006-07-13. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  71. ^ "Opposition journalists protest press law, urge publishing boycott". IRIN. 2006-07-09. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  72. ^ "Journalists Still Risk Jail Under Press Law". Human Rights Watch. 2006-07-11. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  73. ^ "مظاهرات حاشدة في القاهرة والمحافظات احتجاجاً علي" (in Egyptian). Al-Masry Al-Yom (Egyptian Daily Newspaper). Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  74. ^ "Authorities free last two bloggers after 56 days in detention". Reporters Without Borders. 2006-07-20. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  75. ^ a b "Human rights abuses in Egypt and Jordan". IRIN. 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  76. ^ "Top Muslim Brotherhood leaders released". Jerusalem Post. 2006-08-15. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  77. ^ "Egypt: 17 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested". Jerusalem Post. 2006-08-19. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  78. ^ a b "Human rights abuses in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Syria". IRIN. 2006-09-05. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  79. ^ "Dozens of detainees go on hunger strike in Egyptian prison, rights group says". International Herald Tribune. 2006-09-07. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  80. ^ "14 charged over Egypt train crash". CNN. 2006-09-17. Archived from the original on February 4, 2008. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  81. ^ "Egypt bans European papers for articles 'disparaging' of Islam". International Herald Tribune. 2006-09-24. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  82. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood arrests and releases in Egypt and record journalist deaths in Iraq". IRIN. 2006-10-17. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  83. ^ Al-Akhbar (Egyptian Newspaper), October 23, 2006.
  84. ^ "Police detain another blogger despite international criticism". International Herald Tribune. 2006-11-19. Retrieved 2007-09-06.