List of 20th-century earthquakes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about 20th-century earthquakes. For earthquakes before 1901, see Historical earthquakes. For Earthquakes after 2000, see List of 21st century earthquakes.
Earthquakes of magnitude 8.0 and greater since 1900. The apparent 3D volumes of the bubbles are linearly proportional to their respective fatalities.[1]

This list of 20th-century earthquakes is a global list of notable earthquakes that occurred in the 20th century. After 1900 most earthquakes have some degree of instrumental records and this means that the locations and magnitudes are more reliable than for earlier events. To prevent this list becoming unmanageable, only those of magnitude 6 and above should be included unless they are notable for some other reason.

1901–1910[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
March 3, 1901 07:45 Parkfield, California, United States 36.2 −120.7 6.4 MS (Abe, 1988) USGS
September 19, 1902 Warooka, South Australia, Australia Choco 2 6.0 ML USGS
April 19, 1902 Quetzaltenango, Guatemala
see 1902 Guatemala earthquake
14 −91 2,000 7.5 ML (USGS 1000+) USGS
December 16, 1902 Andijan, Uzbekistan 40.8 72.3 4,700 6.4 ML (USGS 1000+) USGS
April 29, 1903 01:46 local time Malazgirt, Muş, Turkey
see 1903 Malazgirt earthquake
39.14 42.65 600 6.7 MS [2][3]
August 27, 1904 21:56 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States 64.7 −148.1 7.3 MS USGS
April 4, 1905 Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
see 1905 Kangra earthquake
32.1 76.3 20,000 7.8 Kangra district HQ Dharamsala devastated [4]
July 9, 1905 09:40 what is now Tsetserleg sum, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia 49 97 8 Mw [5]
July 23, 1905 02:46 Bulnain nuruu, Mongolia 49 95 8.3–8.5 Mw [5]
September 8, 1905 01:43 Calabria, Italy
see 1905 Calabria earthquake
38.67 16.07 557–5,000 6.7–7.9 MS [3][6][7][8]
January 31, 1906 15:36 Colombia–Ecuador
see 1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake
1 −81.5 1,000 8.8 Mw USGS
April 18, 1906 13:12 San Francisco, United States (San Andreas fault from Cape Mendocino to San Juan Bautista)
see San Francisco earthquake of 1906
37.75 −122.55 3,000 7.8 Mw (Bakun, 1999) USGS
August 17, 1906 00:10 Aleutian Islands
see 1906 Aleutian Islands earthquake
50.6 −178.36 8.35 Mw [9]
August 17, 1906 00:40 Valparaíso, Chile
see 1906 Valparaíso earthquake
−33 −72 20,000 8.2 Mw USGS
November 19, 1906 Off the coast of Western Australia, Australia 7.6 Mw
January 14, 1907 03:30 Kingston, Jamaica
see 1907 Kingston earthquake
17.59 −76.48 800-1,000 6.5 Mw USGS
December 28, 1908 04:20 Messina & Reggio Calabria, Italy
see 1908 Messina earthquake
38.3 15.6 70,000 7.2 MS USGS
June 11, 1909 21:15 local time Lambesc, France
see 1909 Lambesc earthquake
43.64 5.37 46 6.0 Ms Highest magnitude earthquake ever recorded in continental France. 250 wounded. 2,000 buildings damaged [10]

1911–1920[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
January 3, 1911 23:25 Kazakhstan
see 1911 Kebin earthquake
43.5 77.5 450 7.7 Mw [11]
February 18, 1911 18:41 Tajikistan
see 1911 Sarez earthquake
38.2 72.8 90 7.4 Ms [12]
June 7, 1911 11:02 UTC Near Michoacán, Mexico
see 1911 Michoacán earthquake
17.50 −102.50 45 7.6 Mw USGS
June 15, 1911 14:26 UTC Near Kikai Island, Japan
see 1911 Kikai Island earthquake
28.00 130.00 12 8.1 Ms USGS
July 1, 1911 22:00 Calaveras Fault, California, United States 37.39 −121.8 6.6 MS [13]
December 16, 1911 19:14 UTC Near the Coast of Guerrero, Mexico
see 1911 Guerrero earthquake
17.00 −100.50 7.6 Mw USGS
August 9, 1912 03:29 local time Mürefte Tekirdağ, Turkey
see 1912 Mürefte earthquake
40.75 27.2 216 7.3 MS [2][3]
October 4, 1914 00:07 local time Burdur, Turkey
see 1914 Burdur earthquake
37.82 30.27 300 6.9 MS [2][3]
January 13, 1915 Italy, L'Aquila
see 1915 Avezzano earthquake
42.04 13.44 30,000 7.5 MS [14]
October 3, 1915 06:52 Pleasant Valley, Nevada, United States
see 1915 Pleasant Valley earthquake
40.5 −117.5 7.1 Mw (Stover and Coffman, 1993) [15]
January 20, 1917 23:11 Bali
see 1917 Bali earthquake
-8.3 115.0 1,500 6.6 Ms [16]
June 26, 1917 05:49 UTC near Samoa
see 1917 Samoa earthquake
−15.50 −173.00 8.5 Mw USGS
June 7, 1918 BundabergRockhampton, Queensland, Australia 6.0 MS
October 11, 1918 14:14 Puerto Rico, United States
see 1918 San Fermín earthquake
18.47 −67.63 116 7.5 MS (McCann, 1985) USGS
December 6, 1918 08:41 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
see 1918 Vancouver Island earthquake
49.62 −125.92 7 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983) USGS
September 7, 1920 07:55 local time Garfagnana, Lunigiana, Italy
see 1920 Garfagnana earthquake
44.183 10.283 171 6.5 ML [17]
December 16, 1920 12:05 NingxiaGansu, China
see 1920 Haiyuan earthquake
36.6 105.32 235,502[3] 8.6 MS USGS

1921–1930[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
January 31, 1922 13:17 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.7 −125.55 7.3 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
March 10, 1922 11:21 Parkfield, California, United States 35.9 −120.9 6.1 Mw (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984) USGS
November 11, 1922 04:32 UTC Atacama Region, Chile
see 1922 Vallenar earthquake
−28.5 −70 100s 8.5 USGS
January 22, 1923 09:04 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.49 −125.32 7.2 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
February 3, 1923 Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia
see Kamchatka earthquakes
54 161 8.5 Mw USGS
September 1, 1923 02:58 Kantō region, Japan
see 1923 Great Kantō earthquake
35.4 139.08 143,000 7.9 Mw USGS
September 13, 1924 16:34 local time Horasan, Erzurum, Turkey
see 1924 Pasinler earthquake
40.0 42.1 60 6.8 MS [2][3]
February 28, 1925 21:19 local time Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada
see 1925 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake
47.76 −69.84 6.3 Mw (Bent, 1992) USGS
March 16, 1925 14:42 Dali, Yunnan, China
see 1925 Dali earthquake
25.7 100.4 5,000 7.0 Ms [18]
June 28, 1925 01:21 Clarkston Valley, Montana, United States 46.32 −111.52 6.6 Mw (Dosier, 1989) USGS
June 29, 1925 14:42 Santa Barbara, California, United States
see 1925 Santa Barbara earthquake
34.3 −119.8 13 6.8 Mw (Stein and Hanks, 1998) USGS
October 22, 1926 12:35 Monterey Bay, California, United States 36.62 −122.35 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
October 22, 1926 13:35 Monterey Bay, California, United States 36.55 −122.18 6.1 MG-R (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
March 7, 1927 09:27 Tango Peninsula, northern Kyoto Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan 35.8 134.92 3,020 7.6 MS USGS
May 21, 1927 22:32 UTC Gulang, Gansu, China
see 1927 Gulang earthquake
37.39 102.31 40,900 7.6 Mw USGS
November 4, 1927 13:51 offshore Lompoc, California, United States 34.92 −121.03 7.1 Mw (Stein and Hanks, 1998) USGS
March 31, 1928 02:29 local time İzmir, Turkey 38.5 28.0 50 6.5 MS Possible M=6.2 foreshock previous day [2][3]
May 14, 1928 22:14 UTC Peru
See 1928 Chachapoyas earthquake
−5.26 −78.56 25 7.2 Mw [19]
May 18, 1929 08:37 local time Suşehri, Sivas, Turkey 40.2 37.9 64 6.1 MS [2][3]
June 17, 1929 10:17 local time Murchison, South Island, New Zealand
see1929 Murchison earthquake
−41.55 172.25 17 7.8 MS [20]
November 18, 1929 20:32 Grand Banks, Newfoundland, Canada
see 1929 Grand Banks earthquake
44.69 −56.01 28 7.3 Mw (Bent, 1995) USGS
July 2, 1930 21:03 UTC Near Dhubri, India
see 1930 Dhubri earthquake
25.80 90.20 7.1 Ms [21]
July 23, 1930 00:08 Italy, Irpinia
see1930 Irpinia earthquake
41.05 15.367 1,404 6.6 Ms [22]
November 25, 1930 19:02 UTC Japan
see 1930 North Izu earthquake
35.00 139.00 7.3 Ms [23]
December 3, 1930 18:51 UTC Burma
see 1930 Pyu earthquake
17.97 96.42 36 7.3 Mw USGS

1931–1940[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
January 27, 1931 20:09 UTC Burma
see 1931 Myitkyina earthquake
25.67 96.15 7.6 USGS
February 3, 1931 10:47 local time Napier, New Zealand
see 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake
−39.3 177.0 258 7.9 Much of city destroyed; 40 km² of seabed raised to become dry land
March 31, 1931 10:23 local time Managua, Nicaragua
see 1931 Nicaragua earthquake
2000 5.8 City destroyed.
April 27, 1931 16:50 UTC Zangezur Mountains
see 1931 Zangezur earthquake
39.2 46.0 2890 6.3 Ms [24]
June 7, 1931 00:25 offshore, Yorkshire, North Sea, United Kingdom
see 1931 Dogger Bank earthquake
54 1.48 6.1 ML (Musson, 1994) largest instrumentally recorded earthquake to have affected the United Kingdom USGS
August 10, 1931 21:18 Near Fuyun, Xinjiang, China
see 1931 Fuyun earthquake
46.8 89.9 10,000 8.0 Mw [25][26][27]
September 25, 1931 05:59 UTC Sumatra
see 1931 Southwest Sumatra earthquake
-5.18 102.51 7.3 Mw USGS
June 3, 1932 10:36 Jalisco, Mexico
see 1932 Jalisco earthquake
19.5 −104.25 400 8.2 Mw [28]
June 18, 1932 10:12 Colima, Mexico 19.5 −103.5 0 7.8 Ms [29]
June 22, 1932 12:59 Jalisco, Mexico 19.5 −104.5 75 7.0 Ms [30][31]
September 26, 1932 19:20 Greece, Ierissos
see 1932 Ierissos earthquake
39.8 23.8 491 7.0 Mw [32]
December 21, 1932 06:10 Cedar Mountain, Nevada, United States 38.51 −118.08 7.2 Mw USGS
December 25, 1932 10:04 Gansu, China
see 1932 Changma earthquake
39.7 96.7 275 7.6 Ms [3]
March 2, 1933 17:31 Off the Pacific coast of Sanriku, Iwate Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan
see 1933 Sanriku earthquake
39.22 144.62 2,990 8.4 Mw USGS
March 11, 1933 01:54 Long Beach, California, United States
see 1933 Long Beach earthquake
33.6 −118 115 6.4 Mw (Hauksson & Gross, 1991) USGS
November 20, 1933 23:21 Baffin Bay, Canada 73 −69.98 7.4 Mw(Stein et al. 1979) USGS
January 15, 1934 08:43 Bihar, India
see 1934 Bihar earthquake
27.55 87.09 10,700 8.1 Mw (Chen and Molnar, 1977) USGS
June 8, 1934 04:47 Parkfield, California, United States 35.9 −120.9 6.1 Mw (Bakun and McEvilly, 1984) USGS
January 4, 1935 16:41 local time Erdek, Balıkesir, Turkey 40.4 27.5 5 6.4 MS [2][3]
April 21, 1935 6:02 local time ShinchikuTaichū, Taiwan 24.30 120.80 3,279 7.1 [3]
November 1, 1935 06:03 Témiscaming, Quebec, Canada
See 1935 Timiskaming earthquake.
48.89 −79 6.2 Mw (Bent, 1996) USGS
December 28, 1935 02:35 Batu Islands, Sumatra
see 1935 Sumatra earthquake
0.0 98.25 7.7 Mw [33]
November 2, 1936 20:45 UTC Offshore Miyagi, Japan
see 1936 Miyagi earthquake
38.2 142.1 7.2 MS [34]
July 22, 1937 17:09 Salcha, Alaska, United States 64.49 −146.85 7.3 MS USGS
July 26, 1937 03:47 UTC Veracruz, Mexico
see 1937 Orizaba earthquake
18.52 −95.88 34 7.3 MS [19][35]
January 23, 1938 08:32 Maui, Hawaii, United States 20.96 −156.18 6.8 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
April 19, 1938 12:59 local time Kırşehir, Turkey 39.1 34.0 160 6.6 MS [2][3]
November 10, 1938 20:18 Shumagin Islands, Alaska, United States 55.33 −158.37 8.2 Mw USGS
January 25, 1939 23:32 Local Time Chillán, Chile
see 1939 Chillán earthquake
−37.000 −70.500 30,000 7.8 USGS
September 22, 1939 02:36 local time Dikili, İzmir, Turkey 39.1 26.8 60 6.6 MS [2][3]
December 26, 1939 23:57 Erzincan, Turkey
see 1939 Erzincan earthquake
39.77 39.53 32,700 7.8 MS USGS
May 19, 1940 04:36 Imperial Valley, California, United States
see 1940 El Centro earthquake
32.73 −115.5 9 7.1 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
November 10, 1940 01:39 Vrancea, Romania 45.80 26.70 4,000 7.4 Mw (LT, 2007) USGS

1941–1950[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
April 15, 1941 19:09 UTC Michoacán, Mexico
see 1941 Colima earthquake
18.85 −102.94 90 7.7 Ms [36]
April 29, 1941 Meeberrie, Western Australia, Australia 7.2 MS
August 6, 1942 23:37 UTC Guatemala
see 1942 Guatemala earthquake
13.78 -90.91 38 7.7 Mw USGS
August 24, 1942 22:50 UTC Peru
see 1942 Peru earthquake
-14.98 -74.92 30 7.7 Mw USGS
November 15, 1942 19:01 local time Bigadiç, Balıkesir, Turkey 39.2 28.2 16 6.1 MS [2][3]
December 20, 1942 14:03 Erbaa, Tokat, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
40.87 36.47 3000 7.0 [37]
April 6, 1943 12:07 Local Time Ovalle, Chile −30.750 −72.000 12 8.2 USGS
June 8 and 9, 1943 20:42 UTC and 03:06 UTC Sumatra
see 1943 Alahan Panjang earthquakes
−1.00 101.00 7.2 and 7.5 Mw [19]
June 20, 1943 17:32 local time Hendek, Adapazarı, Turkey 40.6 30.5 336 6.6 MS [2][3]
July 23, 1943 14:53 UTC Central Java
see 1943 Central Java earthquake
−9.50 110.00 8.0 Ms [38]
November 26, 1943 00:20 local time Ladik, Samsun, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
41.05 33.72 4000 7.4 [37]
January 15, 1944 20:50 GMT-3 San Juan, Argentina
see 1944 San Juan earthquake
−31.4 −68.4 8,000 ~ 10,000 7.8 The 30 second long earthquake destroyed 95% of the city, located 30 km from the epicentre. [39]
February 1, 1944 03:25 Gerede, Bolu, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
40.8 32.2 3959 7.5 [37]
October 6, 1944 04:34 local time Ayvalık, Balıkesir, Turkey 39.37 26.53 30 6.8 MS [2][3]
December 7, 1944 04:35 Off the east coast of Kii Peninsula, Wakayama Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan
known as 東南海地震 (Tōnankai Jishin?) 1944 Tōnankai earthquake
33.75 136 1,223 8.1 Mw USGS
November 27, 1945 21:56 Offshore Pakistan
see 1945 Balochistan earthquake
24.5 63.0 4,000 8.1 Mw Tsunami from submarine slumping [40]
April 1, 1946 12:28 Unimak Island, Alaska, United States
see 1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake
52.75 −163.5 165 8.6 MS (Stover and Coffman, 1993) USGS
June 23, 1946 17:13 Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
see 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake
49.75 −124.5 7.3 ML (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954: Rogers, 1983) USGS
September 15, 1946 Launceston, Tasmania, Australia 6.2 MS
August 4, 1946 17:51 Dominican Republic 19.25 −69 100 8 MS (Abe, 1981) USGS
December 20, 1946 19:19 Off southern Wakayama Prefecture, KinkiShikoku regions, Japan
see 1946 Nankaidō earthquake
32.5 134.5 1,330 8.1 Mw USGS
July 29, 1947 13:43 British India, Tibet
see 1947 Assam earthquake
28.50 94.00 7.3 Mw [41]
October 16, 1947 02:09 Fairbanks, Alaska, United States 64.2 −148.3 7.2 Mw USGS
May 25, 1948 07:11 Litang, China
see 1948 Litang earthquake
29.5 100.5 800 7.2 Mw [23]
April 13, 1949 19:55 Olympia, Washington, United States 47.1 −122.7 8 7.1 ML (Baker and Langston, 1987) USGS
July 10, 1949 03:53 Gharm Oblast, Tajikistan
see 1949 Khait earthquake
39.2 70.8 ~7,200 7.4 [42]
August 5, 1949 14:05 Ambato, Ecuador
see 1949 Ambato earthquake
−1.19 −78.32 6,000 6.8 USGS
August 17, 1949 Karlıova, Bingöl, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
39.54 40.57 450 6.8 [37]
August 22, 1949 04:01 Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada
see 1949 Queen Charlotte earthquake
53.62 −133.27 0 8.1 MS (Gutenberg and Richter, 1954) USGS
December 17, 1949 06:53 Tierra del Fuego, Chile & Argentina
see 1949 Tierra del Fuego earthquake
−54 −68.77 7.8 ML [43]
August 15, 1950 14:09 AssamTibet
see 1950 Assam earthquake
28.5 96.5 1,526 8.6 Mw USGS

1951–1960[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
August 13, 1951 18:36 Kurşunlu, Çankırı, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
40.88 32.87 50 6.9 [37]
August 21, 1951 10:57 Kona, Hawaii, United States 19.5 −155.95 6.9 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
July 21, 1952 11:52 Kern County, California, United States
see 1952 Kern County earthquake
34.95 −119.05 12 7.3 Mw (Stein and Hanks, 1998) USGS
November 4, 1952 16:58 Kamchatka, Russia
see Kamchatka earthquakes
52.76 160.06 9 Mw USGS
March 18, 1953 21:06 local time Yenice, Çanakkale, Turkey
See 1953 Western Turkey earthquake
40.02 27.53 265 7.2 MS [2][3]
May 6, 1953 17:16 UTC Near Concepción, Chile
see 1953 Concepción earthquake
−36.50 −73.00 12 7.6 Ms [44]
August 8–12, 1953 09:24 Kefalonia, Greece
see 1953 Ionian Earthquake
38.2 20.6 476 7.2 113 tremors over five days [45][46]
September 14, 1953 00:27 UTC Fiji
see 1953 Suva earthquake
−18.25 178.25 8 6.8 Ms [47]
December 6, 1953 16:18 Local Time Calama, Chile −22.10 −68.70 3 7.4 Mw
December 12, 1953 17:31 UTC Tumbes, Peru
see 1953 Tumbes earthquake
−3.40 −80.60 6 7.5 Mw
March 29, 1954 06:17 Spain 37.03 −3.51 7.9 Mw USGS
July 6, 1954 11:13 Rainbow Mountain, Nevada, United States 39.42 −118.53 6.6 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
August 24, 1954 05:51 Stillwater, Nevada, United States 39.58 −118.45 6.8 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
December 16, 1954 11:07 Fairview Peak, Nevada, United States 39.32 −118.2 7.1 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
December 16, 1954 11:11 Dixie Valley, Nevada, United States 39.5 −118 6.8 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
July 16, 1955 09:07 local time Söke, Aydın, Turkey 37.55 27.05 23 6.8 MS [2][3]
September 12, 1955 06:09 UTC Offshore Alexandria, Egypt
see 1955 Alexandria earthquake
32.2 29.6 18 6.3 MS [48]
September 23, 1955 15:06 UTC Sichuan and Yunnan, China
see 1955 Yuzha earthquake
26.60 101.80 728 6.8 MS [24]
July 16, 1956 15:07 UTC Near Sagaing, Burma
see 1956 Sagaing earthquake
22.08 95.82 7.1 Mw USGS
October 24, 1956 14:42 UTC West of Masachapa, Nicaragua
see 1956 Nicaragua earthquake
11.79 −86.46 7.3 MS [49]
March 9, 1957 14:22 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, United States
see 1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake
51.56 −175.39 0 8.6 Mw USGS
April 25, 1957 04:25 local time Fethiye, Muğla, Turkey 36.5 28.6 67 7.1 MS [2][3]
May 26, 1957 6:36 Abant, Bolu, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
40.67 31.00 52 7.1 [37]
December 4, 1957 03:37 Govi-Altai Province, Mongolia 45.15 99.21 30 8.1 Mw USGS
April 7, 1958 15:30 Huslia, Alaska, United States 65.94 −156.37 7.3 Mw USGS
July 10, 1958 06:15 Fairweather, Alaska, United States 58.37 −136.66 5 7.7 Mw
caused megatsunami in Lituya Bay, Alaska
USGS
May 4, 1959 07:15 Kamchatka, USSR
see 1959 Kamchatka earthquake
53.37 159.66 1 8.0 Mw [19]
August 18, 1959 06:37 Hebgen Lake, Montana, United States
see 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake
44.6 −110.64 28 7.3 Mw (Dosier, 1985) USGS
February 29, 1960 23:40 Agadir, Morocco
see 1960 Agadir earthquake
30.5 −9.3 10,000 5.7 Mw USGS
May 22, 1960 19:11 Valdivia, Chile
see 1960 Valdivia earthquake
−38.24 −73.05 5,700 9.5 Mw USGS
November 20, 1960 22:02 UTC Northern Peru
see November 1960 Peru earthquake
-6.70 −80.62 7.8 Mw USGS

1961–1970[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
February 13, 1963 08:50 UTC Offshore Su-ao, Taiwan
see 1963 Su-ao earthquake
24.35 122.06 3 7.3 Mw [19]
February 21, 1963 Marj, Marj District, Libya 300 5.6[50] [2] USGS
July 26, 1963 04:17 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
see 1963 Skopje earthquake
42.16 22.66 1000–1100 6.1 Mw
October 13, 1963 05:17 Kuril Islands
see 1963 Kuril Islands earthquake
44.81 149.54 0 8.5 Mw
March 28, 1964 03:36 Prince William Sound, Alaska, United States
see 1964 Alaska earthquake
61.02 −147.65 125 9.2 Mw USGS
June 16, 1964 04:01 Off northern Niigata Prefecture, Chūbu region, Japan
see 1964 Niigata earthquake
38.43 139.23 26 7.5 Mw USGS
July 6, 1964 07:22 UTC Guerrero, Mexico
see 1964 Guerrero earthquake
18.19 −100.51 40 7.4 Ms [19][51]
October 6, 1964 16:31 local time Manyas, Balıkesir, Turkey 40.1 27.93 23 7.0 MS [2][3]
January 24, 1965 00:11 UTC Sanana, Indonesia
see 1965 Ceram Sea earthquake
−2.455 125.965 71 8.2 Mw [52]
February 4, 1965 05:01 Rat Islands, Alaska, United States
see 1965 Rat Islands earthquake
51.21 −178.5 8.7 Mw USGS
March 28, 1965 12:33 Local Time La Ligua, Chile −32.418 −71.10 280 7.4 Mw USGS
April 29, 1965 08:29 SeattleTacoma, Washington, United States
see 1965 Olympia earthquake
47.32 −122.33 7 6.5 ML (Algermissen and Harding, 1965) USGS
August 23, 1965 19:46 Oaxaca, Mexico
see 1965 Oaxaca earthquake
15.38 −96.12 6 7.5 Mw [53]
March 12, 1966 16:31 UTC Offshore Hualien, Taiwan
see 1966 Hualien earthquake
24.24 122.67 8.0 Ms [54]
March 20, 1966 01:42 UTC Near Uganda-Democratic Republic of the Congo border
see 1966 Toro earthquake
0.85 29.87 157 6.1 Ms USGS
June 28, 1966 04:26 Parkfield, California, United States 35.88 −120.49 6.1 Mw (Tsai and Aki, 1969) USGS
August 19, 1966 12:23 Varto, Muş, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
39.17 41.56 2396 6.7 [37]
October 17, 1966 21:41 UTC Peru
see 1966 Peru earthquake
−10.7 −78.7 8.1 [55]
December 28, 1966 08:18 UTC Taltal, Chile −25.51 −70.74 6 8.1 Mw
July 22, 1967 16:56 Mudurnu, Adapazarı, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
40.67 30.69 89 7.2 [37]
July 29, 1967 20:05 Caracas, Venezuela 236 6.5 USGS
December 10, 1967 22:51 Koynanagar, India 17.39 73.77 6.3 Mw (Langston, 1976) USGS
April 1, 1968 00:42 UTC Hyuga-nada Sea, Japan
see 1968 Hyūga-nada earthquake
32.3 132.5 7.5 Mw [56]
May 16, 1968 01:49 UTC Offshore Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan
see 1968 Tokachi earthquake
40.90 143.35 8.3 Mw USGS
August 31, 1968 10:47 UTC Dasht Bayaz & Ferdows, Iran
see 1968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquake
33.9 59.02 7,000-
12,000
7.3 USGS
September 3, 1968 10:19 UTC Bartın, Turkey 41.79 32.31 29 6.5 MS [2][3]
October 14, 1968 10:49 Local Time Meckering, Western Australia, Australia 6.9 MS
February 28, 1969 02:40 Portugal, Morocco
see 1969 Portugal earthquake
36.017 −10.950 13 7.8 Mw [57]
March 28, 1969 03:48 local time Alaşehir, Manisa, Turkey 38.5 28.4 53 6.5 MS [2][3]
March 31, 1969 07:15 UTC Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt
see 1969 Sharm el-Sheikh earthquake
27.6 33.9 2 6.6 MS [58]
July 18, 1969 13:24 local time Bohai Bay, China
see 1969 Bohai earthquake
38.2 119.4 10 7.4 MS [59]
July 25, 1969 22:49 Yangjiang, Guangdong, China
see 1969 Yangjiang earthquake
21.61 111.83 3,000 5.9 MS [27]
October 26–27, 1969 15:36 and 08:10 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.9 17.2 1 & 9 6.4 MS [60]
January 4, 1970 China
see 1970 Tonghai earthquake[61]
25.96 101.32 10,000[61]
15,000[62]
7.7[61] Reuters
March 24, 1970 Canning Basin, Western Australia, Australia 6.7 MS
May 31, 1970 20:23 Peru
see 1970 Ancash earthquake
−9.25 −78.84 66,000 7.9 Mw USGS
March 28, 1970 23:02 local time Gediz, Kütahya, Turkey
see 1970 Gediz earthquake
39.2 29.5 1086 7.2 MS [2][3]
July 31, 1970 17:08 Colombia
see 1970 Colombia earthquake
−1.49 −72.56 8 MS USGS
December 10, 1970 04:34 UTC Peru
see 1970 Peru-Ecuador earthquake
−3.99 −80.72 7.1 Mw USGS

1971–1980[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
February 9, 1971 14:00 Sylmar, California, United States
see 1971 San Fernando earthquake
34.4 −118.39 65 6.7 Mw(Heaton, 1982) USGS
July 16, 1971 Canning Basin, Western Australia, Australia 6.4
May 22, 1971 16:44 Bingol, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
38.83 40.52 1000+ 6.9 [63]
July 8, 1971 23:04 Local Time Illapel, Chile −32.511 −71.207 85 7.5 Mw USGS
July 14, 1971 and July 26, 1971 Solomon Islands
see 1971 Solomon Islands earthquakes
[19]
April 10, 1972 02:06 UTC Qir, Iran
see 1972 Qir earthquake
28.4 52.8 5,374 6.7 Mw[64] [65]
April 24, 1972 09:57 UTC Ruisui, Taiwan
see 1972 Ruisui earthquake
23.60 121.60 5 7.2 Ms USGS
December 23, 1972 06:29 Managua, Nicaragua
see 1972 Nicaragua earthquake
12.35 86.12 6,000 6.2 Mw (Brown, R. D., P. L. Ward, and G. Plafker (1973)) USGS
May 8, 1974 23:33 Off Izu Peninsula, Japan
see 1974 Izu Peninsula earthquake
34.6 138.8 25 6.5 Ms [66]
May 10, 1974 19:25 Near Yunnan, Sichuan border, China
see 1974 Zhaotong earthquake
28.24 104.01 20,000 7.0 Mw [67]
October 3, 1974 14:21 UTC Near Lima, Peru
see 1974 Lima earthquake
-12.25 -77.52 78 8.1 Mw USGS
February 4, 1975 11:36 Haicheng, Liaoning, China
see 1975 Haicheng earthquake
40.72 122.73 10,000 7 Mw (Cipar, 1979) USGS
May 26, 1975 09:11 UTC North Atlantic
see 1975 North Atlantic earthquake
35.97 −17.65 7.9 Mw USGS
June 30, 1975 18:54 Norris Junction, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, United States 44.69 −110.62 0 6.1 ML Largest earthquake in Yellowstone Caldera since 1959 Hebgen Lake event [68]
September 6, 1975 12:20 local time Lice, Diyarbakır, Turkey 38.5 40.7 2385 6.6 MS [2][3]
November 29, 1975 Canning Basin, Western Australia, Australia 6.2 MS
November 29, 1975 14:47 south flank of Kīlauea, Hawaii, United States 19.45 −155.03 2 7.2 MS (Klein and Wright, 2000) USGS
February 4, 1976 09:01 Guatemala
see 1976 Guatemala earthquake
15.3 −89.14 23,000 7.5 Mw USGS
May 6, 1976 21:06 Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy see 1976 Friuli earthquake 46.2 13.10 989 6.4 Mw [69]
July 27, 1976 19:42 Tangshan, China
see 1976 Tangshan earthquake
39.61 117.89 242,419* 7.6 Mw USGS
August 17, 1976 00:11 local time Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines 06.03 124.0 4,791 after tsunami 7.9 Mw PHIVOLCS
November 24, 1976 14:22 local time Muradiye, Van, Turkey 39.12 44.03 3840 7.5 MS [2][3]
March 4, 1977 21:20 local time Bucharest, Romania
see 1977 Bucharest earthquake
45.8 26.8 1500 7.5 Lasted ~5 minutes
June 12, 1978 08:14 UTC Off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
see 1978 Miyagi earthquake
38.19 142.03 28[70] 7.7 MS USGS
September 16, 1978 19:38 Tabas, Yazd Province, Iran
see 1978 Tabas earthquake
33.3 57.4 15,000 7.7 ML USGS
April 15, 1979 06:19 Herceg Novi, Dubrovnik, Montenegro, Croatia
see 1979 Montenegro earthquake
41.98 18.98 136 7.0 Ms [71]
June 2, 1979 Cadoux, Western Australia, Australia 6.1 Mw USGS
October 15, 1979 23:17 Imperial Valley, California, United States
see 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake
32.82 −115.65 6.4 Mw (Hartzell and Heaton, 1983) USGS
December 12, 1979 07:59 Nariño Department, Colombia
see 1979 Tumaco earthquake
1.598 -79.358 ~600 8.2 Mw [72]
May 25, 1980 16:33 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.6 −118.83 6.1 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
May 27, 1980 14:50 Mammoth Lakes, California, United States 37.48 −118.8 6 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
October 10, 1980 12:25 Northern Algeria
see1980 El Asnam earthquake
36.195 1.354 5,000 7.7 Ms [73]
November 8, 1980 10:27 Gorda Plate, California, United States 41.12 −124.67 7.2 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
November 23, 1980 19:34 Irpinia, Southern Italy
see 1980 Irpinia earthquake
40.87 15.31 2735 6.8 Mw USGS

1981–1990[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
January 19, 1981 15:11 Irian Jaya, Indonesia
see 1981 Irian Jaya earthquake
−4.576 139.232 305 6.7 Ms [74]
January 23, 1981 21:13 Sichuan, China
see 1981 Dawu earthquake
30.93 101.10 150+ 6.8 ML USGS
October 25, 1981 03:22 UTC Playa Azul, Mexico
see 1981 Playa Azul earthquake
18.05 -102.08 3 7.3 Ms USGS
December 13, 1982 09:12 Dhamar, North Yemen (now Yemen)
see 1982 North Yemen earthquake
14.70 44.38 2000+ 6.0 MS USGS
May 2, 1983 23:42 Coalinga, California, United States
see 1983 Coalinga earthquake
36.23 −120.32 6.5 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
March 31, 1983 Popayán, Cauca Department, Colombia 197 5.5 USGS
October 28, 1983 14:06 Borah Peak, Idaho, United States 44.09 −113.8 2 7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
October 30, 1983 07:12 local time Erzurum, Turkey 40.33 42.19 1155 6.9 MS [2][3]
November 16, 1983 16:13 Kaoiki, Hawaii, United States 19.44 −155.38 6.7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
November 30, 1983 17:46 UTC Chagos Archipelago, British Indian Ocean Territory
see 1983 Chagos Archipelago earthquake
−6.58 72.11 7.7 Ms [75]
April 24, 1984 21:15 Morgan Hill, California, United States
see 1984 Morgan Hill earthquake
37.3 −121.71 6.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
November 17, 1984 06:49 UTC Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
see 1984 Northern Sumatra earthquake
0.20 98.03 7.2 Ms USGS
March 3, 1985 19:47 Local Time Valparaíso, Chile
see 1985 Santiago earthquake
−33.24 −71.850 177 7.8 Mw USGS
April 8, 1985 21:56:59 local time (01:56:59 UTC) Rapel Lake, Chile
see 1985 Rapel Lake earthquake
−34.04 −71.39 2 7.5 Mw USGS
September 19, 1985 13:17 Michoacán, Mexico
see 1985 Mexico City earthquake
18.44 −102.36 9,500 8 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
December 23, 1985 05:16 Nahanni, Northwest Territories, Canada
see 1985 Nahanni earthquakes
62.16 −124.31 6.8 Mw (Wetmiller et al., 1988) USGS
May 7, 1986 22:47 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, United States 51.56 −174.81 8 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
July 8, 1986 09:20 north Palm Springs, California, United States 33.97 −116.78 6.1 Mw (Hartzell, 1989) USGS
July 21, 1986 14:42 Chalfant Valley, California, United States
see 1986 Chalfant Valley earthquake
37.53 −118.43 6.2 Mw (Ellsworth, 1990) USGS
October 10, 1986 17:49 El Salvador, San Salvador
see 1986 San Salvador earthquake
13.827 −89.118 1,000+ 5.4 Ms [73]
March 6, 1987 1:54 GMT and 4:10 GMT Napo Province, Ecuador
see 1987 Ecuador earthquakes
1,000+ 6.1–6.9
October 1, 1987 14:42 Whittier Narrows, California, United States
see 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake
34.06 −118.13 8 5.9 Mw (Hartzell and Iida, 1990) USGS
November 30, 1987 19:23 Gulf of Alaska, United States 58.84 −142.6 7.9 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
January 22, 1988 00:35 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia −19.87 133.78 6.3 Mw (Choy and Bowman, 1990) USGS
January 22, 1988 03:57 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia −19.88 133.83 6.4 Mw (Choy and Bowman, 1990) USGS
January 22, 1988 12:04 Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia −19.9 133.83 6.6 Mw (Choy and Bowman, 1990) USGS
March 6, 1988 22:35 Gulf of Alaska, United States 57.26 −142.75 7.8 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
December 7, 1988 07:41 Spitak, Armenia
see 1988 Spitak earthquake
40.93 44.11 25,000 6.8 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
October 17, 1989 17:04 local time Loma Prieta, California, United States
see 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake
37.14 −121.76 63 6.9 Mw (Wald et al., 1991) USGS
December 25, 1989 14:24 Ungava Peninsula, Quebec, Canada 60.07 −73.54 6.0 Mw (Bent, 1994) USGS
December 28, 1989 10:27 local time Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
see 1989 Newcastle earthquake
−32.95 151.61 13 5.6 ML This is the only deadly Australian earthquake recorded to date
June 14, 1990 15:41 local time Panay Island, Philippines 11.34 122.10 8 7.1 Mw
June 21, 1990 00:30 local time Northwestern Iran; see 1990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake 36.96 49.41 40,000 7.4 Mw
July 16, 1990 16:26 local time Baguio City, Philippines; see 1990 Luzon earthquake 15.7 121.2 1,621 7.9 Ms

1991–2000[edit]

Date Time Place Lat. Long. Deaths
Magnitude
Comments Sources
 
August 17, 1991 22:17 Honeydew, California, United States 41.79 −125.58 7.1 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
March 13, 1992 17.18 Erzincan, Turkey
see North Anatolian Fault
39.70 39.69 6.8 [76]
April 23, 1992 04:50 Joshua Tree, California, United States 33.87 −116.55 6.1 Mw (Hauksson et al., 1993) USGS
April 25, 1992 18:06 Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.38 −124.05 7.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
April 26, 1992 07:41 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.55 −124.29 6.5 Mw (Oppenheimer et al., 1993) USGS
April 26, 1992 11:18 offshore, Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.44 −124.43 6.7 Mw (Oppenheimer et al., 1993) USGS
June 28, 1992 11:57 Landers, California, USA
see 1992 Landers earthquake
34.2 −116.52 3 7.3 Mw (Sieh et al. 1993) USGS
September 2, 1992 00:16 Nicaragua
see 1992 Nicaragua earthquake
11.77 −87.35 116 7.7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
October 12, 1992 13:09 Egypt, Cairo
see 1992 Cairo earthquake
29.778 31.144 545 5.8 MB
July 12, 1993 13:17 Japan, Hokkaido Korea and Russia
see1993 Hokkaido earthquake
42.851 139.197 230 7.7 Mw [77]
September 29, 1993 22:25 Latur-Killari, India
see 1993 Latur earthquake
18.08 76.52 9,748 6.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
January 17, 1994 12:30 Reseda, Los Angeles, California, United States
see 1994 Northridge earthquake
34.18 −118.56 72 6.7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
February 15, 1994 17:07 UTC Sumatra, Indonesia
see 1994 Liwa earthquake
−4.967 −104.302 207 6.9 Mw USGS
June 9, 1994 00:33 Bolivia
see 1994 Bolivia earthquake
−13.86 −67.49 5 8.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
September 1, 1994 15:15 Cape Mendocino, California, United States 40.38 −125.78 7.1 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
October 4, 1994 13:22 (UTC) Near Kuril Islands, Russia
see 1994 Kuril Islands earthquake
43.706 147.328 10 8.2 Mw USGS
November 15, 1994 03:15 local time Calapan, Mindoro, Philippines
see 1994 Mindoro earthquake
13.53 121.08 78 7.1 Mw PHIVOLCS
December 28, 1994 12:19 (UTC) Near Honshū, Japan
see 1994 offshore Sanriku earthquake
40.451 143.491 2 7.7 Mw USGS
January 17, 1995 05:46 local time Southern Hyōgo Prefecture, Kinki region, Japan
see Great Hanshin earthquake
34.57 135.03 6,434 6.9 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
July 30, 1995 05:11 UTC Near Coast Antofagasta, Chile
see 1995 Antofagasta earthquake
−23.34 −70.294 3 8.0 Mw USGS
September 14, 1995 14:04 UTC Guerrero, Mexico
see 1995 Guerrero earthquake
16.779 −98.597 3 7.4 Mw USGS
October 1, 1995 17:57 local time Dinar, Afyon, Turkey 38.06 30.13 90 6.1 MS [2][3]
October 9, 1995 15:35 UTC Off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico
see 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake
19.055 −104.205 49 8.0 Mw [78][79][80]
October 21, 1995 02:38 UTC Chiapas, Mexico
see 1995 Chiapas earthquake
16.840 −93.469 7.1 Mw USGS
October 23, 1995 22:46 UTC Wuding, Yunnan, China
see 1995 Wuding earthquake
26.003 102.227 53 6.2 Mw USGS
February 17, 1996 05:59 Near Biak Island, Indonesia
see 1996 Biak earthquake
−0.891 136.952 108 8.1 Mw [81]
May 3, 1996 03:32 UTC Near Baotou, China
see 1996 Baotou earthquake
40.774 109.661 26 6.4 Ms [81][82]
November 12, 1996 16:59 UTC Near Nazca, Peru
see 1996 Nazca earthquake
−14.993 75.675 14 7.5 Mw USGS
August 10, 1997 Collier Bay, Western Australia, Australia 6.3 Mw USGS
September 26, 1997 09:40 UTC UmbriaMarche, Italy
see 1997 Umbria and Marche earthquake
43.084 12.812 11 6.1 Me USGS
November 8, 1997 10:02 UTC Tibet
see 1997 Manyi earthquake
35.069 87.325 7.4 Mw USGS
January 30, 1998 12:16 UTC Antofagasta, Chile −23.91 −70.20 1 7.1[83] Mw USGS
June 27, 1998 16:55 local time Ceyhan, Adana, Turkey 36.88 35.31 146 6.2 MS [2][3]
July 17, 1998 08:49 New Guinea, Papua New Guinea
see 1998 Papua New Guinea earthquake
−2.94 142.58 2,183 7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
November 19, 1998 11:38 UTC Near Yunnan-Sichuan border
see 1998 Ninglang earthquake
27.27 101.03 5 6.2 Ms [84]
January 25, 1999 13:19 Quindío And Risaralda, Colombia
see 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake
4.45 −75.65 1,185 6.2 USGS
August 17, 1999 00:01 GMT İzmit, Turkey
see 1999 İzmit earthquake
40.70 29.99 17,127 7.4 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
September 20, 1999 17:47 Chichi, Nantou, Taiwan
see 1999 Chichi earthquake
23.82 120.86 2,400 7.7 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
October 16, 1999 09:46 Hector Mine, California, United States 34.56 −116.44 7.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
November 12, 1999 16:57 Düzce, Turkey
see 1999 Düzce earthquake
40.82 31.23 894 7.2 Mw (PDE Monthly Listing) USGS
January 14, 2000 23:37 Yunnan, China
see 2000 Yunnan earthquake
25.61 101.06 7 5.9 Mw USGS
June 4, 2000 23:30 Sumatra, Indonesia
see 2000 Sumatra earthquake
4.72 102.08 103 7.9 Mw USGS
November 16, 2000 04:54 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea
see 2000 New Ireland earthquakes
−4 152.33 2 8 Mw USGS
November 25, 2000 18:10 Baku, Azerbaijan
see 2000 Baku earthquake
40.37 49.89 26 7 ML
Key to magnitudes
ML = Local magnitude (Richter)
MS = Surface wave magnitude
Mw = Moment magnitude

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USGS: Magnitude 8 and Greater Earthquakes Since 1900
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute National Earthquake Monitoring Center (NEMC) List of earthquakes 1900–2004 (In Turkish)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab IISEENET (Information Network of Earthquake disaster Prevention Technologies) – Search Page
  4. ^ Ambraseys, N. & Bilham, R. 2000. A note on the Kangra Ms = 7.8 earthquake of April 4, 1905, Current Science, 79, 45–50.
  5. ^ a b Schlupp, Antoine; Cisternas, Armando (2007). "Source history of the 1905 great Mongolian earthquakes (Tsetserleg, Bolnay)". Geophysical Journal International 169 (3): 1115–1131. Bibcode:2007GeoJI.169.1115S. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03323.x. 
  6. ^ Cucci, Luigi; Tertulliani, Andrea (2008). Characterization of the seismogenic source of the great 1905 Calabria (southern Italy) earthquake from environmental effects. Retrieved September 4, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Italy's earthquake history". BBC News. October 31, 2002. Retrieved September 4, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Today in Earthquake History: September 8". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ Okal, E.A. (2005). "A re-evaluation of the great Aleutian and Chilean earthquakes of 1906 August 17". Geophysical Journal International (Royal Astronomical Society) 161: 268–282. Bibcode:2005GeoJI.161..268O. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02582.x. Retrieved February 19, 2012. 
  10. ^ Baroux, E.; Pino, N. A.; Valensise, G.; Scotti, O.; Cushing, M. Source Mechanism Of The June 11, 1909, Lambesc (southern France) Earthquake From Macroseismic, Seismological And Geodetic Data: Constraints For Active Tectonic Deformation In Southeastern France. EGS XXVII General Assembly, Nice, April 21–26, 2002, abstract #4825
  11. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  12. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  13. ^ Dozer, D. I.; Olsen, K. B.; Pollitz, F. F.; Stein, R. S.; Toda, S. (2009), "The 1911 M~6.6 Calaveras Earthquake: Source Parameters and the Role of Static, Viscoelastic, and Dynamic Coulomb Stress Changes Imparted by the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 99 (3): 1746–1759 
  14. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved December 28, 2010. 
  15. ^ Jones, J. Claude (1915), "The Pleasant Valley, Nevada, earthquake of October 2, 1915", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 5: 190–205 
  16. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Significant Earthquake". Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  17. ^ Guidoboni, Emanuela; Ferrari G., Mariotti D., Comastri A., Tarabusi G. & Valensise G. (2007). "CFTI4Med, Catalogue of Strong Earthquakes in Italy (461 B.C.-1997) and Mediterranean Area (760 B.C.-1500)". INGV-SGA. Retrieved July 22, 2011. 
  18. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/data/centennial.pdf
  20. ^ GeoNet. "M 7.8, Buller (Murchison), June 17, 1929". 
  21. ^ http://aasc.nic.in/course%20material/Disaster/documentation%20on%20past%20disasters.pdf
  22. ^ Pino, N.A.; Palombo B., Ventura G., Perniola B. & Ferrari G. (2008). "Waveform modeling of historical seismograms of the 1930 Irpinia earthquake provides insight on "blind" faulting in Southern Apennines (Italy)". Journal of Geophysical Research 113 (B05303): B05303. Bibcode:2008JGRB..11305303P. doi:10.1029/2007JB005211. Retrieved July 6, 2010. 
  23. ^ a b National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Center (NGDC/WDC) Significant Earthquake Database, Boulder, CO, USA. (Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1)
  24. ^ a b National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) Significant Earthquake Database, Boulder, CO, USA. (Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1)
  25. ^ http://www-lgit.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr/users/vergnolm/Documents/Pollitzetal_JGR_03.pdf
  26. ^ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/mag8/magnitude8_1900_date.php
  27. ^ a b USGS. "Earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900". 
  28. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Significant earthquake details". Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  29. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Significant earthquakes details". Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  30. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Significant earthquake details". Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  31. ^ Singh, S.K.; Pacheco J.F., Alcántara L., Reyes G., Ordaz M., Iglesias A., Alcocer S.M., Gutierrez C., Valdés C., Kostoglodov V., Reyes C., Mikumo T., Quaas R. & Anderson J.G. (2003). "A Preliminary Report on the Tecomán, Mexico Earthquake of 22 January 2003 (Mw 7.4) and Its Effects". Seismological Research Letters (Seismological Society of America) 74 (3): 279–289. doi:10.1785/gssrl.74.3.279. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  32. ^ Pavlides, S.B.; Tranos M.D. (1991). "Structural characteristics of two strong earthquakes in the North Aegean: Ierissos (1932) and Agios Efstratios (1968)". Journal of Structural Geology 13 (2). Retrieved August 1, 2010. 
  33. ^ Rivera, L.; Sieh K., Helmberger D. & Natawidjaja D. (2002). "A Comparative Study of the Sumatran Subduction-Zone Earthquakes of 1935 and 1984". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 92 (5): 1721–1736. Bibcode:2002BuSSA..92.1721R. doi:10.1785/0120010106. Retrieved November 25, 2010. 
  34. ^ http://repository.dl.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2261/13019/1/ji0633003.pdf
  35. ^ http://www.uv.mx/acelerografica/articulos/Microzonificacion.PDF
  36. ^ http://www.gps.caltech.edu/uploads/File/People/kanamori/HKbssa87c.pdf
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h Tokosz, M.N., Shakal, A.F. & Michael, A.J. 1979. Space-Time Migration of Earthquakes Along the North Anatolian Fault Zone and Seismic Gaps. Pageophys, 117, 1258–1270.
  38. ^ "Magnitudes and Moments of Earthquakes" by K. Abe in "Global Earth Physics: A Handbook of Physical Constants" edited by T. J. Ahrens.
  39. ^ (Spanish) Instituto Nacional de Prevención Sísmica. Listado de Terremotos Históricos
  40. ^ Hazard implications of the late arrival of the 1945 Makran tsunami
  41. ^ http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1
  42. ^ Evans, S.G.; Roberts N.J., Ischuck A., Delaney K.B., Morozova G.S. & Tutubalina O. (November 20, 2009). "Landslides triggered by the 1949 Khait earthquake, Tajikistan, and associated loss of life". Engineering Geology 109 (3–4): 195–212. doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2009.08.007. Retrieved July 10, 2010. 
  43. ^ Argentina's seismic prevention institute. Listado de Terremotos Históricos
  44. ^ "Source characteristics of historic earthquakes along the central Chile subduction zone" by S. Beck, S. Barrientos, E. Kausel, and M. Reyes
  45. ^ Papazachos, B.C. 1996. Large seismic faults in the Hellenic Arc. Annali di Geofisica, 39, 891–903.
  46. ^ Excerpt describing the earthquake from Odysseus Unbound: The Search for Homer's Ithaca, Robert Bittlestone, Cambridge University Press
  47. ^ http://www.mrd.gov.fj/gfiji/geology/educate/equakes.html
  48. ^ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) Significant Earthquake Database, Boulder, CO, USA. (Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/nndc/struts/form?t=101650&s=1&d=1)
  49. ^ http://www.cne.go.cr/CEDO-CRID/CEDO-CRID%20v2.0/CEDO/pdf/spa/doc4626/doc4626-b.pdf
  50. ^ Hewitt, Kenneth (1983) "Seismic Risk and Mountain Environments: The Role of Surface Conditions in Earthquake Disaster" Mountain Research and Development 3(1): pp. 27–44, p. 30
  51. ^ https://www.openseismo.org/contributors/Lee/MoWorking_Backups/MoWorking_20110731/Papers_Pending/Singh-etal_BSSA1981p827.pdf
  52. ^ http://www.geo.uu.nl/~wwwtekto/publications/KreemerEtAl_JGR00.pdf
  53. ^ E. Chael and G. Stewart, "Recent large earthquakes along the Middle America trench and their implications for the subduction process"
  54. ^ http://tao.cgu.org.tw/pdf/v93p487.pdf
  55. ^ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1966_10_17.php
  56. ^ http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/reports/reprints/Geist_JGR_107.pdf
  57. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the 1969 Earthquake". Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  58. ^ Ambraseys, N. N.; Melville, C. P.; Adams, R. D. (2005), The Seismicity of Egypt, Arabia and the Red Sea: A Historical Review, Cambridge University Press, p. 129, ISBN 978-0521020251 
  59. ^ http://www.csi.ac.cn/manage/html/4028861611c5c2ba0111c5c558b00001/zhenli/liuying/zhenli/html/zhenli002.htm
  60. ^ UNESCO Annual summary of information on natural disasters, No.4, 1969
  61. ^ a b c Kristof, Nicholas D. (November 19, 1988). "Chinese Disclose That Quake In 1970 Killed About 10,000". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  62. ^ "China breaks silence on devastation from quake 30 years ago". Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. January 8, 2000. Retrieved November 6, 2008. 
  63. ^ USGS list of earthquakes with 1,000 or More Deaths since 1900
  64. ^ Talebian, M.; Jackson J. (2004). "A reappraisal of earthquake focal mechanisms and active shortening in the Zagros mountains of Iran". Geophysics Journal International (Royal Astronomical Society) 156 (3): 506–526. Bibcode:2004GeoJI.156..506T. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2004.02092.x. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  65. ^ Razani, R.; Lee K.L. (1973). The Engineering Aspects of the Qir Earthquake of 10 April 1972 in Southern Iran. National Academy of Sciences. p. 144. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  66. ^ http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/8716/1/6(1)_p213-224.pdf
  67. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  68. ^ Summary of Yellowstone National Park 1975 earthquake, University of Utah Seismograph Stations
  69. ^ Cagnetti, Vittorio; Pasquale, Vincenzo (1979), "The earthquake sequence in Friuli, Italy, 1976", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (Seismological Society of America) 69 (6): 1797–1818 
  70. ^ http://db2.littera.waseda.ac.jp/saigai/1-2/1-2.htm
  71. ^ Strong-Motion Records of Earthquakes in 1979, Ambraseys, N., Smit, P., Sigbjornsson, R., Suhadolc, P. and Margaris, B. (2002), Internet-Site for European Strong-Motion Data, European Commission, Research-Directorate General, Environment and Climate Programme
  72. ^ National Geophysical Data Center. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  73. ^ a b USGS (December 18, 2009). "Earthquake History for October 10th". Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  74. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Irian Jaya Earthquake". Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  75. ^ http://www.gps.caltech.edu/uploads/File/People/kanamori/HKjgr88b.pdf
  76. ^ Bernard, P., Gariel, J-C. & Dorbath L. 1997. Fault location and rupture kinematics of the magnitude 6.8, 1992 Erzincan earthquake, Turkey, from strong ground motion and regional records. Bulletin Seismological Society of Americs, 87, 1230–1243.
  77. ^ NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved November 6, 2010. 
  78. ^ http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/significant/sig_1995.php
  79. ^ http://mceer.buffalo.edu/publications/bulletin/96/10-01/jan96nb.html
  80. ^ http://tlacaelel.igeofcu.unam.mx/~vladimir/papers_pdf/Jalisco95_GRL97.pdf
  81. ^ a b USGS (January 5, 2010). "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1996". Retrieved September 1, 2010. 
  82. ^ http://www.csi.ac.cn/manage/html/4028861611c5c2ba0111c5c558b00001/zhenli/zeren/html/zhenli158.htm
  83. ^ [1]
  84. ^ http://www.csi.ac.cn/manage/html/4028861611c5c2ba0111c5c558b00001/zhenli/tian/html/zhenli178.htm