List of birds of Africa

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This list of birds of Africa includes all bird species known from the continent of Africa.

Contents

Notes[edit]

The taxonomy of this list adheres to James Clements' Birds of the World: A Checklist, and reflects all changes to that work until July, 2005. Taxonomic changes are on-going. As more research is gathered from studies of distribution, behavior, and DNA, the order and number of families and species may change. Furthermore, different approaches to ornithological nomenclature have led to concurrent systems of classification (see Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy).

The area covered by this list is the same as the Africa region defined by the American Birding Association's listing rules.[1] It includes Socotra in the Arabian Sea, São Tomé and Annobon in the Gulf of Guinea, and the Canary Islands, but excludes Madeira. The region does not include Madagascar or the Comoro Islands.

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Storm petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Gannets and boobies[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Darter[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Anhingidae

  • Darter, Anhinga melanogaster

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Fregatidae

Herons, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

The black heron is endemic to Africa and Madagascar

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ardeidae

Hamerkop[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Scopidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Shoebill[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Balaenicipitidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Ducks, geese, and swans[edit]

Hartlaub's duck occurs only in the forest regions

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, eagles and kites[edit]

Wahlberg's eagle is an intra-African migrant

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Accipitridae

Secretary-bird[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Sagittariidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Pheasants and partridges[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Guineafowl[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Numididae

Buttonquails[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Turnicidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Crakes, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Finfoot[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Bustards[edit]

Black-bellied bustard is the most widespread bustard species in Africa

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Otididae

Jacanas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

Painted snipe[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Crab plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Avocets and stilts[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae


Lapwings and plovers[edit]

The vulnerable sociable lapwing winters in north east Africa

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Sandpipers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Sheathbill[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionididae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Gulls[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Terns[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Sternidae

Skimmer[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rynchopidae

Auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Sandgrouse[edit]

Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclididae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Adamawa turtle dove, localised resident of west central Africa

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae


Parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

Turacos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Musophagidae

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Apodiformes   Family: Apodidae

Mousebirds[edit]

Order: Coliiformes   Family: Coliidae

Trogons[edit]

Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae, Halcyonidae, Cerylidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

Hoopoe[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Upupidae

Wood hoopoes[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Phoeniculidae

Hornbills[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Bucerotidae

Barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Capitonidae

Honeyguides[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Indicatoridae

Woodpeckers and allies[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eurylaimidae

Pittas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Cuckoo-shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

Waxwing[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Hypocolius[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hypocoliidae

Dipper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Wren[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Thrushes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

Old World warblers[edit]

The fan-tailed grassbird occurs in the moist uplands of central and eastern Africa.

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

Old world flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Wattle-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Platysteiridae

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

Rockfowl[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Picathartidae

Babblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Timaliidae

Parrotbill[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paradoxornithidae

Long-tailed tit[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Wallcreeper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

Creepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Penduline tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae

Sunbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectarinidae

White-eyes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

Sugarbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Promeropidae

Old world orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Bushshrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Malaconotidae

Helmetshrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prionopidae

Drongos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

Crows, jays, and magpies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Old world sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Weaver[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

Waxbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Indigobirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Viduidae

Finches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Birds of the World: A Checklist, fifth edition and supplements, by James F. Clements, ISBN 0-934797-16-1, Ibis Publishing, 2000 (supplements up to July, 2005).
  1. ^ Description of the Listing Areas and Regions from the American Birding Association.
  • Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323