List of African countries by population

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This is a list of African countries and dependent territories by population.

Methodology[edit]

The countries are sorted by the mid-year normalized demographic projections.

Countries[edit]

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
July 1, 2013
projection[1]
% of
pop.
Average
relative
annual
growth
(%)[2]
Average
absolute
annual
growth
[3]
Estimated
doubling
time
(Years)[4]
Alternative
figure
Date Source
1  Nigeria 177,096,000 16.10 3.24 5,551,000 22 164,291,827 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
2  Ethiopia 86,614,000 7.88 2.67 2,253,000 26 86,613,986 July 1, 2013 Official estimate
3  Egypt 84,605,000 7.69 2.29 1,893,000 31 87,163,400 September 17, 2014 Official population clock
4  Democratic Republic of the Congo 74,618,000 6.78 3.23 2,334,000 22 71,971,524 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
5  South Africa 52,982,000 4.82 1.35 704,000 52 52,981,991 July 1, 2013 Official estimate
6  Tanzania 45,950,000 4.18 2.69 1,204,000 26 44,928,923 August 26, 2012 2012 census result
7  Kenya 43,291,000 3.94 3.01 1,266,000 23 38,610,097 August 24, 2009 2009 census result
8  Algeria 38,295,000 3.48 2.11 792,000 33 37,900,000 January 1, 2013 Official estimate
9  Uganda 35,363,000 3.22 3.61 1,232,000 20 34,131,400 July 1, 2012 Official estimate
10  Sudan 35,150,000 3.20 2.52 863,000 28 30,894,000 April 22, 2008 2008 census result
11  Morocco 32,950,000 3.00 1.08 353,000 64 33,379,700 September 17, 2014 Official population clock
12  Ghana 26,441,000 2.40 2.56 659,000 27 24,658,823 September 26, 2010 Final 2010 census result
13  Mozambique 24,491,000 2.23 3.33 790,000 21 23,700,715 2012 Official estimate
14  Ivory Coast 23,919,000 2.17 3.09 717,000 23 23,202,000 2012 Official estimate
15  Madagascar 21,852,000 1.99 2.75 585,000 26 20,696,070 2011 Official estimate
16  Angola 21,256,000 1.93 3.14 647,000 22 20,609,294 2012 Official estimate
17  Cameroon 20,930,000 1.90 2.66 543,000 26 20,386,799 2012 Official estimate
18  Niger 17,493,000 1.59 3.85 649,000 18 17,129,076 December 10, 2012 Preliminary 2012 census result
19  Burkina Faso 17,323,000 1.58 3.28 550,000 21 17,322,796 2013 Official estimate
20  Mali 16,678,000 1.52 3.29 532,000 21 14,528,662 April 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
21  Malawi 15,316,000 1.39 3.17 470,000 22 14,388,600 July 1, 2011 Official estimate
22  Zambia 14,129,000 1.28 2.85 392,000 25 13,092,666 October 16, 2010 Final 2010 census result
23  Senegal 13,567,000 1.23 3.06 403,000 23 13,567,338 2013 Official estimate
24  Zimbabwe 13,098,000 1.19 1.10 142,000 64 12,973,808 August 17, 2012 Preliminary 2012 census result
25  Chad 12,948,000 1.18 3.64 455,000 19 11,274,106 May 20, 2009 Preliminary 2009 census result
26  Guinea 11,861,000 1.08 3.09 356,000 23 10,824,200 2010 Official estimate
27  Tunisia 10,889,000 0.99 1.03 111,000 68 10,777,500 July 1, 2012 Official estimate
28  Rwanda 10,780,000 0.98 2.63 276,000 27 10,537,222 August 15, 2012 Preliminary 2012 census result
29  South Sudan 10,334,000 0.94 4.40 436,000 16 8,260,490 April 22, 2008 2008 census result
30  Benin 9,742,000 0.89 3.24 306,000 22 9,204,018 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
31  Somalia 9,662,000 0.88 1.17 112,000 59 9,331,000 July 1, 2010 Official estimate
32  Burundi 9,023,000 0.82 2.36 208,000 30 8,053,574 June 18, 2008 Final 2008 census result
33  Togo 6,675,000 0.61 2.88 187,000 24 6,191,155 November 6, 2010 Final 2010 census result
34  Libya 6,323,000 0.57 1.56 97,000 45 6,433,092 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
35  Sierra Leone 5,823,000 0.53 1.84 105,000 38 5,565,626 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
36  Central African Republic 5,217,000 0.47 3.10 157,000 23 4,956,213 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
37  Eritrea 4,980,000 0.45 4.05 194,000 17 5,386,694 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
38  Republic of the Congo 4,525,000 0.41 3.31 145,000 21 3,697,490 April 28, 2007 2007 census result
39  Liberia 3,881,000 0.35 2.10 80,000 33 3,476,608 March 21, 2008 Final 2008 census result
40  Mauritania 3,461,000 0.31 2.58 87,000 27 3,461,041 2013 Official estimate
41  Gabon 2,204,000 0.20 3.96 84,000 18 1,981,032 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
42  Namibia 2,170,000 0.20 1.45 31,000 48 2,113,077 August 28, 2011 Final 2011 census result
43  Botswana 2,096,000 0.19 1.85 38,000 38 2,024,904 August 22, 2011 Final 2011 census result
44  Lesotho 1,887,000 0.17 0.05 1,000 1,308 1,911,087 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
45  Equatorial Guinea 1,837,000 0.17 4.20 74,000 17 1,622,000 2010 Official estimate
46  Gambia 1,794,000 0.16 2.75 48,000 26 1,713,267 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
47  Guinea-Bissau 1,699,000 0.15 2.60 43,000 27 1,520,830 March 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
48  Mauritius 1,273,000 0.12 0.63 8,000 110 1,257,900 July 3, 2011 2011 census result
49  Swaziland 1,077,000 0.10 0.94 10,000 74 1,018,449 May 11, 2007 2007 census result
50  Djibouti 912,000 0.08 2.70 24,000 26 864,618 July 1, 2011 Official estimate
51  Réunion (France) 862,000 0.08 1.41 12,000 49 821,136 January 1, 2010 Official estimate
52  Comoros 743,000 0.07 2.62 19,000 27 724,300 July 1, 2012 Official estimate
53  Western Sahara[5] 650,000 0.06 5.18 32,000 14 552,931 2013 2013 World Gazetteer projection
54  Cape Verde 511,000 0.05 1.39 7,000 50 491,875 June 16, 2010 Final 2010 census result
55  Mayotte (France) 217,000 0.02 2.36 5,000 30 212,600 August 21, 2012 2012 census result
56  São Tomé and Príncipe 194,000 0.02 3.19 6,000 22 187,356 May 13, 2012 2012 census result
57  Seychelles 94,000 0.01 1.08 1,000 65 90,945 August 26, 2010 Final 2010 census result
58  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000 0.00 0.00 0 - 4,255 February 10, 2008 Preliminary 2008 census result
Total 1,099,755,000 100.00 2.74 29,279,000 26

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Calculated, when available, from the latest national censuses or most recent official estimates (many of which are cited in their respective column), using the exponential formula shown on the List of countries by past and future population article. This is done to normalize the different populations to a unique date, so that they are really comparable.
  2. ^ It corresponds to the following formula: projection2013/projection2012x100-100.
  3. ^ It corresponds to the calculation: projection2013*annual_growth/100.
  4. ^ It corresponds to the formula: LN(2)/LN(growth/100+1), which produces exactly the same result as LOG10(2)/LOG10(growth/100+1).
  5. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.

See also[edit]