List of African countries by population

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This is a list of African countries and dependent territories by population.

Methodology[edit]

The countries are sorted by the mid-year normalized demographic projections.

Table[edit]

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
January 1, 2015
projection[1]
% of
pop.
Average
relative
annual
growth
(%)[2]
Average
absolute
annual
growth
[3]
Estimated
doubling
time
(Years)[4]
Alternative
figure
Date Source
1  Nigeria 182,336,000 15.99 3.02 5,337,000 23 164,294,516 2011 Official estimate
2  Ethiopia 89,017,000 7.81 2.41 2,098,000 29 90,076,012 2015 Official estimate
3  Egypt 87,535,000 7.68 2.29 1,959,000 31 87,725,000 December 25, 2014 Official population clock
4  Democratic Republic of the Congo 74,081,000 6.50 3.04 2,188,000 23
5  South Africa 54,425,000 4.77 1.56 836,000 45 54,002,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
6  Tanzania 48,126,000 4.22 2.97 1,387,000 24 47,421,786 2014 Official estimate
7  Kenya 43,558,000 3.82 2.78 1,177,000 25 41,800,000 2013 Official estimate
8  Algeria 39,500,000 3.46 2.07 800,000 34 39,500,000 January 1, 2015 Official estimate
9  Sudan 37,863,000 3.32 3.07 1,129,000 23 38,435,252 2015 Official estimate
10  Uganda 35,225,000 3.09 3.09 1,055,000 23 34,856,813 August 28, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
11  Morocco 33,481,000 2.94 1.06 350,000 66 33,476,200 December 25, 2014 Official population clock
12  Ghana 27,379,000 2.40 2.48 663,000 28 27,043,093 2014 Official estimate
13  Mozambique 25,385,000 2.23 2.74 676,000 26 25,727,911 2015 Official estimate
14  Ivory Coast 24,926,000 2.19 3.06 740,000 23 23,821,000 2013 Official estimate
15  Angola 24,906,000 2.18 3.42 824,000 21 24,383,301 May 16, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
16  Madagascar 22,747,000 2.00 2.74 606,000 26 21,842,167 2013 Official estimate
17  Cameroon 21,636,000 1.90 2.64 557,000 27 21,917,602 2015 Official estimate
18  Niger 18,529,000 1.63 3.86 688,000 18 17,138,707 December 10, 2012 Final 2012 census result
19  Burkina Faso 18,184,000 1.60 3.28 577,000 21 17,322,796 2013 Official estimate
20  Mali 17,512,000 1.54 3.30 559,000 21 14,528,662 April 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
21  Malawi 16,056,000 1.41 3.17 494,000 22 15,805,200 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
22  Zambia 15,249,000 1.34 3.00 444,000 23 15,473,905 2015 Official estimate
23  Senegal 13,950,000 1.22 2.91 395,000 24 13,508,715 November 19, 2013 Final 2013 census result
24  Chad 13,439,000 1.18 3.56 462,000 20 11,039,873 May 20, 2009 Preliminary 2009 census result
25  Zimbabwe 13,426,000 1.18 1.17 155,000 60 13,061,239 August 17, 2012 Final 2012 census result
26  South Sudan 12,165,000 1.07 5.95 683,000 12 8,260,490 April 22, 2008 2008 census result
27  Rwanda 11,180,000 0.98 2.61 284,000 27 10,515,973 August 15, 2012 Final 2012 census result
28  Tunisia 11,061,000 0.97 1.03 113,000 68 10,982,754 April 23, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
29  Somalia 10,889,000 0.96 1.53 164,000 46 10,806,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
30  Guinea 10,813,000 0.95 2.31 244,000 30 10,628,972 April 2, 2014 Preliminary 2014 census result
31  Benin 10,567,000 0.93 3.51 358,000 20 9,983,884 May 11, 2013 Preliminary 2013 census result
32  Burundi 9,684,000 0.85 2.93 276,000 24 9,823,828 2015 Official estimate
33  Togo 6,967,000 0.61 2.88 195,000 24 6,191,155 November 6, 2010 Final 2010 census result
34  Eritrea 6,714,000 0.59 5.48 349,000 13 6,536,000 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
35  Libya 6,471,000 0.57 1.55 99,000 45
36  Sierra Leone 6,432,000 0.56 2.58 162,000 27 6,190,280 2013 Official estimate
37  Central African Republic 5,462,000 0.48 3.11 165,000 23 3,859,139 December 8, 2003 2003 census result
38  Republic of the Congo 4,638,000 0.41 3.00 135,000 23 3,697,490 April 28, 2007 2007 census result
39  Liberia 4,005,000 0.35 2.12 83,000 33 3,476,608 March 21, 2008 Final 2008 census result
40  Mauritania 3,589,000 0.31 2.43 85,000 29 3,631,775 2015 Official estimate
41  Gabon 2,337,000 0.20 4.01 90,000 18
42  Namibia 2,217,000 0.19 1.42 31,000 49 2,113,077 August 28, 2011 Final 2011 census result
43  Botswana 2,156,000 0.19 1.89 40,000 37 2,024,904 August 22, 2011 Final 2011 census result
44  Gambia 1,990,000 0.17 3.27 63,000 22 1,882,450 April 15, 2013 Preliminary 2013 census result
45  Equatorial Guinea 1,955,000 0.17 4.21 79,000 17 1,622,000 2010 Official estimate
46  Lesotho 1,906,000 0.17 0.16 3,000 440 1,894,194 2011 Official estimate
47  Guinea-Bissau 1,765,000 0.15 2.56 44,000 27 1,520,830 March 1, 2009 Final 2009 census result
48  Mauritius 1,262,000 0.11 0.16 2,000 437 1,261,208 July 1, 2014 Official estimate
49  Swaziland 1,092,000 0.10 0.92 10,000 75 1,018,449 May 11, 2007 2007 census result
50  Djibouti 949,000 0.08 2.71 25,000 26 864,618 July 1, 2011 Official estimate
51  Réunion (France) 854,000 0.07 0.83 7,000 84 840,974 January 1, 2013 Official estimate
52  Comoros 773,000 0.07 2.66 20,000 26 724,300 July 1, 2012 Official estimate
53  Western Sahara[5] 643,000 0.06 4.38 27,000 16 555,000 July 1, 2011 Official estimate
54  Cape Verde 522,000 0.05 1.36 7,000 51 491,875 June 16, 2010 Final 2010 census result
55  Mayotte (France) 226,000 0.02 2.73 6,000 26 212,600 August 21, 2012 2012 census result
56  São Tomé and Príncipe 191,000 0.02 2.14 4,000 33 179,200 May 13, 2012 Final 2012 census result
57  Seychelles 96,000 0.01 1.05 1,000 66 90,945 August 26, 2010 Final 2010 census result
58  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000 0.00 0.00 0 - 4,255 February 10, 2008 2008 census result
Total 1,140,046,000 100.00 2.70 30,010,000 26

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Calculated, when available, from the latest national censuses or most recent official estimates (many of which are cited in their respective column), using the exponential formula shown on the List of countries by past and future population article. This is done to normalize the different populations to a unique date, so that they are really comparable.
  2. ^ It corresponds to the following formula: projection2015/projection2014x100-100.
  3. ^ It corresponds to the calculation: projection2015*annual_growth/100.
  4. ^ It corresponds to the formula: LN(2)/LN(growth/100+1), which produces exactly the same result as LOG10(2)/LOG10(growth/100+1).
  5. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.

See also[edit]