List of African dinosaurs

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This is a list of dinosaurs whose remains have been recovered from Africa. Africa has a rich fossil record, but it is patchy and incomplete. It is rich in Triassic and Early Jurassic dinosaurs. African dinosaurs from these time periods include Syntarsus, Dracovenator, Melanorosaurus, Massospondylus, Euskelosaurus, Heterodontosaurus, Abrictosaurus, and Lesothosaurus. The Middle Jurassic is poorly represented in Africa. Only the sauropod Cetiosaurus has been discovered dating from this time period. The Late Jurassic, however, is well represented in Africa, mainly thanks to the spectacular Tendaguru Formation. Allosaurus, Ceratosaurus, Elaphrosaurus, Giraffatitan, Dicraeosaurus, Janenschia, Tornieria, Tendaguria, Kentrosaurus, and Dryosaurus are among the dinosaurs whose remains have been recovered from Tendaguru. This fauna seems to show strong similarities to that of the Morrison Formation in the United States and the Lourinha Formation in Portugal. For example, Allosaurus, Ceratosaurus, and Dryosaurus have been found in both the Tendaguru and the Morrison. This has important biogeographical implications.

The Early Cretaceous in Africa is known primarily from the northern part of the continent, particularly Niger. Suchomimus, Elrhazosaurus, Spinostropheus, Rebbachisaurus, Nigersaurus, Kryptops, Nqwebasaurus, and Paranthodon are some of the Early Cretaceous dinosaurs known from Africa. The Early Cretaceous was an important time for the dinosaurs of Africa because it was when Africa finally separated from South America, forming the South Atlantic Ocean. This was an important event because now the dinosaurs of Africa started developing endemism because of isolation. The Late Cretaceous of Africa is known mainly from North Africa. During the early part of the Late Cretaceous, North Africa was home to a rich dinosaur fauna. It includes Spinosaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, Rugops, Bahariasaurus, Deltadromeus, Paralititan, Aegyptosaurus, and Ouranosaurus.

List of African dinosaurs[edit]

Name Period Diet[1] Notes
Aardonyx Jurassic herbivore
Abrictosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Aegyptosaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Aetonyx Jurassic herbivore Probably synonymous with Massospondylus
Afrovenator Jurassic carnivore
Algoasaurus Jurassic/Cretaceous herbivore
Allosaurus Jurassic carnivore
Angolatitan Cretaceous herbivore
Antetonitrus Triassic herbivore
Arcusaurus Jurassic herbivore
Atlasaurus Jurassic herbivore
Australodocus Jurassic herbivore
Bahariasaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Baryonyx Cretaceous carnivore
Berberosaurus Jurassic carnivore
Blikanasaurus Triassic herbivore
Carcharodontosaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Ceratosaurus Jurassic carnivore
Cetiosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Chebsaurus Jurassic herbivore
Coelophysis Jurassic carnivore
Cristatusaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Deltadromeus Cretaceous carnivore
Dicraeosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Dracovenator Jurassic carnivore
Dryosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Elaphrosaurus Jurassic carnivore
Elrhazosaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Eocarcharia Jurassic carnivore
Eocursor Triassic herbivore
Eucnemesaurus Triassic (disputed)
Euskelosaurus Triassic herbivore
Fabrosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Geranosaurus Jurassic (unknown)
Giraffatitan Jurassic herbivore
Gyposaurus Jurassic herbivore
Heterodontosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Ignavusaurus Jurassic herbivore
Inosaurus Cretaceous (unknown)
Janenschia Jurassic herbivore
Jobaria Cretaceous herbivore
Kangnasaurus Cretaceous (unknown)
Karongasaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Kemkemia Cretaceous carnivore
Kentrosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Kryptops Cretaceous carnivore
Lanasaurus Jurassic herbivore
Lesothosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Likhoelesaurus Triassic (unknown) Possibly not a dinosaur (disputed)
Lurdusaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Lycorhinus Jurassic herbivore
Malawisaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Massospondylus Jurassic herbivore
Megapnosaurus Jurassic carnivore
Melanorosaurus Triassic herbivore
Nigersaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Nqwebasaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Nyasasaurus Triassic herbivore Possibly not a dinosaur
Ostafrikasaurus Jurassic carnivore
Ouranosaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Paralititan Cretaceous herbivore
Paranthodon Cretaceous herbivore
Pegomastax Jurassic herbivore
Plateosauravus Triassic herbivore
Rebbachisaurus Cretaceous herbivore
Rugops Cretaceous carnivore
Sauroniops Cretaceous carnivore
Sigilmassasaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Spinosaurus Cretaceous carnivore
Spinophorosaurus Jurassic herbivore
Spinostropheus Cretaceous carnivore
Stormbergia Jurassic (unknown)
Suchomimus Cretaceous carnivore
Tataouinea Cretaceous herbivore
Tazoudasaurus Jurassic herbivore
Tendaguria Jurassic herbivore
Thotobolosaurus Triassic herbivore
Tornieria Jurassic herbivore
Veterupristisaurus Jurassic carnivore
Vulcanodon Jurassic herbivore

Key[edit]

Nomen dubium
Invalid
Nomen nudum

Timeline[edit]

This is a timeline of selected dinosaurs from the list above. Time is measured in mya along the x-axis.

Mesozoic Triassic Jurassic Cretaceous Rugops Kemkemia Deltadromeus Bahariasaurus Aegyptosaurus Sigilmassasaurus Paralititan Carcharodontosaurus Rebbachisaurus Spinosaurus Nigersaurus Ouranosaurus Eocarcharia Kryptops Suchomimus Cristatusaurus Lurdusaurus Jobaria Nqwebasaurus Valdosaurus Paranthodon Tendaguria Malawisaurus Giraffatitan Elaphrosaurus Barosaurus Australodocus Ceratosaurus Kentrosaurus Dryosaurus Janenschia Dicraeosaurus Spinostropheus Afrovenator Chebsaurus Atlasaurus Cetiosaurus Berberosaurus Gyposaurus Dracovenator Megapnosaurus Lesothosaurus Lanasaurus Lycorhinus Heterodontosaurus Abrictosaurus Massospondylus Stormbergia Tazoudasaurus Eocursor Vulcanodon Plateosauravus Melanorosaurus Euskelosaurus Eucnemesaurus Blikanasaurus Antetonitrus Mesozoic Triassic Jurassic Cretaceous

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Diet is sometimes hard to determine for dinosaurs and should be considered a "best guess"