List of Alabama state symbols

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This is a list of state symbols of Alabama. The items on the list have been officially sanctioned by the Alabama Legislature. Alabama has a total of 41 official state emblems. The oldest of which is the Alabama State Bible, from 1853;[1] the most recently designated is the peach, Alabama's state tree fruit, established in 2006.

The state has no official nickname, although "Heart of Dixie" was strongly promoted by the Alabama Chamber of Commerce in the 1940s and 1950s, and put on state license plates.[2][3]

Insignia[edit]

Type Symbol Year Image
Bible The Alabama State Bible 1853[1]
Great Seal The Seal of Alabama 1876[4] Alabama seal
Flag The flag of Alabama 1895[5] Alabama flag
Coat of arms The coat of arms of Alabama 1939[6] Alabama coat of arms
Military Crest The State Military Crest of Alabama Alabama National Guard crest.svg
Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere
We dare defend our rights
1939[7] Alabama Motto
Creed Alabama state creed 1939[8]
Mascot Eastern tiger swallowtail 1989[9] Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Species[edit]

Type Symbol Year Image
Bird Yellowhammer (Yellow-shafted Flicker)
Colaptes auratus
1933[10] Yellowhammer
Saltwater Fish Atlantic tarpon
Megalops atlanticus
1955[11] Atlantic tarpon
Flower Camellia[12]
Camellia japonica L.
1959[13] Camellia japonica
Horse Racking horse
Equus caballus
1975[14]
Freshwater Fish Largemouth bass
Micropterus salmoides
1975[15] Largemouth bass
Game Bird Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
1980[16] Wild turkey
Nut Pecan
Carya illinoinensis
1982[17] Pecans
Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus
1989[9] Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Insect Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
1989[18] Monarch butterfly
Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
Pseudemys alabamensis
1990[19] Alabama red-bellied turtle
Shell Johnstone's Junonia
Scaphella junonia johnstoneae
1990[20] Scaphella junonia
Tree Southern Longleaf Pine
Pinus palustris
1997[21] Southern Longleaf Pine
Wildflower Oak-leaf hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifolia Bartr.
1999[22] Oak-leaf Hydrangea
Amphibian Red Hills salamander
Phaeognathus hubrichti
2000[23] Red Hills salamander
Fruit Blackberry
Rubus occidentalis
2004[24] Blackberry
Mammal American Black Bear
Ursus americanus
2006[25] Black bear
Tree Fruit Peach
Prunus persica
2006[26] Peaches

Geology[edit]

Type Symbol Year Image
Mineral Hematite 1967[27] Hematite
Rock Marble 1969[28] Marble
Fossil Basilosaurus
Basilosaurus cetoides
1984[29] Basilosaurus cetoides fossil skeleton from Alabama
Gemstone Star Blue Quartz 1990[30] Quartz
Soil Bama 1997[31] Bama soil

Culture[edit]

Type Symbol Year Image
Song "Alabama" 1931[32]
American folk dance Square dance 1981[33] Square dance
Renaissance fair Florence, Alabama Renaissance Fair 1988[34] Renaissance faire
Horse show AOHA Alabama State Championship Horse Show 1988[35] Horse show
Outdoor drama The Miracle Worker 1991[36] Helen Keller
Barbecue competition Alabama Barbecue Championship 1991[37] Barbecue
Agricultural museum Dothan Landmark Park 1992[38]
Horseshoe tournament Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament 1992[39] Horseshoe
Historic theatre Alabama Theatre 1993[40] Alabama Theatre
Outdoor musical drama The Incident at Looney's Tavern 1993[41]
Quilt Pine Burr Quilt 1997[42]
Spirit Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey 2004[43] Whisky

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alabama State Bible". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 15, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  2. ^ "The Heart of Dixie". Alabama Department of Archives and History. March 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  3. ^ "Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors". Alabama Department of Archives and History. February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  4. ^ "Alabama Great Seal". Alabama Department of Archives and History. January 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  5. ^ "Alabama State Flag". Alabama Department of Archives and History. September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  6. ^ "Official Alabama Coat of Arms". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  7. ^ "Official Alabama Motto". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  8. ^ "Alabama's Creed". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  9. ^ a b "Alabama Official Mascot and Butterfly". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  10. ^ "Alabama State Bird". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Official Alabama Saltwater Fish". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  12. ^ Before 1959, the state flower was formerly the Goldenrod (adopted September 6, 1927).
  13. ^ "State Flower of Alabama". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  14. ^ "Official Alabama Horse". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  15. ^ "Official Alabama Fresh Water Fish". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  16. ^ "Official Alabama Game Bird". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  17. ^ "Official Alabama Nut". Alabama Department of Archives and History. July 12, 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  18. ^ "Official Alabama Insect". Alabama Department of Archives and History. February 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  19. ^ "Official Alabama Reptile". Alabama Department of Archives and History. July 12, 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  20. ^ "Alabama Shell". Alabama Department of Archives and History. August 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  21. ^ "Alabama Tree: Southern Longleaf Pine". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  22. ^ "State Wildflower of Alabama". Alabama Department of Archives and History. May 27, 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  23. ^ "Alabama State Amphibian". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  24. ^ "State Fruit". Alabama Department of Archives and History. September 30, 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  25. ^ "State Mammal". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  26. ^ "State Tree Fruit". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  27. ^ "Official Alabama Mineral". Alabama Department of Archives and History. April 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  28. ^ "Alabama Rock". Alabama Department of Archives and History. July 12, 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  29. ^ "Official State of Alabama Fossil". Alabama Department of Archives and History. August 2, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  30. ^ "Alabama Gemstone". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  31. ^ "Alabama Soil:Bama Soil Series". Alabama Department of Archives and History. May 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  32. ^ "Official Alabama State Song". Alabama Department of Archives and History. March 29, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  33. ^ "Official American Folk Dance of Alabama". Alabama Department of Archives and History. July 12, 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  34. ^ "Official Alabama Renaissance Faire". Alabama Department of Archives and History. October 11, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  35. ^ "Official Alabama State Championship Horse Show". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 17, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  36. ^ "Official Alabama Outdoor Drama". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  37. ^ "Alabama Barbecue Championship". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  38. ^ "Alabama Agricultural Museum". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  39. ^ "Alabama Horseshoe Tournament". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  40. ^ "Alabama Historic Theatre". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  41. ^ "Alabama Official Outdoor Musical Drama". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  42. ^ "Alabama State Quilt". Alabama Department of Archives and History. November 15, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  43. ^ "State Spirit". Alabama Department of Archives and History. August 25, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 

External links[edit]