List of Alberta general elections

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Chart showing number of seats won by each party in each election
Number of seats won by major parties at each election

The Canadian province of Alberta holds elections to its unicameral legislative body, the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. The maximum period between general elections of the assembly is five years,[1][2] but the Lieutenant Governor is able to call one at any time,[3] however the Premier has typically asked the Lieutenant Governor to call the election in the fourth or fifth year after the preceding election. The number of seats has increased over time, from 25 for the first election in 1905, to the current 87.

To date, no political party has returned to power in Alberta after being removed in a previous election. The province has been ruled by four "dynasties": the Liberal Party (1905–1921); the United Farmers of Alberta (1921–1935), the Social Credit Party (1935–1971), and the Progressive Conservative (PC) Association (1971 to present). No minority government has ever been elected. Thus, Alberta can be said to have continuously had a dominant-party system for its entire political history, though the dominant party has changed over time.

Summary[edit]

The table below shows the total number of seats won by each political party in each election. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row, and details for the legislature that followed the election are available at the legislature number.[4][5]

Year Seats Winner Legislature Progressive Conservative[A] Liberal NDP[B] Social Credit United Farmers Dominion Labor Ind. Other parties Voter turnout[6][7]
1905 25 Liberal 1st 3 22
1909 41 Liberal 2nd 2 36 2 1 Socialist
1913 56[C] Liberal 3rd 17 38
1917 58 Liberal 4th 19 34 4 1 Labor Representation
1921 61 United Farmers 5th 15 38 4 4
1926 60 United Farmers 6th 4 7 43 5 1
1930 63 United Farmers 7th 6 11 39 4 3
1935 63 Social Credit 8th 2 5 56   81.8%
1940 57 Social Credit 9th 1 36 20 Independent Movement (19), Labour (1)
1944 60 Social Credit 10th 2 51 3 4 Independent Movement (3), Veterans' and Active Force (1)
1948 57 Social Credit 11th 2 2 51 2
1952 60 Social Credit 12th 2 3 1 53 1
1955 61 Social Credit 13th 3 15 2 37 3 1 Coalition
1959 65 Social Credit 14th 1 1 61 1 1 Coalition
1963 63 Social Credit 15th 2 60 1 Coalition
1967 65 Social Credit 16th 6 3 55 1
1971 75 Progressive Conservatives 17th 49 1 25
1975 75 Progressive Conservatives 18th 69 1 4 1   59.58%
1979 79 Progressive Conservatives 19th 74 1 4   58.71%
1982 79 Progressive Conservatives 20th 75 2 2   66.00%
1986 83 Progressive Conservatives 21st 61 4 16 2 Representative 47.25%
1989 83 Progressive Conservatives 22nd 59 8 16   53.60%
1993 83 Progressive Conservatives 23rd 51 32   60.21%
1997 83 Progressive Conservatives 24th 63 18 2   53.75%
2001 83 Progressive Conservatives 25th 74 7 2   53.38%
2004 83 Progressive Conservatives 26th 62 16 4 1 Alberta Alliance 45.12%
2008 83 Progressive Conservatives 27th 72 9 2   40.59%
2012 87 Progressive Conservatives 28th 61 5 4 17 Wildrose 56.96%

Notes[edit]

A Known as the Conservative Party prior to 1959.[4]
B Known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) prior to 1963.[4]
C In 1913, 55 people occupied 56 seats.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Legislative Assembly Act". Queen's Printer. 1983. Section 3(1). Retrieved March 17, 2011. 
  2. ^ Elections Alberta (2008). "Common Questions". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  3. ^ Office Consolidation (2000). "Election Act". Province of Alberta. Alberta Queen's Printer. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
    1.1.1.nn ""writ" means a writ of election issued by the Chief Electoral Officer pursuant to an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council."
    39.0 "Every election shall be commenced by the passing of an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council"
  4. ^ a b c d Elections Alberta (May 30, 2008). "Candidate Summary of Results (General Elections 1905–2004)". Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  5. ^ Elections Alberta (2008). "General Election Reports (1997–2008)". Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  6. ^ Election Alberta (July 28, 2008). 2008 General Report. p. 158. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ Elections Alberta (November 25, 2007). "General Elections 1975-2004 (Overall Summary of Ballots Cast and % of Voter Turnout)". Retrieved April 29, 2011.