List of Ambassadors of Russia to Austria

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A late-19th-century photograph of the building purchased by Lobanov-Rostovsky in 1891, and which still houses the Embassy of Russia in Vienna.

The first Ambassador of Russia to Austria was Prince Dmitry Mikhailovich Golitsyn and he served in this position from 1763 until 1792. Gallitzinstraße, the street where his ambassadorial villa was located is named after him. In 1792 Count Andrey Kirillovich Razumovsky became ambassador in Vienna, where he kept contact with representatives of the European aristocracy, politicians and artists. While in Vienna, he built the Palais Rasumofsky, and also financed construction of a stone bridge across the Danube. As a patron of the arts, Razumovsky established an art gallery, and commissioned Beethoven to compose the famous Razumovsky string quartets.[1][2]

Austria is closely linked to the fate of prominent Russian diplomat and statesman Prince Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov. He arrived in Vienna in 1833 as an adviser to the embassy, and, from 1854 to 1856, he led the Russian diplomatic mission. Gorchakov became Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Austrian court at the most difficult period for Russia during the Crimean War, during which time he was able to preserve diplomatic relations with Austria and helped to overcome the international isolation of the Russian Empire and reinforced Russia's status as a great power. The Vienna Conference in 1855 was the first presence of Gorchakov in an international forum, and his performance in representing Russia at the Paris Conference of 1856 saw Alexander II appoint him as Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs.[1]

In 1882, scientist and diplomat Prince Aleksey Borisovich Lobanov-Rostovsky was appointed as the Empire's representative in Vienna. In 1891 he bought several houses on Reisnerstraße from Adolphe I, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, the former Duke of Nassau, which still houses the embassy and consular section in Vienna, and he also began construction of the Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral.[1]

After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1918 and the proclamation of the First Austrian Republic, diplomatic relations with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were established on 25 February 1924. The first Soviet Plenipotentiary in Vienna was Yan Antonovich Berzin. Diplomatic relations were broken in March 1938 after the German invasion of Austria and its incorporation into Nazi Germany.[1] After the Second World War, the USSR and Austria re-established diplomatic relations at the level of political representation, which in 1953 was converted into embassies. The preamble of the Austrian State Treaty, signed on 15 May 1955 by the USSR, United States, United Kingdom, France and Austria, established that the treaty formed the basis of Soviet relations with Austria.[1][3] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, relations continued between the Russian Federation and the Austrian state.[1]

Ambassadors[edit]

Name Photo Title Date from Date until Russian state Austrian state
Dmitry Mikhailovich Golitsyn Франсуа Гюбер Друэ младший. Портрет князя Д.М.Голицына.jpg Ambassador October 1761 April 1792 Russian Empire Holy Roman Empire
Andrey Kirillovich Razumovsky Andrey Kirillovich Razumovsky.jpg Ambassador 5 October 1801 7 September 1806 Russian Empire Holy Roman Empire/Austrian Empire
Gustav Ernst Graf von Stackelberg Gustav Ottonovich Shtakelberg.jpg Ambassador 14 May 1810 9 November 1818 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Yury Aleksandrovich Golovkin Yury Aleksandrovich Golovkin.jpg Envoy 9 November 1818 16 September 1822 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Dmitry Pavlovich Tatishchev Dmitry Tatishchev painting.jpg Ambassador 22 August 1826 11 September 1841 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Pavel Ivanovich Medem Pavel Ivanovich Medem.jpg Envoy 24 December 1848 31 August 1850 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Peter von Meyendorff Pyotr Kazimirovich Meyendorf.jpg Envoy 31 August 1850 7 January 1854 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Gorchakov Gorchakov.jpg Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 6 May 1854 15 April 1856 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Viktor Petrovich Balabin Vitkor Petrovich Balabin.jpg Envoy 22 July 1864 12 August 1864 Russian Empire Austrian Empire
Ernest Gustavovich Stackelberg Ernest Gustavovich Shtakelberg.jpg Envoy 3 August 1864 25 April 1868 Russian Empire Austrian Empire/Austria-Hungary
Nikolay Alexeyevich Orlov Nikolay Alekseyevich Orlov.jpg Envoy 13 December 1869 2 May 1870 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Yevgeny Petrovich Novikov Yevgeny Petrovich Novikov.jpg Ambassador 2 March 1874 22 December 1879 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Pavel Petrovich Ubri Pavel Petrovich Ubri.jpg Ambassador 22 December 1879 1 June 1882 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Aleksey Borisovich Lobanov-Rostovsky Aleksey Borisovich Lobanov-Rostovsky.jpg Ambassador 13 July 1882 6 January 1895 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Pyotr Alekseyevich Kapnist Pyotr Alekseyevich Kapnist.jpg Ambassador 9 April 1895 1904 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Lev Pavlovich Urusov Lev Pavlovich Urusov.jpg Ambassador 1905 1910 Russian Empire Austria-Hungary
Voldemar Khristianovich Aussem Voldemar Khristianovich Aussem.jpg Plenipotentiary Representative 21 May 1924 10 December 1924 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Adolf Abramovich Ioffe Adolf Abramovich Ioffe.jpg Plenipotentiary Representative 12 December 1924 19 June 1925 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Yan Antonovich Berzin Yan Antonovich Berzin.jpg Plenipotentiary 19 June 1925 7 September 1927 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Konstantin Konstantinovich Yurenev Konstantin Konstantinovich Yurenev.jpg Plenipotentiary 1 October 1927 24 January 1933 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Adolf Markovich Petrovsky Adolf Markovich Petrovsky.jpg Plenipotentiary 1 April 1933 10 November 1934 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Ivan Leopoldovich Lorents Ivan Leopoldovich Lorents.jpg Plenipotentiary 17 March 1935 31 September 1938 Soviet Union Federal State of Austria
Ivan Ivanovich Ilyichev Ivan Ivanovich Ilyichev.jpg Supreme Commissar of the USSR/Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary[4] 13 June 1953 31 March 1956 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Andrey Andreyevich Smirnov Andrey Andreyevich Smirnov.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 31 March 1956 14 October 1956 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Sergey Georgyevich Lapin Sergey Georgiyevich Lapin.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 19 October 1956 16 June 1960 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Viktor Ivanovich Avilov Viktor Ivanovich Avilov.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 16 June 1960 13 June 1965 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Boris Fedorovich Podtserob Boris Fedorovich Podtserob.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 30 June 1965 20 September 1971 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Averky Borisovich Aristov Averky Borisovich Aristov.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 20 September 1971 11 July 1973 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Mikhail Timofeyevich Yefremov Mikhail Timofeyevich Efremov.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 10 March 1975 24 October 1986 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Gennady Serafimovich Shikin Gennady Sergeyevich Shikin.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 24 October 1986 24 May 1990 Soviet Union Republic of Austria
Valery Nikolayevich Popov Valery Nikolayevich Popov.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 24 May 1990 30 August 1996 Soviet Union/Russian Federation Republic of Austria
Vladimir Mikhailovich Grinin Vladimir Mikhailovich Grinin.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 30 August 1996 29 April 2000 Russian Federation Republic of Austria
Alexander Vasiliyevich Golovin Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Golovin.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 4 August 2000 6 August 2004 Russian Federation Republic of Austria
Stanislav Viliorovich Osadchy Stanislav Osadchy.jpg Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 14 September 2004 Present Russian Federation Republic of Austria

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f (Russian) "Краткая история Российско-австрийских дипломатических отношений". Embassy of Russia in Vienna. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  2. ^ Abraham, Gerald (1982). The Age of Beethoven, 1790–1830. Oxford University Press. p. 288. ISBN 0-19-316308-X. 
  3. ^ "State Treaty (with annexes and maps) for the re-establish ment of an independent and democratic Austria." (PDF). Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, France and Austria. 15 May 1955. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  4. ^ Khrushchev, Sergey (2007). "Before and After the Peace Treaty with Austria". Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev. Penn State Press. pp. 28–29. ISBN 0-271-02935-8. "Ivan Ivanovich Ilyichev (1905–83) was the first ambassador of the USSR to postwar Austria in 1955–56... Prior to this he was...supreme commissar of the USSR in Austria (1953–1955)." 

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