List of Ambassadors of the United Kingdom to the United States

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Her Majesty's Ambassador to the
United States
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Peter Westmacott.jpg
Incumbent
Sir Peter Westmacott
KCMG, LVO

since 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C.
Inaugural holder

George Hammond
First Envoy extraordinary to US

Julian Pauncefote, 1st Baron Pauncefote
First Ambassador extraordinary to US
Formation

1791
Envoys extraordinary

1893
Ambassadors extraordinary
Website UK Embassy in the US

The British Ambassador to the United States is in charge of the British Embassy, Washington, D.C., the United Kingdom's diplomatic mission to the United States. The official title is Her Majesty's Ambassador to the United States of America.

The ambassador's residence is on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and built in 1928.

Peter Westmacott has served as the British Ambassador to the United States since January, 2012, succeeding Sir Nigel Sheinwald in that post.

Duties[edit]

The position of ambassador to the United States is considered to be one of the most important jobs in the United Kingdom's Diplomatic Service, along with those of Permanent Representative to the European Union and Permanent Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

The ambassador's main duty is to present British policies to the American government and people, and to report American policies and views to the Government of the United Kingdom. He serves as the primary channel of communication between the two nations, and plays an important role in treaty negotiations.

The ambassador is the head of the United Kingdom's consular service in the United States. As well as directing diplomatic activity in support of trade, he is ultimately responsible for visa services and for the provision of consular support to British citizens in America. He also over-sees cultural relations between the two countries.

History[edit]

The first British envoy to the United States, George Hammond, was appointed on 5 July 1791. He held the title of Minister in Washington or Minister to the United States of America.

In 1809, David Montague Erskine and President James Madison negotiated a compromise to Anglo-American disputes over shipping in the Atlantic, which might have averted the War of 1812. However, the deal was rejected by King George III and the British Government recalled Erskine.

By the 1850s, the envoy's title was Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America, and the United Kingdom had consulates in several American cities. Under the direction of Sir John Crampton in 1854 and 1855, British consuls attempted to enlist American volunteers to fight in the Crimean War. The American government strenuously objected, and President Franklin Pierce asked for Crampton to be recalled. The United Kingdom refused and, in May 1856, the American government dismissed Crampton, along with the United Kingdom's consuls in New York, Philadelphia and Cincinnati. After much negotiation, the United Kingdom was allowed to re-establish its Legation in Washington the following year, and Lord Napier became the new minister.

In 1893, the British diplomatic mission in Washington was raised from a Legation to an Embassy, and Sir Julian Pauncefote, Minister since 1889, was appointed as the United Kingdom's first ambassador to the United States, with the title Her Britannic Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States.

The role was offered to three former Prime Ministers: the Earl of Rosebery, David Lloyd George and Sir Edward Heath, all of whom declined.[1]

Heads of missions[edit]

Envoys extraordinary and ministers plenipotentiary (1791-1893)[edit]

Ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiary (from 1893)[edit]

Ambassadors in fiction[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Theakston, Kevin (May 2010). "What next for Gordon Brown?". History & Policy. United Kingdom: History & Policy. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13874. p. 249. 12 March 1796. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15553. p. 114. 25 January 1803. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15938. p. 897. 19 July 1806. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16260. p. 736. 23 May 1809. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17020. p. 1076. 6 June 1815. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17617. p. 1430. 22 July 1820. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18121. p. 513. 26 March 1825. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19310. p. 1791. 25 September 1835. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20279. p. 3705. 14 November 1843. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20972. p. 1378. 27 April 1849. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21284. p. 183. 23 January 1852. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21961. p. 239. 23 January 1857. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22209. p. 5415. 14 December 1858. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22945. p. 1324. 3 March 1865. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23330. p. 6704. 6 December 1867. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24994. p. 8404. 8 July 1881. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25917. p. 1863. 2 April 1889. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27471. p. 5751. 5 September 1902. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27614. p. 6854. 10 November 1903. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27995. p. 1065. 15 February 1907. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28713. p. 2975. 25 April 1913. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32907. p. 1265. 12 February 1924. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33592. p. 1960. 28 March 1930. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 37828. p. 6253. 24 December 1946. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39838. p. 2357. 28 April 1953. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 40981. p. 502. 22 January 1957. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 42519. p. 8445. 21 November 1961. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 43654. p. 4861. 18 May 1965. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44912. p. 8127. 7 August 1969. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: no. 45324. p. 2389. 18 March 197. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46272. p. 5068. 23 April 1974. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47308. p. 10881. 23 August 1977. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47968. p. 47968. 2 October 1979. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  35. ^ The London Gazette: no. 50551. p. 3. 13 June 1986. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  36. ^ The British Ambassador

External links[edit]