List of American Utopian communities

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A list of American Utopian communities.

1800s[edit]

Name Location Founder Founding Date Ending Date Notes
Old Economy Village Pennsylvania George Rapp 1824 1906 A Harmonites Village. The Harmony Society is a Christian theosophy and pietist society founded in Iptingen, Germany, in 1785.
New Harmony Indiana Robert Owen 1825 1829 Harmonites Village
New Philadelphia Colony Pennsylvania William Morris[1] 1832 1833 A libertarian socialist community
Oberlin Colony Ohio John J. Shipherd and 8 immigrant families[1] 1833 1843 Community based on Communal ownership of property[1]
Bryce Farm Massachusetts George Ripley
Sophia Ripley
1841 1846 A Transcendent community. Transcendentalism is a religious and cultural philosophy based in New England.
North American Phalanx New Jersey Charles Sears 1841 1856 A Fourier Society community. The Fourier Society is based on the ideas of Charles Fourier, a French philosopher.
Hopedale Community[2] Massachusetts Adin Ballou 1842 1868 A community based on "Practical Christianity", which included ideas such as temperance, abolitionism, Women's rights, spiritualism and education.[3]
Fruitlands Massachusetts Amos Alcott 1843 1844 A Transcendent community.
Skaneateles Community New York Society for Universal Inquiry 1843 1846 A Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform community.
Sodus Bay Phalanx New York Sodus Bay Fourierists 1844 1846 A Fourier Society community.
Wisconsin Phalanx[4] Wisconsin Albert Brisbane[5] 1844 1850 A Fourier Society community.[4]
Clermont Phalanx Ohio Followers of Charles Fourier 1844 1846 A Fourier Society community.
Prairie Home Community Ohio John O. Wattles[1]
Valentine Nicholson[1]
1844 1845 A Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform community.
Fruit Hills Ohio Orson S. Murray[1] 1845 1852 A community based on Owenism and anarchism.[1] Maintained close contact with the Kristeen and Grand Prairie Communities.
Kristeen Community Indiana Charles Mowland[1] 1845 1847 Founded by Charles Mowland and others who had been previously been associated with the Prairie Home Community.[1] A Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform community.
Spring Farm Colony Wisconsin 6 Fourierite Families[1] 1846 1848 A Fourier Society community.
Oneida Community New York John H. Noyes 1848 1880 A Utopian socialism community. The Oneida Community practices included Communalism, Complex Marriage, Male Continence, Mutual Criticism and Ascending Fellowship.
Icarians Louisiana, Texas, Illinois,
Iowa, Missouri, California
Étienne Cabet 1848 1898 A group of egalitarian communes based on the French utopian movement, founded by Étienne Cabet, after led his followers to the United States.
Amana Colonies Iowa the Community of True Inspiration 1850's 1932 The Amana villages were built one hour apart when traveling by ox cart. Each village had a church, a farm, multi-family residences, workshops and communal kitchens. The communal system continued until 1932.
Raritan Bay Union New Jersey Marcus Spring
Rebecca Buffum
1853 1858 A Fourier Society community.[1]
Free Lovers at Davis House Ohio Francis Barry[5] 1854 1858 A community based on Free love and spiritualism.[5]
Reunion Colony Texas Victor P. Considerant 1855 1869 A utopian socialism community.
Octagon City Kansas Henry Clubb
Charles DeWolfe
John McLaurin
1856 1857 Originally built as a Vegetarian Colony.
Shalam Colony New Mexico John B. Newbrough
Andrew Howland
1884 1901 A community in which members would live peaceful, vegetarian lifestyles, and where orphaned urban children were to be raised.
Home, Washington Washington George H. Allen
Oliver A. Verity
B. F. O'Dell
1895 1919 An intentional community based on anarchist philosophy3
Equality Colony Washington Norman W. Lermond
Ed Pelton
1897 1907 Socialist Colony

1900s[edit]

Name Location Founder Founding Date Ending Date Notes
Arden Village Delaware Frank Stephens
Will Price
1900 Currently Active An art colony founded as a Georgist single-tax art community.
Freeland Association Washington Dissident members of the Equality Colony 1900 1906[5] A socialist commune. The first settlers dissident members of the nearby Equality Colony.[6] While the Freeland Association dissolved in 1906[5] the census-designated place (CDP) of Freeland, Washington continues to exist.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Morris, James M.; Kross, Andrea L. (2009). The A to Z of Utopianism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810863359. 
  2. ^ Spann, Edward K. (1992). Hopedale: From Commune to Company Town, 1840-1920 (Urban life and urban landscape series ed.). Ohio: Ohio State University Press. ISBN 0814205755. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Spann, Edward K. (1992). Hopedale: From Commune to Company Town, 1840-1920 (Urban life and urban landscape series ed.). Ohio: Ohio State University Press. p. 71. ISBN 0814205755. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b McCarville, Colin; UW Oshkosh National History Day (2012). "Ceresco: A Utopian Community in Ripon, Wisconsin". Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Kross, James Matthew (2004). Historical Dictionary of Utopianism. Scarecrow Press. pp. 108 and 111. ISBN 0810849127. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Charles Pierce LeWarne, Utopias on Puget Sound, 1885–1915, Seattle, University of Washington State Press, 1975; pp. 114-28.