List of Amtrak routes

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Amtrak operates the following intercity and long-distance passenger train routes.

To-scale map of Amtrak services

Current routes[edit]

Name Route Origin Numbers Frequency FY2009 Passengers[1] FY2013 Passengers Route miles Yearly Ridership per mile
Acela Express BostonWashington, DC (high-speed rail) PC 2100–2290 15 trips per weekday, 4 trips per Saturday, 8 trips per Sunday 3,019,627 3,343,143 456 6,622
Adirondack MontrealNew York via Albany D&H 68–69 daily 104,681 133,008 381 275
Amtrak Cascades Vancouver, BCEugene, Oregon via Portland and Seattle NP, GN, and UP 500–517 5 trips daily (2 Seattle-Eugene, 1 Seattle-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Seattle) 740,154 811,692 467 1,585
Auto Train Lorton, VirginiaSanford, Florida ATC 52–53 daily 232,955 265,274 855 272
Blue Water ChicagoPort Huron, Michigan GTW 364–365 daily 132,851 191,106 319 416
California Zephyr ChicagoEmeryville, California (Oakland/San Francisco) CB&Q, D&RGW, WP 5–6 daily 345,558 376,932 2,438 142
Capitol Corridor Auburn, CaliforniaSacramentoSan Jose via Oakland 518–553, 720–751 16 trips per weekday (8 Oakland-Sacramento, 7 San Jose-Sacramento, 1 Oakland-Auburn), 11 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 San Jose-Sacramento, 4 Oakland-Sacramento, 1 San Jose-Auburn) 1,599,625 1,701,185 172 9,300
Capitol Limited ChicagoWashington, DC via Cleveland and Pittsburgh B&O 29–30 daily 215,371 229,668 764 282
Cardinal ChicagoNew York via Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Washington, DC PC, C&O 50–51 3 trips per week 108,614 113,103 1,147 95
Carl Sandburg ChicagoQuincy, Illinois CB&Q 381–382 daily 202,558 228,722 including the Illinois Zephyr 258 785
Carolinian New YorkCharlotte, North Carolina 79–80 daily 277,740 317,550 704 395
City of New Orleans ChicagoNew Orleans IC 58–59 daily 196,659 256,816 926 212
Coast Starlight SeattleLos Angeles via Sacramento and Oakland SP 11, 14 daily 432,565 479,522 1,377 314
Crescent New YorkNew Orleans via Atlanta SOU 19–20 daily 286,576 306,733 1,377 208
Downeaster Brunswick, MaineBoston PAR 680–699 5 trips daily 460,474 559,977 116 3,970
Empire Builder ChicagoPortland, Oregon/Seattle via MinneapolisSt. Paul GN 7–8, 27–28 daily 515,444 536,391 2,206 miles (Chicago–Seattle)

2,257 miles (Chicago–Portland)

199
Empire Service New YorkNiagara Falls, New York via Albany PC 230–288 9 trips per weekday, (7 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 4 trips per Saturday (2 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 5 trips per Sunday (3 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York) 925,746 1,081,329 460 2,012
Ethan Allen Express New YorkRutland, Vermont via Albany 290–296 daily 46,748 53,271 241 194
Heartland Flyer Oklahoma City, OklahomaFort Worth, Texas ATSF 821–822 daily 73,564 81,226 206 357
Hiawatha Service ChicagoMilwaukee, Wisconsin MILW 329–342 7 trips daily 738,231 820,789 86 8,584
Hoosier State ChicagoIndianapolis PC 850, 851 4 trips per week 31,384 36,768 196 160
Illini ChicagoCarbondale, Illinois IC 392–393 daily 259,630 340,741 including Saluki 310 838
Illinois Zephyr ChicagoQuincy, Illinois CB&Q 380,383 daily 202,558 228,722 combined with Carl Sandburg 258 785
Keystone Service New YorkHarrisburg, Pennsylvania via Philadelphia PC 600–672 13 trips per weekday (9 Harrisburg-New York, 4 Harrisburg-Philadelphia), 7 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 Harrisburg-New York, 1 Harrisburg-Philadelphia) 1,215,785 1,466,504 195 6,235
Lake Shore Limited New YorkChicago via Albany with connection from Boston PC 48, 49, 448, 449 daily 334,456 395,455 959 (Chicago – New York)

1,018 (Chicago – Boston)

349
Lincoln Service ChicagoSt. Louis, Missouri GM&O 300–307 4 trips daily 506,235 655,465 284 1,783
Maple Leaf New YorkToronto, Ontario via Albany PC 63–64 daily 354,492 (2008) 406,973 544 652
Missouri River Runner St. LouisKansas City MP 311, 313, 314, 316 daily 190,628 199,470 283 785
Northeast Regional Boston, Massachusetts/Springfield, MassachusettsNew YorkPhiladelphiaBaltimoreWashington, DCNorfolk, Virginia/Newport News, Virginia PC 66, 67, 78, 82–88, 93–95, 99, 110, 111, 121, 125, 127, 129–131, 133–143, 145–148, 150–199 20 per weekday (13 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 1 Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg, 1 Springfield-Washington), 17 per Saturday/Sunday (9 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 2 Springfield-Washington, 1Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg) 6,920,610 8,044,216

186,125 to Lynchburg 578,368 to Newport News 127,937 to Norfolk

664 10,423
Pacific Surfliner San Luis Obispo, CaliforniaSan Diego, California via Los Angeles 562–597, 763–799 12 per weekday, (7 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles), 13 per weekday, (8 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego) 2,592,996 2,705,823 350 7,409
Palmetto New YorkSavannah, Georgia SCL 89–90 daily 171,316 207,915 829 207
Pennsylvanian New YorkPittsburgh, Pennsylvania via Philadelphia PC 42–44 daily 199,484 218,917 444 449
Pere Marquette ChicagoGrand Rapids, Michigan C&O 370–371 daily 103,246 104,491 176 587
Piedmont Raleigh, North CarolinaCharlotte, North Carolina SOU 73–76 2 trips daily 68,427 170,266 173 396
Saluki ChicagoCarbondale, Illinois IC 390–391 daily 259,630 340,741 including Illini 310 838
San Joaquins Oakland/SacramentoBakersfield, California SP 701–718 6 trips daily (4 Oakland-Bakersfield, 2 Sacramento-Bakersfield) 929,172 1,219,818 318 (Bakersfield–Oakland)

280 (Bakersfield–Sacramento)

2,364
Shuttle Springfield, MassachusettsNew Haven, Connecticut PC 401, 405, 450, 460, 463, 464, 466, 467, 470, 475, 476, 479, 488, 490, 493–495, 497 4 per weekday, 5 per Saturday/Sunday 325,518 390,027 63 5,167
Silver Meteor New YorkMiami, Florida SCL 97–98 daily 330,734 373,162 1,389 238
Silver Star New YorkMiami, Florida SCL 91–92 daily 371,235 414,077 1,522 244
Southwest Chief ChicagoLos Angeles via Kansas City, Missouri and Albuquerque, New Mexico ATSF 3–4 daily 318,025 355,815 2,256 141
Sunset Limited Orlando, FloridaLos Angeles via New Orleans and Houston SP 1–2 3 trips per week. New Orleans-Orlando segment suspended since Hurricane Katrina. 78,775 102,924 1,995 39
Texas Eagle ChicagoSan Antonio, Texas via St. Louis and Fort Worth MP 21–22 daily 260,467 340,081 1,306 (Chicago – San Antonio)

2,728 (Chicago – Los Angeles)

95
Vermonter St. Albans, VermontWashington, DC CV NECR 54–57 daily 74,016 84,109 611 121
Wolverine ChicagoPontiac via Detroit PC 350–355 3 trips daily 444,127 509,100 304 1,461

Full listing, including discontinued routes[edit]

Note that intercity trains were operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, Texas Mexican, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively. In addition, the Canadian Pacific Railway's Atlantic, taken over by Via Rail in 1978, crossed northern Maine.

Northeast Corridor[edit]

Most Northeast Corridor trains were renamed NortheastDirect in the late 1990s, then Acela Regional and later just Regional. Currently most of the below named trains are called Northeast Regional. Some of these train names were changed prior to the late 1990s.

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Afternoon Congressional WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Bankers SpringfieldWashington October 26, 1975 October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Bay State New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 14, 1971
WashingtonBoston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
PhiladelphiaBoston October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
New HavenBoston April 29, 1973 March 1, 1975
Beacon Hill BostonNew Haven April 30, 1978 October 24, 1981 Replaced Clamdigger
Benjamin Franklin PhiladelphiaBoston February 15, 1977 Replaced Bicentennial
Bicentennial PhiladelphiaBoston February 15, 1976 February 14, 1977 Replaced Bunker Hill; replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Betsy Ross WashingtonNew York February 15, 1976
Big Apple PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
Bostonian New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978
Bowery WashingtonNew York
Bunker Hill PhiladelphiaBoston November 14, 1971 February 15, 1976 Replaced by Bicentennial
Capitol WashingtonNew York April 26, 1981
Capitol Hill WashingtonNew York
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol Sunrise PhiladelphiaWashington
Central Park PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980
Charter Oak New YorkSpringfield November 14, 1971 October 28, 1972
October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Chesapeake WashingtonNew York April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
PhiladelphiaWashington April 30, 1978 October 29, 1983 Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
New YorkRichmond October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Clamdigger New HavenProvidence October 31, 1976 October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978 April 30, 1978 Replaced by Beacon Hill
Clockers PhiladelphiaNew York October 25, 1981 October 28, 2005 Unnamed 1971–1979; carried individual names 1979–1981
Colonial WashingtonBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) April 28, 1973
February 15, 1976 June 15, 1976
Newport NewsBoston June 15, 1976 October 26, 1992 Replaced by Old Dominion
Concord WashingtonBoston:
Congressional WashingtonNew York November 14, 1971 December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
BostonWashington October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut Connector SpringfieldNew Haven October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut Valley Service SpringfieldNew Haven October 25, 1981 Previously unnamed
Connecticut Yankee WashingtonSpringfield November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972
WashingtonNew Haven October 29, 1972 April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaSpringfield April 29, 1973 June 11, 1977
WashingtonSpringfield October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
East Wind New YorkBoston November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
WashingtonBoston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Edison PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Embassy WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976 April 25, 1981
Evening Executive Washington, D.C.New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty Express PhiladelphiaBoston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Evening Metropolitan WashingtonNew York
PhiladelphiaNew York
Executive Sleeper WashingtonNew York April 27, 1986 August 19, 1994 Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed from Washington Executive
Fairfield
Fast Mail WashingtonBoston/Springfield October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Federal WashingtonBoston
First State
Flying Yankee New YorkBoston May 19, 1974 April 29, 1978 Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy Bottom WashingtonNew York
Free State WashingtonNew York November 14, 1971 October 28, 1973
Garden State PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Garden State Special
Georgetown WashingtonNew York
Gotham PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Gotham Express Boston/SpringfieldNew York October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Gotham Limited Newport NewsNew York
Herald Square PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew York October 25, 1981 Replaced Times Square
Independence New YorkWashington October 25, 1981
WashingtonSpringfield October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
James River Newport NewsWashington October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Jeffersonian New YorkWashington, D.C. October 25, 1981
John Adams PhiladelphiaBoston June 12, 1977 April 29, 1978
Keystone PhiladelphiaNew York October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
Knickerbocker New YorkBoston May 19, 1974 June 11, 1977
Legislator WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Liberty Bell PhiladelphiaNew York
Liberty Express PhiladelphiaBoston October 28, 1979
Mail Express
Manhattan New YorkBoston, Massachusetts May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 October 28, 1973 Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan Express RichmondNew York October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Manhattan Limited PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew York October 25, 1981
Manhattan Turbo New YorkBoston, Massachusetts October 29, 1972 August 15, 1973 Replaced by Manhattan
Mayflower WashingtonBoston May 19, 1974 September 12, 1975
October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Merchants WashingtonBoston November 20, 1977 April 30, 1978 Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants Limited New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 14, 1971
WashingtonBoston November 14, 1971 October 28, 1995 Named Merchants (November 20, 1977 – April 30, 1978); replaced by NortheastDirect
Metroliner WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) October 27, 2006
Morning Executive Washington, D.C.New Haven November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
Metropolitan Washington, D.C.New York April 26, 1981
Midday Congressional WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Minute Man PhiladelphiaBoston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
WashingtonBoston April 29, 1973 October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Morning Liberty Express PhiladelphiaBoston April 30, 1978 October 27, 1979
Mount Vernon WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976 June 14, 1976
April 27, 1980
Murray Hill New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew York October 28, 1973 October 28, 1978
PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Narragansett New YorkBoston November 14, 1971 October 27, 1973
PhiladelphiaBoston February 15, 1976 June 11, 1976
New England Express RichmondBoston October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
New England Zip
New Englander PhiladelphiaBoston May 19, 1974 October 25, 1975
New Jerseyan
New York Executive
New Yorker New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew York April 29, 1973 October 31, 1976
PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew York October 25, 1981
Nightcap WashingtonNew York November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
Night Owl WashingtonBoston June 12, 1972 July 10, 1997 Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
Nutmeg State WashingtonSpringfield October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Old Dominion Newport NewsBoston Replaced Colonial
SpringfieldRichmond October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Patriot WashingtonBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Philadelphian PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Previously unnamed; renamed Clocker
Pilgrim PhiladelphiaBoston October 28, 1973 February 15, 1976
New YorkBoston February 15, 1976 April 29, 1978
Potomac WashingtonBoston October 25, 1981
Newport NewsNew York
President WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Quaker PhiladelphiaBoston October 28, 1973 May 18, 1974
Quaker City PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Representative WashingtonNew York May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Rittenhouse PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Schuylkill PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 April 26, 1980
Senator WashingtonBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) October 24, 1981
October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Shoreliner New YorkBoston January 6, 1974 May 19, 1974 Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
Statesman WashingtonBoston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1977
Sundown WashingtonBoston October 28, 1973 February 14, 1976
New YorkBoston February 15, 1976 April 26, 1978
Tidewater Newport NewsNew York July 30, 1978 October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Tidewater Express BostonNewport News October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Times Square WashingtonNew York April 26, 1981 October 24, 1981 Replaced by Herald Square
Turbo ProvidenceBoston October 29, 1972 April 28, 1973
Turboservice New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee Clipper New YorkBoston November 14, 1971 October 29, 1972 Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York Clipper New YorkBoston November 14, 1971 January 16, 1972 Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight Shoreliner Newport NewsBoston
Valley Forge PhiladelphiaBoston November 14, 1971 June 12, 1972
WashingtonBoston June 12, 1972 April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaNew Haven April 29, 1973 October 29, 1973
HarrisburgNew York October 29, 1973
Verrazano WashingtonNew York October 25, 1981
Virginian Newport News/RichmondNew York
Wall Street WashingtonNew York
Washington Executive WashingtonNew York October 28, 1984 April 26, 1986 Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed Executive Sleeper
Washington Express Washington-New York October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Weekend Metroliner WashingtonNew York
William Penn PhiladelphiaNew York October 28, 1979 October 24, 1981 Renamed Clocker
Yankee Clipper New YorkBoston May 1, 1971 (PC) November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973 February 15, 1976
New YorkProvidence February 15, 1976 September 9, 1976
WashingtonBoston October 28, 1979 October 28, 1995 Replaced by NortheastDirect
Yankee Clipper Turbo New YorkBoston October 29, 1972 August 14, 1973 Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Empire Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service. Individual names first appeared on the May 19, 1974, timetable.

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Unnamed #483/#484 AlbanySchenectady February 1, 1981
Bear Mountain New YorkAlbany February 15, 1977 April 29, 1978
August 3, 1980 October 25, 1980
April 26, 1981 Renamed from Henry Hudson
Capital City Express
Catskill New YorkAlbany
Cayuga New YorkBuffalo
Central Park AlbanyNew York
DeWitt Clinton New YorkAlbany May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Rip Van Winkle
Electric City Express New YorkSchenectady April 26, 1981 Replaced Salt City Express
Empire State Express New YorkBuffalo May 19, 1974 October 30, 1974 Renamed from Empire Service
New YorkBuffaloDetroit October 31, 1974 April 24, 1976 Renamed Niagara Rainbow
New YorkBuffalo January 8, 1978 October 28, 1978 Renamed from Water Level Express
New YorkNiagara Falls October 29, 1978
Half Moon New YorkAlbany
Hendrick Hudson AlbanyNew York
Henry Hudson New YorkAlbany May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Bear Mountain
Hudson Highlander New YorkAlbany April 26, 1981 Replaced Washington Irving
Hudson River Express[2] New YorkAlbany
Hudson Valley Express New YorkSchenectady
Hudson Valley Service New YorkAlbany
Knickerbocker AlbanyNew York
Mohawk New YorkNew York April 26, 1981
New YorkSyracuse
Niagara Rainbow New YorkBuffaloDetroit April 25, 1976 January 30, 1979 Renamed from Empire State Express
New YorkNiagara Falls January 31, 1979
Nieuw Amsterdam AlbanyNew York
Oneida New YorkSyracuse
Palisades New YorkAlbany
Patroon New YorkAlbany
Rip Van Winkle[2] New YorkAlbany April 26, 1981 Replaced Rip Van Winkle
Salt City Express New YorkSyracuse May 19, 1974 April 25, 1981 Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Electric City Express
Saratogian[3] New YorkSaratoga Springs
Sleepy Hollow New YorkAlbany
Spa Express New YorkSaratoga Springs
Spuyten Duyvil New YorkAlbany
Storm King AlbanyNew York April 26, 1981
SchenectadyNew York
Washington Irving New YorkAlbany November 15, 1974 January 31, 1981
New YorkSchenectady February 1, 1981 April 25, 1981 Replaced by Hudson Highlander
Water Level Express New YorkBuffalo May 19, 1974 January 7, 1978 Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Empire State Express
Niagara FallsNew York

Keystone Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Keystone Corridor (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service.

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Big Apple New YorkHarrisburg April 27, 1980 April 30, 1994 Renamed Keystone Service
Harrisburg Express New YorkHarrisburg October 28, 1995 Replaced by Keystone Service
Keystone New YorkHarrisburg April 27, 1980 October 24, 1981 Replaced by Susquehanna
Keystone Executive
Keystone State Express New YorkHarrisburg April 1, 1990 Mid-1990s Replaced Valley Forge; replaced by Keystone Service
New York Express New YorkHarrisburg October 28, 1995 Replaced by Keystone Service
Silverliner Service PhiladelphiaHarrisburg April 29, 1973 November 29, 1975
New YorkHarrisburg November 30, 1975 October 24, 1981 Re-branded Keystone Service
Susquehanna New YorkHarrisburg October 25, 1981 October 29, 1994 Replaced Keystone; replaced by Keystone Service
Valley Forge New YorkHarrisburg October 28, 1973 March 30, 1990 Replaced by Keystone State Express

Northeast[edit]

Name Route Numbers Dates operated Notes
Adirondack MontrealAlbanyNew York August 6, 1974 present
Atlantic City Express Washington, D.C. and other cities – Atlantic City May 21, 1989 April 1, 1995 a part became the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line
Cape Codder New YorkHyannis June 29, 1986 September 29, 1996
Downeaster BostonPortlandBrunswick December 14, 2001 present
Ethan Allen Express New YorkAlbanyRutland December 2, 1996 present
Fort Pitt PittsburghAltoona April 26, 1981 January 30, 1983
Keystone New YorkPittsburgh May 1, 1971
PC Duquesne
June 10, 1972 named the Duquesne until November 14, 1971
Maple Leaf New YorkAlbanyBuffaloToronto April 26, 1981 present
Montrealer Washington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontreal 60,61 September 29, 1972 April 6, 1987 renamed the Vermonter
July 18, 1989 April 1, 1995
Pennsylvanian New YorkPittsburgh April 27, 1980 November 6, 1998
PhiladelphiaChicago November 7, 1998 January 26, 2003
New YorkPittsburgh January 27, 2003 November 1, 2004 Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005 present renamed from the Three Rivers
Vermonter Washington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldSt. Albans April 2, 1995 present renamed from the Montrealer
Washingtonian Washington, DCNew YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontreal September 29, 1972 May 19, 1974 name given to southbound Montrealer

South[edit]

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Auto Train LortonSanford October 30, 1983 present
Carolina Coast New YorkSavannah June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972
Carolina Special New YorkJacksonville June 17, 1973 September 3, 1973
Carolinian New YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighCharlotte October 28, 1984 September 1, 1985
May 12, 1990 present
Champion New YorkWashington, D.C.St. Petersburg May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Champion
1979 Consolidated with Silver Meteor
Crescent New YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaNew Orleans February 1, 1979 present conveyed from Southern Railway's Southern Crescent
Florida Special New YorkMiami December 17, 1971 April 30, 1972 renamed the Vacationer
Floridian ChicagoLouisvilleNashvilleBirminghamMontgomerySt. Petersburg May 1, 1971
PC/L&N/SCL South Wind
October 8, 1979 named the South Wind until November 14, 1971[4][5]
Gulf Breeze New YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaBirminghamMontgomeryMobile October 27, 1989 April 1, 1995 [6]
Gulf Coast Limited New OrleansMobile April 29, 1984 January 6, 1985 [7]
June 28, 1996 March 31, 1997
Meteor BostonFlorida June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972 renamed from and to the Silver Meteor
Miamian New YorkMiami December 13, 1974 January 10, 1975 Renamed from Vacationer
Palmetto New YorkCharlestonSavannahTampa June 15, 1976 February 1, 1995 renamed from the Silver Palm in 2002[8]
2002 present
Piedmont RaleighCharlotte May 25, 1995 present
Silver Meteor New YorkWashington, D.C.CharlestonSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiami May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Meteor
June 11, 1972 renamed the Meteor in between
September 10, 1972 present
Silver Palm Miami, FloridaTampa, Florida November 20, 1982 April 30, 1985
Washington, D.C.ColumbiaSavannahMiami November 10, 1996 2002 renamed the Palmetto in 2002
Silver Star New YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighColumbiaSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiami May 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Star
present
Vacationer New YorkMiami December 15, 1972 March 31, 1974 renamed from the Florida Special; renamed Miamian

Northeast–Midwest[edit]

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Blue Ridge Washington, D.C.MartinsburgCumberland May 6, 1973 October 24, 1986 renamed from the Potomac Special
transferred to MARC
Broadway Limited New York/Washington, D.C.PittsburghChicago May 1, 1971
PC Broadway Limited
September 10, 1995 renamed the Three Rivers[9]
Capitol Limited Washington, D.C.PittsburghChicago October 1, 1981 present
Cardinal New YorkWashington, D.C.CincinnatiIndianapolisChicago October 30, 1977 September 30, 1981 renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley
January 8, 1982 present
Empire State Express New YorkAlbanyBuffaloDetroit October 31, 1974 April 24, 1976 Empire Corridor train pre-1974
renamed the Niagara Rainbow
George Washington Washington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicago May 1, 1971
C&O George Washington
May 14, 1974 name given to eastbound James Whitcomb Riley[10]
Hilltopper Washington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburg May 31, 1977 January 8, 1978 replaced the Mountaineer
BostonNew YorkWashington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburg January 8, 1978 September 30, 1979
James Whitcomb Riley Washington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicago May 1, 1971
PC James Whitcomb Riley
October 30, 1977 renamed the Cardinal[11]
Lake Shore New YorkAlbanyChicago May 10, 1971
PC unnamed
January 6, 1972 unnamed until November 14, 1971
Lake Shore Limited New York/BostonAlbanyChicago October 31, 1975 present
Mountaineer NorfolkPetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgCincinnatiChicago March 24, 1975 May 31, 1977 replaced by Hilltopper[12]
National Limited New York/Washington, D.C.HarrisburgPittsburghColumbusIndianapolisSt. LouisKansas City May 1, 1971
PC/MP Spirit of St. Louis
October 1, 1979 named the Spirit of St. Louis until July 12, then unnamed until November 14, 1971[13]
Niagara Rainbow New YorkAlbanyBuffaloNiagara FallsDetroit April 25, 1976 January 30, 1979 renamed from the Empire State Express
Empire Corridor train post-1979
Potomac Special WashingtonCumberlandParkersburg June 1972 May 6, 1973 renamed from the West Virginian
renamed the Blue Ridge
Shenandoah Washington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburgCincinnati October 31, 1976 September 30, 1981
Skyline Connection New YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghClevelandChicago never implemented but was listed in the 2000 timetable[14]
Three Rivers New YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghChicago September 11, 1995 March 7, 2005 renamed from the Broadway Limited
renamed the Pennsylvanian
West Virginian Washington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburg September 8, 1971
B&O Metropolitan
June 1972 renamed the Potomac Special

Midwest[edit]

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Abraham Lincoln ChicagoSt. Louis May 1, 1971
GM&O Abraham Lincoln
November 14, 1971
Milwaukee-Chicago-St. Louis November 14, 1971 September 30, 1973 Replaced by Turboliner
Chicago-St. Louis October 26, 1975 January 8, 1978 Replaced by Ann Rutledge
Ann Rutledge ChicagoSt. Louis February 15, 1976 October 30, 1976 Replaced Turboliner
ChicagoSt. LouisKansas City[15]:224 January 8, 1978 2009 Replaced Abraham Lincoln; renamed the Missouri River Runner
Arrowhead MinneapolisSuperior April 16, 1975 February 15, 1977
MinneapolisDuluth February 15, 1977 April 30, 1978 Replaced by the North Star
Badger ChicagoMilwaukee October 28, 1984 October 29, 1989 Replaced by Hiawatha Service
Black Hawk ChicagoDubuque February 14, 1974 September 30, 1981
Blue Water ChicagoPort Huron September 15, 1974 October 26, 1975 Renamed the Blue Water Limited
April 25, 2004 present Renamed from the International Limited
Blue Water Limited ChicagoPort Huron October 26, 1975 June 15, 1976 Replaced Blue Water; replaced by Turboliner
October 31, 1976 October 31, 1982 Replaced Turboliner; renamed the International Limited[16]
Calumet ChicagoValparaiso October 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
May 3, 1991 Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Campus ChicagoChampaign November 14, 1971 March 5, 1972
Carl Sandburg ChicagoQuincy October 30, 2006
BN Illinois portion of Kansas City Zephyr
present [17]
City of New Orleans ChicagoMemphisNew Orleans January 31, 1981 present renamed from the Panama Limited (also named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971)
Eagle ChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan Antonio October 2, 1981 November 15, 1988 renamed from the Inter-American
renamed the Texas Eagle[18]
ChicagoSt. Louis November 15, 1988 January 20, 1990
Encore ChicagoMilwaukee October 28, 1984 April 28, 1985
Heartland Flyer Oklahoma CityFort Worth June 15, 1999 present
Hiawatha ChicagoMinneapolis November 14, 1971 January 16, 1972 Replaced by Twin Cities Hiawatha
October 29, 1972 May 19, 1974 Replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
Hiawatha Service ChicagoMilwaukee October 29, 1972 June 15, 1976 Replaced by Turboliner
October 29, 1989 present Replaced Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson
Hoosier State ChicagoIndianapolis October 1, 1980 September 8, 1995
July 19, 1998 December 17, 1999 renamed the Kentucky Cardinal
July 6, 2003 present replaced the Kentucky Cardinal
Illini ChicagoChampaign November 14, 1971 March 5, 1972
December 19, 1973 January 11, 1986 Extended to Carbondale
ChicagoChampaignCarbondale January 12, 1986 present Replaced Shawnee
Illinois Zephyr ChicagoQuincy November 14, 1971
BN American Royal Zephyr
present New Carl Sandburg second train being added to same route[17]
Indiana Connection ChicagoValparaiso October 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
January 10, 1986 Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Inter-American ChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLaredo January 28, 1973 October 2, 1981 renamed the Eagle[19][20]
International ChicagoPort HuronToronto June 13, 1983 April 25, 2004 renamed from the International Limited
renamed the Blue Water
International Limited ChicagoPort HuronToronto October 31, 1982 June 13, 1983 renamed from the Blue Water Limited
renamed the International
Kansas City Mule St. LouisKansas City October 26, 1980 April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995 January 27, 2009 Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky Cardinal ChicagoIndianapolisLouisville December 17, 1999 July 4, 2003 renamed from and to the Hoosier State
Lake Cities ChicagoDetroitToledo August 3, 1980 April 1, 1995 renamed from St. Clair[21]:197–201
ChicagoPontiac April 2, 1995 April 25, 2004 renamed the Wolverine
Lake Country Limited ChicagoJanesville June 15, 2000 September 2001 [22]
LaSalle ChicagoMilwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
Lincoln Service ChicagoSt. Louis, Missouri October 30, 2006 present renamed from the State House
Lone Star ChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHouston May 19, 1974 October 8, 1979 renamed from the Texas Chief[21]:109; 113
Loop ChicagoSpringfield April 27, 1986 June 30, 1996 [23]
Marquette ChicagoMilwaukee October 26, 1980 October 28, 1984 Replaced Turboliner
Michigan Executive DetroitJackson January 20, 1975
PC commuter service
January 13, 1984 [24]
Missouri River Runner St. LouisKansas City January 28, 2009 present Renamed from the Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule and St. Louis Mule
Nicollet ChicagoMilwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
North Star ChicagoMinneapolisDuluth April 30, 1978 April 7, 1985 renamed from the Arrowhead[25]
Panama Limited ChicagoMemphisNew Orleans May 1, 1971
IC City of New Orleans
February 1, 1981 named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971; renamed the City of New Orleans
Pere Marquette ChicagoGrand Rapids August 4, 1984 present
Prairie Marksman ChicagoPeoria August 10, 1980 October 4, 1981 [26][27]
Prairie State MilwaukeeChicagoSpringfield, IllinoisSt. Louis May 1, 1971
GM&O Limited
October 1, 1973 named the Limited until November 14, 1971;[28] replaced by Turboliner
Radisson ChicagoMilwaukee October 26, 1980 October 29, 1989 Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
River Cities Kansas CitySt. LouisCarbondaleMemphisNew Orleans April 29, 1984 November 4, 1993 [29]
Saluki ChicagoChampaignCarbondale October 30, 2006 present New train running on same route as Illini train.
St. Clair ChicagoDetroit May 1, 1971
PC Twilight Limited/Michigan
May 10, 1975 Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 August 2, 1980 Renamed the Lake Cities
St. Louis Mule St. LouisKansas City October 26, 1980 April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995 January 27, 2009 Renamed the Missouri River Runner
Shawnee ChicagoCarbondale May 1, 1971
IC Shawnee
January 11, 1986 Replaced by Illini
State House ChicagoSt. Louis October 1, 1973 October 30, 2006 Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas Chief ChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHouston May 1, 1971
ATSF Texas Chief
May 18, 1974 renamed the Lone Star[21]:109
Texas Eagle ChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLos Angeles November 15, 1988 present renamed from the Eagle
Turboliner ChicagoSt. Louis October 1, 1973 February 15, 1976 Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State; replaced by Ann Rutledge
ChicagoDetroit May 10, 1975 October 31, 1976 Replaced Wolverine and St. Clair
ChicagoMilwaukee October 26, 1975 October 26, 1980 Replaced Hiawatha Service; replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
MilwaukeeChicagoDetroit October 26, 1975 June 15, 1976
ChicagoPort Huron June 15, 1976 October 31, 1976 Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight Limited ChicagoDetroit October 31, 1976 April 26, 2004 renamed the Wolverine
Twin Cities Hiawatha ChicagoMilwaukeeMinneapolis January 16, 1972 June 12, 1972 Replaced Hiawatha; replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977 April 30, 1978 Replaced by North Star
Wolverine ChicagoDetroitPontiac May 1, 1971
PC Wolverine
May 10, 1975 unnamed until November 14, 1971; replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976 present
Weekender ChicagoSt. Louis October 1, 1973 May 19, 1974 Replaced by Turboliner

Midwest–West[edit]

Name Route Dates operated Notes
California Zephyr ChicagoOmahaDenverSalt Lake CitySacramentoOakland July 16, 1983 present renamed from the San Francisco Zephyr
Chief ChicagoLos Angeles June 11, 1972 September 10, 1972
City of San Francisco ChicagoDenverCheyenneOgdenOakland November 14, 1971 June 10, 1972 renamed from a section of the Denver Zephyr
renamed the San Francisco Zephyr[30]
Denver Zephyr ChicagoDenver May 1, 1971
BN Denver Zephyr
extended to Oakland until November 14, 1971, when that section was renamed the City of San Francisco[31]
Desert Wind Los AngelesLas VegasSalt Lake CityDenverOmahaChicago October 28, 1979 May 10, 1997 [32][33]
Empire Builder ChicagoMinneapolisSpokanePortland/Seattle May 1, 1971
BN Empire Builder
present
National Chief Washington, D.C.PittsburghClevelandChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angeles never implemented; announced in the 1996 timetable as a through train without the need to transfer, combining the Southwest Chief and the Capitol Limited[34]
North Coast Hiawatha ChicagoMinneapolisBismarckButteSpokaneSeattle June 5, 1971
BN North Coast Limited
October 7, 1979 unnamed until November 14, 1971[35]
San Francisco Zephyr ChicagoOmahaDenverCheyenneOgdenSacramentoOakland June 11, 1972 July 15, 1983 renamed from the City of San Francisco
renamed the California Zephyr[36]
Southwest Chief ChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angeles October 28, 1984 present renamed from the Southwest Limited
Southwest Limited ChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angeles May 19, 1974 October 28, 1984 renamed from the Super Chief
renamed the Southwest Chief[37]
Sunset Limited OrlandoJacksonvilleNew OrleansHoustonSan AntonioLos Angeles May 1, 1971
SP Sunset Limited
present
Super Chief ChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angeles May 1, 1971
ATSF Super Chief/El Capitan
May 19, 1974 Named the Super Chief/El Capitan until May 1973
renamed the Southwest Limited[38][39]

West[edit]

Name Route Dates operated Notes
Amtrak Cascades VancouverSeattlePortlandEugene May 17, 1998 present
Capitol Corridor AuburnSacramentoOaklandSan Jose December 11, 1991 present
Cascadia SeattlePortlandEugene 1995 May 16, 1998 renamed from the Mount Rainier
renamed Amtrak Cascades[40]
Coast Daylight San DiegoLos AngelesOakland May 1, 1971
SP Coast Daylight
1974 unnamed until November 14, 1971
part of the Coast Starlight[41]
Coast Starlight SeattlePortlandOaklandLos Angeles May 1, 1971
SP/BN Cascade; SP Coast Daylight; ATSF San Diegan
present unnamed until November 14, 1971; at one time the train terminated at San Diego
Expo '74 SeattleSpokane May 19, 1974 September 14, 1974
Las Vegas Limited Los AngelesLas Vegas May 21, 1976 August 8, 1976
Mount Adams SeattlePortland October 30, 1994 May 16, 1998 replaced the Northwest Talgo; renamed the Amtrak Cascades[42]
Mount Baker International SeattleVancouver May 26, 1995 1998 renamed the Amtrak Cascades[43]
Mount Rainier SeattlePortland May 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1995 unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed Cascadia[44]
Northwest Talgo SeattlePortland April 1, 1994 October 30, 1994 replaced by the Mount Adams
Orange County Commuter Los AngelesSan Juan Capistrano 1990 1994 replaced by Metrolink Orange County Line[45]
Pacific International SeattleVancouver July 17, 1972[46]
BN International
September 30, 1981[47] [48]
Pacific Surfliner San DiegoLos AngelesSanta BarbaraSan Luis Obispo June 1, 2000 present renamed from the San Diegan
Pioneer DenverCheyenneOgdenBoisePortlandSeattle June 7, 1977 May 10, 1997 [49][50]
Puget Sound SeattlePortland, Oregon May 1, 1971
BN unnamed
June 7, 1977 unnamed until November 14, 1971;[51] replaced by Pioneer
San Diegan Los AngelesSan Diego May 1, 1971
ATSF San Diegan
June 25, 1988 unnamed until November 14, 1971
Los Angeles or Santa BarbaraSan Diego June 26, 1988 April 1996 only one train daily went as far as Santa Barbara, the rest stopped in Los Angeles
Los Angeles or San Louis ObispoSan Diego April 1996 May 31, 2000 only one train daily went as far as San Louis Obispo, the rest stopped in Los Angeles;
renamed the Pacific Surfliner[52]
San Joaquin Oakland/SacramentoBakersfield March 5, 1974 present [53]
Spirit of California Los AngelesSanta BarbaraOaklandSacramento October 25, 1981 September 30, 1983 [54][55]
Willamette Valley PortlandEugene August 3, 1980 December 31, 1981 [56][57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Trains prior to Amtrak[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak posts second-best ridership in history". Amtrak. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b Pollak, Michael (2005-09-25). "Names With a Past". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ Wade, Betsy (1997-05-11). "Amtrak Gets Late Start On Summer Schedule". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ saveamtrak.org
  5. ^ everything2.com
  6. ^ everything2.com
  7. ^ everything2.com
  8. ^ everything2.com
  9. ^ everything2.com
  10. ^ everything2.com
  11. ^ everything2.com
  12. ^ everything2.com
  13. ^ everything2.com
  14. ^ everything2.com
  15. ^ Goldberg, Bruce (1981). Amtrak--the first decade. Silver Spring, MD: Alan Books. OCLC 7925036. 
  16. ^ everything2.com
  17. ^ a b www.register-mail.com
  18. ^ everything2.com
  19. ^ trainweather.com
  20. ^ everything2.com
  21. ^ a b c Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34705-X. OCLC 61499942. 
  22. ^ everything2.com
  23. ^ www.lib.niu.edu
  24. ^ michiganrailroads.com
  25. ^ everything2.com
  26. ^ ChicagoRailfan.com
  27. ^ rrpicturearchives.net
  28. ^ everything2.com
  29. ^ www.everything2.com
  30. ^ everything2.com
  31. ^ everything2.com
  32. ^ everything2.com
  33. ^ trainweb.com
  34. ^ everything2.com
  35. ^ everything2.com
  36. ^ everything2.com
  37. ^ everything2.com
  38. ^ everything2.com
  39. ^ azrail.org
  40. ^ everything2.com
  41. ^ everything2.com
  42. ^ everything2.com
  43. ^ everything2.com
  44. ^ everything2.com
  45. ^ everything2.com
  46. ^ Knox, Paul (July 18, 1972). "Seattle-Vancouver train runs again". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  47. ^ "Some of the changes". Telegraph Herald. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  48. ^ everything2.com
  49. ^ everything2.com
  50. ^ trainweb.com
  51. ^ everything2.com
  52. ^ everything2.com
  53. ^ Cook, Gale (March 10, 1974). "San Joaquin Valley Amtrak Route Draws Some Tart Comments". Modesto Bee. 
  54. ^ "New Train 'Spirit of California'". Ventura County Advisor. December 24, 1981. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Amtrak on the Property" (May 1986). Passenger Train Journal, p. 27. PTJ Publishing.
  56. ^ "First run for train". The Bulletin. August 4, 1980. 
  57. ^ Wyant, Dan (December 29, 1981). "Slide closes rail line near Oakridge". The Register-Guard.