List of Arctic expeditions

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This list of Arctic expeditions is a timeline of historic expeditions in, and explorers of, the Arctic.

Pre-expedition[edit]

1400s[edit]

  • 1496 Russian G. Istoma venturing out of the White Sea explores Murman Coast and coast of northern Norway, also western coast of Novaya Zemlya
  • 1497 Russians D. Zaytsev and D. Ralev venturing out of the White Sea follow route of G. Istoma

1500s[edit]

1600s[edit]

  • 1605–07 Danish expeditions led by John Cunningham, Godske Lindenov and Carsten Richardson (all piloted by James Hall), search for the lost Norse colonies on Greenland
  • 1606 John Knight dies commanding an English expedition in search of the Northwest Passage
  • 1607 Henry Hudson explores Spitsbergen
  • 1610 Jonas Poole thoroughly explores Spitsbergen's west coast, reporting that he saw a "great store of whales"; this report leads to the establishment of the English whaling trade.
  • 1610 Russian K. Kurochkin explores mouth of the Yenesei River and adjoining coast
  • 1612 James Hall and William Baffin explores Southwest Greenland
  • 1612–1613 British Button Expedition
  • 1613 Several whaling expeditions, consisting of a total of at least thirty ships, from England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands crowd Spitsbergen's west coast.
  • 1614 Dutch and French expeditions discover Jan Mayen
  • 1615 Robert Fotherby, in the pinnace Richard, is the first English expedition to reach Jan Mayen
  • 1616 English expedition piloted by William Baffin explores Davis Strait-Baffin Bay region
  • 1619–20 Danish expedition led by Jens Munk in Enhiörningen (Unicorn) and Lamprenen (Lamprey) to discover the Northwest Passage penetrated Davis Strait as far north as 69°, found Frobisher Bay, spent a winter in Hudson Bay.
  • 1633-34 I. Rebrov explores the mouth of the Lena River
  • 1633-35 I. Perfilyev explores Lena and Yana Rivers and intervening coast
  • 1638 I. Rebrov explores coast between the Lena and Indigirka Rivers
  • 1641 D.M. Zyryan and M.V. Stadukhin explore mouth of the Indigirka River and adjoining coast
  • 1646 I. Ignatyev explores explores the mouth of the Kolyma River and adjoining coast
  • 1648 Ya. Semyonov explores mouth of Kotuy River and adjoining coast
  • 1648 Semyon Dezhnyov and Fedot Alekseyev explore from the Kolyma River through the Bering Strait
  • 1649 M.V. Stadukhin explores coast from Kolyma River to Bering Strait
  • 1686-1687 Bezvestnaya Expedition explores the coast of Taymyr Peninsula

1700s[edit]

1800s[edit]

1900s[edit]

2000s[edit]

  • 2004 Together to the Pole – a Polish four-man expedition led by Marek Kamiński, with Jan Mela (a teenage double amputee, who in the same year reached also the South Pole)
  • 2004 Five members of the Ice Warrior Squad reach the Geomagnetic North Pole, including the first two women in history to do so.
  • 2007 Arktika 2007, Russian submersible descends to the ocean floor below the North Pole.
  • 2007 Top Gear: Polar Special, BBC's Top Gear team are the first to reach the magnetic North Pole in a car.
  • 2008 Alex Hibbert and George Bullard complete Tiso Trans Greenland expedition. The longest fully unsupported expedition in history at 1374 statute miles
  • 2009 MLAE-2009
  • 2013 MLAE-2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

[8]

  1. ^ E. C. Coleman (2006). The Royal Navy in Polar Exploration: From Frobisher to Ross. Tempus. pp. 65–77. ISBN 978-0-7524-3660-9. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Beechey, F. W. (1843). A Voyage Of Discovery Towards The North Pole, Performed In His Majesty's Ships Dorothea And Trent, Under The Command Of Captain David Buchan, R. N., 1818. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  3. ^ *An Officer Of The Expedition (1821). Letters Written During The Later Voyage Of Discovery In The Western Arctic Sea. London: Sir Richard Phillips And Co. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  4. ^ "Polar Discovery". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ King, Richard (1836). Narrative Of A Journey To The Shores Of The Arctic Ocean In 1833, 1834, and 1835; Under The Command Of Capt. Back, R. N., Volume I. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15.  King, Richard (1836). Narrative Of A Journey To The Shores Of The Arctic Ocean In 1833, 1834, and 1835; Under The Command Of Capt. Back, R. N., Volume II. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  6. ^ Sonntag, August (1865). Professor Sonntag's Thrilling Narrative Of The Grinnell Exploring Expedition To The Arctic Ocean In The Years 1853, 1854, and 1855 In Search of Sir John Franklin, Under The Command of Dr. E. K. Kane, U.S.N.. Philadelphia: Jas. T. Lloyd & Co. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  7. ^ Bliss, Richard W.; Raymond Lee Newcomb (1882). Our Lost Explorers: The Narrative of The Jeanette Arctic Expedition. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Company. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  8. ^ "After 44 years and 13,896 nautical miles, from Maine to the Antarctica Peninsula..." Portland Magazine. November 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • To the Arctic, The Story of Northern Exploration from Earliest Times (Jeanette Mirsky, 1997)