List of Ashes series

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A terracotta urn with two brass plaques on it sits on a wooden base. The urn is on display, with the glass surround and other exhibits visible in the background.
The Ashes urn, which remains at the MCC Museum at Lord's. A replica urn is presented to the winning captain.[1]

The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. The series have varied in length, consisting of between one and six Test matches, but since 1998 have been consistently five matches. It is one of sport's most celebrated rivalries and dates back to 1882.[2][3][4] It is generally played biennially, alternating between the United Kingdom and Australia. Australia are the current holders of the Ashes, having won the most recent series.

Although the first Test series played between England and Australia was in the 1876–77 season,[note 1][6] the Ashes originated from the solitary Test which the two nations contested in 1882.[7] England lost the match, played at The Oval, and a mock obituary was posted in The Sporting Times, declaring the death of English cricket. It stated that: "The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia."[8] The Honourable Ivo Bligh adopted the term and, as captain of the English party that travelled to Australia the following winter, promised to bring the "Ashes" home.[1]

After their loss to Australia in 1882, England won the next eight series between the two sides, during which time they lost only four of the 22 Tests. Australia won an Ashes series for the first time in 1891–92, when they beat England 2–1.[6] The 1932–33 tour was known as the "Bodyline series" as, in response to the talented Australian batsman Don Bradman, England developed a tactic of bowling quickly at the body of the batsmen with most of the fielders placed in a close ring on the leg side.[9] England won the series, but the tactic prompted changes to the laws of cricket,[9] and the Australians, buoyed by the batting of Bradman,[10] regained the Ashes during the next series and then held them for six series, spanning nineteen years.[6] It was during this period that the Australians travelled to England in 1948, and remained unbeaten during the whole tour, gaining the nickname of "The Invincibles".[11] In addition to winning the five match Test series 4–0, Australia won or drew all of their 29 other matches against county and representative sides.[12]

Australia have won more Ashes Tests than England, winning 128 of the 320 matches, compared to England's 103 victories. Australia have won the Ashes series on 32 occasions, and England on 31. There have been five drawn series, and on four of these occasions, Australia have retained the Ashes due to being holders going into the series. England have retained the Ashes after a drawn series once. On only three occasions has a team won all the Tests in an Ashes series; Australia won all five matches in 1920–21, then repeated the feat in 2006–07 and in 2013–14.[6] England's largest winning margin in an Ashes series was in 1978–79, when they won 5–1. Both England and Australia have held the Ashes for eight series in a row, England doing so between 1882–83 and 1890, while Australia achieved the feat from 1989 to 2002–03.[6] Since 1882, a small number of Test series have been played between the two sides that have not been allocated as Ashes series; those played in 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980 and 1987–88,[6] these series are not listed in the table below.

Key[edit]

  • Years denotes the cricket season in which the series takes place.
  • Host denotes the host country for the series.
  • First match denotes the date on which the first match of the series commenced.
  • Tests denotes how many Tests were played in the series, and in parentheses (if different) the number of Tests that were scheduled to be played in the series.
  • Australia denotes how many matches in the series were won by Australia.
  • England denotes how many matches in the series were won by England.
  • Drawn denotes how many matches in the series were drawn.
  • Result denotes which side won the series overall, or if it was drawn.
  • Holder denotes which side was awarded (or retained) the Ashes at the end of the series.

Ashes series[edit]

The Honourable Ivo Bligh captained England during their first Ashes series.[1]
Jack Hobbs (left) and Herbert Sutcliffe were two of England's most successful batsmen in the Ashes.[13]
Don Bradman (left), who has scored more runs in the Ashes than any other player, at the toss of the first Test of the 1936–37 Ashes with Gubby Allen.[14]
Shane Warne played for Australia in 14 years of Ashes Tests, taking a record 195 Test wickets.[15]
Series Years Host First match Tests Australia England Drawn Result Holder Ref
1 1882–83 Australia 30 December 1882 3 1 2 0 England England [16]
2 1884 England 11 July 1884 3 0 1 2 England England [17]
3 1884–85 Australia 12 December 1884 5 2 3 0 England England [18]
4 1886 England 5 July 1886 3 0 3 0 England England [19]
5 1886–87 Australia 28 January 1887 2 0 2 0 England England [20]
6 1887–88 Australia 10 February 1888 1 0 1 0 England England [21]
7 1888 England 16 July 1888 3 1 2 0 England England [22]
8 1890 England 21 July 1890 2 (3) 0 2 0 England England [23]
9 1891–92 Australia 1 January 1892 3 2 1 0 Australia Australia [24]
10 1893 England 17 July 1893 3 0 1 2 England England [25]
11 1894–95 Australia 14 December 1894 5 2 3 0 England England [26]
12 1896 England 22 June 1896 3 1 2 0 England England [27]
13 1897–98 Australia 13 December 1897 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [28]
14 1899 England 1 June 1899 5 1 0 4 Australia Australia [29]
15 1901–02 Australia 13 December 1901 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [30]
16 1902 England 29 May 1902 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [31]
17 1903–04 Australia 11 December 1903 5 2 3 0 England England [32]
18 1905 England 29 May 1905 5 0 2 3 England England [33]
19 1907–08 Australia 13 December 1907 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [34]
20 1909 England 27 May 1909 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [35]
21 1911–12 Australia 15 December 1911 5 1 4 0 England England [36]
22 1912 England 27 May 1912 3 0 1 2 England England [37]
23 1920–21 Australia 17 December 1920 5 5 0 0 Australia Australia [38]
24 1921 England 28 May 1921 5 3 0 2 Australia Australia [39]
25 1924–25 Australia 19 December 1924 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [40]
26 1926 England 12 June 1926 5 0 1 4 England England [41]
27 1928–29 Australia 30 November 1928 5 1 4 0 England England [42]
28 1930 England 13 June 1930 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [43]
29 1932–33 Australia 2 December 1932 5 1 4 0 England England [44]
30 1934 England 8 June 1934 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [45]
31 1936–37 Australia 4 December 1936 5 3 2 0 Australia Australia [46]
32 1938 England 10 June 1938 4 (5) 1 1 2 Drawn Australia [47]
33 1946–47 Australia 29 November 1946 5 3 0 2 Australia Australia [48]
34 1948 England 10 June 1948 5 4 0 1 Australia Australia [49]
35 1950–51 Australia 1 December 1950 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [50]
36 1953 England 11 June 1953 5 0 1 4 England England [51]
37 1954–55 Australia 26 November 1954 5 1 3 1 England England [52]
38 1956 England 7 June 1956 5 1 2 2 England England [53]
39 1958–59 Australia 5 December 1958 5 4 0 1 Australia Australia [54]
40 1961 England 8 June 1961 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [55]
41 1962–63 Australia 30 November 1962 5 1 1 3 Drawn Australia [56]
42 1964 England 4 April 1964 5 1 0 4 Australia Australia [57]
43 1965–66 Australia 10 December 1965 5 1 1 3 Drawn Australia [58]
44 1968 England 6 June 1968 5 1 1 3 Drawn Australia [59]
45 1970–71 Australia 27 November 1970 6 (7) 0 2 4 England England [60]
46 1972 England 8 June 1972 5 2 2 1 Drawn England [61]
47 1974–75 Australia 29 November 1974 6 4 1 1 Australia Australia [62]
48 1975 England 10 July 1975 4 1 0 3 Australia Australia [63]
49 1977 England 16 June 1977 5 0 3 2 England England [64]
50 1978–79 Australia 1 December 1978 6 1 5 0 England England [65]
51 1981 England 18 June 1981 6 1 3 2 England England [66]
52 1982–83 Australia 12 November 1982 5 2 1 2 Australia Australia [67]
53 1985 England 13 June 1985 6 1 3 2 England England [68]
54 1986–87 Australia 14 November 1986 5 1 2 2 England England [69]
55 1989 England 8 June 1989 6 4 0 2 Australia Australia [70]
56 1990–91 Australia 23 November 1990 5 3 0 2 Australia Australia [71]
57 1993 England 3 June 1993 6 4 1 1 Australia Australia [72]
58 1994–95 Australia 25 November 1994 5 3 1 1 Australia Australia [73]
59 1997 England 5 June 1997 6 3 2 1 Australia Australia [74]
60 1998–99 Australia 20 November 1998 5 3 1 1 Australia Australia [75]
61 2001 England 5 July 2001 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [76]
62 2002–03 Australia 7 November 2002 5 4 1 0 Australia Australia [77]
63 2005 England 21 July 2005 5 1 2 2 England England [78]
64 2006–07 Australia 23 November 2006 5 5 0 0 Australia Australia [79]
65 2009 England 8 July 2009 5 1 2 2 England England [80]
66 2010–11 Australia 25 November 2010 5 1 3 1 England England [81]
67 2013 England 10 July 2013 5 0 3 2 England England [82]
68 2013–14 Australia 21 November 2013 5 5 0 0 Australia Australia [83]

Summary of results[edit]

Played Won by
Australia
Won by
England
Drawn
All Tests 320 128 (40%) 103 (32.2%) 89 (27.8%)
Tests in Australia 162 82 (50.6%) 56 (34.6%) 24 (14.8%)
Tests in England 158 46 (29.1%) 47 (29.7%) 65 (41.2%)
All series 68 32 (47.1%) 31 (45.6%) 5 (7.4%)
Series in Australia 34 18 (52.9%) 14 (41.2%) 2 (5.9%)
Series in England 34 14 (41.2%) 17 (50%) 3 (8.8%)
As of 5 January 2014

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Cricket is generally played during the summer months of the host country: therefore in England it is typically played between May and September, while in Australia it typically takes place between October and April. To reflect this, cricket seasons are listed as YYYY in England, and YYYY–YY in Australia.[5]
References
  1. ^ a b c "The Ashes – History". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  2. ^ Martin, Jack (2010-11-15). "Ashes series set to reignite old rivalry". CNN Traveller (CNN). Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  3. ^ Marks, Vic (2010-09-26). "Return of Ashes spirit can lift England out of post-Pakistan mire". The Observer (London: Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  4. ^ "Top 10 Rivalries". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  5. ^ "Match/series archive". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Records / England / Test matches / Series results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  7. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A short history of the Ashes". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  8. ^ Altham, H.S.; Swanton, E.W. (1938) [1926]. "England v Australia: 1882–1890". A History of Cricket (Second ed.). London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. p. 170. 
  9. ^ a b ESPNcricinfo staff. "A dummy's guide to Bodyline". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  10. ^ "Ashes to Ashes: The Bradman years". Cricket365.com. 2010-11-20. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  11. ^ "Sporting greats – Australia reveres and treasures its sporting heroes.". Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-02-19. The 1948 Australian cricket team captained by Don Bradman, for example, became known as 'The Invincibles' for their unbeaten eight-month tour of England. This team is one of Australia's most cherished sporting legends. 
  12. ^ "Australians in England, 1948". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19.  Originally published in: Preston, Hubert, ed. (1949). Wisden Cricketer's Almanack 1949 (86 ed.). London: Sporting Handbooks Ltd. 
  13. ^ "Six great Ashes batsmen". England and Wales Cricket Board. Retrieved 2011-03-26. 
  14. ^ "Ashes Legends XI: Sir Donald Bradman (1908–2001)". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2011-03-26. 
  15. ^ "Shane Warne – Five unforgettable Ashes balls that rocked England down the years". Daily Mail (London). 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  16. ^ "The Ashes 1882/83 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  17. ^ "The Ashes 1884 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  18. ^ "The Ashes 1884/85 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  19. ^ "The Ashes 1886 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  20. ^ "The Ashes 1886/87 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  21. ^ "The Ashes 1887/88 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  22. ^ "The Ashes 1888 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  23. ^ "The Ashes 1890 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  24. ^ "The Ashes 1891/92 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  25. ^ "The Ashes 1893 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  26. ^ "The Ashes 1894/95 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  27. ^ "The Ashes 1896 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  28. ^ "The Ashes 1897/98 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  29. ^ "The Ashes 1899 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  30. ^ "The Ashes 1901/02 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  31. ^ "The Ashes 1902 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  32. ^ "The Ashes 1903/04 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  33. ^ "The Ashes 1905 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  34. ^ "The Ashes 1907/08 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  35. ^ "The Ashes 1909 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  36. ^ "The Ashes 1911/12 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  37. ^ "The Ashes 1912 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  38. ^ "The Ashes 1920/21 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  39. ^ "The Ashes 1921 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  40. ^ "The Ashes 1924/25 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  41. ^ "The Ashes 1926 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  42. ^ "The Ashes 1928/29 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  43. ^ "The Ashes 1930 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  44. ^ "The Ashes 1932/33 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  45. ^ "The Ashes 1934 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  46. ^ "The Ashes 1936/37 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  47. ^ "The Ashes 1938 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  48. ^ "The Ashes 1946/47 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  49. ^ "The Ashes 1948 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  50. ^ "The Ashes 1950/51 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  51. ^ "The Ashes 1953 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  52. ^ "The Ashes 1954/55 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  53. ^ "The Ashes 1956 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  54. ^ "The Ashes 1958/59 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  55. ^ "The Ashes 1961 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  56. ^ "The Ashes 1962/63 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  57. ^ "The Ashes 1964 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  58. ^ "The Ashes 1965/66 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  59. ^ "The Ashes 1968 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  60. ^ "The Ashes 1970/71 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  61. ^ "The Ashes 1972 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  62. ^ "The Ashes 1974/75 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  63. ^ "The Ashes 1975 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  64. ^ "The Ashes 1977 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  65. ^ "The Ashes 1978/79 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  66. ^ "The Ashes 1981 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  67. ^ "The Ashes 1982/83 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  68. ^ "The Ashes 1985 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  69. ^ "The Ashes 1986/87 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  70. ^ "The Ashes 1989 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  71. ^ "The Ashes 1990/91 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  72. ^ "The Ashes 1993 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  73. ^ "The Ashes 1994/95 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  74. ^ "The Ashes 1997 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  75. ^ "The Ashes 1998/99 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  76. ^ "The Ashes 2001 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  77. ^ "The Ashes 2002/03 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  78. ^ "The Ashes 2005 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  79. ^ "The Ashes 2006/07 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  80. ^ "The Ashes 2009 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  81. ^ "The Ashes 2010/11 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  82. ^ Brettig, Daniel (2013-08-05). "England retain Ashes on rainy day". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 
  83. ^ "The Ashes 2013/14 / Results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 

External links[edit]