List of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

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This is a list of Asian Pacific Americans in the U.S. Congress.

Senate[edit]

Picture Senator State Party Term Reason for leaving
Hiram Fong Hiram Fong[1] Hawaii Republican 1959–1977 Retired
Daniel Inouye Daniel Inouye[2] Hawaii Democrat 1963–2012 Died in office
S.I. Hayakawa Samuel I. Hayakawa California Republican 1977–1983 Retired
Spark Matsunaga Spark Matsunaga Hawaii Democrat 1977–1990 Died in Office
Daniel Akaka Daniel Akaka[3] Hawaii Democrat 1990–2013 Retired
John Ensign John Ensign Nevada Republican 2001–2011 Resigned
Mazie Hirono Mazie Hirono[4] Hawaii Democrat 2013–present

House of Representatives[edit]

Picture Representative State Party Term Reason for leaving
Dalip Singh Saund Dalip Singh Saund[5] California Democratic 1957–1963 Defeated
Daniel Inouye Daniel Inouye[2] Hawaii Democratic 1959–1963 Retired to successfully run for United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1962
Spark Matsunaga Spark Matsunaga Hawaii Democratic 1963–1977 Retired to successfully run for United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1976
Patsy Mink Patsy Mink[6] Hawaii Democratic 1965–1977, 1990–2002 Retired to unsuccessfully run for United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1976 & Died in Office
Norman Mineta Norman Mineta California Democratic 1975–1995 Retired
Daniel Akaka Daniel Akaka[3] Hawaii Democratic 1977–1990 Retired to successfully run for United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Bob Matsui Bob Matsui California Democratic 1979–2005 Died in Office
Mervyn M. Dymally Mervyn M. Dymally [7] California Democratic 1981–1993 Retired
Pat Saiki Patricia Saiki Hawaii Republican 1987–1991 Retired to unsuccessfully run for United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Jay Kim Jay Kim[8] California Republican 1993–1999 Lost renomination
Bobby Scott Robert C. Scott[9] Virginia Democratic 1993–present
John Ensign John Ensign Nevada Republican 1995–1999 Retired to unsuccessfully run for United States Senate election in Nevada, 1998 was elected United States Senate election in Nevada, 2000
David Wu David Wu[10] Oregon Democratic 1998–2011 Resigned
Mike Honda Mike Honda California Democratic 2001–present
Bobby Jindal Bobby Jindal Louisiana Republican 2005–2008 Resigned to successfully run for Louisiana gubernatorial election, 2007
Doris Matsui Doris Matsui California Democratic 2005–present
Mazie Hirono Mazie Hirono[11] Hawaii Democratic 2007–2013 Retired to successfully run for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 2012
Steve Austria Steve Austria Ohio Republican 2009–2013 Retired
Joseph Cao Anh "Joseph" Cao[12] Louisiana Republican 2009–2011 Defeated
Judy Chu Judy Chu[13] California Democratic 2009–present
Charles Djou Charles Djou[14] Hawaii Republican 2010–2011 Defeated
Colleen Hanabusa Colleen Hanabusa Hawaii Democratic 2011–present
Hansen Clarke Hansen Clarke[15] Michigan Democratic 2011–2013 Lost renomination
Ami Bera Ami Bera California Democratic 2013–present
Tammy Duckworth Tammy Duckworth[16] Illinois Democratic 2013–present
Tulsi Gabbard Tulsi Gabbard[17] Hawaii Democratic 2013–present
Grace Meng Grace Meng New York Democratic 2013–present
Mark Takano Mark Takano[18] California Democratic 2013–present

Delegates in the House (non-voting members)[edit]

Delegate Territory Party Term Reason for leaving
Robert William Wilcox Territory of Hawaii Hawaiian Independent Party 1900–1903 Defeated
Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole Territory of Hawaii Republican 1903–1922 Died in Office
Antonio Borja Won Pat Guam Democratic 1973–1985 Defeated
Fofó Iosefa Fiti Sunia American Samoa Democratic 1981–1988 Resigned
Vincente T. Blaz Guam Republican 1985–1993 Defeated
Eni Faleomavaega American Samoa Democratic 1989–Present
Robert A. Underwood Guam Democratic 1993–2003 Retired to unsuccessfully run for Governor of Guam
Gregorio Sablan Northern Mariana Islands Democratic 2009–Present

Resident Commissioners in the House (non-voting members)[edit]

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

Resident Representative Party Term Reason for leaving
Edward De Leon Guerrero Pangelinan Democratic 1978–1984
Froilan C. Tenorio Democratic 1984–1990 Defeated
Juan N. Babauta Republican 1990–2002 Retired to successfully run for Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Pete A. Tenorio Republican 2002–2009 Office replaced by Delegate; defeated in election to new office

Philippines[edit]

Resident Commissioners were representatives from the Philippines, then an American territory.[19][20][21] They were U.S. nationals and not citizens of the United States.[22]

Era of Insular Government
Congress Resident Commissioner 1 Resident Commissioner 2
60th (1907–1909) Benito Legarda y Tuason Pablo Ocampo[23]
61st (1909–1911)
Manuel L. Quezon (N)
62nd (1911–1913)
63rd (1913–1915) Manuel Earnshaw
64th (1915–1917)
65th (1917–1919) Jaime C. De Veyra (N) Teodoro R. Yangco
66th (1919–1921)
Isauro Gabaldon (N)
67th (1921–1923)
68th (1923–1925) Pedro Guevara (N)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929)
71st (1929–1931) Camilo Osías (N)
72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935)
74th (1935–1937) Francisco A. Delgado (N)
Commonwealth era
Congress Resident Commissioner 1
74th (1935–1937) Quintin Paredes (N)
75th (1937–1939)
Joaquín Miguel Elizalde
76th (1939–1941)
77th (1941–1943)
78th (1943–1945)
Carlos Peña Romulo (L)
79th (1945–1947)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ First Asian Pacific American elected to the Senate and first American of Chinese ancestry elected to Congress.
  2. ^ a b First Japanese American elected to Congress.
  3. ^ a b First Native Hawaiian elected to Congress.
  4. ^ First Asian American woman and first Buddhist elected to the Senate.
  5. ^ First person of Indian ancestry elected to Congress.
  6. ^ First Asian American woman elected to Congress.
  7. ^ First Indo-Trinidadian elected to Congress.
  8. ^ First person of Korean ancestry elected to Congress.
  9. ^ First American born Filipino and Multiracial American elected to Congress.
  10. ^ First Taiwanese American elected to Congress.
  11. ^ One of the first two Buddhists elected to Congress
  12. ^ First person of Vietnamese ancestry elected to Congress.
  13. ^ First Chinese American woman elected to Congress
  14. ^ First Thai American elected to Congress
  15. ^ First person of Bangladeshi ancestry elected to Congress
  16. ^ First disabled woman and first Thai American woman elected to Congress
  17. ^ First Hindu, and woman of Pacific Islander ancestry elected to Congress
  18. ^ First openly gay person of color elected to Congress
  19. ^ "Map Layer Info". National Atlas of the United States. United States Department of the Interior. 23 July 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012. "The Philippines became a territory of the United States after the Spanish–American War." 
  20. ^ Berhow, Mark (2012). American Defenses of Corregidor and Manila Bay 1898-1945. Osprey Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 9781782004356. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  21. ^ Pyong Gap, Min, ed. (2005). Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues. Pine Forge Press. p. 183. ISBN 9781412905565. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  22. ^ M. Licudine v. D. Winter, JR 1086, p. 5 (U.S. District Court for D.C. 2008) (“"[f]rom the time the United States obtained dominion over the Philippines in 1899 until it granted independence to the islands in 1946, [the United States] Congress classified natives of the Philippines as Philippine citizens, as non-citizen United States nationals, and as aliens, but never as United States citizens."”).
  23. ^ "OCAMPO, Pablo, (1853 - 1925)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]