List of Australian Aboriginal mythological figures

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Further information: Australian Aboriginal mythology
The Rainbow Snake is a common feature of the mythology and art of indigenous Australian cultures[1]

The following is a list of Australian Aboriginal deities and spirits.

New South Wales[edit]

Northern Territory[edit]

Queensland[edit]

  • Anjea, fertility goddess or spirit, in whom people's souls reside between their incarnations
  • Dhakhan, ancestral god of the Kabi
  • I'wai, culture hero of the Kuuku-Ya'u
  • Yalungur, god of the first baby

South Australia[edit]

Victoria[edit]

  • Crow (Waa), Kulin trickster, culture hero and ancestral being
  • Baiame, southeast Australian creational ancestral hero
  • Balayang, bat deity and brother of Bunjil
  • Binbeal, Kulin rainbow deity and son of Bunjil
  • Bunjil, Kulin creator deity and ancestral being, represented as an eagle
  • Bunyip, mythical creature said to lurk in swamps, billabongs, creeks, riverbeds, and waterholes
  • Daramulum, southeast Australian deity and son of Baiame
  • Gnowee, solar goddess who searches daily for her lost son; her torch is the sun
  • Karatgurk, seven sisters who represent the Pleiades star cluster
  • Kondole, man who became the first whale
  • Nargun, fierce half-human, half-stone female creature of Gunai legend
  • Pundjel, creator deity involved in the initiation of boys
  • Thinan-malkia, evil spirit who captures victims with nets that entangle their feet
  • Tiddalik, frog of southeast Australian legend who drank all the water in the land, and had to be made to laugh to regurgitate it
  • Wambeen, evil lightning-hurling figure who targets travellers

Western Australia[edit]

  • Bagadjimbiri, a pair of Karadjeri creator-spirits
  • Dilga, Karadjeri goddess of fertility and growth, and mother of the Bagadjimbiri
  • Julana, lecherous Jumu spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand, leaping out, and raping them
  • Kidili, Mandjindja moon deity who was castrated for attempting to rape the first women, who in turn became the Pleiades
  • Kurdaitcha (or kurdaitcha man) is a ritual "executioner" in Australian Aboriginal culture (specifically the term comes from the Arrernte people).[2]
  • Ngariman, Karadjeri cat-man who killed the Bagadjimbiri and was drowned in revenge
  • Njirana, Jumu deity and father of Julana
  • Ungud, snake deity associated with rainbows and the fertility and erections of the tribe's shamans
  • Wagyl, Noongar snakelike creator being
  • Wati-kutjara, a pair of western Australian lizard-men
  • Wondjina, Mowanjum cloud or rain spirits

Pan-continental[edit]

  • Rainbow Serpent, a common feature of the art and mythology of Aboriginal Australian cultures[3]

Unknown[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Noonuccal, Oodgeroo; Noonuccal, Kabul Oodgeroo (September 1988), "The Rainbow Serpent", Meanjin 47 (3): 373–377, ISSN 0025-6293 
  2. ^ Kurdaitcha
  3. ^ Oodgeroo Noonuccal; Kabul Oodgeroo Noonuccal, 1953-; Haywood, Eric Shane; Narkaling Inc (2001), The rainbow serpent, Narkaling Inc, retrieved 12 May 2013 

References[edit]

  • Bishop, W (1970), Australian Aboriginal mythology, retrieved 12 May 2013 
  • Hiatt, L. R. (Lester Richard), 1931-2008, (ed.); Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies (1975), Australian Aboriginal mythology : essays in honour of W.E.H. Stanner, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, ISBN 978-0-85575-044-2