List of Australian Open women's singles champions

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Australian Open Women's Singles Champions
Official website
Location Melbourne
 Australia
Venue Melbourne Park
Governing body Tennis Australia
Created 1922 (established)
Open Era: 1969
(43 editions)
Surface Grass (1922–1987)
Rebound Ace (1988–2007)
Plexicushion
(2008–Present)
Prize money A$ 2,100,000 (2010)
Trophy Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup
Most Amateur
Era titles
7: Margaret Court
Most Open
Era titles
5: Serena Williams
Most consecutive
titles Amateur Era
7: Margaret Court
Most consecutive
titles Open Era
3: Margaret Court
Evonne Goolagong
Steffi Graf
Monica Seles
Martina Hingis
Current champion Li Na
(First title)

The Australian Open[a][b] is an annual tennis tournament created in 1905 and played on outdoor hard courts[c][d] at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia.[1]

The women's singles was first contested in 1922 along with the women's and mixed doubles competition as the last three events to be added. The Australian Open is played during two weeks mid-January, and has been chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987. The event was not held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II, and 1986 because Tennis Australia wanted to move the tournament start from mid-December 1986 to mid-January 1987.[2][3]

Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney, and Melbourne, Australia have all held the event. The competition switched locations every year before it settled in 1972 at the Kooyong Stadium, moving to Flinders Park, now Melbourne Park, in 1988.[2] Several calendar changes took place for the Australian Open, from January to December in 1972 to bypass the January-to-June International Lawn Tennis Federation (ITLF) ban of World Championship Tennis (WCT) players; from late to early December in 1977 to avoid the Christmas holidays, which resulted in having two Opens in the season;[4] and back to January, when the planned December 1986 edition was moved to early 1987, leaving no Open for the 1986 season.[5][6]

The women's singles' rules have undergone several changes, since the first edition. This event has been contested in a knockout format, and all matches played at the best-of-three sets.[1] Since 1922, all sets have been decided in the advantage format, with six games and two games difference. The lingering death best-of-twelve points tie-break was introduced in 1971, and used for the first four sets since then, except from 1980 to 1982, when the tie-break was also played in fifth sets.[1][7]

The court surface changed once, from grass (1922–1987) to hard courts, since the move to Flinders Park in 1988.[2][8][9] No tennis player has won this event on grass and Rebound Ace, but Serena Williams is the only player to win the tournament on two different surfaces Rebound Ace for the first three titles and the last two were on Plexicushion.

The champion receives a miniature replica of the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup, named after the five-time champion, which was first awarded to the champion in 1934.[10] In 2010, the winner received prize money of A$2,100,000.[11]

In the Australasian Championship, Margaret Molesworth (1922–1923) and Daphne Akhurst (1925–1926) co-holds the records for most wins and most consecutive wins.[3]

In the Australian Championships, Margaret Court (1960–1966) holds the records for most titles with seven wins, and most consecutive titles with seven from (1960–1966).[3]

In the Australian Open, Serena Williams (2003, 2005, 2007, 2009–2010) has the most victories, with five. The record for most consecutive titles is three held by the following players: Margaret Court (1969–1971), Evonne Goolagong (1974–1976), Steffi Graf (1988–1990), Monica Seles (1991–1993), Martina Hingis (1997–1999).[3]

Overall in the Championship's history, Margaret Court (1960–1973) holds the records for most titles with eleven wins, and most consecutive titles with seven from (1960–1966).[3]

This event has been won in straight set during the Open Era of tennis by the following players: Margaret Court in 1970 and 1973, Evonne Goolagong in 1975, 1976 and 1977 December, Chris O'Neil in 1978, Steffi Graf in 1988, 1989 and 1994, Mary Pierce in 1995, Martina Hingis in 1997, Lindsay Davenport in 2000, and Maria Sharapova in 2008.

Champions[edit]

Regular competition

Australasian Championships[edit]

Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[12]
1922  AUS Molesworth, MargaretMargaret Molesworth  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 6–3, 10–8
1923  AUS Molesworth, MargaretMargaret Molesworth  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 6–1, 7–5
1924  AUS Lance Harper, SylviaSylvia Lance Harper  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 6–3, 3–6, 8–6
1925  AUS Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 1–6, 8–6, 6–4
1926  AUS Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 6–1, 6–3

Australian Championships[edit]

Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[12]
1927  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson  AUS Lance Harper, SylviaSylvia Lance Harper 5–7, 6–1, 6–2
1928  AUS Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens  AUS Boyd Robertson, EsnaEsna Boyd Robertson 7–5, 6–2
1929  AUS Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens  AUS Bickerton, LouiseLouise Bickerton 6–1, 5–7, 6–2
1930  AUS Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens  AUS Lance Harper, SylviaSylvia Lance Harper 10–8, 2–6, 7–5
1931  AUS Buttsworth, CoralCoral Buttsworth  AUS Cox Crawford, MarjorieMarjorie Cox Crawford 1–6, 6–3, 6–4
1932  AUS Buttsworth, CoralCoral Buttsworth  AUS Le Messurier, KathleenKathleen Le Messurier 9–7, 6–4
1933  AUS Hartigan, JoanJoan Hartigan  AUS Buttsworth, CoralCoral Buttsworth 6–4, 6–3
1934  AUS Hartigan, JoanJoan Hartigan  AUS Molesworth, MargaretMargaret Molesworth 6–1, 6–4
1935  GBR[j] Round Little, DorothyDorothy Round Little  AUS Lyle Glover, NancyNancy Lyle Glover 1–6, 6–1, 6–3
1936  AUS Hartigan, JoanJoan Hartigan  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton 6–4, 6–4
1937  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Hood Westacott, EmilyEmily Hood Westacott 6–3, 5–7, 6–4
1938  USA Cheney, DorothyDorothy Cheney  AUS Stevenson, DorothyDorothy Stevenson 6–3, 6–2
1939  AUS Hood Westacott, EmilyEmily Hood Westacott  AUS Hall Hopman, NellNell Hall Hopman 6–1, 6–2
1940  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long 5–7, 6–4, 6–0
1941 None[g]
1942 None
1943 None
1944 None
1945 None
1946  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Fitch, JoyceJoyce Fitch 6–4, 6–4
1947  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Hall Hopman, NellNell Hall Hopman 6–3, 6–2
1948  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Toomey, MarieMarie Toomey 6–3, 6–1
1949  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton 6–3, 6–4
1950  USA Brough, LouiseLouise Brough  USA Hart, DorisDoris Hart 6–4, 3–6, 6–4
1951  AUS Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long 6–1, 7–5
1952  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long  AUS Angwin, HelenHelen Angwin 6–2, 6–3
1953  USA Connolly Brinker, MaureenMaureen Connolly Brinker  USA Sampson Hayward, JuliaJulia Sampson Hayward 6–3, 6–2
1954  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long  AUS Staley, JennyJenny Staley 6–3, 6–4
1955  AUS Penrose Collier, BerylBeryl Penrose Collier  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long 6–4, 6–3
1956  AUS Carter Reitano, MaryMary Carter Reitano  AUS Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long 3–6, 6–2, 9–7
1957  USA Fry Irvin, ShirleyShirley Fry Irvin  USA Gibson, AltheaAlthea Gibson 6–3, 6–4
1958  GBR Mortimer Barrett, AngelaAngela Mortimer Barrett  AUS Coghlan Robinson, LorraineLorraine Coghlan Robinson 6–3, 6–4
1959  AUS Carter Reitano, MaryMary Carter Reitano  ZAF Schuurman Haygarth, ReneeRenee Schuurman Haygarth 6–2, 6–3
1960  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Lehane O'Neill, JanJan Lehane O'Neill 7–5, 6–2
1961  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Lehane O'Neill, JanJan Lehane O'Neill 6–1, 6–4
1962  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Lehane O'Neill, JanJan Lehane O'Neill 6–0, 6–2
1963  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Lehane O'Neill, JanJan Lehane O'Neill 6–2, 6–2
1964  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Turner Bowrey, LesleyLesley Turner Bowrey 6–3, 6–2
1965  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  BRA Bueno, MariaMaria Bueno 5–7, 6–4, 5–2, retired
1966  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  USA Richey, NancyNancy Richey walkover
1967  USA Richey, NancyNancy Richey  AUS Turner Bowrey, LesleyLesley Turner Bowrey 6–1, 6–4
1968  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court 6–1, 6–2

Australian Open[edit]

A blonde haired woman in a white polo shirt
Steffi Graf is a four-time champion and won three times consecutively
A brown haired woman, in black pants and blue shirt with a microphone in hand
Monica Seles is a four-time champion and won three times consecutively
A black woman with a blue dress holding a tennis racket out in front of her
American Serena Williams is a five-time champion, which is an Open Era record.
Year[f] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][12]
1969  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  USA King, Billie JeanBillie Jean King 6–4, 6–1
1970  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Melville Reid, KerryKerry Melville Reid 6–1, 6–3
1971  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 2–6, 7–6(7–0), 7–5
1972  GBR[j] Wade, VirginiaVirginia Wade  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–4, 6–4
1973  AUS Court, MargaretMargaret Court  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley 6–4, 7–5
1974  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 7–6(7–5), 4–6, 6–0
1975  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley  TCH[k] Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova[h] 6–3, 6–2
1976  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley  TCH Tomanová, RenátaRenáta Tomanová 6–2, 6–2
1977 (1)[i]  AUS Melville Reid, KerryKerry Melville Reid  AUS Fromholtz Balestrat, DianneDianne Fromholtz Balestrat 7–5, 6–2
1977 (2)[i]  AUS Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley  AUS Gourlay Cawley, HelenHelen Gourlay Cawley 6–3, 6–0
1978  AUS O'Neil, ChrisChris O'Neil  USA Nagelsen, BetsyBetsy Nagelsen 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
1979  USA Jordan, BarbaraBarbara Jordan  USA Walsh, SharonSharon Walsh 6–3, 6–3
1980  TCH[k] Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková  AUS Turnbull, WendyWendy Turnbull 6–0, 7–5
1981  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova[h]  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–7(7–4), 6–4, 7–5
1982  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 6–3, 2–6, 6–3
1983  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova  USA Jordan, KathyKathy Jordan 6–2, 7–6(7–5)
1984  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert  TCH Suková, HelenaHelena Suková 6–7(4–7), 6–1, 6–3
1985  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–2, 4–6, 6–2
1986 None[e]
1987  TCH Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková  USA Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova 7–5, 7–6(7–1)
1988  FRG[m] Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  USA Evert, ChrisChris Evert 6–1, 7–6(7–3)
1989  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  TCH Suková, HelenaHelena Suková 6–4, 6–4
1990  FRG Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  USA Fernandez, Mary JoeMary Joe Fernandez 6–3, 6–4
1991  YUG[l] Seles, MonicaMonica Seles  TCH Novotná, JanaJana Novotná 5–7, 6–3, 6–1
1992  YUG Seles, MonicaMonica Seles  USA Fernandez, Mary JoeMary Joe Fernandez 6–2, 6–3
1993  YUG Seles, MonicaMonica Seles  GER[m] Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1994  GER Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–0, 6–2
1995  FRA Pierce, MaryMary Pierce  ESP Sánchez Vicario, ArantxaArantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–3, 6–2
1996  USA[l] Seles, MonicaMonica Seles  GER Huber, AnkeAnke Huber 6–4, 6–1
1997   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis  FRA Pierce, MaryMary Pierce 6–2, 6–2
1998   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis  ESP Martínez, ConchitaConchita Martínez 6–3, 6–3
1999   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis  FRA Mauresmo, AmélieAmélie Mauresmo 6–2, 6–3
2000  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis 6–1, 7–5
2001  USA Capriati, JenniferJennifer Capriati   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis 6–4, 6–3
2002  USA Capriati, JenniferJennifer Capriati   SUI Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis 4–6, 7–6(9–7), 6–2
2003  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  USA Williams, VenusVenus Williams 7–6(7–4), 3–6, 6–4
2004  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters 6–3, 4–6, 6–3
2005  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  USA Davenport, LindsayLindsay Davenport 2–6, 6–3, 6–0
2006  FRA Mauresmo, AmélieAmélie Mauresmo  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin 6–1, 2–0 retired
2007  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  RUS Sharapova, MariaMaria Sharapova 6–1, 6–2
2008  RUS Sharapova, MariaMaria Sharapova  SRB Ivanovic, AnaAna Ivanovic 7–5, 6–3
2009  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  RUS Safina, DinaraDinara Safina 6–0, 6–3
2010  USA Williams, SerenaSerena Williams  BEL Henin, JustineJustine Henin 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
2011  BEL Clijsters, KimKim Clijsters  CHN Na, LiLi Na 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
2012  BLR Azarenka, VictoriaVictoria Azarenka  RUS Sharapova, MariaMaria Sharapova 6–3, 6–0
2013  BLR Azarenka, VictoriaVictoria Azarenka  CHN Na, LiLi Na 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
2014  CHN Na, LiLi Na  SVK Cibulková, DominikaDominika Cibulková 7–6(7–3), 6–0

Statistics[edit]

Multiple champions[edit]

Competed in 2013  +
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Smith Court, MargaretMargaret Smith Court (AUS) 7 4 11 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973
 Wynne Bolton, NancyeNancye Wynne Bolton (AUS) 6 0 6 1937, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1951
 Akhurst Cozens, DaphneDaphne Akhurst Cozens (AUS) 5 0 5 1925, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930
 Williams, SerenaSerena Williams (USA) + 0 5 5 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010
 Goolagong Cawley, EvonneEvonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS) 0 4 4 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977(Dec)
 Graf, SteffiSteffi Graf (GER)[m] 0 4 4 1988, 1989, 1990, 1994
  Seles, MonicaMonica Seles (YUG) (USA)[l] 0 4 4 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996
 Hartigan Bathurst, JoanJoan Hartigan Bathurst (AUS) 3 0 3 1933, 1934, 1936
 Hingis, MartinaMartina Hingis (SUI) 0 3 3 1997, 1998, 1999
 Navratilova, MartinaMartina Navratilova (USA)[h] 0 3 3 1981, 1983, 1985
 Azarenka, VictoriaVictoria Azarenka (BLR) + 0 2 2 2012, 2013
 Buttsworth, CoralCoral Buttsworth (AUS) 2 0 2 1931, 1932
 Capriati, JenniferJennifer Capriati (USA) 0 2 2 2001, 2002
 Evert, ChrisChris Evert (USA) 0 2 2 1982, 1984
 Coyne Long, ThelmaThelma Coyne Long (AUS) 2 0 2 1952, 1954
 Mandlíková, HanaHana Mandlíková (CZE) 0 2 2 1980, 1987
 Molesworth, MargaretMargaret Molesworth (AUS) 2 0 2 1922, 1923
 Carter Reitano, MaryMary Carter Reitano (AUS) 2 0 2 1956, 1959

Champions by country[edit]

Former country ¤
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 Australia (AUS) 33 10 43 1922 1978
 United States (USA) 7 15 22 1938 2010
 Germany (GER)[m] 0 4 4 1988 1994
 Switzerland (SUI) 0 3 3 1997 1999
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 3 1935 1972
 Yugoslavia (YUG) ¤ 0 3 3 1991 1993
 Belarus (BLR) 0 2 2 2012 2013
 Belgium (BEL) 0 2 2 2004 2011
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)[k] 0 2 2 1980 1987
 France (FRA) 0 2 2 1995 2006
 China (CHN) 0 1 1 2014 2014
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2008 2008

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "Tournament profile – Australian Open". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Foenander, Tristan. "History of the Australian Open – the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Grand Slam Tournaments – Australian Open" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  4. ^ a b "1977 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  5. ^ a b "1986 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  6. ^ a b "Australian Open – History – Year-by-year". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  7. ^ "Roddick survives 83-game epic". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 2003-01-22. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  8. ^ a b Schlink, Leo (2008-01-14). "Plexicushion replaces Rebound Ace at Australian Open". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  9. ^ a b Bevan, Chris (2008-01-11). "On-court blues for Aussie tennis?". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  10. ^ Jones, Cathy (March 2006). "Daphne Akhurst Australian Tennis Champion". Strathfield Scene. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Australian Open – Prize Money". australianopen.com. IBM, Tennis Australia. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Women's Singles". australianopen.com. IBM. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  13. ^ "List of Classified Court Surfaces". itftennis.com. ITF Licensing. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Australian Open other competitions

Grand Slam women's singles