List of Australian flags

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This is a list of flags used in Australia:

National[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Australia 1901-1903.svg 1901-1903 Original winning design through national competition A Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Flag of Australia 1903-1909.svg 1903-1909 Version approved by King Edward VII A Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 1909–present National flag, naval jack and state ensign A Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Australian Aboriginal Flag.svg 1971- Aboriginal Flag A black and red flag with a yellow circle in the middle.
see article 1992- Torres Strait Islander Flag A five-pointed star and traditional headdress in white, on a blue, green and black background

Personal flags[edit]

Queen[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of Australia.svg 1962 The Australian Personal Flag of Queen Elizabeth II

Governor-General[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Governor-General of Australia.svg 1936 Flag of the Governor-General of Australia A crowned lion standing on a crown on a blue field

Governors[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Governor of New South Wales.svg 1981 Flag of the Governor of New South Wales The State Flag with a crowned badge
Flag of the Governor of Queensland.svg 1952 Flag of the Governor of Queensland The Union Flag defaced with the state badge
Flag of the Governor of South Australia.svg 1975 Flag of the Governor of South Australia The State Flag with a crowned badge
Flag of the Governor of Tasmania.svg 1977 Flag of the Governor of Tasmania The State Flag with a crowned badge
Flag of the Governor of Victoria.svg 1984 Flag of the Governor of Victoria The State Flag with a yellow field and crowned southern cross
Flag of the Governor of Western Australia.svg 1988 Flag of the Governor of Western Australia The State Flag with a crowned badge

Prime Minister[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Car Flag of the Prime Minister of Australia (Flags of the World).svg  ?–1966 Car Flag of the Prime Minister This (unofficial, though used) variation includes the coat of arms of Australia on the national flag.[1][2]

States and mainland territories[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Australian Capital Territory.svg 1993 Flag of Australian Capital Territory One third blue with the Southern Cross, the other two thirds are yellow with the Coat of Arms of Canberra
Flag of New South Wales.svg 1876 Flag of New South Wales A St George's Cross with four gold stars and a lion in the fly of a British blue ensign
Flag of the Northern Territory.svg 1978 Flag of the Northern Territory One third black with the Southern Cross, the other two thirds are brown with Sturt's Desert Rose, the floral emblem of the Territory
Flag of Queensland.svg 1876[nb 1] Flag of Queensland A light blue Maltese cross with a crown on a white background in the fly of a British blue ensign
Flag of South Australia.svg 1904 Flag of South Australia A piping shrike on a gold background in the fly of a British blue ensign
Flag of Tasmania.svg 1875 Flag of Tasmania A red lion on a white background in the fly of a British blue ensign
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg 1877[nb 1] Flag of Victoria The Southern Cross surmounted by a crown in the fly of a British blue ensign
Flag of Western Australia.svg 1953 Flag of Western Australia A black swan on a gold background in the fly of a British blue ensign
  1. ^ a b The rendition of the crown has changed according to the monarchs' wishes. In c. 1901 it was changed to the Tudor crown, and in 1953 to the St Edwards crown.

Civil ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Civil Ensign of Australia.svg 1909–present Australian Red Ensign A British Red Ensign with the Commonwealth Star at the hoist, and the Southern Cross in the other half
Civil Ensign of Australia 1903-1909.svg 1903–1909 Red Ensign approved by King Edward VII A Red Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half
Civil Ensign of Australia 1901-1903.svg 1901–1903 Red version of winning design A Red Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half
Civil Air Ensign of Australia.svg 1948–present Australian Civil Air Ensign Based on the British Civil Air Ensign, with the addition of the Southern Cross and Commonwealth Star
Civil Air Ensign of Australia (1935-1948).svg 1935–1948 Australian Civil Air Ensign Based on the British Civil Air Ensign, with the addition of the Southern Cross and Commonwealth Star in yellow

Australian Defence Force[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
2000 Australian Defence Force Ensign A tricolour of dark blue (navy); red (army) and light blue (airforce) with the Triservice badge

Royal Australian Navy[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Naval Ensign of Australia.svg 1967–present Australian White Ensign Based on the British White Ensign, a version of the national flag with a white field and the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross in blue
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1911–1967 Royal Australian Navy Ensign St George's Ensign or White Ensign: white field defaced with a thin Cross of Saint George, Union Flag in the first quarter. It was replaced by the Australian White Ensign
Flag of the Australian Navy Board.svg 1920 Flag of the Chief of Navy A fouled anchor on a red-blue background.
2001–present Australian Navy Cadets Ensign A blue ensign with the Australian White Ensign in canton and the badge of the Australian Navy Cadets in the fly

Royal Australian Air Force[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Royal Australian Air Force.svg 1982–present Royal Australian Air Force Ensign The national flag with a light blue field, the Southern Cross tilted and the RAAF roundel (Kangaroo) placed in the lower fly
Ensign of the Royal Australian Air Force 1948-1982.svg 1948–1982 Royal Australian Air Force Ensign The national flag with a light blue field, the Southern Cross tilted and the RAAF roundel placed in the lower fly
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg 1921–1948 Royal Australian Air Force Ensign

Australian Customs and Border Protection Service[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Australian Customs Flag.svg 1988–present Australian Customs Flag Australian Blue Ensign defaced with "CUSTOMS"
Australian Customs Flag 1909-1988.svg 1909–1988 Australian Customs Flag Australian Blue Ensign defaced with "HMC"
Australian Customs Flag 1904-1909.svg 1904–1909 Australian Customs Flag Australian Blue Ensign defaced with "HMC"
Australian Customs Flag 1903-1904.svg 1903–1904 Australian Customs Flag Australian Blue Ensign defaced with "HMC AUSTRALIA"
Australian Customs Flag 1901-1903.svg 1901–1903 Australian Customs Flag Australian Blue Ensign defaced with "HMC AUSTRALIA"

Law Enforcement[edit]

See List of Australian Police flags

External territories[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Christmas Island.svg 2002 Flag of Christmas Island The blue and green diagonal panels represent the sea and the island's vegetation, a small map of the island is included in the centre. The main emblem is a Golden Bosun Bird. The flag was selected from a competition held in 1986 and was approved in 2002.
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg 2004 Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands The flag is green, with a palm tree on a gold disc in the canton, a gold crescent for the Cocos Malay people in the centre of the flag and a gold southern cross in the fly. The flag was designed in 2003 becoming official in 2004.
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg 1980 Flag of Norfolk Island A green field with a white square containing a green Norfolk Island Pine.

Cities and areas[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Brisbane.svg Flag of City of Brisbane
Murray River Flag (Upper).svg 1850s? Upper Murray River Flag (House flag of the Murray River Steam Navigation Co.) Flown by vessels on the upper reaches of the Murray River, predominantly in Victoria. The blue bars are said to represent the four major rivers that form the Murray-Darling River system.
Murray River Flag (Lower).svg 1853? Lower Murray River Flag Flown by vessels on the lower reaches of the Murray River, predominantly in South Australia. The blue bars are said to represent the four major rivers that form the Murray-Darling River system. This flag with dark blue bars is sometimes used in Victoria and NSW.
Flag of Lord Howe Island.svg 1998 Flag of Lord Howe Island, New South Wales (unofficial)
Flag of Melbourne.PNG Flag of Melbourne
 ? 1949 Flag of the City of Perth Saint George's Cross overlaid with the City of Perth Coat of Arms in the centre.[3]
1908 Flag of the City of Sydney

Historical[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Union Flag 1788–1801 Union Flag The Union Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Raised by Captain Arthur Phillip RN on 26 January 1788 at Sydney Cove upon the landing of the First Fleet.
The Bowman Flag 1806 Bowman Flag A white swallow-tail fly, with a crest featuring the Rose of England, the thistle of Scotland and the shamrock of Ireland supported by an emu and kangaroo. The design was an inspiration for Australia’s National Coat of Arms.
Australian Colonial Flag.svg 1823/24–1831 National Colonial Flag for Australia A British White Ensign, featuring four white stars on the red cross
Australian Federation Flag.svg 1830s–1920s Australian Federation Flag A British White Ensign, featuring the cross in blue with five white stars
Van Diemens Land Ensign.svg 1850s–1875 Van Diemen's Land Ensign A British White Ensign, featuring six blue bars
AntiTransportation League Flag.svg 1849–1853 Australasian Anti-Transportation League Flag British Blue Ensign, with yellow Southern Cross and white border, to which branch names were added
Eureka Flag.svg 1854 Eureka Flag The battle flag of the Eureka Stockade featured the five stars of the constellation Crux Australis in white on a white cross and blue field
The Eureka Jack Circa 1854 Eureka Jack A specimen Union Jack, reportedly flown at the 1854 Battle of the Eureka Stockade in Ballarat, Victoria
Australian Honour Flag.svg 1918 Australian Honour Flag

Proposed alternative flags[edit]

Sporting flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg 1908–1912 Flag of the Australasian team at the 1908 and 1912 Olympic Games A Blue Ensign defaced by a white circle containing the British Crown plus a shield containing the Southern Cross.
1983– Boxing Kangaroo flag flown by Australians at sporting events A golden kangaroo wearing boxing gloves on a green field.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ABC Television show "Auction Room", 11 November 2012
  2. ^ Pg 207. Flags of the World, Barraclough, E.M.C., ISBN 978-0-72-322797-7
  3. ^ "History of the Council". City of Perth. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 

See also[edit]