List of Australian penal colonies

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The following is a list of Australian penal colonies that existed from the establishment of European presence in the 1780s and during the nineteenth century. Note that the term colony had referred to settlements and larger land areas at that time.

Colony State Year opened Year closed
Cockatoo Island New South Wales 1839 1869
Rose Hill New South Wales 1788
Sydney Cove New South Wales 1788
Moreton Bay Queensland 1824
Redcliffe Queensland 1823 1824
Maria Island Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) 1825 1851
Port Arthur Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land)
Richmond Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land)
Risdon Cove Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land)
Sarah Island, part of the Macquarie Harbour Penal Station Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) 1822 1833
Saltwater River Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land)
Sullivan's Cove Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land)
Swan River Colony Western Australia 1850 1868
Norfolk Island Other

See also[edit]