List of Austrian Jews

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Austria first became a center of Jewish learning during the 13th century. However, increasing antisemitism led to the expulsion of the Jews in 1669. Following formal readmission in 1848, a sizable Jewish community developed once again, contributing strongly to Austrian culture. By the 1930s, some 300,000 Jews lived in Austria, most of them in Vienna. Following the Anschluss with Nazi Germany, most of the community emigrated or were killed in the Holocaust. The current Austrian Jewish population is 9,000.[1] The following is a list of some prominent Austrian Jews. Here German-speaking Jews from the whole Habsburg Monarchy are listed.

Athletes[edit]

  • Margarete "Grete" Adler, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-meter (m) freestyle relay)[2]
  • Richard Bergmann, Austria/Britain table tennis player, 7x world champion, ITTFHoF
  • Albert Bogen (Albert Bógathy), fencer (saber), Olympic silver
  • Fritzi Burger, figure skater, 2x Olympic silver, 2x World Championship silver
  • Siegfried "Fritz" Flesch, fencer (sabre), Olympic bronze
  • Hans Haas, weightlifter, Olympic champion (lightweight), silver
  • Judith Haspel (born "Judith Deutsch"), Austrian-born Israeli swimmer, held every Austrian women's middle and long distance freestyle record in 1935, refused to represent Austria in 1936 Summer Olympics along with Ruth Langer and Lucie Goldner, protesting Hitler, stating, "I refuse to enter a contest in a land which so shamefully persecutes my people."[3]
  • Dr. Otto Herschmann, fencer (saber), 2-Olympic-silver (in fencing/team sabre and 100-m freestyle); arrested by Nazis, and died in Izbica concentration camp
  • Nickolaus "Mickey" Hirschl, wrestler, 2x Olympic bronze (heavyweight freestyle and Greco-Roman)
  • Felix Kasper, figure skater, Olympic bronze
  • Klara Milch, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)
  • Paul Neumann, swimmer, Olympic champion (500-m freestyle)
  • Fred Oberlander, Austrian, British, and Canadian wrestler; world champion (freestyle heavyweight); Maccabiah champion
  • Felix Pipes, tennis player, Olympic silver (doubles)
  • Maxim Podoprigora, Olympic swimmer
  • Ellen Preis, fencer (foil), 3x world champion (1947, 1949, and 1950), Olympic champion, 17x Austrian champion
  • Otto Scheff (born "Otto Sochaczewsky"), swimmer, Olympic champion (400-m freestyle) and 2x bronze (400-m freestyle, 1,500-m freestyle)
  • Josephine Sticker, swimmer, Olympic bronze (4x100-m freestyle relay)
  • Otto Wahle, Austria/US swimmer, 2x Olympic silver (1,000-m freestyle, 200-m obstacle race) and bronze (400-m freestyle); International Swimming Hall of Fame

Historical figures[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Academic figures[edit]

Lawyers[edit]

  • Fred F. Herzog, the only Jewish judge in Austria between the world wars, he fled to the United States and became the dean of two law schools.

Scientists[edit]

Psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists[edit]

Social and political scientists[edit]

Cultural figures[edit]

Film and stage[edit]

  • Rudolf Bing (1902–1997) opera impresario, General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York from 1950 to 1972[15]
  • Fritz Grünbaum (1880-1941) cabaret artist, operetta and pop song writer, director, actor and master of ceremonies
  • Alber Misak, actor[16]
  • Kurt Kren (1929–1998) experimental filmmaker, director of the avant garde films 8/64: Ana – Aktion Brus, 10/65: Selbstverstümmelung, 10b/65: Silber – Aktion Brus, 16/67: 20. September, and 10c/65: Brus wünscht euch seine Weihnachten (Jewish father)
  • Reggie Nalder (1907-1991) cabaret dancer, stage, film and television actor
  • Joseph Schildkraut (1896-1964) stage and film actor

Musicians[edit]

Composers[edit]

Writers[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Viktor Aptowitzer (July 16, 1871, Tarnopol, Galizien, - December 5, 1942, Jerusalem), Jewish theologian, Talmudist;[25] "two Austrian Jewish scholars - Samuel Krauss and Viktor Aptowitzer"
  • Rudolf Auspitz (July 7, 1837, Vienna - March 8, 1906, Vienna), Austrian politician, entrepreneur (Unternehmer) [26]
  • Joseph Samuel Bloch (November 20, 1850, Dukla, Galizien - October 1, 1923, Vienna), Austrian publicist, politician [27]
  • Ludo Moritz Hartmann, Austrian Jewish historian and statesman [28] " two lay Jews Ludo Moritz Hartmann"
  • Paul Hatvani, exactly Paul Hirsch (August 16, 1892, Vienna - November 9, 1975, Kew, near Melbourne), Austrian Jewish writer, chemist [29] "Paul Hatvani, a German Jewish refugee"

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jewish Population of the World". Jewish Virtual Library. 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  2. ^ The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and the 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. Retrieved December 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Diving into troubled waters", Paul Kalina, The Age, November 24, 2005, Retrieved January 1, 2011
  4. ^ [1] Accessed 8 Feb 2007.
  5. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Linz, Austria, of Jewish parents"
  6. ^ [2] "Growing up in Vienna in a well-to-do Jewish family..." [3] "One of the most brilliant Jewish scientists to be driven from Germany by Nazi persecution..."
  7. ^ [Gresser, Moshe. Dual Allegiance: Freud As a Modern Jew. SUNY Press, 1994, p. 225]
  8. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Vienna of Jewish parentage"
  9. ^ Gay, Miriam. "Reich, Wilhelm." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Eds. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 17. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 198-199. 22 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Thomson Gale.
  10. ^ Jewish Agency for Israel; The Hugo Bergmann family Papers; both accessed 11 March 2007
  11. ^ Biography of Ernest Koliqi, Shkoder.net Authors from Shkodra: "Norbert Jokl (1877-1942), the renowned Austrian Albanologist of Jewish origin" Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  12. ^ JInfo list of economists accessed 17 May 2007
  13. ^ Jewish Chronicle, April 27, 2001 p.34: "he believed that, as a Jew, he was capable of only derivative thought."
  14. ^ Evening Standard (London), 24/5/2004, p15: "Born less than a week apart, Adolf Hitler and the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein attended the institution together. There is a haunting school photograph of the young, complex, Jewish philosopher just one row away from the most evil tyrant of the 20th century."
  15. ^ Bing - [4] Rudolf Bing... had been born a Jew in Vienna"
  16. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0592651/
  17. ^ Evelyne Adler-daughter
  18. ^ Jewish: "Contemporary Review, June, 1999 by Anthony Paterson" [5] "the Nazi ban on his compositions - he was Jewish" Accessed 6 Nov 2006.
    born Moravia: "Composers of Classical Music" [6] "Brull, Ignaz 1846-1907 Moravia, Prossnitz - Austria, Vienna" Accessed 6 November 2006.
  19. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "he described himself as an 'unpious Jew'"
  20. ^ a b Kreisler - [7] "Jascha Heifetz, Fritz Kreisler, Mischa Elman... were all Jews, too"
  21. ^ School of Oriental and African Studies, Newsletter of the Jewish Music Institute "Erwin Schulhoff, a Czech Jew executed by the Nazis..." Accessed 8 Dec 2006.
  22. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 2nd ed., art. "Schulhoff, Julius": "Born in Prague"
  23. ^ Jewish Chronicle, February 16, 2007, p.14: "he carried on as the sole Jewidh conductor of the Kulturbund"
  24. ^ Bach cantatas site "The distinguished Czech-born English conductor" Lake Placid Film Forum "Walter Susskind, a German Jew" Both accessed 4 Jan 2007
  25. ^ "The Penguin Dictionary of Musical Performers", Arthur Jacobs, ISBN 0-14-051160-1, "Under threat as a Jew from Nazi persecution, settled in Britain, 1938."
  26. ^ Korngold Society: "he got thrown out of Vienna because he was Jewish" Jessica Duchen, author of E. Korngold's biography; Korngold Society: "BRNO, where the composer was born"; accessed 6 Feb 2007.
  27. ^ ["Gustav Mahler Dies in Vienna". The New York Times. 18 May 1911. http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/arts/105027769.pdf. Retrieved 1 July 2011. PDF format]
  28. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia, "born at Prague"; accessed 3 Dec 2006.
  29. ^ British Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  30. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed., art. "Blowitz, Henri
  31. ^ Boris Brainin
  32. ^ Fritz Brainin
  33. ^  "FRIEDBERG, BERNARD". Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901–1906. Retrieved Dec/25/13.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  34. ^ [8] "German-Jewish writers: Paul Kornfeld"
  35. ^ The Literary Encyclopedia: "Karl Kraus was born in Jicin (or Gitschin), Czechoslovakia (then a part of Austria-Hungary) into a Jewish family." Accessed 8 Feb 2007.
  36. ^ [9] "Hungarian writer Felix Salten" [10] "Hungarian/Austrian Jewish writer Felix Salten"
  37. ^ [11] "Everyone knows Walt Disney's Bambi. Far fewer know that the author of the original book was the Austrian writer, Felix Salten."
  38. ^ [12] "..Austrian novelist and journalist..."
  39. ^ Odds & Ends, June 1998
  40. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents at Vienna"
  41. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria ... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters ... He was a citizen of Austria-Hungary at his death."
  42. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia "born June 10, 1759, at Prostiebor, near Kladrau, in the district of Pilsen, Bohemia" accessed 8 Feb 2007
  43. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
  44. ^ Bean Barbara, Erdstein Erich (1978). Inside the Fourth Reich : the real story of The boys from Brazil. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 220. ISBN 0-312-41885-X. 
  45. ^ "Simon Wiesenthal Center convicted of defamation by Paris court". European Jewish Press. 13 March 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 

See also[edit]