Ethnographic map of Azerbaijanis in the Caucasus (1995)
Ethongraphic map of Azerbaijanis in Iran
Azerbaijanis or Azeris ( Azerbaijani: ) are a Azərbaycanlılar آذربایجانلیلار, Azərilər آذری لر Turkic people. Azerbaijanis are predominantly Shia Muslims living throughout Caucasus, northern Iran and eastern Turkey. Traditionally, the Azerbaijanis are living in Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia ( Dagestan), Turkey ( Kars, Ardahan and Iğdır) and Georgia ( Borchali).
Below are lists of famous, prominent and notable Azerbaijanis from Azerbaijan,
Iran, Georgia, Russia, Turkey (Anatolia) and other countries. Some Azerbaijanis were born in one country, but gained fame in another. In the list, they are indicated only by place of birth. List also includes people who have at least one parent is of Azerbaijani origin.
Azerbaijan [ edit ]
Abbas Mirza Sharifzadeh — actor, Honoured Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1935).
Aghasadyg Garaybeyli — actor, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1940).
Alasgar Alakbarov — actor, People's Artist of USSR (1961).
Chyuqyurlyamar Mirzimbiklyarev - actor, People's Artist of USSR (1949), in 1958 arrested for zoophilia.
Fakhraddin Manafov — actor.
Hagigat Rzayeva — folk, opera and pop singer and actress, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1943).
Hamida Omarova — actress, Honored Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1988), People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (2005).
Hasan Turabov — actor, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1982).
Huseyn Arablinski — actor.
Leyla Badirbeyli — actress, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1959). [group 1 ]
Lutfali Abdullayev — actor.
Mirza Babayev — Azerbaijani Soviet actor and singer, Honoured Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1956), People's Artist of Azerbaijan (1992). [group 2 ]
Mirzaagha Aliyev — actor, People's Artist of USSR (1949).
Nasiba Zeynalova — actress, Honored Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1960), People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1974).
Robert Hossein — Azerbaijani and Jewish origin French film actor, director and writer.
Azim Azimzade — painter and graphic artist, founder of Azerbaijani satirical graphics, People's Painter of Azerbaijan SSR (1927)
Behruz Kengerli - Azerbaijani painter, graphic artist, one of the first representatives of Azerbaijani visual arts and the founder of realistic easel painting of Azerbaijan.
Boyukagha Mirzazade - prominent Azerbaijani artist, People's Artist of the Azerbaijan SSR (1967)
Maral Rahmanzade - Azerbaijani graphic artist, People's Artist of Azerbaijan (1964), laureate of the State Prize.
Mikail Abdullayev — painter, People's Painter of the USSR (1963)
Mir Mohsun Navvab — poet, artist, music historian, astronomer, carpenter, chemist and mathematician
Sattar Bahlulzadeh — Impressionist painter
Tahir Salahov — painter, People's Painter of Azerbaijan SSR (1963), USSR (1973) and the Russian Federation (1996)
Togrul Narimanbekov — painter, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR, Member of French Academy
Vidadi Narimanbekov — painter, People's Artist of the Azerbaijani SSR
Yusif Huseynov - painter, People's Artist of the Azerbaijani SSR
Authors [ edit ]
Mirza Fatali Akhundov
was a celebrated dramaturgist and philosopher, known as founder of Azerbaijani drama.
Abbas Sahhat — poet and dramatist.
Ahmad Javad — poet. He is best known for composing Azerbaijan's national anthem.
Anar Rzayev — writer.
Ali Karim — poet
Ashig Alasgar — poet
Aliagha Vahid — poet, Honored Art Worker of Azerbaijan SSR (1943)
Chingiz Abdullayev - best-selling detective writer
Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh — poet
Banine — French writer
Elchin Efendiyev — writer
Fizuli — poet
Gurbani — poet
Jafar Jabbarly — writer
Jalil Mammadguluzadeh — satirist and writer
Hamlet Isakhanli — poet, sosial- and science-writer, and scientist (as Hamlet Isayev),
Huseyn Javid — poet and playwright, founder of the progressive romanticism in Azerbaijani literature.
Khurshidbanu Natavan — poetess
Maksud Sheyhzadeh — Uzbek writer, Honored Art Worker of the Uzbek SSR (1964) [1 ]
Mammed Said Ordubadi — writer
Mikayil Mushfig — poet
Mirza Alakbar Sabir — poet
Mirza Fatali Akhundov — writer, educator and philosopher, founder of Azerbaijani drama
Mirza Ibrahimov — writer
Mirza Shafi Vazeh — poet
Molla Panah Vagif — poet and vizier Karabakh Khanate, the founder of realism in Azerbaijani literature
Molla Vali Vidadi — poet
Nabi Khazri — poet
Najaf bey Vazirov — novelist and playwright, theatrical figure, one of the founders of Azerbaijani theater.
Nariman Narimanov — novelist and playwright
Piruz Dilenchi — poet, writer
Qurbani — poet
Rasul Rza — writer, People's Poet of Azerbaijan, Hero of Socialist Labour, Minister of Cinematography of Azerbaijan SSR (1945–1949).
Saib Tabrizi — poet
Suleyman Sani Akhundov — novelist and playwright
Samad Vurgun — poet, Honored Art Worker of Azerbaijan SSR (1943), People's Poet of Azerbaijan SSR (1956).
Seyid Azim Shirvani — poet.
Suleyman Rustam — poet.
Vougar Aslanov — journalist
Businessmen [ edit ]
, a national industrial magnate and philanthropist accompanied by his daughter Leyla and his grandchildren.
Film industry [ edit ]
Rasim Ojagov — film director and operator, Honored Artist of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1964), People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1982).
Rustam Ibragimbekov — soviet and Azerbaijani writer and screenwriter, State Prize Laureate, People's Writer of Azerbaijan, Honored Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1976) and Honored Artist of Russia (1995). [9 ]
Military [ edit ]
Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski
was General of the Russian Cavalry. He was the only Muslim to serve as General-Adjutant of the Russian Emperor.
Ahmadiyya Jabrayilov — activist of French Resistance.
Ali-Agha Shikhlinski (God of Artillery) — Russian Imperial army general, deputy Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Allahverdi Bagirov — National Hero of Azerbaijan.
Avraamy Aslanbegov — vice-admiral and military writer.
Chingiz Babayev — Senior Lieutenant, National Hero of Azerbaijan.
Farrukh Gayibov — the first Azeri military pilot during World War I.
Hazi Aslanov — Soviet army general, twice Hero of the Soviet Union.
Jamshid Nakhichevanski — Russian Imperial, Azerbaijani and Soviet military commander. He rose to the rank of Combrig in the Soviet army.
Javad bey Shikhlinski — Russian, Azerbaijani and Iranian military commander, Maj.-Gen. ru:Шихлинский, Джавад-бек
Israfil Mammadov — the first Azerbajani to be awarded the title of [10 ] Hero of the Soviet Union.
Hasan Najafov — [11 ] Hero of Russia.
Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski — Russian Imperial Cavalry General and General-Adjutant of the Emperor of Russia. He was the only Muslim to serve as General-Adjutant of the Russian Emperor.
Ibrahim bey Usubov — military commander in Russian Imperial Army and Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Maj.-Gen.
Kelbali Khan Nakhichevanski — Russian, Azerbaijani and Iranian military commander, General. ru:Нахичеванский, Келбали Хан Джафаркули Хан оглы
Leyla Mammadbeyova — the first Azerbaijani female aviator and the first female pilot in Southern Europe and the Middle East.
Mehdi Huseynzade — legendary [12 ] guerrilla fighter in Yugoslavia and Italy during World War II, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Riad Ahmadov — National Hero of Azerbaijan.
Sadykh bey Aghabekov — general in the Russian Imperial Army, founder and reformer of Azerbaijani Police, Major General, Orientalist.
Samedbey Mehmandarov — Russian army general, Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Kamancha [ edit ]
Habil Aliyev — kamancha player, who studied in Yerevan State Conservatory. He is first azerbaijanians who played Armenian traditional instrument kamancha.
Composers [ edit ]
Afrasiyab Badalbeyli — composer, conductor and music critic. The author of music and the libretto of the first Azerbaijani Ballet and the first ballet in the Muslim East.
Ella Leya — composer and singer.
Emin Sabitoglu-composer, music editor.
Fikret Amirov — composer, People's Artist of USSR (1965), Hero of Socialist Labor. [13 ]
Franghiz Ali-Zadeh — composer.
Gara Garayev — composer.
Muslim Magomayev — composer, one of the founders of Azerbaijani classical music. He is the grandfather and a namesake of Azerbaijani opera singer Muslim Magomayev.
Rafig Babayev — jazz pianist and composer.
Rauf Hajiyev — composer, People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1964), People's Artist of USSR (1978), Minister of Culture of Azerbaijan SSR (1965–1971).
Tofig Guliyev — composer.
Uzeyir Hajibeyov — composer, conductor, scientist, publicist, playwright, teacher, translator, and social figure. He is the first Muslim author of an opera.
Classical [ edit ]
Bulbul — folk and opera singer (tenor), one of the founders of Azerbaijani national musical theater, People's Artist of USSR (1938).
Dinara Alieva — singer (soprano).
Huseyngulu Sarabski — opera singer (tenor), composer, playwright, actor, producer, musician (TAR), People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1932).
Lutfiyar Imanov — opera singer (dramatic tenor), People's Artist of USSR (1977).
Muslim Magomayev — outstanding Soviet and Russian opera and pop singer (baritone), composer, People's Artist of USSR (1973). [14 ]
Rauf Atakishiyev - Soviet Azerbaijani singer, pianist, singer-soloist, People's Artist of the Azerbaijan SSR (1967), professor (1972).
Shovkat Alakbarova — singer.
Zeynab Khanlarova — singer (soprano), People's Artist of Azerbaijan SSR (1975), People's Artist of USSR (1980).
Popular [ edit ]
Politicians [ edit ]
was People's hero of Azerbaijan, the legendary leader of the Peasant Movement in the Ganja province of Azerbaijan in 1918–1919.
Abulfaz Elchibey — president of Azerbaijan (1992–1993).
Ayaz Mutalibov — First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan SSR (1990), the first president of Azerbaijan (1990–1992).
Dzhafarkuli Khan Nakhchivanski — general Governor proclaimed in 1918 the Republic of Araks. ru:Нахичеванский, Джафаркули Хан Келбали Хан оглы
Gazanfar Musabekov — Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Azerbaijan SSR (1922–1930), Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars ZSFSR (1932–1936), Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of Azerbaijan SSR.
Fatali Khan Khoyski — attorney, member of the Duma of the Russian Empire and later Prime Minister and one of the founding leaders of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Heydar Aliyev — First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan SSR (1969–1982), president of Azerbaijan (1993–2003).
Ilham Aliyev — prime minister of Azerbaijan (2003), president of Azerbaijan (2003–).
Islam Aliyev — party activist, First Secretary of Karakalpakstan regional committee of the CPSU (1933–1937). [group 3 ]
Mammed Amin Rasulzade — statesman, scholar, public figure and one of the founders of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the chairman of the Azerbaijani National Council (1918).
Mehriban Aliyeva — member of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.
Mir Jafar Baghirov (Azerbaijani Stalin) — party activist, head of the Cheka/GPU/OGPU of the Azerbaijan, chairman of People's Commissars of the Azerbaijan SSR (1932–1933), first secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan SSR (1933–1953), Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR (1953); the author of several scholarly books.
Mirza Davud Huseynov — Chairman of the Presidium of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan SSR (1920), People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan SSR (1921), First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Tajik SSR (1930–1933).
Nasib Yusifbeyli — publicist, statesman and one of the founding leaders of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Rasul Guliyev - reformist-democrat, Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan from 1993 to 1996.
Sabit Orujov — Minister of Gas Industry of the USSR (1972–1981).
Sara Khatun - first female diplomat of Azerbaijan.
Vafa Guluzade — diplomat, political scientist and specialist in conflict resolution. He worked as Foreign Policy State Advisor for Azerbaijan President between 1990 and 1999.
Elmar Mammadyarov – Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Azerbaijan Republic (2004–present).
Revolutionaries and leaders of rebellions [ edit ]
Meshadi Azizbekov — revolutionary, of the 26 Baku Commissars; one of the first Azeri-Marxists.
Aina Sultanova — one of the first Azeri women revolutionaries, People's Commissar of Justice of the Azerbaijan SSR; its name is associated with appearance of the first in the East women's magazine "Shark Kadyny" ("Woman of the East"); sister of Gazanfar Musabekov and the wife of Hamid Sultanov. [group 4 ]
Khanlar Safaraliyev — oil field worker, trade unionist and revolutionary Moslem social democrat. In 1907, he helped lead a successful strike at the Baku oil fields
Mir Hasan Vazirov — socialist-revolutionary, of the 26 Baku Commissars.He signed the decree of the Baku CPC confiscation of landed estates and transferring them to the working peasants.
Qatir Mammed — People's hero of Azerbaijan, the legendary leader of the Peasant Movement in the Ganja province of Azerbaijan in 1918–1919. ru:Гатыр Мамед
Scientists [ edit ]
Abbasgulu Annamusbekov — one of co-inventors of Eurasia and America continents. Died on 1815.
Abbasgulu Bakikhanov — historian and writer, founder of Azerbaijani scientific historiography.
Alexander Kazembek [17 ] [18 ] [19 ] — a famous orientalist, historian and philologist. The world-renowned scientist and organizer of Russian Oriental Studies. [20 ]
Arif Salimov — mathematician.
Azad Mirzacanzade — scientist, engineer
Farman Salmanov — geologist who first discovered [21 ] oil fields in Siberia, Hero of Socialist Labor.
Firudin bey Kocharli — a prominent Azerbaijani philologist, writer and literary critic.
Elchin Khalilov — geophysicist, professor, doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences.
Hamlet Isakhanli as Hamlet Isayev — mathematician, science writer, poet, founder of Khazar University.
Kerim Kerimov — rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many years a central figure in the Soviet space program, Hero of Socialist Labor. [22 ]
Lotfi A. Zadeh — mathematician, electrical engineer, computer scientist, founder of the theory of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic. [23 ]
Mirza Adigozal Bey — historian. ru:Мирза Адигезаль-бек
Movlazadeh Mahammad Hasan Shakavi — a noble Azerbaijani religious leader, philosopher, alim and the first Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus and the first scholar who translated Koran into Azerbaijani language.
Yusif Mamedaliyev — chemist, founder of petrochemical science in Azerbaijan.
Nadir Mekhtiev — bio-chemist, professor, doctor of biology. Founder of genetic engineering science in Azerbaijan as well as the Institute of Biotechnology.
Zeynalabdin Shirvani — traveller and geographer.
Yusif Yusifov — prominent Azerbaijani historian, orientalist, linguist, specialist on ancient literature.
Ziya Buniatov — historian, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Sara Ashurbeyli — historian, orientalist.
Farida Mammadova — historian who specialises in the history of ancient Caucasian Albania.
Yusif Kerimov — electrical engineer, inventor.
Gyabrlamish Mamedov — USSR soccer star.
Elnur Mammadli — judoka, Olympic champion.
Karina Aznavourian — Russian épée fencer, olympic Champion (2000, 2004) world champion (2003) and Europe (2004) (Azeri mother). [24 ]
Namig Abdullayev — wrestler, Olympic champion.
Nizami Pashayev — weightlifter, winner of the world and European championships.
Rafael Aghayev — karate competitor, World and European champion.
Ramil Guliyev — sprinter.
Rashad Sadygov — soccer player.
Rasim Başak — Turkish basketball player.
Ali Daei — International football player and coach, world's top scorer in official international competition.
Rovshan Bayramov — wrestler, world champion
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov — chess grandmaster.
Teimour Radjabov — chess grandmaster.
Tofiq Bahramov — the 'Russian' linesman from 1966 World Cup final.
Hossein Rezazadeh — weightlifter, Two times Olympic and four times world and five times Asian champion and worlds strongest man.
Vali Gasimov — former international footballer.
Vugar Gashimov — chess grandmaster.
Zemfira Meftakhetdinova — sport shooter, Olympic champion.
Georgia [ edit ]
Armenia [ edit ]
Other places [ edit ]
Belarus [ edit ]
Estonia [ edit ]
Fuzûlî — poet and thinker. Often considered one of the greatest contributors to the Dîvân tradition of Azerbaijani literature.
Nasimi — poet.
Turkmenistan [ edit ]
Ukraine [ edit ]
United Kingdom [ edit ]
United States [ edit ]
Uzbekistan [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Шейхзаде Максуд".
^ "Араз Агаларов: "Горжусь тем, что я – азербайджанец (in Russian). AZE.Az. 14 December 2007. ""
^ "Известная лондонская газета "The Times" написала об успехах азербайджанской компании" (in Russian). Day.az. 29 ОКТ 2010 г.
^ [0=4239m "[VTB Kazakhstan]"]. VTB Kazakstan . Retrieved 2011-08-12.
^ "Forbes Article" (in eng). Forbes. 29 Mar 2012.
^ "Holding History". Website. 29 Mar 2011.
^ "Вагит Юсуфович Алекперов. Биографическая справка" (in Russian). РИА Новости. 12/03/2009.
^ "Forbes Profile" (in eng). Forbes. 29 Mar 2012.
^ Валерий Кичин (24 January 2007). "Старый князь и новые проблемы" (in Russian). "Российская газета". Я азербайджанец, я люблю свой народ, но большую часть жизни прожил в России.
^ "Мамедов Исрафил Магерам Оглы" (in Russian). Heroes of the country.
^ "Наджафов Гасан Раджаб оглы" (in Russian). Heroes of the country.
^ "Гусейн-заде Мехти Ганифа оглы" (in Russian). Heroes of the country.
^ "Амиров Фикрет Мешади Джамиль оглы" (in Russian). Heroes of the country.
^ Магомаев вернулся в Кремль по приказу Андропова. Российская Газета, Пятница, 16 августа 2002 г, No 153 (3021).
^ СЕВДА БАБАЕВА (28 June 2002). "АМИНА ФИГАРОВА: "БАКУ ВСЕГДА СО МНОЙ. ВЫШКА. "" (Russian) "Вы знаете, я сама чистокровная азербайджанка. Но папа больше похож на иностранца. Они с моим мужем очень похожи. Так, что трудно мне не было."
^ "В духе добрососедских традиций" (in Russian). Российский Исторический Иллюстрированый Журнал "Родина".
^ Robert P. Geraci. Window on the East: National and Imperial Identities in Late Tsarist Russia. (Cornell University Press, 2001), 310. ISBN 0-8014-3422-X, 9780801434228
^ Perhaps the only exception before Katanov was A.K. Kazembek, an Azeri who converted to Christianity and became a professor of Turkic languages at Kazan and then at St. Petersburg. Kazembek has been referred to as the first European Turkologist of Turkic origin. Robert P. Geraci. Window on the East: National and Imperial Identities in Late Tsarist Russia. Cornell University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8014-3422-X, 9780801434228
^ Not a few in the nineteenth century would have accepted this judgment, and might have echoed Mirza Kazem-Bek, the Russified Azerbaijani orientalist, in asking "What European state has such intimate and inherent ties with Asia and Asiatics as does Russia? Andreas Kappeler, Edward Allworth, Gerhard Simon, Georg Brunner. Muslim Communities Reemerge: Historical Perspectives on Nationality, Politics, and Opposition in the Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Duke University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8223-1490-8, ISBN 978-0-8223-1490-5
^ И. Н. Березин, как востоковед, вышел из казанской школы, был учеником… азербайджанца, ираниста А. К. Казембека, который был своеобразной и интересной фигурой. Якубовский А. Ю. Из истории изучения монголов периода XI—XIII вв. — Очерки по истории русского востоковедения. — М., 1953
^ Наталья Лебедева (27 September 2005). "Открытие сибирской нефти как полет Гагарина" (in Russian). "Российская газета".
^ "Керимов Керим Аббас-Алиевич" (in Russian). Heroes of the country.
^ Betty Blair. "Short Biographical Sketch". Azerbaijan International, Winter 1994 (2.4), page 49. Accessed August 19, 2005.
^ "Карина Азнавурян: "Я поехала бы в Баку хоть сейчас"." (in Russian). memo.ru. 2008-02-16.
^ "Знай наших!" (in Russian). Azerbaijani Congress. 20.09.09.
^ "Главой Ленинградского района Калининграда стал президент региональной автономии азербайджанцев" (in Russian). ИА REGNUM. 2009-09-09.
^ "Эстонские депутаты: Почему мы голосовали против антироссийского заявления парламента?" (in Russian). ИА REGNUM. 2008-08-13.
^ "ИНТЕРВЬЮ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА ЭСТОНИИ ТООМАСА ХЕНДРИКА ИЛЬВЕСА ОБЩЕСТВЕННОМУ ТЕЛЕВИДЕНИЮ" (in Russian). Бакинский Рабочий.
^ More Azerbaijanis made it to Ukraine parliament, Azerbaijan Press Agency (December 19, 2007)
^ "Бадирбейли (Джаванширова) Лейла Агалар-кызы". kino-teatr.ru.
^ "Бабаев Мирза Абдулджаббар оглы". kino-teatr.ru.
^ "Алиев Ислам Садык оглы" (in Russian). Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898–1991.
^ "Памятник Айне Султановой". window2baku.com.
^ "Musayev Fəxrəddin Musa oğlu". milliqahraman.az.
^ "Bağırov Tahir Əminağa oğlu". milliqahraman.az.