List of BMW vehicles

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The following is a List of BMW vehicles indexed by year of introduction.

Cars[edit]

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

  • 309 saloon 1934–1936 (a four-cylinder version of the 303)

1940s[edit]

1950s[edit]

  • BMW 502 1954–1964 (V8-engined version of 501)

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

  • BMW 1802 1975–1977 (1.8L engine version of 2002)

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

M coupe 1998–2002 (first-generation M Coupe)

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

BMW X4 2014--present

Concepts and prototypes[edit]

M models[edit]

Main article: BMW M § Lineup

Production series codes[edit]

  • BMW 501 — (1952–1958) 6 cylinder Limousine
  • BMW 502 — (1954–1964) 8 cylinder Limousine
  • BMW 503 — (1956–1959) 8 cylinder Coupe and Cabriolet
  • BMW 507 — (1955–1959) 8 cylinder Roadster
  • BMW 3200 CS — (1956–1959) 8 cylinder Coupe and 1 Cabriolet
  • BMW Typ100 — (1955–1962) Isetta
  • BMW Typ106 — (1957–1959) 600
  • BMW Typ107 — (1959–1965) 700
  • BMW Typ110 - (1961–1964) 700 Cabriolet
  • BMW Typ114 — (1966–1976) 1600-2, 1602-2002TI, 1502
  • BMW Typ115 — (1963–1964) 1500
  • BMW Typ116 — (1964–1966) 1600
  • BMW Typ118 — (1963–1971) 1800-1800TI/SA
  • BMW Typ120 — (1966–1970) New Class Coupe 2000C/CS
  • BMW Typ121 — (1966–1972) 2000-2000tii
  • BMW E3 — (1968–1977) 2.5, 2.8, 3.0, 3.3 "New Six" Sedans
  • BMW E9 — (1969–1975) 2800CS, 3.0CS, 3.0CSL "New Six" Coupes
  • BMW E12
    BMW M535i — (1974–1981) 5 Series Sedan/M535i Sedan
  • BMW E21 — (1976–1983) 3 Series Sedan/Convertible
  • BMW E23 — (1977–1986) 7 Series Sedan
  • BMW E24
    BMW M635i — (1976–1989) 6 Series Coupe/M635i Coupe
  • BMW E26 — (1978–1981) M1 Coupe
  • BMW E28
    BMW M5 E28 — (1981–1987) 5 Series Sedan/M5 Sedan
  • BMW E30
    BMW M3 E30 — (1983–1991) 3 Series Sedan/Coupe/Touring/Convertible/M3 Coupe/Convertible
  • BMW Z1 — (1988–1991) Z1 Roadster
  • BMW E31 — (1989–1999) 8 Series Coupe
  • BMW E32 — (1986–1994) 7 Series Sedan
  • BMW E32 — (1987–1994) 7 Series Sedan long wheelbase
  • BMW E34
    BMW M5 E34 — (1988–1995) 5 Series Sedan/M5 Sedan
  • BMW E34 — (1991–1996) 5 Series Touring
  • BMW E36
    BMW M3 E36 — (1991–1999) 3 Series Coupe/M3 Coupe
  • BMW E36 — (1994–1999) 3 Series Touring
  • BMW E36
    BMW M3 E36 — (1991–1999) 3 Series Sedan/M3 Sedan
  • BMW E36
    BMW M3 E36 — (1993–1999) 3 Series Convertible/M3 Convertible
  • E36/5 — (1994–2000) 3 Series Compact
  • E36/7
    BMW M Roadster E36/7 — (1995–2002) Z3 Roadster/Z3 M Roadster
  • E36/8
    BMW M Coupe E36/8 — (1997–2002) Z3 Coupe/Z3 M Coupe
  • BMW E38 — (1994–2001) 7 Series Sedan
  • BMW E38/2 — (1994–2001) 7 Series Sedan long wheelbase
  • BMW E38/3 — (1998–2001) 7 Series Sedan Protection
  • BMW E39
    BMW M5 E39 — (1995–2003) 5 Series Sedan/M5 Sedan
  • BMW E39/2 — (1996–2003) 5 Series Touring
  • BMW E46
    BMW M3 E46 — (1999–2006) 3 Series Coupe/M3 Coupe
  • BMW E46 — (1999–2006) 3 Series Touring
  • BMW E46 — (1998–2006) 3 Series Sedan
  • BMW E46/5 — (2000–2004) 3 Series Compact
  • BMW E46
    BMW M3 E46 — (1999–2006) 3 Series Convertible/M3 Convertible
  • BMW E52 — (1999–2003) Z8 Roadster
  • BMW E53 — (1999–2006) X5 Sport Activity Vehicle
  • BMW E60
    BMW M5 E60 — (2003–2010) 5 Series Sedan/M5 Sedan
  • BMW E61
    BMW M5 E61 — (2003–2007) 5 Series Touring/M5 Touring
  • BMW E63
    BMW M6 E63 — (2003–2010) 6 Series Coupe/M6 Coupe
  • BMW E64
    BMW M6 E64 — (2003–2010) 6 Series Convertible/M6 Convertible
  • BMW E65 — (2001–2007) 7 Series short wheelbase
  • BMW E66 — (2001–2007) 7 Series long wheelbase
  • BMW E67 — (2001–2007) 7 Series Protection
  • BMW E68 — (2005–2007) Hydrogen 7
  • BMW E70
    BMW X5 M — (2007–2013) X5 Sports Activity Vehicle/X5 M Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW E71
    BMW X6 M — (2008–present) X6 Sports Activity Coupe/X6 M Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW E72 — (2009–2011) X6 Hybrid Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW E81 — (2007–2012) 1 Series Hatchback 3-door
  • BMW E82
    BMW 1M Coupe — (2007–2013) 1 Series Coupe/1M Coupe
  • BMW E83 — (2004–2012) X3 Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW E84 — (2009–present) X1 Compact Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW E85
    BMW M Roadster E85 — (2002–2008) Z4 Roadster/Z4 M Roadster
  • BMW E86
    BMW M Coupe E86 — (2006–2008) Z4 Coupe/Z4 M Coupe
  • BMW E87 — (2004–2011) 1 Series Hatchback 5-door
  • BMW E88 — (2008–2013) 1 Series Convertible
  • BMW E89 — (2009–present) Z4 Roadster
  • BMW E90
    BMW M3 E90 — (2005–2011) 3 Series Sedan/M3 Sedan
  • BMW E91 — (2005–2011) 3 Series Touring
  • BMW E92
    BMW M3 E92 — (2006–2013) 3 Series Coupe/M3 Coupe
  • BMW E93
    BMW M3 E93 — (2007–2013) 3 Series Convertible/M3 Convertible
  • BMW F01 — (2008–present) 7 Series
  • BMW F02 — (2009–present) 7 Series long wheelbase
  • BMW F03 — (2008–present) 7 Series Protection
  • BMW F04 — (2011–present) 7 Series ActiveHybrid
  • BMW F06
    BMW M6 F06 — (2011–present) 6 Series Gran Coupe/M6 Gran Coupe
  • BMW F07 — (2009–present) 5 Series Gran Turismo
  • BMW F10
    BMW M5 F10 — (2011–present) 5 Series Sedan/M5 Sedan
  • BMW F11 — (2012–present) 5 Series Touring
  • BMW F12
    BMW M6 F12 — (2011–present) 6 Series Coupe/M6 Coupe
  • BMW F13
    BMW M6 F13 — (2011–present) 6 Series Convertible/M6 Convertible
  • BMW F15 — (2013–present) X5 Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW F16 — (2014) X6 Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW F18 — (2010–present) 5 Series long wheelbase
  • BMW F20 — (2011–present) 1 Series Hatchback 5-door
  • BMW F21 — (2012–present) 1 Series Hatchback 3-door
  • BMW F22 — (2013–present) 2 Series Coupe
  • BMW F23 — (2014) 2 Series Convertible
  • BMW F25 — (2010–present) X3 Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW F26 — (2014–present) X4 Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW F30 — (2012–present) — 3 Series Sedan
  • BMW F31 — (2012–present) 3 Series Touring
  • BMW F32 — (2013–present) 4 Series Coupe
  • BMW F33 — (2013–present) 4 Series Convertible
  • BMW F34 — (2013–present) 3 Series Gran Turismo
  • BMW F35 — (2012–present) 3 Series long wheelbase
  • BMW F36 — (2014) 4 Series Gran Coupe
  • BMW F45 — (2014) 2 Series Active Tourer
  • BMW F46 — (2014) 2 Series 7 Seat Gran Tourer
  • BMW F47 — (2017) X2 Compact Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW F48 — (2015) X1 Compact Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW F49 — (2015) X1 7 Seat Compact Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW F52 — (2015–present) 1 Series Sedan
  • BMW F80 — (2014–present) M3 Sedan
  • BMW F82 — (2014–present) M4 Coupe
  • BMW F83 — (2014–present) M4 Convertible
  • BMW F85 — (2015) X5 M Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW F86 — (2015) X6 M Sports Activity Coupe
  • BMW F87 — (2015) M2 Coupe
  • BMW G01 — (2017) X3 Sports Activity Vehicle
  • BMW G11 — (2016) 7 Series short wheelbase
  • BMW G12 — (2016) 7 Series long wheelbase
  • BMW G30 — (2016) 5 Series

BMW i[edit]

Main article: BMW i
  • BMW i01 — (2014–present) i3 compact electric city car
  • BMW i12 — (2014–present) i8 electric sports car

Model nomenclature[edit]

Since 1972, BMW model names have generally been a 3 digit number followed by 1, 2 or 3 letters

  • the first digit represents the chassis type (e.g. 3 series, 5 series)
  • the last two digits represent the engine displacement in litres times 10.[7]
  • the letters provide additional information on the model variant (see below).

Commonly used letters at the end of the model name are:

For example, the BMW 760iL is a fuel-injected 7 Series with a long wheelbase and 6.0 liters of displacement. A 318i represents a 3 series with a 1.8 L engine, in this case the "i" means that the engine is fuel-injected. This badge was used for successive generations, E65 and F01.

When 'L' supersedes the series number (e.g. L6, L7, etc.) it identifies the vehicle as a special luxury variant, featuring extended leather and special interior appointments. The L7 is based on the E23 and E38, and the L6 is based on the E24.

When 'X' is capitalized and supersedes the series number (e.g. X3, X5, etc.) it identifies the vehicle as one of BMW's Sports Activity Vehicles (SAV), their brand of crossovers. Predominantly these vehicles feature BMW's xDrive, though both the E84 X1 and the F15 X5 offer rear wheel drive, badged as sDrive vehicles. The second number in the 'X' series denotes the platform that it is based upon, for instance the X5 is derived from the 5 Series. Unlike BMW cars, the SAV's main badge does not denote engine size, the engine is instead indicated on side badges.

The 'Z' identifies the vehicle as a two seat roadster (e.g. Z1, Z3, Z4, etc.). 'M' variants of 'Z' models have the 'M' as a suffix or prefix, depending on country of sale (e.g. 'Z4 M' is 'M Roadster' in Canada).

Previous X & Z vehicles had 'i' or 'si' following the engine displacement number (denoted in liters). BMW is now globally standardizing this nomenclature on X & Z vehicles by using 'sDrive' or 'xDrive' (simply meaning rear or all wheel drive, respectively) followed by two numbers which vaguely represent the vehicle's engine (e.g. Z4 sDrive35i is a rear wheel drive Z4 roadster with a 3.0 L twin-turbo fuel-injected engine).[8]

The 's' code has meant different things at different times. The E30 325iS was an options pack for the 325i, however the E30/E36 318iS models used different engines to E30/E36 318i models. The 's' code was dropped in 1999 after the 325tds model (the last use in North America was for the 1995 325is). However, the 's' code was revived on the 2011 model year BMW 335is and BMW Z4 sDrive35is. The 335is has a more powerful engine, sports options and an optional dual clutch transmission that slots between the regular 335i and top-of-the-line M3.[9][10]

The 'M' – for Motorsport – identifies the vehicle as a high-performance model of a particular series (e.g. M3, M5, M6, etc.). For example, the M6 is the highest performing vehicle in the 6 Series lineup. Although 'M' cars should be separated into their respective series platforms, it is very common to see 'M' cars grouped together as its own lineup on the official BMW website.

A similar nomenclature is used by BMW Motorrad for their motorcycles.

Exceptions[edit]

There are exceptions to the numbering nomenclature,[11] most commonly relating to SUV models, turbocharged engines and differing specification despite the same engine capacity.

SUV models
The M versions of the X5 M and X6 M, could not follow the regular naming convention, since "MX5" was used for Mazda's MX-5 Miata and MX-6.

Turbocharged engines
The 2008 BMW 335i and 535i also have 3.0-liter engine; however the engines are twin-turbocharged (N54) which is not identified by the nomenclature. Nonetheless the '35' indicates a more powerful engine than previous '30' models that have the naturally aspirated N52 engine. The 2011 BMW 740i and 335is share the same twin-turbo 3.0 N54 engine, although the badging is not consistent ('40' and 's'). Due to the move to turbocharged engines, the 2009 750i has a 4.4 L turbocharged engine, compared with a 4.8 L naturally-aspirated engine for the 2006 750i.

Due to the increased use of turbocharging recently, it will become increasingly common for the last two digits to not represent the engine capacity (for example the F30 328i uses a turbocharged 2.0-litre engine).

Different specification levels but same engine capacity
In the 2008 model year, the BMW 125i, 128i, 328i, and 528i all had 3.0 naturally aspirated engines (N52), not a 2,500 cc or 2,800 cc engine as the series designation number would lead one to believe. The '28' is to denote a detuned engine in the 2008 cars, compared to the 2006 model year '30' vehicles (330i and 530i) whose 3.0 L naturally aspirated engines are from the same N52 family but had more output.

A similar situation occurred with the E36/E46 323i and E39 523i models. These models all used 2.5-litre engines. However, the previous 325i and 525i models were higher in the model range than their replacements, therefore the replacements were called 323i and 523i (which also provided a bigger gap to the future 328i and 528i models). BMW has not produced a 2.3-litre gasoline engine since the early 1990s.

The opposite situation occurred with the 1996 E36 318i, since it used a 1.9 L engine (M44) as opposed to the 1.8 L (M42) used in the 1992 to 1995 models. This was done to avoid changing the model code for the base model (i.e. otherwise consumers would need to be taught that the base model was now called 319i).

Another example of an exception is the 1980s 325e and 525e models. These cars actually used 2.7-litre engines (which were tuned for fuel economy rather than power).

Gallery[edit]

Motorcycles[edit]

BMW Motorrad has produced motorcycles bearing the BMW name since the introduction of the BMW R32 in 1923. Prior to that date it produced engines for other manufacturers' motorcycles.

Present day[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewin, Tony (2004), The Complete Book Of BMW: Every Model Since 1950, MotorBooks International, p. 307, ISBN 978-0-7603-1951-2, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  2. ^ Zoellter, Juergen (June 2009), BMW E1 Concept - Car News; Electric Car, Take Two., Car and Driver, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  3. ^ Concept Cars; Diminutive BMW, Popular Science (Bonnier Corporation) 243 (1), July 1993: 37, ISSN 0161-7370, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  4. ^ a b BMW-Zukunft der Vergangenheit, de:Motor Klassik (in German) (de:Motor Presse Stuttgart), 18 April 2011, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  5. ^ BMW Just 4/2, Popular Science (Bonnier Corporation) 248 (1), January 1996: 14, ISSN 0161-7370, retrieved 2011-04-28 
  6. ^ Greg Migliore (2008-06-10). "Future vision? BMW reveals fabric-skinned concept after six years". www.autoweek.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  7. ^ W.P. BMW Group Canada Inc. http://www.bmw.ca
  8. ^ FAQ from the BMW Z4 Press Conference, as reported by BMWBLOG, May 8, 2009. http://www.bmwblog.com/2009/05/08/faq-from-the-recent-bmw-press-conference
  9. ^ "Preview: 2011 BMW 335is Coupe - Posted Driving". Network.nationalpost.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  10. ^ Cunningham, Wayne (2010-07-13). "2011 BMW 335is (photos) - CNET Reviews". Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  11. ^ Carver, Robert. BMW San Antonio. BMW Information http://www.mrbimmer.com/bmw.information