List of Baltimore Orioles (19th century) managers
The Baltimore Orioles were a 19th-century Major League Baseball team that played in Baltimore, Maryland. They played in the American Association when it was considered a major league from 1882 through 1891 and in the National League from 1892 through 1899. During their history, the 19th century Baltimore Orioles employed six managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.
The Orioles first manager was their shortstop, Henry Myers. Myers managed the team for only one season, 1882, and led them to a record of 19 wins and 54 losses, for a winning percentage of .260. In 1883, Myers was replaced by Billy Barnie, who managed the team throughout the remainder of its time in the American Association, through 1891. Barnie managed the Orioles to a record of 470 wins and 548 lossess, for a .462 winning percentage. The 1050 games Barnie managed were the most in Orioles' history, and the 548 games he lost were also the most in Orioles' history.
In 1892, the Orioles joined the National League and outfielder George Van Haltren became the team's manager. Van Haltren lasted only eleven games as manager, winning just one. Van Haltren's winning percentage of .091 is the lowest in Orioles' history. He was by John Waltz, who won just two of the eight games he managed. The third manager the Orioles employed in 1892 was outfielder Ned Hanlon. Hanlon managed the team through the 1898 season, leading the Orioles to three consecutive National League pennants in 1894, 1895 and 1896. In all, Hanlon managed the team for 946 games, winning 555, the most in Orioles history. His .601 winning percentage is also the highest of any Orioles manager.
In 1899, Hanlon became the manager of the Brooklyn Superbas, and third baseman John McGraw replaced him. McGraw managed the team to a 4th place finish in 1899 with a record of 86 wins and 62 losses, after which the team was disbanded. Both McGraw and Hanlon were eventually elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
||A running total of the number of Orioles managers. Any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.|
||Number of regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games|
||Number of regular season wins in games managed|
||Number of regular season losses in games managed|
||Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed|
||Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs|
||Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs|
||Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs|
||League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager|
||World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager|
||Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame|
|1||Myers, HenryHenry Myers||1882||74||19||54||.260||—||—||—||—||—|||
|2||Barnie, BillyBilly Barnie||1883–1891||1050||470||548||.462||—||—||—||—||—|||
|3||Van Haltren, GeorgeGeorge Van Haltren||1892||11||1||10||.091||—||—||—||—||—|||
|4||Waltz, JohnJohn Waltz||1892||8||2||6||.250||—||—||—||—||—|||
|5||Hanlon, NedNed Hanlon||1892–1898||946||555||369||.601||—||—||—||3||—|||
|6||McGraw, JohnJohn McGraw||1899||152||86||62||.581||—||—||—||—||—|||
- "Baltimore Orioles Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Baltimore Orioles Managerial Register". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-393-06681-4.
- "Henry Myers Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Billy Barnie Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "John Waltz Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Ned Hanlon Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "John McGraw Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Members of the Baseball Hall of Fame and their Year of Induction". The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2009-08-02.[dead link]
- "George Van Haltren Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-02.