List of Baltimore Orioles no-hitters

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The Baltimore Orioles are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Baltimore, Maryland. They play in the American League East division. Also known in their early years as the “Milwaukee Brewers” (1901) and St. Louis Browns” (1902–53)[1] pitchers for the Orioles have thrown nine no-hitters in franchise history.[2] A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4] A no-hitter is rare enough that only one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a] No perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been thrown in Orioles history.[5] As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

Earl Hamilton threw the first no-hitter in Orioles history on August 30, 1912; the most recent no-hitter was a combined effort by Bob Milacki, Mike Flanagan, Mark Williamson and Gregg Olson on July 13, 1991.[5] No-hitters have been thrown by four left-handed starting pitchers and five right-handers. Seven no-hitters were thrown at home and two on the road. There have been two no-hitters in April, three in May, one in July, two in August, and one in September. The longest interval between no-hitters was 36 years from May 6, 1917 (Bob Groom) to May 6, 1953 (Bobo Holloman). The shortest interval was one day, May 5, 1917 (Ernie Koob) to May 6, 1917 (Groom).[5] The franchise no-hit the Oakland Athletics (formerly “Philadelphian Athletics”) the most, three times, by Holloman in 1953, Jim Palmer in 1969, and a combined no-hitter by Milacki, Flanagan, Williamson, and Olson in 1991. In two no-hitters, the team allowed at least one run: by Hamilton in 1912 (which was a loss) and a combined no-hitter by Steve Barber and Stu Miller in 1967. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was a combined no-no by Barber and Miller, who allowed 14 in a 2–1 loss to the Detroit Tigers in 1967. Of the nine no-hitters, two have been won by a score of 1–0 and two by a score of 6–0, more common than any other result. The largest margin of victory was a 8–0 win by Palmer in 1969. The smallest margin of victory was a 1–0 wins by Koob in 1917 and Hoyt Wilhelm in 1958.

The umpire is an integral part of any no-hitter. The umpire makes any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[6] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[6] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.[7] Eight different umpires presided over each of the franchise's nine no-hitters.

The manager is another integral part of a no-hitter. For every game, the manager determines the starting rotation (who pitches in each game) as well as the batting order and defensive lineup.[8] A manager's decisions can contribute to a no-hitter.[citation needed] Seven different managers have led to the franchise's nine no-hitters.

List of no-hitters in Orioles history[edit]

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
1 August 30, 1912 Hamilton, EarlEarl Hamilton£ 5–1 5 @ Detroit Tigers Schreck, OsseeOssee Schreck O'Loughlin, SilkSilk O'Loughlin Stovall, GeorgeGeorge Stovall
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First no-hitter on the road in franchise history
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • First franchise's no-hitter while allowing a run
[9]
2 May 5, 1917 Koob, ErnieErnie Koob£ 1–0 3 Chicago White Sox Severeid, HankHank Severeid (1) Nallin, DickDick Nallin (1) Jones, FielderFielder Jones (1)
  • First no-hitter at home in franchise history
[10]
3 May 6, 1917 Groom, BobBob Groom 3–0 1 Chicago White Sox Severeid, HankHank Severeid (2) Nallin, DickDick Nallin (2) Jones, FielderFielder Jones (2)
  • The same teams, in the same park, on the next day as the previous no-hitter, but the second game of a doubleheader. The White Sox went on to win the 1917 World Series—to date, the only time a team won a World Series after being no-hit twice in the same season.
  • First right-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
[10]
4 May 6, 1953 Holloman, BoboBobo Holloman 6–0 5 Philadelphian Athletics Moss, LesLes Moss Duffy, JimJim Duffy Marrion, MartyMarty Marrion
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
  • Longest interval between franchise's no-hitter
  • Only pitcher in modern history, and in American League history, to throw a no-hitter in first major-league start.
[11]
5 September 20, 1958 Wilhelm, HoytHoyt Wilhelm* 1–0 2 New York Yankees Triandos, GusGus Triandos Paparella, JoeJoe Paparella Richards, PaulPaul Richards
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
  • Wilhelm had pitched exclusively in relief prior to this season; this was only his ninth career start
  • Latest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
[12]
6 April 30, 1967 Barber, SteveSteve Barber£ (823 IP)
Stu Miller (13 IP)
1–2 14 Detroit Tigers Etchebarren, AndyAndy Etchebarren Valentine, BillBill Valentine Bauer, HankHank Bauer (1)
  • First game of a doubleheader
  • 9-inning home loss
  • Most baserunners allowed in a franchise's no-hitter
  • The Tigers scored both runs in the ninth and final inning on walks, a wild pitch and an error.
[13]
7 April 27, 1968 Phoebus, TomTom Phoebus£ 6–0 3 Boston Red Sox Blefary, CurtCurt Blefary Umont, FrankFrank Umont Bauer, HankHank Bauer (2)
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter (tie)
  • Shortest interval between franchise's no-hitters
  • Earliest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
[14]
8 August 13, 1969 Palmer, JimJim Palmer* 8–0 8 Oakland Athletics Hendricks, EllieEllie Hendricks DiMuro, LouLou DiMuro Weaver, EarlEarl Weaver [15]
9 July 13, 1991 Milacki, BobBob Milacki (6 IP)
Mike Flanagan£ (1 IP)
Mark Williamson (1 IP)
Gregg Olson (1 IP)
2–0 4 @ Oakland Athletics Hoiles, ChrisChris Hoiles Meriwether, ChuckChuck Meriwether Oates, JohnnyJohnny Oates
  • Most recent no-hitter in franchise history
[16]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  • a The only team without a no-hitter in franchise history is the San Diego Padres.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baltimore Orioles Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Baltimore Orioles Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Baltimore Orioles on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  7. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Manager". Wikipedia. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  9. ^ "1912 Browns season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "1917 Browns season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  11. ^ "May 6, 1953 Philadelphian Athletics at St. Louis Browns Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  12. ^ "September 20, 1958 New York Yankees at Baltimore Orioles Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  13. ^ "April 30, 1967 Detroit Tigers at Baltimore Orioles Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  14. ^ "April 27, 1968 Boston Red Sox at Baltimore Orioles Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  15. ^ "August 13, 1969 Oakland Athletics at Baltimore Orioles Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  16. ^ "July 13, 1991 Baltimore Orioles at Oakland Athletics Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 27, 2010. 

External links[edit]