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Listed below are notable people who are either citizens of Bangladesh, born in the region of what is now Bangladesh, or of Bangladeshi origin living abroad (such as British Bangladeshis or Bangladeshi Americans). For brevity, people who fall into more than one category are listed in only one of them. For further information, see Bangladeshi people.
Principals of Bengal's Independence Wars and Movements
British Colonial Period
Martyrs of the Bengali Language Movement 1952
- Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani.
- Tajuddin Ahmed, first Prime Minister of Bangladesh, War of Independence.
- Colonel-in-Chief Muhammad Ataul Ghani Osmany, Commander-in-Chief, Bangladesh Forces, War of Independence, 1971.(Later promoted to General)
- Major Ziaur Rahman, Declarer War of Independence of Bangladesh, 26 March 1971. BDF Sector Commander Sector 1(April~May) and Central Sector - Sector 11 (June – October 10, 1971) and Z-Force Commander.
- Major Khaled Musharraf, BDF Commander Sector 2, Commander K-Force
- Squadron Leader M. Hamidullah Khan, Bangladesh Government Chief Representative - Chakulia (Bihar) Guerilla Trng. Camp, BDF Sub-sector commander - Mankarchar (Sector 11), BDF Commander - Sector 11 (November 2 – February 14, 1972)
- Major Nazmul Huq, Commander Sector 7 (till August 1971)
- Major M.A. Manzur, Commander Sector 8
- Major K.M Shafiullah, S Force Commander
- Major Abu Taher, sub-sector commander - Mahendraganj (HQ 11), Interim Commander Sector 11 (October 10 – November 2, 1971)
Scientists, engineers and science educators
- Fazlur Rahman Khan was a structural engineer and architect.
- Mohammad Ataul Karim, Bangladeshi American scientist.
- Muzharul Islam, first Bangladeshi architect.
- Mir Masoom Ali, Professor of Statistics Emeritus
- Jawed Karim, co creater of YouTube and designed anti fraud system of PayPal.
- Khandkar Manwar Hossain, Statistician and founder of the Department of Statistics in Rajshahi University.
- Azizul Haque, pioneered the mathematical formula for Henry Classification System of fingerprinting.
- Saleemul Huq, awarded the Burtoni Award for contribution to climate change adaptation.
- Abul Hussam, awarded the 2007 Grainger Challenge Prize for Sustainability
- Aref Chowdhury, Bell Labs scientist and recipient of the MIT TR100 Award
- Muhammed Zafar Iqbal, Scientist and science writer
- Jamal Nazrul Islam, physicist and mathematician.
- Nizamuddin 'Leepu' Awila, car engineer
- Abdullah Al Muti, scientist and science writer
- M. A. Naser, Pioneer in engineering education in Bangladesh.
- Maqsudul Alam, Scientist and Professor, achieved Three milestones in genomics - sequencing the genomes of Papaya, Rubber plants and Jute.
- SM Faruque, microbiologist and scientist, researcher on Vibrio cholerae which causes Cholera.
- Salman Khan (educator), Founder of Khan Academy
- A. K. M. Fazle Hussain is director of the Institute of Fluid Dynamics & Turbulence at the University of Houston
- Amit Chakma, the tenth president of the University of Western Ontario
- Khondkar Siddique-e-Rabbani, a biomedical physicist
Arts, culture, and literature
- Abdul Hakim, medieval poet
- Abul Kashem, architect and educationist
- Ahmed Sofa, writer
- Akhteruzzaman Elias, novelist and short story writer
- Alaol, medieval poet
- Abul Hussain, poet
- Al Mahmud, poet
- Arunabh Sarkar, poet
- Begum Rokeya, writer
- Bibi Russell, model and fashion designer
- Hason Raja, mystic poet
- Humayun Ahmed, novelist and former professor of Chemistry, Dhaka University
- Humayun Azad, writer and former professor of Bengali, Dhaka University
- Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, poet, essayist, translator and editor
- Jahanara Imam, writer and activist
- Jasimuddin, poet
- Kazi Nazrul Islam, national poet of Bangladesh
- Lalon Shah, mystic poet
- Manzoor Alam Beg, photographer and author
- Muhammad Shahidullah, Bengali educationist, writer and linguist.
- Muhammed Zafar Iqbal, writer and educator
- Munier Chowdhury, educator, dramatist and intellectual killed in 1971 Liberation War of Bangladesh
- Monica Ali, author of Brick Lane
- Mazharul Islam, architect, political activist
- Quamrul Hassan, artist
- Rafiq Azad, Poet
- Rashid Askari, writer, fictionist, columnist, and academic
- Rudra Muhammad Shahidullah,poet
- Shahidul Alam, photographer
- Shahriyar Kabir, author and journalist
- Shahidullah Kaiser, educator, novelist and intellectual killed in 1971 Liberation War of Bangladesh
- Shahabuddin Nagari, poet, writer and singer
- Shoaib Gibran, poet, writer and academician
- Shamsur Rahman, poet
- Sikdar Aminul Haq, poet
- Syed Jahangir, free-lance artist of Bangladesh
- Syed Mujtaba Ali, Bengali author, academician, scholar and linguist.
- SM Sultan, Painter
- Tahmima Anam, novelist and winner of the 2008 Commonwealth Writers' Prize.
- Zainul Abedin, painter
- Zillur Rahman John, mime and pantomime artist
Social Reformers and Leaders
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Music, film and television
- Abdur Razzak, actor, director
- Afshan Azad - Actress, cast member of the movie series of Harry Potter
- Asaduzzaman Noor, actor, politician and member of parliament
- Azam Khan, singer
- Ayub Bachchu Singer & Guitarist
- Bobita, film actress
- Humayun Faridi, TV, stage, and film actor
- Khan Ataur Rahman,film director
- Konnie Huq, UK television presenter
- Manna, film actor
- Montazur Rahman Akbar, film director, producer
- Mosharraf Karim, actor.
- Minhazur Rahman Nayan, film actor, writer, director, producer
- Mumzy Stranger Singer/Producer/Dancer/Rapper
- Nina Hossain - UK News presenter
- Rezaur Rahman, producer of the television program "Ain Adalat", Barrister & Solicitor, Human Rights Activists.
- Runa Laila, singer
- Ron Mustafaa, Hollywood TV actor, most recently on MTV Skins
- Sabina Yasmin, singer
- Shakib Khan, film actor
- Shabnam, film actress
- Shahnaz Rahmatullah, singer
- Shefali Chowdhury, She plays Harry Potter's Yule Ball date in Goblet of Fire
- Shomi Patwary, designer and director
- Sumita Devi, film and television actress
- Tanvir Mokammel, film director
- Tareque Masud, film director
- Tasmin Lucia Khan - Entertainment and news presenter for the BBC
- Waheedul Haq, Tagore song specialist and Journalist.
- Zahir Raihan, film director.
- Zahid Hasan, actor and director.
Media and journalism
- Mainul Hosein, Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Daily Ittefaq
- Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury, Editor of the Weekly Prekkhit, Former Adviser to the President of Bangladesh and Minister of State and President of Overseas Correspondents' Association Bangladesh (OCAB).
- Mahfuz Anam, Editor of the Daily Star.
- Matiur Rahman, Editor of Daily Prothom Alo, winner of Ramon Magsaysay Award for journalism.
- Kazi Shamsul Hoque, Journalist
- Lenin Gani, Journalist, winner of the Best Sports Report in 2001 by Dhaka Reporters Unity
- Mahbub Jamal Zahedi, former Editor of the Khaleej Times, assistant-editor of Dawn, and founder-editor of The Agatya.
- Salah Choudhury, Writer, peace activist and journalist
- Shykh Seraj, Director of News Channel i, Agriculture Development Activist, Winner of FAO A.H. Boerma Award, Ekushey Padak, etc.
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
- A. K. Fazlul Huq, Chief Minister of East Bengal, Governor of East Pakistan
- Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah - Was first to propose the creation of the All India Muslim League
- Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1956 until 1957; founder of Awami League
- Khawaja Nazimuddin, second Governor-General of Pakistan, and the second Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Muhammad Ali Bogra, Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1953 until 1955
- Tajuddin Ahmed, first Prime Minister of Bangladesh
- Maulana Bhashani, politician of 1970s
- Ziaur Rahman, president 1977–1981, founder of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)
- Hussain Mohammed Ershad, CMLA & later President from 1982 to 1991; Leader of Jatiya Party
- Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister, 1991–1996; 2001–2006
- Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister, 1996–2001, 2009–present
- Shahabuddin Ahmed, former president.
- A.Q.M. Badruddoza Chowdhury, former President; Leader of Bikalpa Dhara
- Hamidul Huq Choudhury, Foreign Minister of Pakistan from 1954 until 1956.
- Altaf Husain, minister of Commerce and Industry of Pakistan from 1965 to 1968.
- A.B.M. Mohiuddin Chowdhury- Member of the Chowdhury Family
- Abdus Samad Azad, former Foreign Minister 1996–2001
- Abdul Jolil
- Tofail Ahmed
- Ghulam Azam, Islamist politician, former leader of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, accused for war crime for his role in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War
- Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry- Acting President of Pakistan, Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan, President of Muslim league, accused for war crime for his role in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War
- Salauddin Quader Chowdhury- former Minister, accused for war crime for his role in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, son of Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry
- Motiya Chowdhury
- Moudud Ahmed
- Morshed Khan, former Foreign Minister
- Mirza Ghulam Hafiz
- Shah Azizur Rahman
- Saber Hossain Chowdhury
- Tareq Rahman, Senior vice president of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), son of Begum Khaleda Zia and Ziaur Rahman
- Suranjit Sengupta
Heads of Government
- A. K. Fazlul Huq, presented the Lahore Resolution of 1940 that established Muslim League's demand for a homeland for Muslims, Pakistan
- Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1956 until 1957; founder of Awami League
- Tajuddin Ahmed, (by Appointment and Oath) Prime Minister, 1971–1972
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Chairman of the Awami League 1966–1974 and Prime Minister 72~74, Chairman of BAKSAL and President January 1975– August 15, 1975
- Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad, President, August 15, 1975 – November 3, 1975
- Ziaur Rahman, Chief Martial Law Administrator (CMLA) (under National State of Emergency) (November 7, 1975 – 1977) & President, 1977–1981 (Assassinated May 30)
- Hussain Mohammed Ershad, by (India supported Military Coup) Chief Martial Law Administrator (CMLA) 1982–1985 and self declared President (1985–1990 December 6)
- Begum Khaleda Zia, (elected) Prime Minister; 1991–1996, 1996-1996 & 2001–2006
- Sheikh Hasina; (elected) Prime Minister, 1996–2001, 2009–13
- A.F.Salahuddin Ahmed, historian
- Anu Muhammad
- Rehman Sobhan, economist
- Dr. Kamal Hossain, lawyer and politician, civil-rights activist
- Muzaffar Ahmed, economist
- Nasreen Pervin Huq, women's rights activist
- Munir Chowdhury
- Sardar Fazlul Karim
- Panna Kaiser, author, novelist, member of parliament, wife of Shahidullah Kaiser
- Roquia Sakhawat Hussain, prolific writer, feminist, social worker
- Prof. Syed Modasser Ali, ophthalmologist
- M S Khan, librarian and pioneer of library science in Bangladesh
Government Officials and Diplomats
- Akbar Ali Khan, Bangladeshi economic historian and educationist who was a civil servant until 2001, Finance Ministry Adviser (Minister) of Caretaker government of Bangladesh.
- Ayub Quadri, retired bureaucrat was an adviser for the ministries of Education and Cultural Affairs to Caretaker government of Bangladesh.
- A. H. M. Moniruzzaman a career diplomat belonging to the Bangladesh Foreign Service, was the head of Bangladesh Mission to the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland.
- Kamal Uddin Siddiqui, senior lecturer at the Monash University, a political economist and social scientist and a bureaucrat from Bangladesh.
- Anwar Chowdhury, British High Commissioner to Dhaka, first non-White Briton to hold a senior diplomatic post.
Noted diplomats/heads of major organizations
- Brojen Das - Swimmer: first Asian to swim across the English Channel and the first person to cross it four times