List of Bavarian consorts

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There have been three kinds of Bavarian consorts in history, Duchesses, Electresses and Queens. Most consorts listed are Duchesses. The first ever consort of Bavaria was Waldrada in the 6th century. The final consort was Maria Theresia of Austria-Este in 1913.

The longest serving House was the Wittelsbach Dynasty, who played a major role in Bavarian History. During the medieval period under the Wittelsbach Dynasty, Bavaria was split into two parts, Upper and Lower Bavaria. This meant that there may have been more than one Duchess of Bavaria at the same time, due to messy inheritance among heirs. Three of the break-away Wittelsbach families were: Landshut, Munich and Ingolstadt.

Since 555 there have been 99 Bavarian consorts: 78 duchesses, 11 queens, 10 electresses and one margravine. The number doesn't add up because Elizabeth of Lorraine and Caroline of Baden, held two titles. There was a few consort that married twice usually their brother-in-laws. It was common for the ruler of Bavaria to have more than one wife. His wives may have died childless or they divorced, because the marriage was childless. Most of the marriages were to make a treaty with the family of the consort.

Ducal Bavaria[edit]

Agilolfing Dynasty
Image Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Corona ferrea.png Waldrada of the Lombards Wacho, King of the Lombards
(Lethings)
c. 531 c. 556 c. 572 Garibald I
No names of Bavarian duchesses are mention during until 610.
Geila of Friuli
[1]
Gisulf II, Duke of Friuli  ?  ? c. 610
husband's accession
c. 625/630
husband's death
 ? Garibald II
Bavarian duchesses or dukes for a half of a century after Garibald II is not very clear until Folchiade of Salzeburg.
Fara of Bavaria
[2]
A King of the Lombards  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Theodo I
Gleisnod de Friuli
[3]
 ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Folchiade of Salzeburg  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Theodo II
Regintrude of Austrasia Dagobert I, King of the Franks?
(Merovingians)?
c. 660-665  ?  ? c. 716
husband's death
c. 730–740
 ? c. 716
husband's accession
c. 719
husband's death
Theodbert
Waldrada
[4]
 ?  ?  ? c. 716
husband's accession
c. 719
husband's death
 ? Theobald
Biltrude
[4]
 ?  ?  ? c. 716
husband's accession
c. 719
husband's death
 ?
Waldrada
[5]
 ?  ?  ? c. 716
husband's accession
c. 719
husband's death
 ? Tassilo II
Imma of Alamannia  ?  ?  ? c. 716
husband's accession
c. 719
husband's death
c. 750
Biltrude
[5][6]
 ?  ? somewhere after 719 c. 725
husband's accession as Duke of All Bavaria
after 725 Grimoald
Hiltrud of the Franks Charles Martel, Duke and Prince of the Franks
(Carolingians)
c. 715/720 c. 741 18 January 748
husband's death
c. 754 Odilo
Unnamed mother of his two sons  ?  ? 753
husband usurped power
753
husband lost power
 ?  ? Grifo
Corona ferrea.png Liutperga of the Lombards Desiderius, King of the Lombards c. 715/720 before 770 c. 788
husband and herself deposed and enter monastery
c. 793 Tassilo III
Carolingian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Consort
Ceased to
be Consort
Died Husband
Fastrada of Franconia
[7][8]
Raoul III of Franconia c. 765 c. 784
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks and co-Queen consort the Lombards
c. 788 husband became ruler of Bavaria
10 October 794 Charlemagne,
Emperor and King of the Franks
Luitgard of Sundgau
[7][8]
Luitfrid II, Count of Sundgau
(Etichonids)
c. 776 c. 794
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks and co-Queen consort the Lombards
4 June 800
Ermengarde of Hesbaye
[7][9][8]
Ingerman, Count of Hesbaye
(Robertians)
c. 778 c. 794/5 c. 813
as Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of the Franks
c. 817
as senior Holy Roman Empress
c. 817
son became king of Bavaria
3 October 818 Louis the Pious,
Emperor and King of the Franks
Emma of Altdorf
[10]
Welf, Count of Altorf
(Elder Welfs)
c. 808 c. 827
as Queen consort of Bavaria
August 843
as Queen consort of the East Franks
31 January 876 Louis the German,
King of the East Franks and Bavaria
Luitgarda.jpg Liutgard of Saxony
[10][11]
Liudolf, Duke of the Eastern Saxons
(Liudolfings)
c. 845 29 November 874 28 August 876
as Queen consort of Saxony
29 September 880
as Queen consort of Bavaria
20 January 882
husband's death
17 November 885 Louis the Younger,
King of Saxony and Bavaria
Saint Richardis (fragment of The Ordeal by Fire by Dierec Bouts the Older).jpg Richardis of Swabia
[8][10][9][12][13]
Erchanger, Count of the Nordgau
(Ahalolfings)
c. 840 c. 862 29 November 874
as Queen consort of Alemannia
12 February 881
as Holy Roman Empress
20 January 882
as Queen consort of the East Franks
12 December 884
as Queen consort of the West Franks
17 November 887
husband's desposition
18 September, between 894 and 896 Charles the Fat,
Emperor and King of the Franks
Ota of Neustria
[8][10][9]
Berengar I of Neustria
(Conradines)
c. 874 c. 888 c. 888
as Queen consort of the East Franks
22 February 896
as Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of Italy
8 December 899
husband's death
899-903 Arnulf of Carinthia,
Emperor and King of the East Franks
Luitpolding Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Consort
Ceased to
be Consort
Died Husband
Cunigunde of Swabia Berthold I, Count Palatine of Swabia
(Ahalolfings)
c. 870/880  ?  ?
as Margravine of Bavaria
4 July 907
husband's death
 ? Luitpold
Judith of Friuli Saint Eberhard, Duke of Friuli
(Unruochings)
c. 888 c. 910 14 July 937
husband's death
 ? Arnulf
Biltrude
[14]
 ?  ?  ? c. 938
husband's accession
23 November 947
husband's death
 ? Berthold
Ottonian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Judith of Bavaria Arnulf
(Luitpoldings)
c. 925  ? 23 November 947
husband's accession
1 November 955
husband's death
June soon after 985 Henry I
Gisela of Burgundy
[4]
Conrad I of Burgundy
(Elder Welfs)
before 952 before 972 c. 976
husband's desposition
21 July 1006 Henry II
Luitpolding Dynasty
Ottonian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Gisela of Burgundy
[5]
Conrad I of Burgundy
(Elder Welfs)
before 952 before 972 c. 985
husband's restoration
28 August 995
husband's death
21 July 1006 Henry II
Kunigunde.png Saint Cunigunde of Luxembourg
[8][9][15]
Siegfried, Count of Luxembourg
(Elder Luxembourg)
c. 975 c. 1000 c. 1004
Bavaria given to Henry V
3 March 1040 Henry IV
Luxembourg Dynasty
Salian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Gunhilda.jpg Gunhilda Knutsdotter of Denmark
[15]
Knut the Great
(Denmark)
c. 975 May 1035/1036 18 July 1038 Henry VI
Luxembourg Dynasty
Ezzonian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Judith of Schweinfurt Otto III, Duke of Swabia  ?  ? c. 1053
Bavaria given to Henry V
c. 1104 Conrad I
Salian Dynasty
Northeim Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Richenza of Swabia
[16]
Otto II, Duke of Swabia
(Ezzonids)
c. 1020/1025 c. 1050 c. 1061
Bavaria granted to husband
c. 1070
Bavaria taken from husband
c. 1083 Otto of Nordheim
Welf Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Ethelinde of Northeim Otto of Nordheim
(Northeim)
c. 1160 c. 1062 c. 1070  ? Welf I
Judita welf4.jpg Judith of Flanders
[4]
Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders
(Flanders)
c. 1030 c. 1071 May 1077
Bavaria deprived from husband
5 March 1094
Salian Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Bertha of Savoy, Holy Roman Empress.jpg Bertha of Savoy
[8][9][15]
Otto, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
21 September 1051 13 July 1066 1077
Bavaria taken back from Welf I
27 December 1087 Henry VIII
Eupraxia Vsevolovna of Kiev
[8][9]
Vsevolod I, Grand Prince of Kiev
(Rurikids)
c. 1071 14 August 1089 c. 1096
Bavaria given to Welf I
20 July 1109
Welf Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Judita welf4.jpg Judith of Flanders
[5]
Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders
(Flanders)
c. 1030 c. 1071 c. 1096
Bavaria recovered by husband
5 March 1094 Welf I
Matilda of Tuscany.jpg Matilda of Canossa
[17]
Boniface III, Margrave of Tuscany
(Canossa)
c. 1046 c. 1089 6 November 1101
husband's accession
24 July 1115 Welf II
Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria.jpg Wulfhilde of Saxony Magnus, Duke of Saxony
(Billung)
c. 1075 c. 1095/1100 c. 1120
husband's accession
early 1126
husband abdicated as duke and retired to Weingarten Abbey
29 December 1126 Henry IX
Gertruda.jpg Gertrude of Süpplingenburg
[18][19][20]
Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Süpplingenburg)
18 April 1115 29 May 1127 20 October 1139
husband's death
18 April 1143 Henry X
Babenberg Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Consort
Ceased to
be Consort
Died Husband
Maria of Bohemia
[21]
Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia
(Přemyslids)
c. 1024/25 28 September 1138 c. 1139
Bavaria granted to husband
18 October 1141
husband's death
c. 1160 Leopold I
Gertrud und Theodora Komnena.PNG Gertrude of Süpplingenburg
[21]
Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Süpplingenburg)
18 April 1115 1 May 1142 18 April 1143 Henry XI
Theodora Komnene
[21][22]
Sebastokrator Andronikos Komnenos
(Komnenos)
- 1148 17 September 1156
Privilegium Minus
2 January 1184
Welf Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband
Clemenza of Zähringen 2.jpg Clementia of Zähringen
[18][20]
Conrad, Duke of Zähringen
(Zähringen)
- 1148/49 17 September 1156
Privilegium Minus
1162
divorce
1148/49 Henry XII
Matylda.jpg Matilda of England
[18][20]
Henry II of England
(Plantagenet)
June 1156 1 February 1168 1180
husband lost the duchy'
28 June 1189
Wittelsbach Dynasty
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Consort
Ceased to
be Consort
Died Husband
Agnes of Loon Louis I, Count of Loon
(Loon)
c. 1150 c. 1157/1169 16 September 1180
Bavaria given to husband
11 July 1183
husband's death
26 March 1191 Otto I Wittelsbach
Ludmilaof Bohemia.jpg Ludmilla of Bohemia
[23]
Frederick, Duke of Bohemia
(Přemyslids)
1170 October 1204 15 September 1231
husband's death
14 August 1240 Louis I
Agnes od Otty.jpg Agnes of the Palatinate
[23]
Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine
(Welf)
c. 1201 May 1222 15 September 1231
husband's accession
29 November 1253
husband's death
16 November 1267 Otto II Wittelsbach
Bavaria partitioned into Upper and Lower Bavaria.
Alex K Kingdom of Hungary.svg Elizabeth of Hungary Béla IV of Hungary
(Árpád)
c. 1236 c. 1250 29 November 1253
husband's accession
24 October 1271 Henry XIII
(Lower Bavaria)
MarieBrabantska.jpg Maria of Brabant
[23]
Henry II, Duke of Brabant
(Leuven)
1226 2 August 1254 18 January 1256 Louis II
(Upper Bavaria)
Hlohov.jpg Anna of Glogau
[23]
Konrad I, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
(Piast)
1250/52 24 August 1260 25 June 1271
Matilda of Habsburg, Duchess of Bavaria.jpg Matilda of Habsburg
[23]
Rudolph I of Germany
(Habsburg)
1252 24 October 1273 2 February 1294
husband's death
23 December 1304
Blason Lorraine.svg Isabelle of Lorraine Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine
(Metz)
 ? c. 1287 3 February 1290
husband's accession
9 October 1296
husband's death
c. 1335 Louis III
(Lower Bavaria)
POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg Jutta of Schweidnitz Bolko I, Duke of Jawor and Świdnica
(Piast)
c. 1285/87 c. 1297/99 10 December 1310
husband's death
15 September 1320 Stephen I
(Lower Bavaria)
POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg Agnes of Glogau Henry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
(Piast)
c. 1293/96 18 May 1309 9 November 1312
husband's death
25 December 1361 Otto III
(Lower Bavaria)
Nassau Arms.svg Mechtild of Nassau
[23]
Adolf of Germany
(Nassau)
before 1280 1 September 1294 c. 1317
husband's desposition
19 June 1323 Rudolf I
(Upper Bavaria)
Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau.jpg Beatrix of Świdnica
[23][24][15]
Bolko I, Duke of Jawor and Świdnica
(Piast)
1290/2 14 October 1308/11
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
25 August 1322 Louis IV
(United Bavaria)
Marguerite II de Hainaut.png Margaret of Holland
[15][23][8][9]
William I, Count of Hainaut
(Avesnes)
1311 26 February 1324
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
20 December 1340
as Duchess consort of Lower Bavaria
January 1341
as Duchess consort of All Bavaria
11 October 1347
husband's death
23 June 1356
Jülich-Herzogtum.PNG Richardis of Jülich Gerhard V of Jülich
(Jülich)
c. 1314 c. 1330 14 December 1334
husband's death
c. 1360 Otto IV
(Lower Bavaria)
Armoiries Comtes de Luxembourg.svg Margaret of Bohemia John I of Bohemia
(Luxembourg)
8 July 1313 2 August 1328 1 September 1339
husband's death
11 July 1341 Henry XIV
(Lower Bavaria)
Counts of Habsburg Arms.svg Anna of Austria Frederick I, Duke of Austria
(Habsburg)
c. 1318 c. 1326-1328 18 June 1333
husband's death
14/15 December 1343 Henry XV
(Upper Bavaria)
Bavaria reunited in 1341 under Louis IV. It passed to his six sons in this state, in 1347, until it was repartitioned into Upper and Lower Bavaria with each brother co-ruling with each other, in 1349.
Margarethe Tirol.jpg Margarete Maultasch
[24]
Henry of Bohemia
(Meinhardiner)
c. 1318 10 February 1342 11 October 1347
as Duchess consort of Bavaria
c. 1349
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
18 September 1361
husband's death
3 October 1369 Louis V
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
Aragon-Sicily Arms.svg Elisabeth of Sicily Frederick III of Sicily
(Barcelona)
c. 1310 27 June 1328 11 October 1347
as Duchess consort of Bavaria
c. 1349
as Duchess consort of Lower Bavaria
c. 1349 Stephen II
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
Wappen von Nürnberg.svg Margarete of Nuremberg John II, Burgrave of Nuremberg
(Hohenzollern)
c. 1315 14 February 1359
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
13 January 1363
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
13 May 1375
husband's death
19 September 1377
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Cunigunde of Poland
[24][25]
Casimir III of Poland
(Piast)
c. 1334 1 January 1352 11 October 1347
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
26 April 1357 Louis VI
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
Armoiries Mecklembourg-Schwerin.svg Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
[25]
Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
c. 1340 15 February 1360
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
17 May 1365
husband's death
25 July 1395
Arms of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster.svg Maud of Lancaster
[26][27][28]
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
(Plantagenet)
4 April 1339 c. 1352
as Duchess consort of Lower Bavaria
c. 1353
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
10 April 1362 William I
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg Margaret of Legnica-Brzeg
[26][27][28]
Ludwik I, Duke of Legnica-Brzeg
(Piast)
c. 1342/1343 after 19 July 1353
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
February 1386 Albert I
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
Armoiries Clèves-Marck.svg Margaret of Cleves
[26][27][28]
Adolph I, Count of Cleves
(De la Marck)
c. 1375 c. 1394
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
13 December 1404
husband's death
14 May 1411
KatkaLuc Stephansdom.jpg Katharine of Bohemia Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
(Luxembourg)
19 August 1342 19 March 1366
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
13 May 1375
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
15 November 1379
husband's death
26 April 1395 Otto V
(Bavaria and 2nd Partition)
Counts of Habsburg Arms.svg Margaret of Austria
[29]
Albert II, Duke of Austria
(Habsburg)
c. 1346 4 September 1359 18 September 1361
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria
13 January 1363
husband's death
14 January 1366 Meinhard
(Upper Bavaria)
Grafschaft Görz.svg Katharina of Görz Meinhard VI, Count of Görz
(Görz)
c. 1346 c. 1372 13 May 1375
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
c. 1391 John II
(Bavaria-Munich)
Neuffen-wappen.png Anna of Neuffen Berthold VII of Neuffen
(Neuffen)
 ? 16 May 1360 13 May 1375
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
c. 1381 Frederick
(Bavaria-Landshut)
Armoirie Duché de Milan.png Maddalena Visconti Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
(Visconti)
c. 1366 2 September 1381
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
4 December 1393
husband's death
17 July 1404
Armoirie Duché de Milan.png Taddea Visconti Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
(Visconti)
c. 1352 13 October 1364/12 August 1367 13 May 1375
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
c. 1392
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
28 September 1381 Stephen III
(Bavaria-Ingolstadt)
Armoiries Clèves-Marck.svg Elisabeth of Cleves Adolph I, Count of Cleves
(De la Marck)
c. 1378 16 January 1401
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
26 September 1413
husband's death
c. 1424
Counts of Habsburg Arms.svg Margaret of Austria Albert IV, Duke of Austria
(Habsburg)
26 June 1395 25 November 1412
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
1 May 1447
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
24 December 1447 Henry XVI
(Bavaria-Landshut)
Armoiries Clèves-Marck.svg Margaret of Cleves Adolph I, Duke of Cleves
(De la Marck)
23 February 1416 11 May 1433
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Straubing
12 September 1435
husband's death
20 May 1444 William III
(Bavaria-Munich)
Armoirie Duché de Milan.png Elisabetta Visconti Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
(Visconti)
c. 1374 26 January 1395 c. 1397
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Munich
c. 1429
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
2 February 1432 Ernest
(Bavaria-Munich)
Blason fr Bourgogne.svg Margaret of Burgundy
[26][27][28]
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
(Valois-Burgundy)
October 1374 12 April 1385 13 December 1404
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
31 May 1417
husband's death
8 March 1441 William II
(Bavaria-Straubing)
Catherine d’Alençon mini.jpg Catherine of Alençon Peter II, Count of Alençon
(Valois-Alençon)
c. 1396 1 October 1413
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
c. 1443
husband's imprisonment
1 May 1447
husband's death
25 June 1462 Louis VII
(Bavaria-Ingolstadt)
Armoiries Luxembourg-Goerlitz.svg Elisabeth of Görlitz
[26][27][28]
John of Görlitz
(Luxembourg)
November 1390 10 March 1418
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing
6 January 1425
husband's death
2 August 1451 John III
(Bavaria-Straubing)
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
(Brunswick-Grubenhagen)
c. 1414/20 22 January 1437 2 July 1438
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Munich
29 February 1460
husband's death
c. 1474 Albert III
(Bavaria-Munich)
Brandenburg Wappen.svg Margaret of Brandenburg Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
c. 1410 20 July 1441 c. 1443
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
7 April 1445
husband's death
27 July 1465 Louis VIII
(Bavaria-Ingolstadt)
AmaliaSaBaRo.JPG Amalia of Saxony Frederick II, Elector of Saxony
(Wettin)
4 April 1436 21 March 1452
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
18 January 1479
husband's death
19 October 1501 Louis IX
(Bavaria-Landshut)
Jadwiga Jagiellonka.JPG Jadwiga Jagiellonca Casimir IV Jagiellon
(Jagiellon)
21 September 1457 14 November 1475 18 January 1479
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Landshut
18 February 1502 George
(Bavaria-Landshut)
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Husband

Duchy of Bavaria[edit]

Further information: Duchy of Bavaria
Picture Image Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Husband
Kunigunde-Bavaria.JPG Kunigunde of Austria Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
16 March 1465 3 January 1487
as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Munich
1 December 1503
as Duchess consort of All Bavaria
18 March 1508
husband's death
6 August 1520 Albert IV
Maria Jakobaea von Baden - Beham.jpg Marie of Baden-Sponheim Philip I, Margrave of Baden
(Baden)
25 June 1507 5 October 1522 7 March 1550
husband's death
16 November 1580 William IV
Jakob Seisenegger 002.jpg Anne of Austria Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
7 July 1528 4 July 1546 7 March 1550
husband's accession
24 October 1579
husband's death
16 October 1590 Albert V
WilhelmRenata.jpg Renata of Lorraine Francis I, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
20 April 1544 22 February 1568 24 October 1579
husband's accession
15 October 1597
husband's abdication
22 May 1602 William V
Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria and Elisabeth Renée of Lorraine by an unknown artist.png Elisabeth of Lorraine Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
9 October 1574 6 February 1595 15 October 1597
husband's accession
23 February 1623
elevated to Electress
4 January 1635 Maximilian I
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

Electorate of Bavaria[edit]

Further information: Electorate of Bavaria
Image Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Husband
Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria and Elisabeth Renée of Lorraine by an unknown artist.png Elisabeth of Lorraine Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
9 October 1574 6 February 1595 23 February 1623
elevation from Duchess
4 January 1635 Maximilian I
Joachim von Sandrart 008.jpg Maria Anna of Austria Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
13 January 1610 15 July 1635 27 September 1651
husband's death
25 September 1665
1636 Adelheid.png Henriette Adelaide of Savoy Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
6 November 1636 8 December 1650 27 September 1651
husband's accession
13 June 1676 Ferdinand Maria
Benjamin von Block 002.jpg Maria Antonia of Austria Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
18 January 1669 15 July 1685 24 December 1692 Maximilian II Emanuel
Troy Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska.jpg Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
[30][31]
John III Sobieski, King of Poland
(Sobieski)
4 March 1676 2 January 1695 26 February 1726
husband's death
10 March 1730
Maria AmaliaBayern.jpg Maria Amalia of Austria
[8][9][15][32]
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
22 October 1701 5 October 1722 26 February 1726
husband's accession
20 January 1745
husband's death
11 December 1756 Charles Albert
Maria Anna of Saxony.JPG Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
29 August 1728 9 July 1747 30 December 1777
husband's death
17 February 1797 Maximilian III Joseph
Kurfüstin Elisabeth Auguste am Spinett.jpg Elisabeth Augusta of the Palatinate-Sulzbach
[33][34][35][36][37][38]
Joseph Charles, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
(Wittelsbach)
17 January 1721 17 January 1742 30 December 1777
husband's accession
17 August 1794 Charles Theodore
Maria Leopoldine of Austria Este with sons.jpeg Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este
[33][34][35][36][38][37]
Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria-Este
(Austria-Este)
10 December 1776 15 February 1795 16 February 1799
husband's death
23 June 1848
1776 Karoliine.jpg Caroline of Baden
[34][36][37][39]
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(Baden)
13 July 1776 9 March 1797 16 February 1799
husband's accession
1 January 1806
elevated to Queen
13 November 1841 Maximilian IV Joseph
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Electress Ceased to be Electress Death Spouse

Kingdom of Bavaria[edit]

Further information: Kingdom of Bavaria
Crown of queens of Bavaria, Schatzkammer, Residenz, Munich

Note: All Frankish queens in the Ducal Bavaria section were also Queens consorts of Bavaria not Duchess consorts of Bavaria.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Husband
Karoline Königin von Bayern.jpg Caroline of Baden
[36][37][39]
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
(Baden)
13 July 1776 9 March 1797 1 January 1806
elevated from Electress
13 October 1825
'husband's death
13 November 1841 Maximilian I Joseph
Theresesahibubayern.JPG Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
(Saxe-Hildburghausen)
8 July 1792 12 October 1810 13 October 1825
husband's accession
20 March 1848
husband's abdication
26 October 1854 Louis I
Marie of prussia queen of bavaria.jpg Marie of Prussia Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
(Hohenzollern)
15 October 1825 12 October 1842 20 March 1848
husband's accession
10 March 1864
husband's death
17 May 1889 Maximilian II
MariaTheresiaAustriaEste.jpg Maria Theresia of Austria-Este Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria-Este
(Austria-Este)
2 July 1849 20 February 1868 5 November 1913
husband's accession
7 November 1918
husband's desposition
3 February 1919 Louis III
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Queen
Ceased to
be Queen
Died Husband

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It isn't certain if the wife of Garibald II was Gelia or her sister, Appa; both were daughters of Gisulf II, but one married a King of the Alemmania and the other the Prince of the Bavaria (aka Garibald II). It isn't certain who married who but Gelia's name is the more commonly recognized of the two.
  2. ^ Mother of Theodo II, and is also the name of a Bavarian duke before Theodo I.
  3. ^ Mother of Lantpert
  4. ^ a b c d 1st time.
  5. ^ a b c d 2nd time.
  6. ^ Grimoald had married his brother's widow, and by canon law this was incest. Corbinian promptly denounced the duke, who had already repented and relapsed. His anger was now raised and Corbinian had to flee.
  7. ^ a b c Also Queen consort of the Franks.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Also Queen consort of Italy.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Also Holy Roman Empress.
  10. ^ a b c d Also Queen consort of the East Franks.
  11. ^ Also Queen consort of Saxony.
  12. ^ Also Queen consort of Alemannia
  13. ^ Also Queen consort of the West Franks.
  14. ^ Also Duchess consort of Carinthia.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Also German Queen or Queen of the Romans.
  16. ^ Also Countess consort of Northeim
  17. ^ Her status as Duchess consort is questionable, as her marriage to Welf II may have ended in 1095, six years prior to his accession but a divorce was never mentioned ro have occurred.
  18. ^ a b c Also Duchess consort of Saxony.
  19. ^ Also Margravine consort of Tuscany.
  20. ^ a b c Also Consort of Brunswick and Lüneburg.
  21. ^ a b c Also Margravine consort of Austria.
  22. ^ Also Duchess consort of Austria.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h Also Countess Palatine of the Rhine.
  24. ^ a b c Also Margrave consorts of Brandenburg.
  25. ^ a b Also Electress consorts of Brandenburg.
  26. ^ a b c d e Also Countess consorts of Hainaut.
  27. ^ a b c d e Also Countess consorts of Holland.
  28. ^ a b c d e Also Countess consorts of Zeeland.
  29. ^ Also Countess consort of Tyrol.
  30. ^ Also Duchess consort of Luxembourg.
  31. ^ Also Marquise consort of Namur.
  32. ^ Also Queen consort of Bohemia.
  33. ^ a b Also consort Countess Palatine of Sulzbach.
  34. ^ a b c Also Electress Palatine of the Rhine.
  35. ^ a b Also consort Countess Palatine of Neuburg.
  36. ^ a b c d Also Duchess consort of Jülich.
  37. ^ a b c d Also Duchess consort of Berg.
  38. ^ a b Also Marquise consort of Bergen op Zoom.
  39. ^ a b Also Duchess consort of Zweibrücken.