List of Benedictine monasteries in France

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This is a list of Benedictine monasteries, extant and non-extant, in the present territory of France. It includes both monks and nuns following the Rule of St. Benedict, excluding the Cistercians, for whom see List of Cistercian monasteries in France. Some monasteries however belonged at various times in their histories to both the Benedictines and the Cistercians.

At different times these religious houses have formed various orders, congregations or groups, of which the main ones, as far as French monasteries are concerned, are the following:

The dates in brackets indicate the start and end dates of an abbey's status as a Benedictine monastery, which are not necessarily the same as the dates of its foundation or suppression. All religious houses in France were suppressed during the French Revolution, most of them in 1791. Some communities were revived, and many more new ones established, during the 19th century, but were forced to leave France by anti-clerical legislation during the 1880s (principally the Ferry Laws), and again in the first decades of the 20th century under the Association Act, 1901 (the Waldeck-Rousseau Law).

Abbeys and independent priories currently in operation are indicated by bold type.

Dependent priories are not generally noted in this list, except for a few unusually significant ones.


A[edit]

Saint-Germain d'Auxerre

B[edit]

Brantôme Abbey
Baume Abbey
Bec Abbey
St. Cross Abbey, Bordeaux

C[edit]

La Chaise-Dieu Abbey
Conques Abbey
Corbie Abbey

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

Fécamp Abbey

G[edit]

Gaillac Abbey
Gigny Abbey (Jura)

H[edit]

Hambye Abbey

I[edit]

J[edit]

Jumièges Abbey

K[edit]

Abbey of St Anne, Kergonan

L[edit]

Landévennec Abbey

M[edit]

Marmoutier Abbey
Moissac Abbey
Meymac Abbey
Mont Saint-Michel Abbey
Murbach Abbey

N[edit]

Nouaillé-Maupertuis Abbey

O[edit]

P[edit]

Preuilly Abbey

Q[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

Abbey of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte
Abbey of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe
Saint-Sever Abbey
Abbaye aux Dames, Saintes
Abbey of Saint-Michel-en-Thiérache

T[edit]

U[edit]

  • Abbey of St. Scholastica, Urt (Abbaye de Saint-Scholastique d'Urt), nuns (Urt, Pyrénées-Atlantiques)
  • Uzerche Abbey (Abbaye Saint-Pierre d'Uzerche), monks, Diocese of Limoges (Uzerche, Corrèze)

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

  • Yerres Abbey (Abbaye Notre-Dame d'Yerres), nuns, Diocese of Paris (?-1792) (Yerres, Essonne)
  • Yzeure Abbey (Abbaye d'Yzeure), nuns (Yzeure, Allier)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The English Congregation returned to England because of the French Revolution and now forms part of the Benedictine Confederation
  2. ^ Ainay Abbey website
  3. ^ the precursor of Alet Cathedral)
  4. ^ Website of the Cultural Encounter Centre, Ambronay
  5. ^ formerly sometimes Andlaw
  6. ^ Diocese of Séez website: Argentan Abbey
  7. ^ Asnières Abbey website
  8. ^ Ministère de la Culture: L'Abbaye Saint-Germain d'Auxerre
  9. ^ Le Barroux Abbey website
  10. ^ Bassac Abbey website
  11. ^ Bec Abbey website
  12. ^ Bellaigue Abbey website
  13. ^ 950-1136: Benedictine priory; 1136-37: Benedictine abbey; 1137-1791: Cistercian abbey; 2000- Benedictine abbey)
  14. ^ Belloc Abbey website
  15. ^ Blesle municipal website: Blesle Abbey
  16. ^ formerly Saint-Martin-au-Val
  17. ^ Gallic Orthodox Church website: Bois-Aubry Abbey
  18. ^ Boscherville Abbey website
  19. ^ Encyclopédie de Bourges website: St. Sulpicius' Abbey, Bourges
  20. ^ Bourgueil Abbey website
  21. ^ see also Kerbeneat; Filles du Calvaire, Calvairiennes or Benedictines of Our Lady of Calvary; see also Kerbénéat
  22. ^ a b English Benedictine nuns in exile
  23. ^ historically this was a priory, not an abbey, but the description, attached to the present ensemble of buildings, has become well-established
  24. ^ La Chaise-Dieu Abbey website
  25. ^ Chantelle Abbey website
  26. ^ Château-Chalon village website
  27. ^ Clairval Abbey website
  28. ^ Crespin municipal website: Crespin Abbey
  29. ^ Cuxa Abbey website
  30. ^ En-Calcat Abbey website
  31. ^ Fleury Abbey website
  32. ^ Fontdouce Abbey website
  33. ^ raised to a bishopric in 1742: see Diocese of Saint-Claude
  34. ^ Friends of Guîtres Abbey website
  35. ^ Camaldolese from 1680
  36. ^ Abbey website
  37. ^ Daughters of Calvary (Filles du Calvaire); moved here from Landereau, and transferred to Bouzy-la-Forêt
  38. ^ Website of the Abbey of St. Anne, Kergonan
  39. ^ sometimes La Grasse Abbey
  40. ^ St. Vincent's Abbey website
  41. ^ At first a Benedictine priory, later a house of secular canonesses from the Auvergnat nobility. Raised to the status of abbey in 1719
  42. ^ Diocese of Coutances website: Lessay Abbey
  43. ^ Ligugé Abbey website
  44. ^ secularised in 1535
  45. ^ Abbey of St. Peter, Le Mans: website
  46. ^ Marmoutier Abbey website
  47. ^ a b Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes website
  48. ^ Maumont Abbey website
  49. ^ Maylis Abbey website
  50. ^ Mont Saint-Michel Abbey website
  51. ^ Montceau Abbey website
  52. ^ Commune of Nouaillé-Maupertuis website: Nouaillé Abbey
  53. ^ DIocese of Pamiers website: Le Pesquié Abbey
  54. ^ Pontlevoy Abbey website
  55. ^ Preuilly-sur-Claise municipal website: Preuilly Abbey
  56. ^ Randol Abbey website
  57. ^ joined to the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris in 1641
  58. ^ joined to the Archbishopric of Reims in 1696
  59. ^ Benedictines of the Holy Sacrament; nunnery founded in 1862
  60. ^ Abbey of Saint-Amant-de-Boixe website
  61. ^ often inaccurately called Saint-André de Sorède
  62. ^ Diocese of Poitiers website: St. Cross Abbey, Saint-Benoît
  63. ^ Saint-Jacut Abbey website
  64. ^ Abbey of St. Lioba website
  65. ^ later secular canonesses
  66. ^ Abbey of Saint-Michel-en-Thiérache website
  67. ^ Saint-Omer town website: Abbey of St. Bertin, Saint-Omer
  68. ^ or Generest, Génerez, Générez, Géneres, or Génerès
  69. ^ united with the bishopric in 1778
  70. ^ Abbey of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe website
  71. ^ Site de l'Abbaye aux Dames de Saintes
  72. ^ raised to a bishopric in 1318
  73. ^ Solesmes Abbey website
  74. ^ Sorèze Abbey and School website
  75. ^ mother house of the Tironensian Order
  76. ^ Benedictine from 850 to 1073
  77. ^ Tournay Abbey website
  78. ^ Val-de-Grâce webpage
  79. ^ The town was known as Charenton-Saint-Maurice until 1842. The community of nuns was moved here after 1685 from Val-d'Osne in Osne-le-Val, Haute-Marne, to re-settle the site of a destroyed Protestant church
  80. ^ Valognes Abbey website
  81. ^ the original buildings became a hospital, which they remain; the abbey was re-established in 1810 in the former convent of the Capuchins, which was vacant by then
  82. ^ Venière Abbey website
  83. ^ Verneuil Abbey website
  84. ^ Website of the Abbey of St. Paul Abbey, Wisques

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gallia Christiana
  • Gaussin, Pierre-Roger, nd: Les cohortes du Christ, Ouest-France
  • Gazeau, Véronique, 2007: Normannia monastica, princes normands et abbés bénédictins. Prosopograpie des abbés bénédictins (2 vols). Publications du CRAHM. ISBN 978-2-902685-38-7
  • Laffont, Robert, nd: Dictionnaire des églises de France, Belgique, Luxembourg, Suisse (Tome II-B)
  • Le Bras, G., Hourlier, J., Cocheril, M., 1979: Les ordres religieux, la vie et l'art. Tome 1: Monastères et communautés ; Les Bénédictins ; Les Cisterciens ; Les Chartreux ; Les ordres militaires. Flammarion: Paris. ISBN 2-08-010028-9
  • Schmitz, Philibert, 1942: Histoire de l'ordre de Saint-Benoît (2 vols). Maredsous: Les Éditions de Maredsous

External links[edit]