List of Billboard number-one rap singles of the 1980s and 1990s

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
On a brightly-lit stage, an African-American man wearing an orange baseball cap, glasses and a blue shirt raps into a microphone.
With nine number-one hits attained in the 1980s and 1990s, LL Cool J emerged as one of the most successful artists on the Billboard rap chart.

Hot Rap Songs is a record chart published by the music industry magazine Billboard which ranks the most popular hip hop songs in the United States. With hip hop having greatly increased in mainstream popularity in the late 1980s, Billboard introduced the chart in their March 11, 1989 issue under the name Hot Rap Singles.[1][2] Prior to the addition of the chart, hip hop music had been profiled in the magazine's "The Rhythm & the Blues" column and disco-related sections, while some rap records made appearances on the related Hot Black Singles chart.[3] The inaugural number-one single on Hot Rap Singles was "Self Destruction" by the Stop the Violence Movement.[4] From its 1989 inception until 2001, the chart was based solely on each single's weekly sales.[5] To formulate chart rankings, Billboard assembled a panel of selected record stores to provide reports of each week's top-selling singles.[6]

Between 1989 and 1999, 173 singles topped the Hot Rap Singles chart, with "Hot Boyz" by Missy Elliott featuring Nas, Eve and Q-Tip being the final number-one single of the 1990s.[7] The single's 18-week reign at the top spot extended into the next decade, and it holds the record for the most weeks at number one in the chart's history.[8] LL Cool J and Puff Daddy each attained nine number-one hits on the Hot Rap Singles chart during its first 11 years, the most for any artist during this period.[9][10] In a 25th anniversary listing of the top 100 songs in the history of Hot Rap Songs based on chart performance, "Me So Horny" by the 2 Live Crew and "Tootsee Roll" by 69 Boyz were the highest-ranked singles of the 1980s and 1990s respectively.[11][12]

Number-one singles[edit]

Key
Year-end number-one song Billboard year-end number-one single
Return of a single to number one
Contents
1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000s →
Single Artist Reached number one Weeks at
number one
Ref.
"Self-Destruction" dagger[13] Stop the Violence Movement March 11, 1989 10 [14]
"Me Myself and I" De La Soul May 20, 1989 8 [14]
"I'm That Type of Guy" LL Cool J July 15, 1989 2 [14]
"Fight the Power" Public Enemy July 29, 1989 6 [14]
"It's Funky Enough" D.O.C., TheThe D.O.C. September 9, 1989 4 [14]
"Smooth Operator" Big Daddy Kane October 7, 1989 4 [14]
"Me So Horny" 2 Live Crew November 4, 1989 4 [14]
"Cha Cha Cha" MC Lyte December 2, 1989 2 [14]
"New Jack Swing" Wrecks-n-Effect December 16, 1989 1 [14]
"Somebody for Me" Heavy D & the Boyz December 23, 1989 2 [14]
"D.O.C. & The Doctor, TheThe D.O.C. & The Doctor" D.O.C., TheThe D.O.C. January 6, 1990 2 [15]
"Expression" dagger[16] Salt-n-Pepa January 20, 1990 8 [15]
"Humpty Dance, TheThe Humpty Dance" Digital Underground March 17, 1990 5 [15]
"Murder Rap" Above the Law April 21, 1990 2 [15]
"Funhouse" Kid 'n Play May 5, 1990 3 [15]
"911 Is a Joke" Public Enemy May 26, 1990 2 [15]
"AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted" Ice Cube June 9, 1990 3 [15]
"Power, TheThe Power" Snap! June 30, 1990 3 [15]
"We're All in the Same Gang" West Coast Rap All-Stars, TheThe West Coast Rap All-Stars July 21, 1990 4 [15]
"Untouchable" Above the Law August 18, 1990 1 [15]
"Banned in the U.S.A." Luke featuring 2 Live Crew, thethe 2 Live Crew August 25, 1990 1 [15]
"Call Me D-Nice" D-Nice September 1, 1990 4 [15]
"Treat Them Like They Want to Be Treated" Father MC September 29, 1990 1 [15]
"Boomin' System, TheThe Boomin' System" LL Cool J October 6, 1990 2 [15]
"Ice Ice Baby" Vanilla Ice October 20, 1990 1 [15]
"Knockin' Boots" Candyman October 27, 1990 6 [15]
"Monie in the Middle" Monie Love December 8, 1990 2 [15]
"I'll Do 4 U" Father MC December 22, 1990 3 [15][17]
"Around the Way Girl" LL Cool J January 12, 1991 4 [17]
"Gold Digger" EPMD February 9, 1991 3 [17]
"Treat 'Em Right" dagger[18] Rock, ChubbChubb Rock March 2, 1991 3 [17]
"Looking at the Front Door" Main Source March 23, 1991 3 [17]
"It's a Shame (My Sister)" Monie Love featuring True Image April 13, 1991 2 [17]
"Daddy's Little Girl" Nikki D April 27, 1991 2 [17]
"I Got to Have It" Ed O.G. and Da Bulldogs May 11, 1991 1 [17]
"Mama Said Knock You Out" LL Cool J May 18, 1991 1 [17]
"You Can't Play with My Yo-Yo" Yo-Yo featuring Ice Cube May 25, 1991 4 [17]
"Rise 'n' Shine" Kool Moe Dee featuring KRS-One and Chuck D June 22, 1991 2 [17]
"Homey Don't Play Dat" Terminator X July 6, 1991 1 [17]
"Pop Goes the Weasel" 3rd Bass July 13, 1991 2 [17]
"Summertime" DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince July 27, 1991 2 [17]
"The Chubbster" Rock, ChubbChubb Rock August 10, 1991 2 [17]
"The House the Dog Built" Jibri Wise One August 24, 1991 2 [17]
"Growin' Up in the Hood" Compton's Most Wanted September 7, 1991 1 [17]
"O.P.P." Naughty by Nature September 14, 1991 4 [17]
"Fuck Compton" Tim Dog October 12, 1991 1 [17]
"Mind Playing Tricks on Me" Geto Boys October 19, 1991 3 [17]
"Can't Truss It" Public Enemy November 9, 1991 3 [17]
"Check the Rhime" Tribe Called Quest, AA Tribe Called Quest November 30, 1991 1 [17]
"Ain't Gonna Hurt Nobody" Kid 'n Play December 7, 1991 2 [17]
"Blue Cheese" U.M.C.'s, TheThe U.M.C.'s December 21, 1991 2 [17]
"Just the Two of Us" Rock, ChubbChubb Rock January 4, 1992 2 [19]
"Phuncky Feel One, TheThe Phuncky Feel One" / "How I Could Just Kill a Man" dagger[20] Cypress Hill January 18, 1992 5 [19]
"Choice Is Yours (Revisited), TheThe Choice Is Yours (Revisited)" Black Sheep February 22, 1992 2 [19]
"Poor Georgie" MC Lyte March 7, 1992 1 [19]
"Oochie Coochie" MC Brains March 14, 1992 2 [19]
"Shut 'em Down" Public Enemy March 28, 1992 1 [19]
"The Jam" Ranks, ShabbaShabba Ranks featuring KRS-One April 4, 1992 1 [19]
"International Zone Coaster, TheThe International Zone Coaster" Leaders of the New School April 11, 1992 1 [19]
"Jump" Kris Kross April 18, 1992 5 [19]
"Tennessee" Arrested Development May 23, 1992 1 [19]
"They Want EFX" Das EFX May 30, 1992 3 [19]
"Sometimes I Rhyme Slow" Nice & Smooth June 20, 1992 1 [19]
"They Reminisce Over You (T.R.O.Y.)" Rock, PetePete Rock & CL Smooth June 27, 1992 3 [19]
"Take It Personal" Gang Starr July 18, 1992 1 [19]
"Warm It Up" Kris Kross July 25, 1992 3 [19]
"Don't Sweat the Technique" Eric B. & Rakim August 15, 1992 1 [19]
"Fakin' the Funk" Main Source August 22, 1992 1 [19]
"Crossover" EPMD August 29, 1992 3 [19]
"People Everyday" Arrested Development September 19, 1992 3 [19]
"Mic Checka" Das EFX October 10, 1992 1 [19]
"360 Degrees (What Goes Around)" Grand Puba October 17, 1992 1 [19]
"Here It Comes" / "Back to the Grill" MC Serch October 24, 1992 1 [19]
"Ever So Clear" Bushwick Bill October 31, 1992 1 [19]
"Blow Your Mind" Redman November 7, 1992 1 [19]
"Lost in the Storm" Rock, ChubbChubb Rock November 14, 1992 2 [19]
"Rump Shaker" Wreckx-n-Effect November 28, 1992 3 [19]
"Not Gonna Be Able to Do It" Double XX Posse December 19, 1992 1 [19]
"Flex" Mad Cobra December 26, 1992 2 [19][21]
"Wicked" Ice Cube January 9, 1993 2 [21]
"I Got a Man" Positive K January 23, 1993 2 [21]
"Rebirth of Slick (Cool Like Dat)" Digable Planets February 6, 1993 3 [21]
"Informer" Snow February 27, 1993 2 [21]
"Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang" Dr. Dre featuring Snoop Doggy Dogg February 27, 1993 3 [21]
"Throw Your Gunz" Onyx April 3, 1993 2 [21]
"Time 4 Sum Aksion" Redman April 17, 1993 1 [21]
"It Was a Good Day" Ice Cube April 24, 1993 1 [21]
"Down with the King" Run–D.M.C. featuring Rock, PetePete Rock & CL Smooth May 1, 1993 2 [21]
"How I'm Comin'" LL Cool J May 15, 1993 1 [21]
"Typical Reasons (Swing My Way)" Prince Markie Dee and Soul Convention May 22, 1993 1 [21]
"Deeper" Boss May 29, 1993 3 [21]
"We Getz Busy" dagger[22] Illegal June 19, 1993 2 [21]
"Lots of Lovin'" Rock, PetePete Rock & CL Smooth July 3, 1993 1 [21]
"Passin' Me By" Pharcyde, TheThe Pharcyde July 10, 1993 1 [21]
"Slam" Onyx July 17, 1993 2 [21]
"Bonnie & Clyde" / "IBWin' wit My Crewin'" Yo-Yo July 31, 1993 1 [21]
"Insane in the Brain" Cypress Hill August 7, 1993 3 [21]
"Ruffneck" MC Lyte August 28, 1993 1 [21]
"Check Yo Self" Ice Cube featuring Das EFX September 4, 1993 1 [21]
"Alright" Kris Kross featuring Super Cat September 11, 1993 2 [21]
"Grand Groove" / "At Large" Intelligent Hoodlum September 25, 1993 1 [21]
"Chief Rocka" Lords of the Underground October 2, 1993 1 [21]
"We Getz Busy" ↑ dagger[22] Illegal October 9, 1993 1 [21]
"Flow Joe" Fat Joe October 16, 1993 1 [21]
"Recipe of a Hoe" Boss October 23, 1993 1 [21]
"Valley of the Skinz" Trends of Culture October 30, 1993 1 [21]
"What's Next" Leaders of the New School November 6, 1993 1 [21]
"Stay Real" Sermon, ErickErick Sermon November 13, 1993 1 [21]
"Shoop" Salt-n-Pepa November 20, 1993 5 [21]
"What's My Name?" Snoop Doggy Dogg December 25, 1993 3 [21][23]
"Getto Jam" Domino January 15, 1994 6 [23]
"Whatta Man" Salt-n-Pepa featuring En Vogue February 26, 1994 2 [23]
"Gin and Juice" Snoop Doggy Dogg March 12, 1994 2 [23]
"Player's Ball" Outkast March 26, 1994 6 [23]
"Got Me Waiting" Heavy D & the Boyz May 7, 1994 3 [23]
"Regulate" Warren G and Nate Dogg May 28, 1994 3 [23]
"Funkdafied" dagger[24] Da Brat June 18, 1994 11 [23]
"Tootsee Roll" 69 Boyz September 3, 1994 1 [23]
"Flava in Ya Ear" Mack, CraigCraig Mack September 10, 1994 4 [23]
"Tootsee Roll" ↑ 69 Boyz October 8, 1994 1 [23]
"Flava in Ya Ear" ↑ Mack, CraigCraig Mack October 15, 1994 10 [23]
"Tootsee Roll" ↑ 69 Boyz December 24, 1994 5 [23][25]
"Big Poppa" / "Warning" Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. January 28, 1995 6 [25]
"Dear Mama" / "Old School" 2Pac March 11, 1995 1 [25]
"Big Poppa" / "Warning" ↑ Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. March 18, 1995 1 [25]
"Dear Mama" / "Old School" ↑ 2Pac March 25, 1995 1 [25]
"Big Poppa" / "Warning" ↑ Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. April 1, 1995 2 [25]
"Dear Mama" / "Old School" ↑ 2Pac April 15, 1995 1 [25]
"Keep Their Heads Ringin'" Dr. Dre April 22, 1995 1 [25]
"Dear Mama" / "Old School" ↑ 2Pac April 29, 1995 2 [25]
"I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By" Method Man featuring Blige, Mary J.Mary J. Blige May 13, 1995 6 [25]
"One More Chance/Stay with Me" dagger[26] Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. June 24, 1995 9 [25]
"Boombastic" / "In the Summertime" Shaggy / Shaggy featuring Rayvon August 26, 1995 1 [25]
"Gangsta's Paradise" Coolio featuring L.V. September 2, 1995 11 [25]
"Cell Therapy" Goodie Mob November 18, 1995 1 [25]
"Hey Lover" LL Cool J November 25, 1995 8 [25][27]
"Tonite's tha Night" Kris Kross January 20, 1996 5 [27]
"Get Money" Junior M.A.F.I.A. featuring Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. February 24, 1996 3 [27]
"Woo Hah!! Got You All in Check" / "Everything Remains Raw" Rhymes, BustaBusta Rhymes March 16, 1996 7 [27]
"5 O'Clock" Nonchalant February 24, 1996 3 [27]
"Crossroads, ThaTha Crossroads" Bone Thugs-n-Harmony May 11, 1996 6 [27]
"How Do U Want It" / "California Love" dagger[28] 2Pac featuring K-Ci & JoJo /
2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Troutman, RogerRoger Troutman
May 11, 1996 6 [27]
"Elevators (Me & You)" Outkast August 3, 1996 4 [27]
"Loungin" LL Cool J August 31, 1996 4 [27]
"How Do U Want It" / "California Love" ↑ dagger[28] 2Pac featuring K-Ci & JoJo /
2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Troutman, RogerRoger Troutman
September 28, 1996 2 [27]
"Bow Down" Westside Connection October 12, 1996 2 [27]
"Po Pimp" Do or Die featuring Twista October 26, 1996 1 [27]
"Bow Down" ↑ Westside Connection November 2, 1996 1 [27]
"Street Dreams" Nas November 9, 1996 1 [27]
"No Time" Lil' Kim featuring Puff Daddy November 16, 1996 9 [27][29]
"Cold Rock a Party" MC Lyte January 18, 1997 2 [29]
"Can't Nobody Hold Me Down" Puff Daddy featuring Mase February 1, 1997 12 [29]
"Hypnotize" Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. April 26, 1997 7 [29]
"I'll Be Missing You" dagger[30] Puff Daddy and Evans, FaithFaith Evans featuring 112 June 14, 1997 8 [29]
"Mo Money Mo Problems" Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. featuring Puff Daddy and Mase August 9, 1997 4 [29]
"Up Jumps da Boogie" Timbaland & Magoo September 6, 1997 8 [29]
"Feel So Good" Mase November 1, 1997 6 [29]
"Been Around the World" Puff Daddy & the Family featuring Notorious B.I.G., TheThe Notorious B.I.G. and Mase December 13, 1997 6 [29][31]
"Dangerous" Rhymes, BustaBusta Rhymes January 24, 1998 1 [31]
"Father" LL Cool J January 31, 1998 3 [31]
"Deja Vu (Uptown Baby)" dagger[32] Lord Tariq and Peter Gunz February 21, 1998 1 [31]
"Gettin' Jiggy wit It" Smith, WillWill Smith February 28, 1998 2 [31]
"Deja Vu (Uptown Baby)" ↑ dagger[32] Lord Tariq and Peter Gunz March 14, 1998 4 [31]
"Romeo and Juliet" Fyne, Sylk-E.Sylk-E. Fyne featuring Chill April 11, 1998 4 [31]
"Turn It Up (Remix)/Fire It Up" Rhymes, BustaBusta Rhymes May 9, 1998 4 [31]
"Money, Power & Respect" LOX, TheThe LOX featuring DMX and Lil' Kim June 6, 1998 1 [31]
"Raise the Roof" Luke featuring No Good but So Good June 13, 1998 1 [31]
"I Got the Hook Up" Master P featuring Sons of Funk June 20, 1998 1 [31]
"Come with Me" Puff Daddy featuring Page, JimmyJimmy Page June 27, 1998 5 [31]
"Lookin' at Me" Mase featuring Puff Daddy August 1, 1998 10 [31]
"Just the Two of Us" Smith, WillWill Smith October 10, 1998 2 [31]
"Superthug (What What)" Noreaga October 24, 1998 1 [31]
"Pushin' Weight" Ice Cube featuring Mr. Short Khop October 31, 1998 2 [31]
"Doo Wop (That Thing)" Hill, LaurynLauryn Hill November 14, 1998 4 [31]
"Pushin' Weight" ↑ Ice Cube featuring Mr. Short Khop December 12, 1998 1 [31]
"Ghetto Cowboy" Mo Thugs Family featuring Bone Thugs-n-Harmony December 19, 1998 8 [7][31]
"Watch for the Hook" Cool Breeze featuring Outkast, Goodie Mob and Witchdoctor February 13, 1999 3 [7]
"It Ain't My Fault 2" / "Somebody Like Me" Silkk the Shocker featuring Mystikal /
Silkk the Shocker featuring Mýa
March 6, 1999 3 [7]
"What's It Gonna Be?!" Rhymes, BustaBusta Rhymes featuring Jackson, JanetJanet Jackson March 27, 1999 5 [7]
"Who Dat" dagger[33] Money, JTJT Money featuring Solé May 1, 1999 8 [7]
"No Pigeons" Sporty Thievz featuring Mr. Woods June 26, 1999 4 [7]
"Wild Wild West" Smith, WillWill Smith featuring Dru Hill and Kool Moe Dee July 24, 1999 3 [7]
"Jamboree" Naughty by Nature featuring Zhané August 14, 1999 4 [7]
"Jigga My Nigga" Jay-Z September 11, 1999 2 [7]
"I Want It All" Warren G featuring Mack 10 September 25, 1999 4 [7]
"Satisfy You" Puff Daddy featuring Kelly, R.R. Kelly October 23, 1999 4 [7]
"4, 5, 6" Solé featuring Money, JTJT Money and Kandi November 20, 1999 1 [7]
"Hot Boyz" Elliott, MissyMissy Elliott featuring Nas, Eve and Q-Tip November 27, 1999 18 [7][34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramirez, Erika (March 4, 2014). "Hot Rap Songs Chart 25th Anniversary: Top 100 Songs". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media): 1. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ Keyes 2004, p. 102.
  3. ^ Harrison, Anthony Kwame; Arthur, Craig E. (July 2011). "Reading Billboard 1979–89: Exploring Rap Music's Emergence Through the Music Industry's Most Influential Trade Publication". Popular Music and Society (Routledge) 34 (3): 309–27. 
  4. ^ King, Aliya S. (April 24, 1999). "NYC Shooting Case Inspires Rap Single". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 111 (17): 80. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Rap Chart Changes From Sales To Airplay". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 114 (23): 10. June 8, 2002. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  6. ^ Rossi, Terri (March 25, 1989). "Interloper On Rap Chart". Billboard (BPI Communications) 101 (12). 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Rap Songs – 1999 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ Trust, Gary (February 3, 2012). "Drake 'Proud'-ly Rewrites Record for Most Rap Songs No. 1s". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "LL Cool J – Awards (Billboard Singles)". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Diddy – Awards (Billboard Singles)". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ Ramirez, Erika (March 4, 2014). "Hot Rap Songs Chart 25th Anniversary: Top 100 Songs (30–21)". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media): 10. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Ramirez, Erika (March 4, 2014). "Hot Rap Songs Chart 25th Anniversary: Top 100 Songs (10–1)". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media): 10. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  13. ^ "1989: The Year In Music (Year-End Charts)". Billboard (BPI Communications) 101 (51). December 23, 1989. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Whitburn 1990, p. 169.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Rap Songs – 1990 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  16. ^ Hess 2007, p. 204.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Rap Songs – 1991 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  18. ^ Harrington, Richard (January 1, 1992). "1991's Chart-Toppers: Garth, Mariah & C C". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved June 12, 2013. (subscription required (help)). 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Rap Songs – 1992 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Garth Brooks Ropes In Seven Billboard Awards; U2 Wins Five". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). December 10, 1992. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Rap Songs – 1993 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  22. ^ a b Isenberg, Daniel (March 7, 2012). "Erick Sermon Tells All: The Stories Behind His Classic Records (Part 1) – Illegal f/ Erick Sermon 'We Getz Busy' (1993)". Complex (Complex Media). Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Rap Songs – 1994 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  24. ^ "The Year in Music: Hot Rap Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 106 (52): 38. December 24, 1994. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Rap Songs – 1995 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Here's A Look At Year's Top Music". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). December 29, 1995. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Rap Songs – 1996 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  28. ^ a b "The Year in Music: Hot Rap Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 108 (52): 42. December 28, 1996. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Rap Songs – 1997 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  30. ^ "The Year in Music: Hot Rap Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 109 (52): 42. December 27, 1997. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Rap Songs – 1998 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  32. ^ a b "The Year in Music 1998: Hot Rap Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 110 (52): 53. December 26, 1998. Retrieved June 15, 2013. 
  33. ^ "1999 – The Year in Music: Hot Rap Singles". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media) 111 (52): 59. December 25, 1999. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Rap Songs – 2000 Archive". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]