List of Bohemian consorts

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"Queen of Bohemia" redirects here. For the Welsh artist and writer, see Nina Hamnett.
Saint Ludmila, first Duchess of Bohemia, wife of Bořivoj I, progenitress of Czech rulers and also their wives.

This is a list of the royal consorts of the rulers of Bohemia.

The first Duchess of Bohemia (česká kněžna) was St. Ludmila, while the first Queen of Bohemia (česká královna) was Świętosława of Poland. Some of them were (like their husbands) not crowned.

There was only one queen regnant in Czech history - Maria Theresa. Nevertheless, some female royal consorts were highly influential in the country's history, having ruled as regents for their minor children and heirs, as well has having a great influence over their spouses.

The title was used until 1918, when husband of the last queen was deposed.

House of Přemysl[edit]

Duchesses of Bohemia[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Świętosława.jpeg Świętosława of Poland
(Svatava Polská)
Casimir I of Poland 1046-1048 1062
since 1085 first Queen of Bohemia
14 Jan 1092 1 Sep 1126 Vratislaus II
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Judith of Thuringia
(Judita Durynská)
Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia after 1135 1153
since 1158 second Queen of Bohemia
1172 after 1174 Vladislaus II

Queens of Bohemia[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Adelheid of Meissen
(Adléta Míšeňská)
Otto II, Margrave of Meissen 1160+ 1178 1198 1199 2 Feb 1211 Ottokar I
PecetkralovnyKonstancieUherske.jpg Constance of Hungary
(Konstancie Uherská)
Béla III of Hungary 1181 1199 1230 6 Dec 1240
Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen
(Kunhuta Švábská/Štaufská)
Philip of Swabia 1200 1224 1230 13 Sep 1248 Wenceslaus I
Margarete von Babenberg.JPG Margaret, Duchess of Austria
(Markéta Babenberská)
Leopold VI, Duke of Austria 1204 Feb 1252 1253 1260
divorced
29 Oct 1266 Ottokar II
Kunhuta.jpg Kunigunda of Slavonia
(Kunhuta Haličská/Uherská)
Rostislav of Slavonia 1245 25 Oct 1261 1278 9 Sep 1285
GutaHabsburska.jpg Judith of Habsburg
(Guta Habsburská)
Rudolf I of Habsburg 13 Mar 1271 24 Jan 1285' 18 Jun 1297 Wenceslaus II
Rejčka.jpg Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
(Eliška Rejčka)
Przemysl II of Poland 1 Sep 1286 1300 1303 1305 18 October 1335
Viola of Teschen
(Viola Těšínská)
Mieszko I, Duke of Teschen c. 1290 1305 1306 21 September 1317 Wenceslaus III

Non-dynastic[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Rejčka.jpg Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
(Eliška Rejčka)
Przemysl II of Poland 1 Sep 1286 1306 1306 1307 18 October 1335 Rudolph I
Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)
(Anna Přemyslovna)
Wenceslaus II 10 Oct 1290 1306 1306/7 1310 3 Sep 1313 Henry

House of Luxemburg[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Eliska.jpg Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330)
(Elisabeth of Premysled, Eliška Přemyslovna)
Václav II 20 Jan 1292 1 Sep 1310 in the Cathédrale in Spier (Germany) / Queen from 9 Dec 1310 28 Sep 1330 in Prag - Vyšehrad Castle (Czech Republic) John
Beatrycze.gif Beatrice of Bourbon
(BeatriceB (alias Beatrix) Bourbonská)
Louis I, Duke of Bourbon circa 1315-16 Dec 1334 in France / Dec 1334 26 Aug 1346 23 Dec 1383
Blanka Valois.jpg Blanche of Valois
(Blanka z Valois)
Charles of Valois 1316 15 May 1323 in Paris (France) 26 Aug 1346 1 Aug 1348 in Prag Charles I
Anna von der Pfalz.jpg Anna of Bavaria
(Anna Falcká)
Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria 26 Sep 1329 4 (11) Mar 1349 in Bacharach am Rhein (Germany) 2 Feb 1353
Anna Svidnicka.jpg Anna of Świdnica
(Anna Svídnická)
Henry II, Duke of Świdnica 1339 27 May 1353 in Buda (today Budapest, Hungary) 11 Jul 1362
Eliška Pomořanská.jpg Elizabeth of Pomerania
(Alžběta Pomořanská)
Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania 1347 21 May 1363 in the Royal Castle in Wawel in Kraków (Poland) 29 Nov 1378 14 Feb 1393 evident in Castle in Hradec Králové (alias Königgrätz, Czech Republic)
Joanna of Bavaria.jpg Joanna of Bavaria
(Johanna (alias Jana) Bavorská)
Albert I, Duke of Bavaria circa 1356 29 Sep 1370 in Nuremberg (alias Nürnberg, Germany) 10 Jun 1376 31 Dec 1386 in Karlštejn Castle (alias Karlstein Castle, Czech Republic) Wenceslaus IV King of Bohemia
ZofieBav2.jpg Sofia of Bavaria
(Žofie Bavorská)
John II, Duke of Bavaria 1376 2 May 1389 16 Aug 1419 26 Sep 1425 in Bratislava, (original Pozsony alias Pressburg, today Slovakia)
Barbara of Celje - Meister der Chronik des Konzils von Konstanz 001.jpg Barbara of Celje
(Barbora Cellská)
Hermann II, Count of Celje circa 1393 1408 16 Aug 1419 9 Dec 1437 11 Jul 1451 in Mělník Castle (Czech Republic) Sigismund

Non-dynastic[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Elisabeth-Boehmen.jpg Elisabeth of Bohemia (1409–1442) (Alžběta Lucemburská)
(Elizabeth of Luxemburg)
Emperor Sigismund 1409 1422 1438
husband's coronation
27 Oct 1439
husband's death
25 Dec 1442 Albert II of Germany (Albrecht Habsburský)
Joanna of Rožmitál
(Johana z Rožmitálu)
John of Rosental c. 1430 1450 7 May 1457
husband's election
22 Mar 1471 12 Nov 1475 George of Podebrady

House of Jagiellon, 1490–1526[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Barbara of Brandenburg Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg
(Hohenzollern)
30 May 1464 20 August 1476 1491
divorce
4 September 1515 Vladislaus II
Beatrix de Nápoles.jpg Beatrice of Naples Ferdinand I of Naples
(Trastámara)
16 November 1457 4 October 1490 7 April 1500
marriage annulled by Pope Alexander VI
23 September 1508
Anne de Foix-cut.jpg Anna of Foix-Candale Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
(Foix)
1484 29 September 1502 26 July 1506
HMaria2.jpg Maria of Austria Philip I of Castile
(Habsburg)
18 September 1505 13 January 1522 29 August 1526
husband's death
18 October 1558 Louis II

House of Habsburg[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Annajagiello.jpg Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(Anna Jagellonská)
Vladislaus II 23 July 1503 25 May 1521 1526
husband's election
27 January 1547 Ferdinand I
Maria of Spain 1557.jpg Maria of Spain
(Marie Španělská)
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor 21 June 1528 13 September 1548 25 July 1564
husband's ascension
12 October 1576
husband's death
26 February 1603 Maximilian
Frans Pourbus d. J. 002.jpg Anna of Austria
(Anna Tyrolská)
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria 4 October 1585 4 December 1611 14 December 1618 Matthias
Gerard van Honthorst 007.jpeg Elizabeth of England
(Alžběta Stuartovna)
James I of England 19 August 1596 14 February 1613 26 August 1619
husband's election
9 November 1620
flight from Bohemia
13 February 1662 Frederick V, Elector Palatine
Justus Sustermans 001.jpg Eleonore of Mantua
(Eleonora Mantovská)
Vincenzo I of Gonzaga 23 September (23 February?) 1598 4 February 1622 15 February 1637
husband's death
27 June 1655 Ferdinand II
Diego Velázquez 031.jpg Maria Anna of Spain
(Marie Anna Španělská)
Philip III of Spain 18 August 1606 20 February 1631 13 May 1646 Ferdinand III
Lorenzo Lippi 005.jpg Maria Leopoldine of Austria
(Marie Leopoldina Tyrolská)
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria 6 April 1632 2 July 1648 7 August 1649
Frans Luycx 005.jpg Eleanor of Mantua
(Eleonora Mantovská)
Charles II Gonzaga of Mantua 18 November 1630 30 April 1651 2 April 1657
husband's death
6 December 1686
Margarita Teresa of Spain Mourningdress.jpg Margaret Theresa of Spain
(Markéta Tereza Habsburská)
Philip IV of Spain 12 July 1651 12 December 1666 12 March 1673 Leopold I
Giovanni Maria Morandi 001.jpg Claudia Felicitas of Austria
(Klaudie Felicitas Tyrolská)
Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria 30 May 1653 15 October 1673 8 April 1676
Eleonore of Pfalz Neuburg.jpg Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
(Eleonora Magdalena Falcko-Neuburská)
Philip William, Elector Palatine 6 January 1655 14 December 1676 5 May 1705
husband's death
19 January 1720
Amalia Wilhelmine von Braunschweig.jpg Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
(Amálie Vilemína Brunšvická)
John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 21 April 1673 24 February 1699 5 May 1705
husband's ascension
17 April 1711
husband's death
10 April 1742 Joseph I
Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig Wolfenbuettel.jpg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Alžběta Kristýna Brunšvická)
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 28 August (28 September?) 1691 1 August 1708 17 April 1711
husband's ascension
20 October 1740
husband's death
21 December 1750 Charles II
Maria AmaliaBayern.jpg Maria Amalia of Austria
(Marie Amálie Habsburská)
Emperor Joseph I 22 October 1701 5 October 1722 9 December 1741
coronation
20 January 1745
husband's death
11 December 1756 Charles Albert

House of Habsburg-Lorraine[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Joseph Grassi 001.jpg Maria Louisa of Spain Charles III of Spain 24 November 1745 16 February 1764 20 February 1790 1 March 1792 15 May 1792 Leopold II
Maria Teresa di Borbone-Napoli.jpg Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies 6 June 1772 15 August 1790 1 March 1792 13 April 1807 Francis II
Maria Ludovica Beatrice Modena Austria 1787 1816.jpg Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este 14 December 1787 6 January 1808 7 April 1816
Karoline Auguste von Bayern.jpg Caroline Augusta of Bavaria Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria 8 February 1792 29 October 1816 2 March 1835
husband's death
9 February 1873
Johann Nepomuk Ender 002.jpg Maria Anna of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia 19 September 1803 12 February ? 1831 2 March 1835
husband's ascension
2 December 1848
husband's abdication
4 May 1884 Ferdinand V
Lwowska Galeria Sztuki - Georg Raab - Portrait of the Empress Elizabeth - Crop.jpg Elisabeth of Bavaria Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria 24 December 1837 24 April 1854 10 September 1898 Francis Joseph I
Kaiserin Zita.jpg Zita of Bourbon-Parma Robert I, Duke of Parma 9 May 1892 21 October 1911 21 November 1916
husband's ascension
11 November 1918
husband's deposition
14 March 1989 Charles III

Titular Queens of Bohemia[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Titular Queen Ceased to be Titular Queen Death Spouse
Kaiserin Zita.jpg Zita of Bourbon-Parma Robert I, Duke of Parma 9 May 1892 21 October 1911 21 November 1916
husband's ascension
11 November 1918
husband's deposition
14 March 1989 Charles III
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Herzogtum Sachsen-Meiningen-Hildburghausen (Grosses).png Regina of Saxe-Meiningen Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen 6 January 1925 10 May 1951 1 January 2007
11 3 February 2010 Crown Prince Otto
Francesca Thyssen Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza 7 June 1958 31 January 1993 1 January 2007
husband's ascension
Incumbent living Prince Charles

References[edit]


See also[edit]