List of Brazilian federative units by gross domestic product
Brazil produced, in 2012, a gross domestic product (GDP) of R$ 4.403.000 million or US$ 2.223.737 million in nominal terms, ranking 7th worldwide, and US$ 2.223.737 million in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms, ranking 6th worldwide, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGEF) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In that year, the Brazilian economy grew 1.9% in real terms according to revised figures of the IBGE. The per capita accounts of the GDP were of R$ 22,813.47 or US$ 11.521,95 in nominal terms, and US$ 11.521,95 in PPP terms. The Brazilian population, in 2012, was of 193,300,291, ranking 5th worldwide and totaling 2.84% of the world's population.
Brazil is formed by the union of 27 Units of the Federation—26 States and the Federal District, which contains the capital city, Brasília. Of these, seven states; São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná, Bahia and Santa Catarina; with the Federal District, concentrate almost 80% of the national economy. São Paulo is the richest and most populous state of Brazil, ranking 16th and 27th worldwide, respectively; Rio de Janeiro is the second richest and the third most populous state, ranking 65th and 59th worldwide; and Minas Gerais is the third richest and the second most populous state, ranking 80th and 55th worldwide. Piauí has the lowest GDP per capita at the same time that the Federal District has the highest. Amapá, Acre and Roraima are the poorest states in the country with 0,59% of the national GDP.
The listings are based on data from the 2007 Regional Accounts Report, published by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in partnership with the State Bodies of Statistics, State Departments of Government and the Superintendency of the Manaus Free Zone (SUFRAMA). Information is compiled from statistics on the annual value of production, intermediate consumption and added value of each economic activity, as well as indicators of growth in the volume of annual production and the annual index of prices of goods and services produced and the main inputs consumed. The methodology and database of the Report is completely integrated to the series of National Accounts, which has as initial reference the year 2003, with results consistent with the National Classification of Economic Activities (CNAE).
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in BRL million
in USD million
|#||GDP Per capita
|GDP Per capita
|Southeast region [†]||—||2,088,221||1,186,950||55.4%||Australia||—||25,987||14,772||Barbados|
|São Paulo||1||1,247,596||709,137||33.1%||Indonesia||2||30,243||17,190||Saudi Arabia|
|South region [†]||—||622,255||353,691||16.5%||South Africa||—||22,722||12,916||Hungary|
|Northeast region [†]||—||507,502||288,465||13.5%||Colombia||—||9,561||5,435||Namibia|
|Rio de Janeiro||2||407,123||231,410||10.8%||Portugal||3||25,455||14,469||Estonia|
|Central-West region [†]||—||350,596||199,280||9.3%||Philippines||—||24,952||14,183||Estonia|
|Rio Grande do Sul||4||252,483||143,512||6.7%||New Zealand||5||23,606||13,418||Croatia|
|North region [†]||—||201,511||114,539||5.3%||Kuwait||—||12,701||7,219||South Africa|
|Pernambuco||10||95,187||54,105||2.5%||Luxembourg||20||10,821||6,151||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Mato Grosso do Sul||17||43,514||24,733||1.2%||Latvia||10||17,765||10,098||Turkey|
|Rio Grande do Norte||18||32,339||18,382||0.9%||Estonia||22||10,207||5,802||Belarus|
|Tocantins||24||17,240||9,799||0.5%||Papua New Guinea||15||12,461||7,083||South Africa|
- States of Brazil
- Economy of Brazil
- List of country subdivisions by GDP over 100 billion US dollars
- List of subnational entities
- Annual average exchange rates: GDP (in US$), accorfding to UN Countries GDP list, GDP 2008 of Brazil is R$ 3,004,881 mil. or US$ 1,638,639 mil., It is estimated that average exchange rate is R$ 1.8338 per US$ in 2008; GDP 2005 of Brazil is R$ 2,147,239 mil. or US$ 882,044 mil., average exchange rate is R$ 2.4344 per us$.
- Regional Accounts 2007, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), November 2009, retrieved November 19, 2009.
- World Economic Outlook Database, International Monetary Fund (FMI), November 2009, retrieved November 19, 2009.