List of Brick Gothic buildings

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Brick Gothic is a style of Gothic architecture widespread in the Northern Germany and the Baltic region. Its distinction from the preceding Brick Romanesque and succeeding Brick Renaissance is not always sharp. Often, Romanesque buildings were altered or added to in the Gothic style, others were begun while the Romanesque style prevailed, but completed in a Gothic fashion due to the slow building process. Such buildings can be classed equally with both styles.

The distribution of Brick Gothic is largely identical with the sphere of influence of the Hanseatic League, with a preponderance in the younger cities east of the Elbe. Besides urban representative buildings, cathedrals and churches, monasteries of the Mendicant Orders and other communities, especially the Cistercians and the Premonstratensians, played an important role. Between Prussia and Estonia, the Teutonic Knights erected brick Ordensburgen.

This list does not aim to be complete. It does not attempt to list all of the thousands of Brick Gothic buildings that exist or once existed. Instead, it aims to list significant structures, buildings that are considered especially important for stylistic, functional, or other reasons. The main criterion is a building's being listed in art historical survey works on Brick Gothic[1] and/or that its outstanding role has been referred to in individual scientific publications.

The dates given here refer to the present extant Gothic structures. Predecessors or post-Gothic alterations are not normally mentioned, but can be assessed by following up the literature. The most influential structures are indicated by bold print. Romanesque and Renaissance structures are not listed. Similarly, Gothic Brick structures from outside the Baltic or North German regions, e.g. the Danubian ones, are omitted, as art historical terminology does not normally treat them as Brick Gothic. Neogothic edifices are also not listed.

Belarus[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Kreva Kreva Castle Early 14th century Partially built of fieldstones
Belarus-Kreva Castle-Wall.jpg
Lida Lida Castle 14th century Stone with brick superstructure
Lida-Castle3.JPG
Kamianiec Tower 1276–1289 Border stronghold, one of the earliest brick constructions in the region
Kamyanets003.jpg
Mir Mir Castle Late 15th to early 16th UNESCO World Heritage Site. Major Renaissance alterations
Belarus-Mir-Castle-8 cropped.jpg

Belgium[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Hoogstraten St. Catharina Church 1525-1550 Built by Rombout Keldermans II. The tower was destroyed in 1944, but rebuilt after the war. The second highest church in Belgium (122,3m)
Kerkhoogstraten.jpg

Denmark[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Aarhus Cathedral End of 14th century to 1500
Domkirke1.jpg
Church of Our Lady Mid-13th century to 1500
Vor Frue Kirke Århus.jpg
Haderslev Church of St. Mary Mid-14th century to 1440
Haderslev Domkirke.jpg
Odense Saint Canute's Cathedral
Odense - Sankt Knuds kirke 2005-07-16.jpeg
Ribe Cathedral Built in 12th and 13th century of tufa, sandstone and granite (Romanesque), later additions of brick
Ribe,Denmark,Dom2.jpg
Roskilde Cathedral 12th to 13th century UNESCO World Heritage Site. Essentially Romanesque but incorporating Gothic features. Among earliest large-scale brick edifices in northern Europe.
Roskilde domkirke west fassade.jpg
Næstved St. Peter's Church 12th to 14th century Built on the site of an earlier Romanesque church, the Gothic church has scarcely been altered since 1375.
Skt. Peders Kirke - Næstved.jpg

Estonia[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Tartu Cathedral 15th century Destroyed in Livonian War, east part of ruin now houses Tartu University Museum. Towers were originally 66 m high (now 22 m).
Tartu Cathedral Ruins 2.jpg
St. John Early 14th century Numerous terracotta sculptures covering both the interior and the exterior.
Tartu Jaani Church 2007 13.jpg

Finland[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Espoo Cathedral Parts in Brick Gothic
Espoo Cathedral.jpg
Halikko Holy (Saint) Bridget Church Portico in Brick Gothic
Halikko church 2.JPG
Hämeenlinna Häme Castle 14th and 15th century, on earlier fieldstone foundations Brick castle
Castle-of-Häme-from-main-entrance-embankment.JPG
Hattula Holy Cross Church
Hattula church of the Holy Cross 20050909.jpg
Porvoo Cathedral
Porvoon Tuomiokirkko.jpg
Turku Cathedral
Turku cathedral 26-Dec-2004.jpg
Saint Mary's Church (Finnish: Maarian kirkko)
Maarian kirkko.jpg

Germany[edit]

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Altentreptow Petrikirche (St. Peter) Mid-13th to 1st half 14th century Hall church
Altentreptow St.Peter.jpg
City gates: Brandenburg Gate, Demmin Gate Circa 1450
Altentreptow Neubrandenburger Tor.jpg
Anklam Marienkirche (St. Mary) 2nd half 13th to late 14th century Hall church; planned with two towers, not completed, thus asymmetric
MarienkircheAnklam.JPG
Steintor (stone gate) 13th/14th century
Steintor Anklam.JPG
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) 14th century Heavily damaged 1945, ruin restored, reconstruction in progress
NikoAnkWA2.JPG
Bad Doberan Doberan Minster Begun 1291, consecrated 1368 Former Cistercian monastic church; basilica
Muenster bad doberan.jpg
Bergen auf Rügen St. Marienkirche (St Mary) Started 1180, consecrated 1193, renovated 1380 and after 1445 Former monastic church of Benedictine or Cistercian nuns; basilica
Marienkirche in Bergen auf Rügen.jpg
Bützow Stiftskirche (abbey church) Mid-13th to 2nd half 14th century Hall church
Buetzow Stiftskirche Turm 2009-03-04.jpg
Friedland Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1330 to early 15th century Hall church
Friedland.JPG
Greifswald Cathedral St. Nicholas Mid 14th to 1st quarter 15th century Basilica
Greifswalddom2.JPG
St.-Marien-Kirche (St. Mary) 1275–1340 Hall church
MarienkircheHGW.jpg
St.-Jacobi-Kirche (St. James) First mentioned 1280, renovation circa 1400 Early Gothic hall church
Greifswaldjakobi.jpg
House Markt 11 Probably after 1400 One of the most richly decorated Bürgerhäuser in North Germany
Greifswald - Marktplatz 1.jpg
near Greifswald Eldena Abbey Begun 1225, provisionally completed 1265, added to until 1350 Former Cistercian monsatery; now ruin; favourite motif of Caspar David Friedrich
Klosterruine Eldena2.jpg
Güstrow Cathedral St. Marien, St. Johannes Evangelist und St. Cecilia (St Mary, John the Evangelist and Cecilia) Early 13th to late 15th century Hall church
Guestrow Dom.jpg
Marienkirche (St. Mary) Gothic brick basilica
Guestrow Pfarrkirche St. Marien.jpg
Malchin St. Maria und St. Johannes (St. Mary and John) From 1397 Basilica
Malchin church.jpg
Neubrandenburg Marienkirche (St. Mary) 2nd half 13th century
NB Marienkirche.jpg
St. Johannes (St. John) 1st half 14th century Hall church, former Franciscan monastery
NB-St-Johannes-Kirche-26-VIII-2007-33.jpg
Town fortifications, e.g. Stargard Gate, Treptow Gate, New Gate After 1300 until early 15th century
NB StargarderTor.jpg
Rostock Marienkirche (St. Mary) Two building phases, after 1290 and after 1398 Basilica; main church of Rostock
Rostock St. Marien Kirche 5.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) Present form after 1400
Rostock St. Nikolai Kirche.jpg
Petrikirche (St. Peter) Between 2nd quarter 14th and early 15th century
Rostock Petrikirche.jpeg
City Hall Core around 1230, Gothic facade after 1300 Since 1729 mostly obscured by Baroque structure
VSR-Rathaus.jpg
Kloster zum Heiligen Kreuz (Monastery of the Holy Cross) 1st half 14th century Former Cistercian nunnery
Kloster hl kreuz rostock.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) Damaged in World War II, demolished 1960
Rostock Jacobikirche.jpg
House Kröpeliner Straße Late 15th century Former parsonage (now library)
KröpelinerStrStadtbibliothek.jpg
Kerkhoff House 3rd quarter 15th century Bürgerhaus (now registry office)
Kerkhoffhaus.jpg
City gates (incl. Steintor, Kröpelin Gate) 13th to 16th century
Rostock Kröpeliner Tor.jpg
Schwerin Cathedral Circa 1280 to ca. 1420 Basilica
Schweriner Dom von der Post.JPG
Stralsund Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Stralsund St Nikolai St Jakobi.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) About 1270 to early 15th century Main church of Stralsund
Stralsund St Nikolai.jpg
City Hall Several stages in 13th and 14th centuries Most important profane urban building in Stralsund
Stralsund-1.jpg
Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1382/84 to late 15th century Second largest brick church in Hanseatic region, basilica
Stralsund Marienkirche 2006.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) Present structure started after 1300, altered after 1400 Basilica
Stralsund St Jakobi.jpg
Johanniskloster (Abbey of St. John) Early 14th century Former Franciscan monastery; hall church
Stralsund, Germany, Johanniskloster (2006-09-15).JPG
Wulflam House (Wulflamhaus)
Stralsund, Germany, Wulflamhaus.jpg
Katharinenkloster (Abbey of St. Catherine) 2nd half 13th century Former Dominican monastery
Stralsund, Germany, Katharinenkloster, Giebel (2006-10-18).JPG
Wismar Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Curch sankt georgen wismar north.jpg
Georgenkirche (St. George) Oldest part about 1300, completed in 15th century One of the most important and most monumental structures in Baltic region
Wismar StGeorgen Vierung.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) Present structure started after 1380, completed 2nd half 15th century Basilica
Wismar nikolaikirche.jpg
Marienkirche (St. Mary) Begun after 1339, completed in 15th century After World War II damage dynamited in 1960, only tower survives. Was reputed to be one of the most beautiful churches in north Germany
Wismar Marienkirche.jpg
Alter Schwede Circa 1380 Private House (now restaurant)
WismarAlterSchwede.jpg
Archidiakonat (Archdeacons's House) Mid 15th century Private house
Archidiakonat Wismar 2 1845040845.jpg
Wassertor (Water Gate) 3rd quarter 15th century
Wismar Wassertor.jpg
Wolgast Petrikirche (St. Peter) 1280–1350 Basilica
St.-Petri-Kirche Wolgast-3.jpg

Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Cismar Cismar Abbey 13th century Former Benedictine monastery
Cismar.Westfront.wmt.jpg
Eutin St.-Michaelis-Kirche (St. Michael) 1st third 13th century, altered in 14th and 15th centuries
Eutin 2005 110a.jpg
Flensburg Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) Two phases, between 1390 and 1480
Nikolaikirche Flensburg2007.jpg
Hamburg St. Petri (St. Peter)
Hamburg St Petri vor 1842.jpg
St. Katharinen (St. Catherine)
Hamburg.St.Katharinen.wmt.jpg
St. Jacobi (St. James)
StJacobiHamburg1830.jpg
Lübeck Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Germany Luebeck townhall.JPG
Marienkirche (St. Mary) From 1251, completed late 14th century Basilica; most influential Brick Gothic building
Église Sainte-Marie de Lübeck.jpg
City Hall Main building 1340–50, so-called Langes Haus 1298–1308, Kriegsstubenbau 1442–44 One of the most important profane buildings in Brick Gothic
Luebecker rathaus.jpg
Cathedral Foundation laid in 1173 by Henry the Lion, consecrated 1247, Gothic alterations from 1266 until 15th century
Lübeck Dom-von-Westen 070311.jpg
Holstentor 1466–78, major additions later
Holstentor 03.jpg
Burgtor
Luebeck Burgtor 1900.jpg
Petrikirche (St. Peter) Several phases, late 13th to 15th century
Germany Luebeck St Petri Turm.jpg
Jakobikirche (St. James) After 1276 to 1334
Jakobikirche.JPG
Aegidienkirche (St. Aegidius) 1st half 14th century
Aegiedienkirche Lübeck1.jpg
Katharinenkirche (St. Catherine) 1300–1330 Former Franciscan monastic church
Katharinenkirche Lübeck.jpg
Heiligen-Geist-Hospital (Hospital of the Holy Spirit) Circa 1276 bis 1286
Lübeck Heiligen-Geist-Hospital.jpg
Burgkloster After 1276 to 1401 Former Dominican monastery, modern additions
BurgklosterLuebeckEingang.jpg
St.-Annen-Kloster Lübeck (Monastery of St. Anne) Former Augustinian nunnery, damaged by fire in 1843
Meier Brand Annenkloster1843.jpg
Kanzleigebäude (Chancellery) Built 1484, enlarged 1588 and 1614
Lübeck-Kanzleigebäude.01.jpg
Meldorf Sankt-Johannis-Kirche (St. John) 1230–1300
MeldorfDom-2klein.jpg
Schleswig St.-Petri (Cathedral) (St. Peter) 1275–1320
Schleswig WT2005.jpg

Brandenburg, Berlin and Saxony-Anhalt[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bad Wilsnack Wunderblutkirche St. Nikolai (Church of the Holy Blood) Main pilgrimage in North Germany
BadWilsnackWunderblutkirche.jpg
Berlin St. Marienkirche (St. Mary)
MarKirche 1a.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas)
Nikolaikirche 1a.jpg
Graues Kloster (Grey Abbey) End of 13th century Former Franciscan abbey; ruined since World War II
Franziskaner-Klosterkirche Berlin Mitte.jpg
Brandenburg St.-Katharinenkirche (St. Catherine) Two phases after 1401
Katharinen Pauli Brandenburg.jpg
Cathedral St. Peter and Paul Main period of construction 1165–1240 First brick church in Margraviate of Brandenburg
Dom turm.jpg
Former Marienkirche (St. Mary) Built circa 1220, demolished 1722 Formerly important pilgrimage church
Marienkirchemodell.jpg
Chorin Chorin Abbey Former Cistercian monastery
Kloster Chorin.jpg
Doberlug-Kirchhain Dobrilugk Abbey Former Cistercian monastery
Klosterkirche Doberlug Portal (Alter Fritz).jpg
Frankfurt (Oder) Marienkirche (St. Mary) 1253–1367, choir completed 1367, additions in 15th century
Marienkirche FFO.jpg
Town hall Begun 1253, altered in 14th century
FrankfurtOderRathaus.JPG
Havelberg Cathedral St. Marien (St. Mary)
Havelberg Klosterhof.jpg
Jüterbog Town hall
Jueterbog Altstadt Rathaus.jpg
Mönchenkloster (monastery)
Jueterbog Moenchenkloster.jpg
Jüterbog-Zinna Zinna Abbey Mainly from 1220 Former Cistercian monastery
Jueterbog Kloster Zinna Kloster 02.jpg
Lehnin Lehnin Abbey From end of 12th century, consecrated 1262 or 1270
Lehnin Kirche1.JPG
Prenzlau Marienkirche (St. Mary)
Prenzlau Marienkirche.jpg
Salzwedel Church St. Marien; St. Katharinen
Salzwedel Katharinenkirche.jpg
Local courthouse (former town hall)
Amtsgericht Salzwedel.JPG
Fortifications(Steintor, Neuperver Tor)
Salzwedel Steintor.jpg
Stendal Marienkirche (St. Mary)
Stendal Markt.jpg
Cathedral St. Nikolaus (St. Nicholas) 1423 to mid-15th century
Town hall Gothic part early 15th century
Rathausstendal1.jpg
Fortifications (Tangermünde GateTor, Uenglingen Gate)
Uenglinger Tor.jpg
Tangermünde Town hall Circa 1430
Rathaus Tangermünde.jpeg
Stephanskirche (St. Stephen) 14th century
Stephanskirche, Tangermuende, Germany.jpg
Fortifications 14th to 15th century
Tangermünde Elbtor.jpg

Lower Saxony and Bremen[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bardowick Cathedral St. Peter and Paul 1389–1485
Bardowick.dom.gesamt.wmt.jpg
Braunschweig Liberei (library) 1413–1422 Oldest surviving library building north of the Alps
Braunschweig Liberei Gesamtansicht von Suedwesten.jpg
Bremen St. Martini (St. Martin) Late Gothic
StMartiniBremen-01b.jpg
City hall 1405–1410; 1608–1612 altered in style of Weser Renaissance
Bremen-rathaus.jpg
Ebstorf Abbey 14th century Premonstratensian, later Benedictine monastery
Monastery Ebstorf.jpg
Fürstenau Börstel Abbey Mid-13th century onwards Former Cistercian nunnery
Stift-Börstel-f-Kreuzgang.JPG
Hanover Marktkirche (market church) 14th century
Hannover Marktkirche.jpg
Hude Hude Abbey 13th century Now ruin
Kloster Hude1.jpg
Leer (East Frisia) Harderwykenburg Circa 1450 Fortified house, whitewashed
Harderwykenburg.jpg
Lüneburg St. Johannis (St. John) 1300–1370
St Michaelis Lüneburg cropped.jpg
Town hall 1st half to end 13th century
Lueneburg Rathaus Gothic.jpg
Michaeliskirche Circaum 1375
St Michaelis Lüneburg.jpg
Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas) 1407–1440
Nikolai.jpg
Marienhafe Marienkirche (St. Mary) 13th century Formerly triple-naved church with 80-m tower doubling as landmark for shipping, in 1829 tower reduced and part of church demolished for financial reasons
Marienhafe Kirche St Marien.jpg
Verden Cathedral 1290–1323 and 1473–1490 Romanesque predecessor from 12th century
Verden Dom von Sued.jpg
Wienhausen Wienhausen Abbey 13th and 14th century Cistercian nunnery
Kloster Wienhausen.jpg

Latvia[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Riga Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site
Riian vanhakaupunki.jpg
Cathedral 13th century
Riga Dom-Düna.jpg
St. Peter 13th to 15th century
St. Peter's Church.JPG
St James 13th century
Latvia Riga St.Jacob church.jpg
St. John 15th century formerly Dominican
Evangeliski Luteriskas Rigas Sveta Jana baznicas komplekss.jpg
House of the Blackheads late 14th century onwards Destroyed in World War II and rebuilt in 1995
Riga Schwarhaeupterhaus Totale.jpg
Turaida Castle 14th century
Turaidas-pils.jpg

Lithuania[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Vilnius St. Anne's 1495–1500 Highly exceptional use of Late Gothic flamboyant style
Vilnius.Sv.Onos baznycia.Saint Ann's church2.jpg
St. Francis 15th century and later repairs
Bernardine.jpg
St. Nicholas Late 14th century The oldest surviving church building in Lithuania
Mikalojus Church.jpg
Gediminas Tower and Upper Castle Early 15th century, many later alterations Built by Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas
Gediminas Tower in Vilnius (cropped).jpg
Kaunas Cathedral Construction from 1408 onwards Basilica, the largest Gothic church in Lithuania
Kauno arkikatedra, 2006-12-02.jpg
Castle Construction from mid-14th century onwards The oldest brick castle in Lithuania
Kauno pilis. Kaunas Castle.2006-06-11.jpg
St. Gertrude 15th century?
Gertrude's in Kaunas.jpg
Church of The Accession of The Holy Virgin Circa 1400 Former Franciscan, unique Latin cross layout
Vytautas church.jpg
House of Perkūnas Late 15th century The most archaic residential Gothic building in Lithuania
Perkuno namas 2006-06-30.jpg
Medininkai Castle 13th century The only surviving enclosure type castle and the largest in Lithuania
Medininku pilis.Medininkai Castle.JPG
Trakai Island Castle 14th - early 15th century Built by Grand Dukes of Lithuania Kęstutis and Vytautas.
Trakai-Troki.jpg
Peninsula Castle Late 14th century and later repairs Built by Grand Duke of Lithuania Kęstutis
Trakai old castle.jpg
Zapyškis St. John The Baptist church 1578 The only surviving rural Gothic church in Lithuania
Zapyskis church.jpg

Netherlands[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Delft Oude Kerk (Old Church) Founded in 1246 75 m brick tower, now leaning ca.2 m from the vertical
Oude Kerk Delft 2.jpg

Poland[edit]

Northern Poland[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Bartoszyce St. John the Evangelist 14th-15th century
POL Bartoszyce 16.jpg
Braniewo St. Catherine Badly damaged in World War II, rebuilt afterwards
Braniewo - Bazylika mniejsza pw. św. Katarzyny.JPG
Brodnica St. Catherine 14th century
Brodnica kościół pw św Katarzyny.jpg
Chełmno St. Mary 1290–1333
Chelmno fara od pn.jpg
St. Peter and Paul Built in 13th century, altered in 14th Former Dominican church
Chelmno kosciol dominikanow.jpg
St. Jacob and Nicholas Built in 13th and 14th century Former Franciscan church
Chełmno Church of St James and St Nicholas 1.jpg
Teutonic Knights fortifications 14th-15th century
Chelmno wieza Mestwina.jpg
Chojna Town hall 15th century
Chojna Kulturzentrum 01.jpg
St. Mary Mainly 1389–1459
Chojna MarienkircheTotale.jpg
Dobre Miasto Collegial Church
Kolegiata Dobre Miasto 1.JPG
Elbląg St. Nicholas 13th century, in 15th century converted from basilica to hall church burnt out 1945
Elbing1 Dom.jpg
Frombork Cathedral 1343–1383
Katedra we Fromborku.JPG
Gdańsk St. Mary's Church 1343–1502 One of the largest Brick Gothic edifices
Bazylika mariacka gdansk ubt.jpeg
St. Catherine's probably 14th and 15th century
Brosen katarzyna.jpg
St. Nicholas 1348-early 15th century Dominican church
Brosen mikolaj.jpg
Church of Holy Trinity with former Franciscan monastery 1481–1514
Gdańsk (DerHexer) 2010-07-15 156.jpg
St. George guildhall 1487-94
Gdańsk (DerHexer) 2010-07-12 072.jpg
Great Mill 14th century
Brosen wmlyn.jpg
Crane Gate 1442–1444
Pl gdansk zuraw dlugiepobrzeze2006.jpg
Gniew Teutonic Knights Ordensburg Late 13th to 14th century
Poland Gniew - castle.jpg
Kamień Pomorski Cathedral of St. John Circa 1175, altered in 15th century Romanesque-Gothic Basilica
Kamien06.JPG
Kołobrzeg Cathedral of St. Mary 1288–1397
Kolobrzeg Basilica 2007-07.jpg
Kwidzyn Castle and Cathedral complex 14th and 15th century
Kwidzyn zamek.JPG
Lidzbark Warmiński Episcopal Castle/Ordensburg One of the earliest brick buildings in the area
Zamek w Lidzbarku Warmińskim.jpg
Malbork Malbork Castle (Ordensburg) 1276 to late 14th century UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Marienburg Ordensburg is the largest non-religious Brick Gothic structure. Teutonic Knights headquarter since 1309. 1380s enlargements by Nikolaus von Fellenstein (see Neman, Russia).
Marienburg (1999).jpg
Nidzica Ordensburg 14th and 15th century
Zamek w Nidzicy.jpg
Olsztyn Castle of the Cathedral Chapter 2nd half 14th century Ordensburg; converted to castle in 15th and 16th centuries
Schloss Allenstein.JPG
St. James Cathedral Before 1445 Late Gothic Hall church
Olsztyn Katedra.jpg
Orneta Cathedral of St. John
Poland Orneta church.jpg
Pelplin Cathedral 13th to 14th century, later alterations former Cistercian monastery
Pelplin bazylika.JPG
Radzyń Chełmiński Ordensburg 13th and 14th century Ruin
Zamek - Radzyn Chelminski 002.jpg
Stargard Szczeciński St. Mary's 13th-century origins, 1388-1500 additions
Stargard Rynek2.JPG
Brama Młyńska (Mill Gate) 15th century One of only two survuving examples of such gates (see Waterpoort at Tweek)
Stargard Portowa.JPG
Szczecin Cathedral of St. James Several phases between 1375 and 1504
0910 Bazylika archikatedralna św Jakuba Szczecin.jpg
St. John 13th to 15th century, 19th-century renovations
0910 Bazylika archikatedralna św Jakuba Szczecin 2.jpg
City hall 15th century
PolandSzczecinOldCityHall.JPG
Sztum Ordensburg and town Early 14th century One of strongest Teutonic Knights castle in the area. Much damage by fires in 1683 and 1945.
Sztum rysunek.jpg
Toruń Historic Centre 13th to 15th century UNESCO World Heritage Site; churches, town hall, houses and granaries from 13th-15th century
CopernicusHouse.jpg
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist 14th and 15th century Former parish church of Toruń's Old Town
Johns church in Toruń.jpg
St. Mary's Church 1350–1370 Former Franciscan hall church
Torun-NMP-prezbiterium.jpg
St. Jacob's church 1309-about 1340 Parish church of Toruń's New Town
Kosciol sw. Jakuba w Toruniu.jpg
Town hall 13th-14th century, rebuild in 17th century
Torun-Rynek-ratusz-2.jpg
Teutonic Knights Ordensburg 13th to early 15th century
Torun zamek krzyz.jpg

Central Poland[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Borysławice Zamkowe Castle c. 1425 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Borysławice Zamkowe.jpg
Brochów Fortified church 1551–1561, 1596 Gothic-renaissance church established by Jan Brochowski and his family as a three-nave church with three side towers
PL Brochów.jpg
Brześć Kujawski St. Stanisław Church after 1332, 15th century
Brześć Kujawski - kościół.jpg
Bydgoszcz Bernardine Church 1552–1557 Late Gothic
Bydgoszcz kościół garnizonowy front.jpg
Cathedral of St. Martin and St. Nicolas 1425–1502
Bydgoszcz Katedra 1.jpg
Ciechanów Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
POL Ciechanów 1.JPG
Czersk Masovian Dukes Castle 1388–1410 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Zamek książąt mazowieckich w Czersku 1.jpg
Czerwińsk Abbey Church 12th century Romanesque, the facade was rebuilt in gothic style in the second half of the 15th century
Czerwinsk1.jpg
Gate of Abbot Kula 1457
Czerwinsk8.jpg
Drzewica Church of St. Lucas 1321–1460
Kosciol sw Lukasza w Drzewicy.jpg
Maciej Drzewicki Castle 1527–1535 Gothic-renaissance, upper parts in brick, rest sandstone and brick, currently in ruins
JKRUK 20080122 DRZEWICA ZAMEK DSC09231.jpg
Gniezno Cathedral 1342–1415, north tower completed 1512 The basilica type church, baroquified in the 17th century
Gniezno. View of cathedral and Jelonek Lake.JPG
Gostyń St. Margaret's Church 14th century
Gostyń kościół św. Małgorzaty VI 2005.jpg
Koło Royal Castle before 1362 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Koło castle Poland.jpg
Konin St. Bartholomew's Church 14th century
Konin - St Bartholomew's parish church.jpg
Kruszwica Castle 1350–1355 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, only the legendary Mouse Tower preserved
Kruszwica zamek.jpg
Liw Masovian Dukes Castle before 1429 Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Liw zamek 1jg.jpg
Lubiń Abbey Church 15th-16th century Baroquified in the 18th century
Lubin kościół.jpg
Lublin Cracow Gate 14th century Partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Brama Krakowska Q Aloans PLP3300310r2ok.jpg
Royal Castle 13th-14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, inside the Castle Chapel profuse ruthenian frescos from the beginning of the 15th century, founded by Jogaila
Lublin zamek 2009.jpg
Łęczyca Royal Castle 1357–1370
Zamek Królewski w Łęczycy.jpg
Łomża Cathedral 1504–1525 Late Masovian Gothic
PL Łomża cathedral.JPG
Oporów Bishop Castle 1434–1449 Built for Władysław Oporowski, Bishop of Kujawy and Archbishop of Gniezno
Oporów zamek 2.jpg
Piotrków Trybunalski Royal Castle 1512–1519 Gothic-renaissance
Piotrkow (js).jpg
Płock Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century
Plock Castle.JPG
Płock Cathedral towers 13th-14th century Romanesque cathedral, rebuilt several times
6 Plock 073.jpg
Poznań Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul 14th and 15th century One of the oldest churches in Poland and the oldest Polish cathedral, partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Katedra Poznań Front RB.jpg
Corpus Christi Church 1406, 1465–1470 Church founded by Jogaila, partially rebuilt in the 18th century
Poznan Corpus Christi Church 423-32.jpg
House of Psalterists 1518 Building founded by Jan Lubrański, bishop of Poznań
Psalteria Poznan.jpg
St. Mary's Church in summo 1431–1448 The first church was founded by Dobrawa of Bohemia in 965
Ostrów Tumski Poznań RB1.JPG
Przasnysz Church of St. John and St. Anne 1588–1618 Considered to be the last gothic church in Poland[2]
6 Przasnysz 32.jpg
Rawa Mazowiecka Masovian Dukes Castle 14th century Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Rawa(js)1.jpg
Sieradz Collegiate 1370 Baroquified in the 17th century
Kolegiata wszystkich swietych - Sieradz, Poland-2.jpg
Supraśl Orthodox Monastery
- Church of the Annunciation
1503–1511 Gothic-renaissance, blown up in 1944 by retreating German army,[3] rebuilt since 1985
Suprasl orthodox church 3.jpeg
Szamotuły Collegiate 1423–1430
Collegiate in Szamotuły.JPG
Środa Wielkopolska Church 15th century Partially rebuilt in the 16th century (attic)
Sroda kolegiata.jpg
Uniejów Archbishop Castle 1360–1365 Built for Jarosław Bogoria-Skotnicki, Archbishop of Gniezno
Uniejów Castle.jpg
Warsaw St. John's Cathedral 14th century Completely destroyed by German artillery during the Warsaw Uprising,[4] rebuilt 1947-1957 in Masovian Brick Gothic
4 Warszawa 12.jpg
St. Mary's Church 1410–1411 Completely destroyed by German artillery during the World War II,[5] rebuilt 1947-1966
VarsaviaVisitazioneSMariaDxViaPiesza.jpg
Warsaw Barbican 1548 reconstructed 1952–1954
Warsaw Barbican outside.JPG
Bridge Gate 1584, additions in 18th century Gothic-renaissance gate.
VarsaviaVecchiaPolveriera.jpg
Wieluń Cracow Gate 14th century In the 19th century the town authorities adapted the building for a town hall
Brama KrakowskWln2.JPG
Włocławek Cathedral 14th and 15th century Rebuilt 1883-1901 in neo-Gothic style
Wloclawek katedra 1.jpg
Wschowa City Church 15th century Baroquified between 1720–1726
Wschowa kościół farny 3.jpg

Southern Poland[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Biecz Corpus Christi Church c. 1326-1480
Kosciol Biecz.JPG
Bell Tower 15th century Upper parts - mannerist sgraffito decorations
Dzwonnica Biecz.JPG
Bochnia St. Nicolas' Church 1440–1445
Bochnia-bazylika.jpg
Chęciny Chęciny Castle 13th or 14th century Upper parts in brick, rest limestone. Destroyed by Swedish-Brandenburgian forces during the Deluge, currently in ruins
Checiny zamek 1.jpg
Dębno Jakub Dembiński Castle 15th century
Debno (js).jpg
Kraków Barbican of Kraków 1498–1499
Barbakan Krakow z ulicy Basztowej 2.jpg
Collegium Maius 15th century
Collegium Maius 07.JPG
Corpus Christi Church 1385–1405
Corpus Cristi Church Cracow.JPG
Church of the Trinity 14th and 15th century, rebuilt after 1850 fire Former Dominican church
Kraków - Trinity Church 01.jpg
Florian Gate Early 14th century Upper parts in brick, rest limestone
Brama florianska.jpg
St. Catherine Church 1342–1426
Krakow kosciol sw Katarzyny 20070930 1522.jpg
Old Synagogue 1407 or 1492
Krakow synagoga stara.jpg
St. Mary's Basilica 1321–1331, 14th-15th century Hall church
Kraków - St. Mary Church 01.JPG
Town Hall Tower End of the 13th century
Kraków -Town Hall Tower 01.jpg
Wawel Castle 13th-16th century Wawel is an architectural complex erected over many centuries atop a limestone outcrop. This is a place of great significance for the Polish people. The Royal Castle with an armoury and the Cathedral are situated on the hill. The Gothic Wawel Castle was built at the behest of Casimir III the Great and consists of a number of structures situated around the central courtyard. In the 14th century it was rebuilt by Jogaila and Jadwiga of Poland.
Kraków - Wawel from Kopiec Krakusa.jpg
Wawel Cathedral 1320–1364 Upper parts in brick, rest limestone
Wawel cathedral.PNG
Nowy Sącz Church of St. Margaret 13th and 14th century Upper parts in brick, rest sandstone
Nowy Sacz 06.jpg
Oświęcim St. Mary's Church 14th century
Kościół Matki Bożej Wspomożenia Wiernych w Oświęcimiu.jpg
Paczków Fortified church 14th century
Paczków - Katedra.JPG
Sandomierz Cathedral 1360 Partially rebuilt in 1670 (facade)
Sandomierz Katedra1.jpg
Długosz House 1476
Sandomierz Dom Długosza.jpg
Opatów Gate 14th century
Sandomir Brama Opatowska.jpg
Royal Castle 14th century Partially rebuilt in 1520 in renaissance style by Benedykt Sandomierski
Polska Sandomierz 025.jpg
Szydłów St. Ladislaus' Church c. 1355
Szydlow church 20060619 1235.jpg
Środa Śląska Town Hall 15th century
StRatuszSrodaSlaska.jpg
Tarnów Cathedral 14th century Rebuilt 1889-1897 in neo-Gothic style
Tarnów, centrum města, kostel nedaleko Rynku.JPG
Mikołajowski House 15th century, 1524
Tarnów, centrum města, ulice za kostelem.JPG
Town Hall 14th century Rebuilt in the renaissance style in the 16th century
Tarnów, centrum města, Rynek, budova radnice s věží.JPG
Wiślica Długosz House 1460
Wislica Dom Dlugosza 20070825 1509.jpg
Minor Basilica 1350 Two nave church, upper parts in brick, rest limestone
Wislica Basilica 20070825 1510.jpg
Wrocław Cathedral of St. John 1234–1341, later repairs 98 m high towers
Poland Wroclaw Cathedral 2007.jpg
Church of the Holy Cross 1288-first half of the 14th century
5 Wroclaw 142.jpg
Church of St. Elisabeth 1309–1387
5 Wroclaw 034.jpg
Church of St. Mary Magdalen 1355–1360
Katedra św. Marii Magdaleny we Wrocławiu nocą.jpg
City hall 13th century, 15th-century alterations, 19th-century additions
Wroclaw-Rathaus.jpg
St. Martin Church 13th century,
Wroclaw-kosciolSwMarcina.jpg
Church of St. Barbara 15th century,
Polski autokefaliczny kosciol prawoslawny we Wroclawiu od ul.sw.Mikolaja.jpg
Church of St. Maria In Arena 1334-75,
Kościół Najświętszej Marii Panny na Piasku we Wrocławiu.jpg
Church of St. Adalbert 1250-1487,
Kosciol sw wojciecha.jpg
Church of St. Martin 1300-1569,
SW Maciej.jpg
Church of St. Vincent XIV-XVc,
Wroclaw kosciol swWincentego.jpg
Church of St. Stanislav, Vaclav and Dorothy 1351-1401,
Wrocław kościół pw. św Stanisława, Doroty i Wacława1.jpg
Church of Corpus Christi XVc,
Wrocław kościół Bożego Ciała1.jpg
Church of John of Capistrano 1462 - 1505,
Zespol pobernardynski Wroclaw.jpg
Church of St. Giles 1242,
Wroclaw kosciol sw.Idziego od plKatedralnego.jpg
Wroclaw Arsenal 1459,
Herb Wroclawia na scianie Arsenalu.jpg

Russia[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Kaliningrad (Königsberg, East Prussia) Cathedral 14th century
Kaliningrad cathedral.JPG
Königsberg Juditten Church Late 13th century
Башня звонницы Свято-никольского собора в Калининграде (Юдиттен-кирхи).JPG
Rodniki (Arnau, East Prussia) Arnau Church Late 14th century
Arnau pd.jpg
Druzhba (Allenburg, East Prussia) Allenburg Church 15th century
Church in Druzhba, Russia.jpg
Neman (Ragnit, East Prussia) Ordensburg 1397–1409 One of the strongest Ordensburgen. Now ruined. Built by Nikolaus von Fellenstein (see Malbork)
Ruine der Ordensburg.jpg
Vesyoloye (Balga, East Prussia) Ordensburg Balga Circa 1239 Ruin
Zamok balga may2006.JPG

Sweden[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Balingsta Parish, southwest of Uppsala Vik Castle Circa 1450, 17th and 19th century alterations
Viks slott.jpg
Danmark Parish, southeast of Uppsala Danmark Church 14th and 15th century
Danmark kyrka1.jpg
Helsingborg St. Mary (Swedish: Sankta Maria kyrka)
Sankta Maria kyrka (Helsingborg, Sweden).jpg
Lena Parish, north of Uppsala Lena Church Circa 1300, possibly consecrated in 1303 18th century alterations including plastering of the exterior walls and addition of a burial vault
Lena-kyrka.jpg
Lund St. Peter's Priory Church (Swedish: Sankt Peters klosterkyrka) Circa 1300
Klosterkyrkan, Lund.jpg
Malmö St. Peter (Swedish: Sankt Petri kyrka)
Malmö Sankt Petri kyrka 1.jpg
Ronneby Holy Cross Church (Swedish: Heliga Kors kyrka)
Ronneby Kyrkan (2008-02-xx).JPG
Sigtuna St. Mary (Swedish: Mariakyrkan) Mid 13th century
Sigtuna maria.jpg
Skänninge Vårfrukyrkan ("Church of Our Lady")
Vårfrukyrkan i Skänninge, den 20 maj 2007, bild 45.jpg
Skepptuna Parish, Stockholm County Skepptuna Church 13th to 15th centuries
Skepptuna kyrka.jpg
Skokloster north of Sigtuna Skokloster Church (originally a convent church: Sko klosters kyrka "Sko Convent Church") 13th century Near Skokloster Castle
Skoklosterkyrka666.jpg
Söderköping St. Lawrence's Church (Swedish: S:t Laurentii kyrka)
Sankt Laurentii kyrka2.jpg
Sölvesborg St. Nicholas' Church (Swedish: S:t Nicolai kyrka) 13th century
Sankt Nicolai kyrka i Sölvesborg.jpg
Stockholm Riddarholmen Church (Swedish: Riddarholmskyrkan) Late 13th century, major 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th century alterations Burial church for many of the Swedish monarchs
Rhkyrkan fr staden.jpg
Storkyrkan (St. Nicholas) 13th to 15 th century, major 18th century external alterations Outside altered into baroque stucco structure in 1736-1742 to make it more similar to the Royal Palace nearby, which was being constructed at that time after a big fire in 1697. Brick gothic interior is however preserved - it contains late gothic monumental sculpture of St. George and the dragon by Bernt Notke. It is the wedding and coronation church of many Swedish royalties
Stockholm-Storkyrkan (St.Georg).jpg
Strängnäs Strängnäs Cathedral 1296 onwards
Strängnäs cathedral Sweden 008.JPG
Tensta Parish, north of Uppsala Tensta Church 13th century Houses the earliest deliberate portrait (a fresco by Johannes Rosenrod) in Swedish art history
Tensta-kyrka.jpg
Tuna Parish, northeast of Uppsala Tuna Church Circa 1300
Tuna kyrka Uppland ext3.jpg
Uppsala Uppsala Cathedral 1287–1435, major 18th and 19th century alterations External appearance largely 19th century
Uppsala domkyrka view01sml.jpg
Holy Trinity Church (Swedish: Helga trefaldighets kyrka) Late 13th to 15th century
Helga Trefaldighets kyrka ext2.jpg
Vadstena House of Mårten Skinnare Late Middle Ages, 18th century alterations The roof was lowered and the crow-stepped gables removed in the 18th century.
Martenskinnareshusfransoder.jpg
Former royal palace, then part of Vadstena Abbey and later a hospital Mid 13th century, 14th century alterations When handed over to the abbey in 1346 the building was "humbled" and the roof was lowered.
Bjälboättens palats, Vadstena, juni 2005.jpg
Västerås Västerås Cathedral 13th century, 14th and 15th century extensions and later alterations Burial place of Eric XIV of Sweden
Västerås domkyrka1001.jpg
Växjö Växjö Cathedral 13th century, later alterations
Växjö Cathedral 1.jpg
Vendel Parish, north of Uppsala Vendel Church Late 13th and early 14th century, possibly consecrated in 1310
Vendels kyrka 10425.JPG
Ystad St. Mary's Church (Swedish: Sankta Maria kyrka) 13th to 15th century
Sankta Maria Kyrka.jpg
Franciscan Monastery Church (St. Peter) (Swedish: S:t Petri kyrka) Late 13th to 15th century
Ystad Saint Petri Church.jpg

Ukraine[edit]

Place Building Main period of construction Special features Image
Łuck Lubart's Castle (Polish: Zamek w Łucku, Ukrainian: Луцький замок) 14th and 15th century
Ukr Luzk Burg Lubarta.jpg
Zimno Zymne Monastery (Polish: Monaster Zaśnięcia Matki Bożej w Zimnem, Ukrainian: Зимненський монастир) after 1495
Monastery in Zimnee (Ukraine).jpg

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hans Josef Böker: Die mittelalterliche Backsteinarchitektur Norddeutschlands. Darmstadt 1988. ISBN 3-534-02510-5
  • Angela Pfotenhauer, Florian Monheim, Carola Nathan: Backsteingotik. Monumente-Edition. Monumente-Publikation der Deutschen Stiftung Denkmalschutz, Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-935208-00-6
  • Ernst Badstübner (Bearb.): Handbuch der Kunstdenkmäler in Polen. Bearbeitet von Slawomir Brzezicki. München 2005. ISBN 3-422-03109-X
  • Hans-Christian Feldmann (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. München 2000. ISBN 3-422-03081-6
  • Gerhard Vinken (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Brandenburg. München 2000. ISBN 3-422-03054-9
  • Johannes Habich (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein. München 1994. ISBN 3-422-03033-6
  • Michael Antoni (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. West- und Ostpreußen. München 1993. ISBN 3-422-03025-5
  • Gerd Weiß (ed.): Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Bremen und Niedersachsen. München 1992. ISBN 3-422-03025-5
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe Polen. München 1995. ISBN 3-426-26492-7
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe Estland, Lettland, Litauen. München 1993. ISBN 3-426-26608-3
  • Marianne Mehling (ed.): Knaurs Kulturführer in Farbe: Finnland. München 1988. ISBN 3-426-26248-7
This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ e.g. Angela Pfotenhauer, Florian Monheim, Carola Nathan: Backsteingotik. Monumente-Edition. Monumente-Publikation der Deutschen Stiftung Denkmalschutz, Bonn 2000, ISBN 3-935208-00-6; Hans Josef Böker: Die mittelalterliche Backsteinarchitektur Norddeutschlands. Darmstadt 1988. ISBN 3-534-02510-5
  2. ^ "Przasnysz-zabytki". www.powiat-przasnyski.info (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  3. ^ Gegen Ende des Krieges sprengt die deutsche Armee die Kirche auf ihrem Rückzug in die Luft.
    "Geschichte". www.monaster-suprasl.pl (in German). Retrieved 2009-12-17. [dead link]
  4. ^ Maria Irena Kwiatkowska, Krystyna Kozłowska (1978). Katedra św. Jana (St. John's Cathedral) (in Polish).  pp. 241-242
  5. ^ "kościół p.w. Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny". warszawa1939.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-17.