List of British Columbia by-elections

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The list of British Columbia by-elections includes every by-election held in the Canadian province of British Columbia. By-elections occur whenever there is a vacancy in the Legislative Assembly, although an imminent general election may allow the vacancy to remain until the dissolution of parliament. The most recent by-elections took place on April 19, 2012, in the districts of Port Moody-Coquitlam and Chilliwack-Hope.

Causes[edit]

By-elections by cause, 1871–2008

A by-election occurs whenever there is a vacancy in the Legislative Assembly. Vacancies can occur for the following reasons:

  • Death of a member.[1] The last time a sitting MLA died was Fred Gingell in 1999.[2] In addition, elected MLA's sometimes die before taking their seats. The last time this happened was in 1924 when John McKie died before the first session.[3]
  • Resignation of a member.[1]
  • Recall of a member.[1] This has never happened. However, former MLA Paul Reitsma was unofficially recalled because he resigned just as a recall attempt nearly succeeded.[4]
  • Voided results. The last time a by-election took place for this reason was in 1904.[5] The most recent any election has come close to being voided was in 1963.[6]
  • Expulsion from the legislature.[1]
  • Ineligibility to sit.[1]
  • Winning in more than one district during a general election. The last time that happened was in 1921.[7] It has been forbidden to run in multiple districts since 1940.[8]
  • A riding being established during a parliament. The only time a by-election took place because of this was in early 1934, in Columbia.[9]
  • Ministerial by-election, until the 1930s an MLA's seat was declared vacant and the occupant was required to re-offer upon being appointed to Cabinet.Such by-elections often resulted in the incumbent being acclaimed.

When there is a vacancy, a by-election must be called within six months of the Chief Electoral Officer learning of it. The only exception is when a member has been recalled. In that case, a by-election must be held with 90 days.[1]

40th Parliament 2013–present[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Westside-Kelowna July 10, 2013 Ben Stewart     Liberal Christy Clark     Liberal Resigned to create vacancy for Premier Christy Clark Yes

39th Parliament 2009–2013[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Port Moody-Coquitlam April 19, 2012 Iain Black     Liberal Joe Trasolini      NDP Resignation No
Chilliwack-Hope April 19, 2012 Barry Penner     Liberal Gwen O'Mahony      NDP Resignation No
Vancouver-Point Grey May 11, 2011 Gordon Campbell      Liberal Christy Clark       Liberal Resignation Yes

38th Parliament 2005–2009[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vancouver-Burrard October 29, 2008 Lorne Mayencourt      Liberal Spencer Herbert      NDP Resignation No
Vancouver-Fairview October 29, 2008 Gregor Robertson      NDP Jenn McGinn      NDP Resignation Yes

37th Parliament 2001–2005[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Surrey-Panorama Ridge October 28, 2004 Gulzar Cheema      Liberals Jagrup Brar      NDP Resignation No

36th Parliament 1996–2001[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Delta South December 7, 1999 Fred Gingell      Liberals Val Roddick      Liberals Death Yes
Parksville-Qualicum December 14, 1998 Paul Reitsma      Independent* Judith Reid      Liberals Resignation No
Surrey-White Rock September 15, 1997 Wilf Hurd      Liberals Gordon Hogg      Liberals Resignation Yes

* Reitsma is a former Liberal.[10]

35th Parliament 1991–1996[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Abbotsford May 3, 1995 Harry De Jong      Social Credit John van Dongen      Liberals Resignation No
Vancouver-Quilchena February 17, 1994 Art Cowie      Liberals Gordon Campbell      Liberals Resignation Yes
Matsqui February 17, 1994 Peter Dueck      Independent* Mike de Jong      Liberals Resignation No

* Dueck is a former Socred.[11]

34th Parliament 1986–1991[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Oak Bay-Gordon Head December 13, 1989 Brian Smith      Social Credit Elizabeth Cull      NDP Resignation No
Cariboo September 20, 1989 Alex Fraser      Social Credit David Zirnhelt      NDP Death No
Nanaimo March 15, 1989 Dave Stupich      NDP Jan Pullinger      NDP Resignation Yes
Vancouver-Point Grey March 15, 1989 Kim Campbell      Social Credit Tom Perry      NDP Resignation No
Alberni November 19, 1988 Robert Skelly      NDP Gerard Janssen      NDP Resignation Yes
Boundary-Similkameen June 8, 1988 James Hewitt      Social Credit Bill Barlee      NDP Resignation No

33rd Parliament 1983–1986[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Okanagan North November 8, 1984 Donald Campbell      Social Credit Lyle MacWilliam      NDP Death No
Vancouver East November 8, 1984 Dave Barrett      NDP Robert Williams      NDP Resignation Yes

32nd Parliament 1979–1983[edit]

The Kamloops by-election was the most recent by-election won by the governing party until 2011. During these 30 years the governing parties lost seventeen consecutive by-elections.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Kamloops May 14, 1981 Rafe Mair      Social Credit Claude Richmond      Social Credit Resignation Yes

31st Parliament 1975–1979[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Oak Bay March 20, 1978 George Wallace      Progressive Conservative Victor Stephens      Progressive Conservative Resignation Yes
Vancouver East June 3, 1975 Robert Williams      NDP Dave Barrett      NDP Resignation Yes

30th Parliament 1972–1975[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
North Vancouver-Capilano February 5, 1974 David Brousson      Liberal Gordon Gibson Jr      Liberal Resignation Yes
South Okanagan September 7, 1973 W.A.C. Bennett      Social Credit Bill Bennett      Social Credit Resignation Yes

29th Parliament 1969–1972[edit]

There were no by-elections.

28th Parliament 1966–1969[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Burnaby-Willingdon January 13, 1969 Fred Vulliamy      NDP James Lorimer      NDP Resignation Yes
Revelstoke-Slocan July 15, 1968 Randolph Harding      NDP William King      NDP Resignation Yes
Oak Bay July 15, 1968 Alan MacFarlane      Liberal Allan Cox      Liberal Resignation Yes
North Vancouver-Capilano July 15, 1968 Raymond Perreault      Liberal David Brousson      Liberal Resignation Yes
Vancouver South May 21, 1968 Thomas Bate      Social Credit Norman Levi      NDP Death No
Cariboo November 28, 1966 William Speare      Social Credit Robert Bonner      Social Credit Resignation Yes

27th Parliament 1963–1966[edit]

There were no by-elections.

26th Parliament 1960–1963[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Columbia July 15, 1963 Richard Newton      Social Credit Frank Greenwood      Social Credit Death Yes
Vancouver-Point Grey December 17, 1962 Buda Brown      Social Credit Patrick McGeer      Liberal Death No
Revelstoke September 4, 1962 George Hobbs      CCF Margaret Hobbs      CCF-NDP Death Yes

25th Parliament 1956–1960[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Rossland-Trail December 15, 1958 Robert Sommers      Social Credit Donald Brothers      Social Credit Resignation Yes
Delta September 9, 1957 Thomas Irwin      Social Credit Gordon L. Gibson      Social Credit Resignation Yes
Cariboo September 9, 1957 Ralph Chetwynd      Social Credit William Speare      Social Credit Death Yes
Burnaby September 9, 1957 Ernest Winch      CCF Cedric Cox      CCF Death Yes

24th Parliament 1953–1956[edit]

Douglas Jung of the Progressive Conservative Party runs in the Vancouver Centre by-election, the first time any Chinese Canadian had run for a seat in a Canadian legislature.[12]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vancouver Centre January 9, 1956 George Moxham      Social Credit Leslie Peterson      Social Credit Death Yes
Lillooet September 12, 1955 Gordon Gibson Sr.      Liberal Donald Robinson      Social Credit Resignation No
Victoria City November 24, 1953 Walter Wright      Social Credit George Gregory      Liberal Resignation No

23rd Parliament 1952–1953[edit]

These by-elections are held under the alternative vote system, the only two times (as of March 2008) by-elections had been held using that voting system.[13] After the next general election, the voting system would revert to first past the post in time for the next by-election.[12]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Similkameen November 24, 1952 Henry Francis      Social Credit Einar Gunderson      Social Credit Resignation Yes
Columbia November 24, 1952 Richard Newton      Social Credit Robert Bonner      Social Credit Resignation Yes

22nd Parliament 1949–1952[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Esquimalt October 1, 1951 Charles Beard      Coalition Franklin Mitchell      CCF Death No

21st Parliament 1945–1949[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
South Okanagan November 29, 1948 W.A.C. Bennett      Coalition Robert Browne-Clayton      Coalition Resignation Yes
Rossland-Trail November 29, 1948 James Webster      Coalition James Quinn      CCF Death No
Saanich February 23, 1948 Norman Whittaker      Coalition Arthur Ash      Coalition Resignation Yes
Cariboo February 23, 1948 Louis LeBourdais      Coalition Walter Hogg      Coalition Death Yes
Vancouver-Point Grey June 24, 1946 James Paton      Coalition Albert MacDougal      Coalition Death Yes
Royal Maitland      Coalition Leigh Stevenson      Coalition Death Yes
North Okanagan December 19, 1945 Kenneth MacDonald      Coalition Charles Morrow      Coalition Death Yes

20th Parliament 1941–1945[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
New Westminster May 10, 1945 Arthur Gray      Coalition Byron Ingemar Johnson      Coalition Death Yes
Revelstoke June 14, 1943 Harry Johnston      Coalition Vincent Segur      CCF Death No
Salmon Arm November 25, 1942 Rolf Bruhn      Coalition George Stirling      CCF Death No

19th Parliament 1937–1941[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Mackenzie September 21, 1940 John Bryan, Sr.      Liberal Manfred McGeer      Liberal Death Yes
Cranbrook October 26, 1939 Frank MacPherson      Liberal Arnold McGrath      Liberal Resignation Yes
Vancouver Centre May 1, 1939 Fred Crone      Liberal Laura Jamieson      CCF Death No
Dewdney May 20, 1938 Frank Patterson      Conservative David Strachan      Liberal Death No

18th Parliament 1933–1937[edit]

The Columbia by-election is notable for two reasons. First, it is the only one (as of March 2008) held due to a district being created during a parliament;[9] Second, it is the last time (as of March 2008) a candidate won through acclamation.[14]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vancouver-Burrard September 2, 1936 Gerry McGeer      Liberal John Forester      Liberal Resignation Yes
Omineca June 22, 1936 Alexander Malcolm Manson      Liberal Mark Connelly      Liberal Resignation Yes
North Vancouver July 14, 1934 Harley Anderson      CCF Dorothy Steeves      CCF Death Yes
Columbia March 20, 1934† n/a n/a n/a Thomas King      Liberal District created n/a

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[9]

17th Parliament 1928–1933[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Columbia December 19, 1931 John Buckham      Liberal Thomas King      Liberal Death Yes
The Islands February 21, 1931† Cyrus Wesley Peck      Conservative MacGregor Macintosh      Conservative Resignation Yes
Fort George January 7, 1931 Frederick Burden      Conservative Roy Alward      Conservative Resignation Yes
North Vancouver November 5, 1930 Ian Alistair MacKenzie      Liberal Jack Loutet      Conservative Resignation No
North Okanagan July 2, 1930† William Farris Kennedy      Conservative George Heggie      Conservative Resignation Yes
Chilliwack October 22, 1928† William Atkinson      Conservative William Atkinson      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Dewdney October 22, 1928† Nelson Lougheed      Conservative Nelson Lougheed      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Esquimalt October 22, 1928† Robert Pooley      Conservative Robert Pooley      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Fort George October 22, 1928† Frederick Burden      Conservative Frederick Burden      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Richmond-Point Grey October 22, 1928† Samuel Howe      Conservative Samuel Howe      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Saanich October 22, 1928† Simon Fraser Tolmie      Conservative Simon Fraser Tolmie      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Similkameen October 22, 1928† William McKenzie      Conservative William McKenzie      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Vancouver City October 22, 1928† William Shelly      Conservative William Shelly      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City October 22, 1928† Joshua Hinchliffe      Conservative Joshua Hinchliffe      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[15]

16th Parliament 1924–1928[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Nelson October 17, 1927 John Oliver      Liberal James McDonald      Liberal Death Yes
New Westminster September 12, 1927 Edwin Rothwell      Liberal Arthur Gray      Liberal Death Yes
North Okanagan June 9, 1927 Arthur Cochrane      Conservative William Farris Kennedy      Conservative Death Yes
Grand Forks-Greenwood April 25, 1925 John McKie      Conservative Dougald McPherson      Liberal Death No
North Okanagan September 24, 1924 Kenneth MacDonald      Liberal Arthur Cochrane      Conservative Joined Executive Council No
Nelson August 23, 1924 Kenneth Campbell      Liberal John Oliver      Liberal Resignation Yes

15th Parliament 1920–1924[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Cranbrook August 15, 1922 James Horace King      Liberal Noel Wallinger      Conservative Resignation No
Omineca April 10, 1922† Alexander Malcolm Manson      Liberal Alexander Malcolm Manson      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Nelson March 22, 1922 William Rose      Conservative Kenneth Campbell      Liberal Resignation No
Revelstoke February 27, 1922 William Sutherland      Liberal William Sutherland      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Delta February 3, 1921 John Oliver      Liberal Alexander Paterson      Liberal Won more than one district Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[7]

14th Parliament 1916–1920[edit]

The Vancouver City by-election was won by Mary Ellen Smith. She is the first woman to run and be elected in a provincial-level election, which was also the first one where women could vote.[16]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Alberni January 29, 1919† Richard Wallis      Conservative Richard Burde      Independent Soldier Death No
Cowichan January 25, 1919 William Hayward      Conservative Kenneth Duncan      Unionist Resignation No
Victoria City June 28, 1918 Harlan Carey Brewster      Liberal Francis Giolma      Soldier Death No
Chilliwack May 10, 1918 Edward Dodsley Barrow      Liberal Edward Dodsley Barrow      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Vancouver City January 24, 1918 Ralph Smith      Liberal Mary Ellen Smith      Independent~ Death Yes
Alberni January 24, 1918 Harlan Carey Brewster      Liberal Richard Wallis      Conservative Won more than one district No
Newcastle January 24, 1918 Parker Williams      Independent Socialist James Hawthornthwaite      Independent Socialist/Labour* Resignation Yes
Similkameen January 24, 1918 Lytton Shatform      Conservative William McKenzie      Conservative Resignation Yes
Vancouver City June 23, 1917† John Farris      Liberal John Farris      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City June 22, 1917 John Hart      Liberal John Hart      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Cranbrook January 3, 1917† James King      Liberal James King      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Dewdney January 3, 1917† James Oliver      Liberal James Oliver      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Greenwood January 3, 1917† John MacLean      Liberal John MacLean      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Nanaimo January 3, 1917† William Sloan      Liberal William Sloan      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City January 3, 1917† Harlan Carey Brewster      Liberal Harlan Carey Brewster      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Prince Rupert January 13, 1917† Thomas Dufferin Pattullo      Liberal Thomas Dufferin Pattullo      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Vancouver City December 21, 1916 Ralph Smith      Liberal Ralph Smith      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes
Malcolm MacDonald      Liberal Malcolm MacDonald      Liberal Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[16]

~ 'Independent people's candidate', also endorsed by the Liberal Party.[16]

* Endorsed by the United Mineworkers of America and "organized labour generally".[16]

13th Parliament 1912–1916[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria City March 4, 1916 Richard McBride      Conservative Harlan Carey Brewster      Liberal Resignation No
Vancouver City February 26, 1916 Charles Edward Tisdall      Conservative Malcolm MacDonald      Liberal Joined Executive Council No
Rossland City February 26, 1916 Lorne Argyle Campbell      Conservative Lorne Argyle Campbell      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
The Islands December 6, 1913 Albert Edward McPhillips      Conservative William Foster      Conservative Resignation Yes

12th Parliament 1909–1912[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Yale December 24, 1910† Richard McBride      Conservative Alexander Lucas      Conservative Won more than one district Yes
Fernie October 22, 1910 William Ross      Conservative William Ross      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[17]

11th Parliament 1907–1909[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Revelstoke January 16, 1909 Thomas Taylor      Conservative Thomas Taylor      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Nanaimo City January 12, 1909 James Hawthornthwaite      Socialist James Hawthornthwaite      Socialist Resignation Yes
Vancouver City August 3, 1907 William John Bowser      Conservative William John Bowser      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Dewdney April 17, 1907† Richard McBride      Conservative William J. Manson      Conservative Won More Than One District Yes
Atlin April 5, 1907† Henry Young      Conservative Henry Young      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[18]

10th Parliament 1903–1907[edit]

The August 16 by-election in the district of Lillooet is the last time a by-election had been held due to a voided result, as of March 2008.[5] The November 18, 1903 by-election in Vancouver City is the first by-election held[5] since political parties were introduced to the province.[14]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Alberni July 22, 1905 William McInnes      Liberal William Manson      Conservative Resignation No
Lillooet August 16, 1904 Archibald McDonald      Conservative Archibald McDonald      Conservative Voided result Yes
Kamloops June 30, 1904† Frederick John Fulton      Conservative Frederick John Fulton      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes
Vancouver City November 18, 1903 Charles Wilson      Conservative Charles Wilson      Conservative Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[5]

9th Parliament 1900–1903[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
South Victoria July 4, 1900† David Eberts      No Parties David Eberts      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City July 4, 1900† John Turner      No Parties John Turner      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
East Kootenay North July 17, 1900† Wilmer Wells      No Parties Wilmer Wells      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Lillooet East July 17, 1900† James Prentice      No Parties James Prentice      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
South Nanaimo July 17, 1900† James Dunsmuir      No Parties James Dunsmuir      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Westminster-Dewdney July 17, 1900† Richard McBride      No Parties Richard McBride      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Nanaimo City February 20, 1901† Ralph Smith      No Parties James Hawthornthwaite      No Parties Resignation n/a
Vancouver City February 19, 1901 James Garden      No Parties James Garden      No Parties Resignation Yes
New Westminster City September 18, 1901 John Brown      No Parties Thomas Gifford      No Parties Joined Executive Council No
Victoria City March 10, 1902 John Turner      No Parties Edward Gawler Prior      No Parties Resignation n/a
North Nanaimo December 15, 1902 William McInnes      No Parties William McInnes      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
North Victoria December 23, 1902 John Booth      No Parties Thomas Paterson      No Parties Death n/a
Yale-West February 26, 1903 Dennis Murphy      No Parties Charles Augustus Semlin      No Parties Joined Executive Council No

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[19]

8th Parliament 1898–1900[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vancouver City October 15, 1898† Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton      No Parties Francis Lovett Carter-Cotton      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Joseph Martin      No Parties Joseph Martin      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Yale-West October 15, 1898† Charles Augustus Semlin      No Parties Charles Augustus Semlin      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
West Kootenay-Nelson October 15, 1898† John Hume      No Parties John Hume      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Alberni December 15, 1898 Alan Neill      No Parties Alan Neill      No Parties Resignation Yes
Cowichan December 28, 1898 William Robertson      No Parties William Robertson      No Parties Resignation Yes
Vancouver City January 25, 1899† Charles Edward Tisdall      No Parties Charles Edward Tisdall      No Parties Resignation Yes
Victoria City February 2, 1899 Richard Hall      No Parties Richard Hall      No Parties Resignation Yes
John Turner      No Parties John Turner      No Parties Resignation Yes
Albert McPhillips      No Parties Albert McPhillips      No Parties Resignation Yes
West Kootenay-Nelson February 14, 1899 John Hume      No Parties John Hume      No Parties Resignation Yes
East Kootenay North February 28, 1899 William Neilson      No Parties Wilmer Wells      No Parties Death n/a
New Westminster City August 31, 1899† Alexander Henderson      No Parties Alexander Henderson      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[20]

7th Parliament 1894–1898[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Yale-North November 14, 1894† George Martin      No Parties George Martin      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
South Victoria April 15, 1895† David Eberts      No Parties David Eberts      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Cowichan-Alberni April 18, 1895 Theodore Davie      No Parties Thomas Wood*      No Parties Resignation n/a
Lillooet East June 1, 1895 n/a      No Parties David Stoddard      No Parties Voided result n/a
Cowichan-Alberni October 5, 1895 n/a      No Parties George Huff      No Parties Voided result n/a
Westminster-Chilliwhack May 7, 1897 Thomas Kitchen      No Parties Adam Vedder      No Parties Death n/a

* Result was voided.[21]

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[21]

6th Parliament 1890–1894[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Westminster November 7, 1890 John Robson      No Parties Colin Sword      No Parties Won more than one district n/a
Cariboo January 14, 1891 Joseph Mason      No Parties Ithiel Nason      No Parties Death n/a
East Kootenay July 30, 1892† James Baker      No Parties James Baker      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Cariboo August 24, 1892 John Robson      No Parties Hugh Watt      No Parties Death n/a
Cariboo October 4, 1893 Ithiel Nason      No Parties William Adams      No Parties Death n/a

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[22]

5th Parliament 1886–1890[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
New Westminster City November 25, 1889 William Bole      No Parties Thomas Cunningham      No Parties Resignation n/a
Lillooet September 21, 1889 A.E.B. Davie      No Parties Alfred Smith      No Parties Death n/a
Victoria City August 21, 1889 Theodore Davie      No Parties Theodore Davie      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Nanaimo June 29, 1889† Robert Dunsmuir      No Parties Andrew Haslam      No Parties Death n/a
Cariboo November 26, 1888 Robert McLeese      No Parties Ithiel Nason      No Parties Resignation n/a
Victoria June 30, 1888 Robert John      No Parties James Tolmie      No Parties Resignation n/a
Victoria City January 25, 1888 Edward Gawler Prior      No Parties Simeon Duck      No Parties Resignation n/a
Comox December 30, 1887 Anthony Stenhouse      No Parties Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Resignation n/a
Victoria City August 20, 1887 John Turner      No Parties John Turner      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Cowichan April 28, 1887 William Smithe      No Parties Henry Fry      No Parties Death n/a
Nanaimo January 3, 1887 William Raybould      No Parties George Thomson      No Parties Death n/a

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[23]

4th Parliament 1882–1886[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Victoria City April 15, 1885 Simeon Duck      No Parties Simeon Duck      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
New Westminster City April 21, 1884 William Armstrong      No Parties James Cunningham      No Parties Resignation n/a
Lillooet March 31, 1883† A.E.B. Davie      No Parties A.E.B. Davie      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Cowichan March 31, 1883† William Smithe      No Parties William Smithe      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
New Westminster March 31, 1883† John Robson      No Parties John Robson      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Yale October 13, 1882 Preston Bennett      No Parties George Martin      No Parties Death n/a
New Westminster City September 4, 1882 William Armstrong      No Parties William Armstrong      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[24]

3rd Parliament 1878–1882[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
New Westminster City December 20, 1881† Ebenezer Brown      No Parties William Armstrong      No Parties Resignation n/a
Cariboo October 29, 1879 John Evans      No Parties George Ferguson      No Parties Death n/a
Cariboo August 3, 1878† George Anthony Walkem      No Parties George Anthony Walkem      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City July 10, 1878† Robert Beaven      No Parties Robert Beaven      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria July 10, 1878† Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[25]

2nd Parliament 1875–1878[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Kootenay December 20, 1877 William Milby      No Parties Robert Galbraith      No Parties Death n/a
Cariboo June 20, 1877 A.E.B. Davie      No Parties George Cowan      No Parties Joined Executive Council No
Nanaimo January 19, 1877 John Bryden      No Parties David William Gordon      No Parties Resignation n/a
Kootenay August 24, 1876 Arthur Vowell      No Parties William Milby      No Parties Resignation n/a
Cowichan August 14, 1876† William Smithe      No Parties William Smithe      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Yale March 11, 1876 Forbes Vernon      No Parties Forbes Vernon      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City February 21, 1876 Arthur Elliott      No Parties Arthur Elliott      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria February 15, 1876† Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[26]

1st Parliament 1871–1875[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lillooet November 17, 1874 Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Thomas Humphreys      No Parties Resignation Yes
William Saul      No Parties William Brown      No Parties Resignation No
Victoria February 26, 1874 Arthur Bunster      No Parties William Robertson      No Parties Resignation n/a
Amor de Cosmos      No Parties William Fraser Tolmie      No Parties Resignation n/a
New Westminster March 21, 1873† William Armstrong      No Parties William Armstrong      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Comox January 11, 1873† John Ash      No Parties John Ash      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Victoria City January 6, 1873† Robert Beaven      No Parties Robert Beaven      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Lillooet December 21, 1872 Andrew Jamieson      No Parties William Saul      No Parties Death n/a
Cariboo June 22, 1872 Cornelius Booth      No Parties John Barnston      No Parties Resignation n/a
Cariboo February 12, 1872† George Anthony Walkem      No Parties George Anthony Walkem      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
New Westminster City November 28, 1871† Henry Holbrook      No Parties Henry Holbrook      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes
Esquimalt November 27, 1871† Alexander Robertson      No Parties Alexander Robertson      No Parties Joined Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation; this date is the date of the return of the writ.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Constitution Act". Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  2. ^ "Delta South By-election – December 7, 1999 – Statement of Votes" (PDF). Elections BC. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  3. ^ "Elected Candidates Who Did Not Take Their Seats in the Legislature". Electoral History of British Columbia 1871–1986. Elections BC. Archived from the original on 2007-08-16. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  4. ^ "Reitsma resigns". CBC News. 1998-11-13. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  5. ^ a b c d "By-Elections 10th Parliament". Electoral History of British Columbia 1871–1986. Elections BC. Retrieved 2008-03-25. [dead link]
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