List of British Columbia general elections

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Number of seats won by major parties at each election
Electoral results by parties and independent MLAs (as a percentage of total Legislative Assembly seats) from 1928 to 2009.

This article provides a summary of results for the general elections to the Canadian province of British Columbia's unicameral legislative body, the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The number of seats has increased over time, from 25 for the first election in 1871, to the current 85. Until the 1903 election, British Columbia politics were officially non-partisan - political parties were not part of the process. This began to change in the 1898 and 1900 elections with the appearance of party-designated candidates.

The chart on the right shows the information graphically, with the most recent elections on the right. It shows the popularity of the Liberal party (red) and Conservative party (blue) in the first half of the 20th century; the arrival of the Social Credit party (green), which won eleven of the twelve elections from 1952 to 1986; and the domination of provincial politics since 1986 by the Liberal party and the New Democratic Party (orange).

Summary of results[edit]

The table below shows the total number of seats won by the major political parties at each election. The winning party's total is shown in bold. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row.

Year Conservatives[A] Liberal NDP[B] Socialist Social Credit Labour [C] Independent Other Parties
2013 49 34 1 Green (1)
2009 49 35 1
2005 46 33
2001 77 2
1996 33 39 3 Reform (2); Progressive Democrats (1)
1991 17 51 7
1986 22 47
1983 22 35
1979 26 31
1975 1 1 18 35
1972 2 5 38 10
1969 5 12 38
1966 6 16 33
1963 5 14 33
1960 4 16 32
1956 2 10 39 1
1953 1 4 14 28 1
1952 4 6 18 19 1
1949 39 [D] 7 1 1
1945 37 [D] 10 1
1941 12 21 14 1
1937 8 31 7 1 1
1933 34 7 1 2 3 Non Partisan Independent Group (2), Unionist (1)
1928 35 12 1
1924 17 23 8 Provincial (3); Canadian Labour (3); Ind. Liberal (2)
1920 15 25 3 4 Federated Labour (3); People's (1)
1916 9 36 1 1 Independent Socialist
1912 39 1 2 Independent Conservative; Social Democrat
1909 38 2 2
1907 26 13 3
1903 22 17 2 1

Elections prior to provincial political parties[edit]

Until the 1903 election, political parties in BC had no official recognition. However, some candidates declared their support for the administration of the time as "Government" candidates, those not in support as "Non-Government" or Independent; such alignments often did not bear out once the House was seated. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row.

While there were no official party lines, there were unofficial yet unstable ones. Premiers De Cosmos and Martin both sat, at various times, in the federal House of Commons as Liberals, while premier Prior sat in the House of Commons as a Conservative. There was also a clear grouping of members who would often sit in opposition to, or in the cabinet of, certain other premiers. De Cosmos and his unofficial liberals mutually supported (i.e. were in each other's cabinets) each other. These premiers included McCreight, Walkem, Bevean, Semlin, and Martin. Meanwhile Premiers Prior, Dunsmuir, Turner, Davie, Robson, Davie, Smithe, and Elliot sat in each other's cabinets or otherwise supported one another; while premiers from one group often sat in opposition to premiers from the other.

Year Seats Government Non-Government
1900 38 6 32
1898 38 18 20
1894 33 20 13
1890 33 17 16
1886 27 19 8
1882 25 5 20
1878 25 8 17
1875 25 8 17
1871 25 No information available

Notes[edit]

A Includes results for the Progressive Conservatives from 1945
B Includes results for the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation up until 1961
C Includes results for the Independent Labour candidates from 1928, 1933 and 1941.
D Coalition between Progressive Conservative and Liberal parties.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Government of British Columbia. "1871-1986". Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  • Government of British Columbia (2002). "1987-2001 Supplement" (PDF). Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Archived from the original on 2006-11-24. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  • Government of British Columbia. "Important Dates in BC Election History". Electoral History of British Columbia. Elections BC. Archived from the original on 2006-10-09. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  • Government of British Columbia (May 17, 2005). "Statement of Votes" (PDF). 38th Provincial General Election. Elections BC. Archived from the original on 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2006-12-02.