List of British Columbia provincial highways

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This article lists all existing numbered highways in British Columbia, Canada.

Major routes[edit]

East-west[edit]

  • The Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) runs from Victoria to Nanaimo on Vancouver Island, and then from Horseshoe Bay, through the Vancouver area, Abbotsford, Hope, Kamloops, Salmon Arm, and Revelstoke to Kicking Horse Pass on the BC/Alberta border. This is the major east-west route in the province, and varies from eight-lane freeway to two-lane highway. With the exceptions of short freeway sections on the approaches to Nanaimo and Victoria, urban sections of The Trans-Canada Highway (TCH) on Vancouver Island take the form of congested city core streets and boulevards without bypass routes. Semi-rural sections of the Island TCH operate as local service arterial roads that combine high posted speeds with heavy signalization that leads to frequent T-bone collisions at numerous level crossover intersections, especially those that handle high volumes of left-turning and cross-traffic. A very long narrow winding section of Highway 1 over the Malahat is extremely hazardous and requires very slow driving. Frequent accidents can close the Malahat route for up to 24 hours at a time. Plans for a grade-separated freeway from Nanaimo to Victoria to eliminate all these hazards were cancelled after the 1987 stock market crash and the lengthy recession that followed. These cancellations were confirmed with the 1995 federal government "War on the Deficit" and British Columbia's subsequent highway capital spending freeze. The latter was lifted from the Trans-Canada Highway on the BC mainland in the early 2000s to support the 2010 Winter Olympics and the Pacific Gateway transportation initiative. However the freeze was largely left in place for Vancouver Island which was becoming seen as a local service commercial corridor isolated by the Georgia Strait/Salish Sea from the increasingly high mobility highway networks on the Canadian mainland. There are just over 60 stop-controlled intersections along approximately 100 km. of the Vancouver Island section of the TCH, which is about equal to the number of stoplights along the entire 7000 km. of highway from Vancouver, BC to St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • The Crowsnest Highway (Highway 3) runs from Hope, then through Osoyoos, Trail, Cranbrook, right to Crowsnest Pass on the BC/Alberta border. This is a southern alternate route to the Trans-Canada, and runs very close to the American border.
  • The Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16) starts on the Queen Charlotte Islands. After a ferry ride to the mainland, it runs from Prince Rupert through Smithers and Prince George, and then meets the Alberta border at Yellowhead Pass.
  • The Lougheed Highway (Highway 7) is a major alternate route that runs from Vancouver to Hope, through the lower Fraser Valley.
  • The Okanagan Connector (Highway 97C) is a short but major route that connects the Okanagan Valley to the Coquihalla Highway (Highway 5) at Merritt. 97C branches off Highway 97 at Peachland, about midway between Penticton and Kelowna.

North-south[edit]

  • The Island Highway (Highway 19) is an extension of Highway 1 on Vancouver Island. It runs from Nanaimo and provides access to all points northbound on Vancouver Island, including Parksville, Courtenay, Comox, Campbell River, and Port Hardy.
  • The Patricia Bay Highway (Highway 17) starts in Victoria and heads northbound as a freeway through Saanich to the Swartz Bay ferry terminal. At present, there is a gap between the segments of Highway 17, as the Mainland portion has been designated as Highway 17A. The new South Fraser Perimeter Road has been named as Highway 17, and presently is open in Surrey between 136 Street and Highway 15
  • Highway 99 starts as an extension of Interstate 5 at the US border in Surrey as a freeway until entering the city of Vancouver. There it becomes a series of various heavily signalized major city core thoroughfares, notably Granville Street and Georgia Street. After crossing the Lions Gate Bridge, the highway - now known as the Sea-to-Sky Highway, is a two-to-four lane route that accesses Squamish and Whistler, before veering east and meeting with Highway 97 north of Cache Creek.
  • The Coquihalla Highway/Southern Yellowhead Highway (Highway 5) is a freeway that bypasses the slower Fraser Canyon portion of the Trans Canada Highway, connecting the cities of Hope, Merritt, and Kamloops. The segment between Hope and Merritt was a toll highway until 2008. North of Kamloops, the route is known as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, and meets up with the main route of the Yellowhead Highway near the Alberta border.
  • Highway 97 is the longest highway in the province. The highway starts at the American border near Osoyoos. The highway, here known as the Okanagan Highway, passes through the major Okanagan Valley cities of Penticton, West Kelowna, Kelowna, and Vernon, before ending in Kamloops. From Kamloops, it is known as the Cariboo Highway, and passes through Cache Creek, Williams Lake, Quesnel, and ends in Prince George. North from there, it is known as the John Hart Highway, and ends in Dawson Creek. From there, the highway then is known as the famed Alaska Highway, and travels northwest through the province until it reaches the Yukon border.

Route list[edit]

List is current as of April 2014, according to the British Columbia Ministry of Transportation.

Markers Highway Other names Description Length (km)
Trans-Canada Highway Highway 1 Trans-Canada Highway from Victoria to Nanaimo on Vancouver Island, on the Mainland from Vancouver through Hope, Cache Creek, Kamloops, Salmon Arm, and Golden to the Alberta border, toll road at the Port Mann Bridge 1,048
Trans-Canada Highway Highway 1A Chemainus Road •Near Crofton, through Chemainus 17
Stanley Park Causeway, Kingsway, King George Boulevard Old alignment of Highway 1, through West Vancouver, Stanley Park, Downtown Vancouver, Burnaby, and Surrey via Pattullo Bridge 36
Fraser Highway Old alignment of Highway 1, through Langley Township, Aldergrove, and Abbotsford 38
Highway 2 Highway 2 Tupper Highway Dawson Creek through Tupper to Alberta border 37
Highway 3 Highway 3 Crowsnest Highway Junction with Highway 1 at Hope to Crowsnest Pass 837
Highway 3A Highway 3A Kaleden Highway Junction with Highway 3 at Keremeos to Highway 97 south of Kaleden, then via Highway 97 to Osoyoos 85
Castlegar through Nelson to Creston 154
Highway 3B Highway 3B Nancy Greene Lake through Rossland and Trail to Meadows 85
Highway 4 Highway 4 Alberni Highway Qualicum Beach to Port Alberni 41
Pacific Rim Highway Port Alberni to Tofino 123
Highway 4A Highway 4A Old Alberni Highway Coombs to Parksville 10
Highway 5 Highway 5 Coquihalla Highway Othello through Merritt to Kamloops 187
Southern Yellowhead Highway Kamloops to Tête Jaune Cache 349
Highway 5A Highway 5A Princeton-Kamloops Highway Princeton through Aspen Grove to Kamloops. Pre-1986 Highway 5. 182
Highway 6 Highway 6 Monashee Highway Nelway through Nelson and Needles Ferry to Vernon 407
Highway 7 Highway 7 Lougheed Highway Vancouver along Fraser River North Bank to Haig 150
Highway 7A Highway 7A Hastings Street, Barnet Highway (Decommissioned) Vancouver to Coquitlam 25
Highway 7B Highway 7B Mary Hill Bypass Alternate loop to Highway 7 in Port Coquitlam 9
Highway 8 Highway 8 Nicola Highway Lower Nicola to Spences Bridge 61
Highway 9 Highway 9 Agassiz-Rosedale Highway, Hot Springs Road Rosedale to Harrison Hot Springs 16
Highway 10 Highway 10 56 Avenue, Glover Road Delta to Langley Township 26
Ladner Trunk Road (Decommissioned) Ladner to Delta 14
Highway 11 Highway 11 Sumas Way Sumas to Mission 17
Highway 12 Highway 12 Lytton-Lillooet Highway Lytton to Lillooet 62
Highway 13 Highway 13 •264th Street
Aldergrove Highway
Canada-U.S. Border to Highway 1 11
Highway 14 Highway 14 •Juan de Fuca Highway
•West Coast Road
Langford to Port Renfrew 103
Highway 15 Highway 15 •176th Street
•Pacific Highway
Truck Customs through Cloverdale to Highway 1 20
Highway 16 Highway 16 Queen Charlottes Highway Masset to Skidegate 101
Yellowhead Highway Prince Rupert through Prince George to Yellowhead Pass 1,246
Highway 17 Highway 17 Patricia Bay Highway Victoria to North Saanich 31
South Fraser Perimeter Road Tsawwassen to Highway 1 in Surrey 44
Highway 17A Highway 17A West Saanich Road (Decommissioned) Older alignment of Highway 17 from Royal Oak Drive in Saanich to Wain Road in North Saanich 27
Older alignment of Highway 17 from Deltaport Way in Tsawwassen to Highway 99 north of Ladner 4.8
Highway 18 Highway 18 Cowichan Valley Highway Duncan to Youbou 42
Highway 19 Highway 19 Island Highway Nanaimo to Port Hardy 406
Highway 19A Highway 19A •Business route through Nanaimo 12
Oceanside Route Parksville to Campbell River 123
Highway 20 Highway 20 Chilcotin Highway Williams Lake to Bella Coola 457
Highway 21 Highway 21 Creston-Rykerts Highway Rykerts to Creston 14
Highway 22 Highway 22 Scholfield Highway Paterson to Castlegar 47
Highway 22A Highway 22A Waneta Highway Waneta to Montrose 11
Highway 23 Highway 23 Big Bend Highway Nakusp to Mica Creek 250
Highway 24 Highway 24 Interlakes Highway Little Fort to 93 Mile House 97
Highway 26 Highway 26 Barkerville Highway Quesnel to Barkerville 82
Highway 27 Highway 27 Stuart Lake Highway Vanderhoof to Fort St. James 53
Highway 28 Highway 28 Strathcona Highway Campbell River to Gold River 89
Highway 29 Highway 29 Don Phillips Way Tumbler Ridge to Charlie Lake 237
Highway 30 Highway 30 Port Alice Road Keogh to Port Alice 30
Highway 31 Highway 31 Selkirk Highway Balfour to Galena Bay 175
Highway 31A Highway 31A Kaslo to New Denver 47
Highway 33 Highway 33 Kelowna-Rock Creek Highway Rock Creek to Kelowna 129
Highway 35 Highway 35 North Francois Highway Burns Lake to Francois Lake 23
Highway 37 Highway 37 Stikine Highway Kitimat through Terrace to Upper Liard 874
Highway 37A Highway 37A Glacier Highway Meziadin Junction to Stewart and Hyder 65
Highway 39 Highway 39 Mackenzie Boulevard Junction with Highway 97 to Mackenzie 29
Highway 41 Highway 41 Danville Highway Danville to Carson on Highway 3 1.3
Highway 43 Highway 43 Elk Valley Highway Sparwood to Elkford 35
Highway 49 Highway 49 Spirit River Highway Dawson Creek to Alberta border 16
Highway 52 Highway 52 Heritage Highway Arras through Tumbler Ridge to Tupper 243
Highway 77 Highway 77 Liard Highway Junction with Alaska Highway to NWT border 138
Highway 91 Highway 91 Annacis Highway Delta to Annacis Island 11
Richmond Freeway, East-West Connector •Across Richmond 12
Highway 91A Highway 91A Queensborough Connector Spur into New Westminster 3.5
Highway 93 Highway 93 Kootenay Highway Continuation of U.S. Route 93 at Roosville to Alberta border at Kootenay National Park 317
Highway 95 Highway 95 Columbia Highway Continuation of U.S. Route 95 at Kingsgate through Cranbrook to Golden 329
Highway 95A Highway 95A Kimberley Highway Older alignment of Highway 95 through Kimberley 55
Highway 97 Highway 97 Okanagan Highway •Continuation of U.S. Route 97 at Osoyoos to Monte Creek 269
Trans-Canada Highway •Concurrency with Highway 1 from Monte Creek to Cache Creek 110
Cariboo Highway Cache Creek to Prince George 441
John Hart Highway Prince George to Dawson Creek 405
Alaska Highway Dawson Creek to Yukon border 965
Highway 97A Highway 97A Vernon-Sicamous Highway Vernon to Sicamous 65
Highway 97B Highway 97B Grindrod-Salmon Arm Highway Grindrod to Salmon Arm 14
Highway 97C Highway 97C Okanagan Connector Peachland to Cache Creek 220
Highway 97D Highway 97D Meadow Creek Road Junction with Highway 5 north of Merritt to Logan Lake 24
Highway 99 Highway 99 Vancouver-Blaine Highway, Sea-to-Sky Highway, and Granville Street in Vancouver Douglas through Metro Vancouver and Whistler to Highway 97 north of Cache Creek 409
Highway 99A Highway 99A King George Boulevard (Decommissioned) Older alignment of Highway 99 through Metro Vancouver 50
Highway 101 Highway 101 Sunshine Coast Highway Langdale to Powell River 130
Powell River to Lund (Decommissioned) 23
Highway 113 Highway 113 Nisga'a Highway Terrace through Gitlakdamix to Cranberry Junction 158
Highway 118 Highway 118 Central Babine Lake Highway Topley to Granisle 50
Highway 395 Highway 395 Continuation of U.S. Route 395 at Washington (state) border at Laurier to Cascade 4

The following routes are maintained by the Ministry of Transportation as part of British Columbia's highway system, but they are currently un-numbered:

Yukon highways in British Columbia[edit]

Highways 2 (Klondike Highway) and 3 (Haines Highway) in the northwest corner of the province are part of the Yukon territorial highway system and are not listed here or designated as BC highways.

Although some editions of The Milepost identify the B.C. portion of the Haines Highway as Highway 4, this is not an official highway number for the route.

Although the Alaska Highway crosses the 60th parallel north, and thus the border with the Yukon, nine times (including six crossings between historic miles 588 and 596), the highway route number changes just once, between Lower Post, B.C., and Watson Lake, Yukon. The Yukon section east of here is maintained by Public Works Canada as part of the B.C. portion of Highway 97, while the B.C. section west of here is maintained by the Yukon Government as part of Yukon Highway 1.

Defunct route numbers[edit]

The first two freeways built in British Columbia were given 400-series numbers, much like the 400-Series Highways in Ontario. Highways 401 and 499 were renumbered 1 and 99 respectively in 1973. The section of Highway 37 between Terrace and Kitimat was known as Highway 25 until 1986. In recent years, many routes have been devolved to regional and/or municipal authorities and have lost their official highway status, notably the Fraser Highway in the Lower Mainland (formerly part of Highway 1A) and West Saanich Road on Vancouver Island (formerly Highway 17A). Also King George Highway through Surrey was renamed by the City in 2010 to King George Boulevard. (formerly British Columbia Highway 99A). Some roads have informal highway numbers (e.g. 40, 51, 59) used by locals and are referred to by these numbers on provincial highway condition listings but are not signed as highways or listed as provincial highways on the Ministry of Transportation website.

External links[edit]