List of British Jews

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List of British Jews is a list of prominent Jews from the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

Although the first Jews may have arrived on the island of Great Britain with the Romans, it was not until the Norman Conquest of William the Conqueror in 1066 that organised Jewish communities first appeared in England. These existed until 1290 when the Jewish population of England was expelled by King Edward I of England.

There was never a corresponding expulsion from Scotland. The eminent scholar David Daiches states in his autobiographical Two Worlds: An Edinburgh Jewish Childhood that there are grounds for saying that Scotland is the only European country with no history of state persecution of Jews.

Jews were re-admitted to England and Wales in 1656 by Oliver Cromwell. Slightly more than 200 years later, in 1858 they were emancipated, that is, accepted as full citizens. In the late 19th century, there was mass Jewish immigration to England from Russia due to Russian domestic policy. In the 1930s, the country accepted many refugees from Nazism. The Jewish population peaked at 450,000, but has since declined due to low birth-rate, intermarriage and emigration, mainly of the younger generation to Israel. According to the 2001 census, the current population is around 295,000, most of whom live in London.

Academic figures[edit]

Scientists[edit]

See List of British Jewish scientists, which includes economists.

Historians[edit]

"Five years or so later, I decided to define publicly my identity as belonging to the Jewish community by becoming a member of the Liberal Jewish Synagogue."

Medical[edit]

Philosophers[edit]

"Wollheim was an outstanding representative of a generation of Central European Jewish intellectuals"

Social scientists[edit]

See List of British Jewish scientists

"You are a Jewish, Zimbabwean, Mancunian philosopher... I have lived in Manchester more than half my life and am very much at home here."

Theologians and Hebraists[edit]

Artists[edit]

Fine arts[edit]

Designers and Architects[edit]

Arts and literature[edit]

Musicians[edit]

See List of British Jewish entertainers (includes Classical musicians and actors as "entertainers.")

Writers[edit]

See List of British Jewish writers

Business and the professions[edit]

Civil service[edit]

Finance[edit]

Law[edit]

5/7/1996 p7: "The Liberal Democrats' sole Jewish MP, Alex Carlile"
25/6/1999 p10: "Alex Carlile is on his way back to Westminster as one of four Jews among the 36 working peers"

Manufacturing[edit]

Media[edit]

Military[edit]

Property[edit]

Retail[edit]

Police[edit]

Political figures[edit]

See List of British Jewish politicians

Religious and communal leaders[edit]

Showbusiness[edit]

See List of British Jewish entertainers

Sports[edit]

Aviation[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Chess[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Fencing[edit]

  • Allan Jay, British (épée & foil), Olympic 2x silver, world champion
  • Edgar Seligman, British (épée, foil, and sabre), Olympic 2x silver (épée), 2x British champion in each weapon

Football (association; soccer)[edit]

Motorsport[edit]

Rugby league[edit]

Rugby union[edit]

Sailing[edit]

Table tennis[edit]

  • Viktor Barna (born "Győző Braun"), Hungary/Britain, 22x world champion, International Table Tennis Foundation Hall of Fame ("ITTFHoF")
  • Richard Bergmann, Austria/Britain, 7x world champion, ITTFHoF
  • Ivor Montagu, Britain, national team

Tennis[edit]

Track and field[edit]

Weightlifting[edit]

Wrestling[edit]

  • Fred Oberlander, Austrian, British, and Canadian wrestler; world champion (freestyle heavyweight); Maccabiah champion
  • Samuel Rabin, Great Britain, Olympic bronze (freestyle middleweight)

Other sports[edit]

Philanthropists[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ [1] "her father, Geoffrey Alderman, is a columnist for the Jewish Chronicle, and her family are strict Orthodox Jews" Accessed 3 January 2007
  2. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was one of the many children of pre-1914 Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe who were to play such prominent roles in British economic, cultural, and political life."
  3. ^ a b c Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed.
  4. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was buried in Golders Green Jewish cemetery"
  5. ^ Martin Beckford, "Jewish group rejects uncritical support of Israel" Telegraph (5 February 2007)
  6. ^ The Times; 11 January 1997; Tony Turnbull:"Born in Oxford, she had moved to Cheltenham at the age of five when her father, the polymath Jacob Bronowski, author of Ascent of Man, took up a research post with the National Coal Board. So it was that this nice little Jewish family moved in to Cleeve Hill, a small village four miles (6 km) from town."
  7. ^ Jewish Year Book 1990 p202
  8. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. "Magnus"
  9. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Glasgow of an Anglophile Riga Jewish family"
  10. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Historians, list headed "Prominent Jewish General Historians"
  11. ^ Jewish Chronicle, 14 January 2000, p.14 "Knighthood goes to diabetes pioneer"
  12. ^ a b c d e Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  13. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents of Russian origin"
  14. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the son of Jewish parents"
  15. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish physician"
  16. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only child of Jacob Márton Lipsitz, a wine merchant, and Márgit Herczfeld, both Hungarian Jews"
  17. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Elias, as a Jew, sought refuge first in Paris (1933–5), and then in London (from 1935), eventually becoming a British citizen in 1952"
  18. ^ Alfred de Grazia (29 September 2006). ""Mr. Herman Finer, an Englishman, Jewish"". Grazian-archive.com. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  19. ^ Jewish Chronicle obituary, 25 June 1993, p.15
  20. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "An unbaptized Jew"
  21. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "of Jewish parentage"
  22. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only child of prosperous Jewish parents"
  23. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica 1911: ABENDANA, the name of two Jewish theologians ... Jacob ... Isaac
  24. ^ Obituary, Jewish Chronicle, 5 February 1960, p.1
  25. ^ a b Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents"
  26. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 ed.
  27. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents at Vienna"
  28. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: born in Poland of Jewish parents
  29. ^ born Jewish; see Dictionary of National Biography
  30. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Prussian Poland of Jewish parents"
  31. ^ Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish controversialist, born in London in 1740, was son of Mordecai Levi, a member of the London congregation of German and Polish Jews"
  32. ^ His own book On Being a Jewish Christian (1998)
  33. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "an academically highly gifted boy of Jewish parentage"
  34. ^ "Adolf Neubauer" Jewish Encyclopedia
  35. ^ James Campbell (11 January 2005). "Guardian Books". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  36. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born at Dortmund of Jewish parentage"
  37. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, cited at OUP web site
  38. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "son of East-End Russian Jewish immigrants"
  39. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "As a Jew, Games worked for the Jewish relief unit and for many Jewish and Israeli organizations"
  40. ^ Obituary, Jewish Chronicle 30 August 1912, p16
  41. ^ Delia Gaze Dictionary of Women Artists Routledge Press 1997,
  42. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Hart was an observant Jew."
  43. ^ The Guardian, 6 February 2002, p6: Letter from Kitaj: "London's four leading Jewish painters, including me"; Listed as a British painter in Hutchinson's Encyclopedia of Britain, 2005
  44. ^ H. Read, S. Thorndike, and others, Jacob Kramer: a memorial volume (1969)
  45. ^ Jewish Chronicle, "Lord Snowdon is indeed Jewish ... Snowdon does not need to be any more Jewish. Halachically, the Lubavitcher rebbe was no more haimishe than he is.
  46. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents in Warsaw; naturalized, 1894"
  47. ^ Comment by his son James Lasdun: "He was English but not really, being Jewish": accessed 6 May 2007
  48. ^ Jewish Virtual Library: "Maybe I'm a really bad Jew because I'm always so excited to say that I am, but I don't live and breathe the religion.": accessed 6 May 2007
  49. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in East Prussia of German-Jewish parents
  50. ^ a b Jewish Chronicle, 8 January 1999, p.6: "Three Jewish knights feature among the New Year honours: ... Nichola Serota ... John Krebs ... Victor Blank."
  51. ^ Patricia Welch, "The World of the Shining Translator: Waley's "Genji", Orientalism, and the birth of Japanese Literary Studies", "Waley, born Arthur David Schloss, was a member of an elite Anglo-Jewish family"
  52. ^ article in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  53. ^ Jewish Chronicle, 21 June 1968 Page:46
  54. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Linz, Austria, of Jewish parents"
  55. ^ K. Grunwald, ‘Windsor Cassel: the last court Jew’, Yearbook of the Leo Baeck Institute, 14 (1969), 119–61
  56. ^ Jewish Chronicle 25 July 1941, p.12, "Jews in the Navy"
  57. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "a devout Jew"
  58. ^ House of Rothschild – MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. 
  59. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born of Jewish parents of English nationality"
  60. ^ New Yorker magazine "My great-grandfather Herbert Bentwitch, a lawyer from a prominent English Jewish family" Accessed 21 November 2006.
  61. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, art. Bentwitch
  62. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "first professing Jew to graduate at Cambridge"
  63. ^ Dictionary of National Biography: "Another area to which Cohen gave time and devotion was that of Jewish culture and charity. He had been brought up in the Orthodox tradition, and came to take the Reformed and Liberal positions."
  64. ^ Jewish Chronicle, 12 January 2007 p.15: article "People: Who is up to what in the Jewish world this week"
  65. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in New York of wealthy Jewish parents"
  66. ^ Flade, Roland. The Lehmans: From Rimpar to the New World: A Family History, 2nd Enlarged Ed., 1999; reviewed by the American Jewish Historical Society. Accessed 14 November 2006.
  67. ^ a b c "Ideas for community study 350 years of Anglo-jewry". LiberalJudaism.org. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  68. ^ [2]"Was it any more difficult for her to be so critical in the Israel case because she is Jewish? "I don't think so", she says, stressing that she judged the case as an international lawyer and not because of her background. "I also think that the fact you happen to be Jewish doesn't mean you think that everything the State of Israel does is right." When the Foreign Office put her name forward for election to the court, there were fears that some countries in the UN would not vote for a Jewish woman. She dismisses such concerns. "I don't think I have ever been perceived as Rosalyn Higgins, the Jewish international lawyer – and I hope not Rosalyn Higgins, the woman international lawyer."
  69. ^ Obituary: Harold Lightman; The Independent; 18 November 1998; John Balcombe; p. 6; "Lightman was disadvantaged in his early legal career by the fact that he had not been to university and was Jewish."
  70. ^ Son of Rabbi Chaim Pearl: see Who's Who (UK)
  71. ^ [3] Jewish Chronicle, 11 July 2008, "How Jewish is Lord Chief Justice Phillips?"
  72. ^ "The Guardian Profile", The Guardian, 15 February 2008, pg.21
  73. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica 1st ed, vol 14 cols 1539–1540
  74. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "He was a devout Jew"
  75. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His parents were Orthodox Jews"
  76. ^ The Times, 14 April 1998, p.1: "the Jewish philanthropist Sir Emmanuel Kaye"
  77. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "leading figure in Anglo-Jewry"
  78. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed
  79. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "the only son and elder child of Samuel and Anna Jacobson, a Jewish couple"
  80. ^ The Times (London); 3 December 1992; Ruth Gledhill:'Lord Rothschild, who is head of the English branch of the Rothschild family, says: "I would not like to disguise that I am first and foremost a secular Jew."'
  81. ^ The first of the Tudors: a study of Henry VII and his reign, (Taylor & Francis, 1981) By Michael Van Cleave Alexander, page 97
  82. ^ Dictionary of National Biography: "Cotton was a highly respected member of the Jewish community in Birmingham, of whose main synagogue he had been vice-president and treasurer"
  83. ^ "People - Zabludowicz Collection". Zabludowicz Collection. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  84. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Lithuania of Jewish parentage"
  85. ^ Jewish Chronicle, 24 April 1998, p.7: "one Jewish businessman on the up is fashion and property man Bernard Lewis"
  86. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "a leading member of the London Jews"
  87. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "naturalised British subject, 1910"
  88. ^ "Diana Barnato Walker". The Daily Telegraph (London). 4 May 2008. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  89. ^ Ron Jackson (17 January 2010). "Barney Aaron–Star of the East Shone in London". Richmark Sentinel. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  90. ^ Roman Greenberg site "the first Jewish world heavyweight champion in more than a quarter-century" Boxrec site "Hometown Finchley, England". Both accessed 12 November 2006.
  91. ^ Deborah Andrews (1992). Annual Obituary, 1991. St. James Pr. ISBN 1-55862-175-X. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  92. ^ "Ted "Kid" Lewis(Gershon Mendeloff)". www.jewishsports.net. Retrieved 9 May 2008. [dead link]
  93. ^ Danny Caro (14 July 2009). "Team GB cricket fail to see the job through". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  94. ^ "Blues pack British squad". The Times. 6 July 2005. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  95. ^ Ajay S Shankar (23 May 2008). "Rhodes to be part of unique Israel team". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  96. ^ Rowland, Paul (10 April 2007). "Bluebirds' star first British Jew footballer for 25 years". WalesOnline. Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  97. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "Sheila's upbringing in an all-girl Jewish family generated no interest in motoring beyond her training as a Women's Auxiliary Air Force driver."
  98. ^ Encyclopedia Judaica, Second Edition, volume 19, p 146
  99. ^ "Player profile: Aaron Liffchack". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  100. ^ "Bullimore's sister buoyed by rabbis' support", Jewish Chronicle 24 January 1997, p. 1
  101. ^ Peter S. Horvitz (2007). The Big Book of Jewish Sports Heroes: An Illustrated Compendium of Sports History and The 150 Greatest Jewish Sports Stars. SP Books. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  102. ^ David Goodman (24 May 2010). "The A-Z Guide To Jewish Grand Slam Champions". Tennis Grandstand. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  103. ^ [4][dead link]
  104. ^ "Solomon Abrahams". Jewsinsports.org. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  105. ^ The Jewish Chronicle[dead link]
  106. ^ "Eight Jewish Athletes at BEG". The Canadian Jewish Chronicle. 30 July 1954. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  107. ^ Jewish Chronicle, obituary, 19 January 2007 p.45
  108. ^ [5]: "Lord Duveen and many other Jewish intellectuals"
  109. ^ Oxf, ord Dictionary of National Biography: "Born an Orthodox Jew, in her religious practices Anna Maria remained throughout her life very observant"
  110. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born into old, established Jewish family"
  111. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His grandfather Jacob had established the family as one of the first Jewish families to acquire great wealth and social acceptability in Bavaria ... His mother came from an Orthodox Frankfurt family and ensured that the children were properly instructed in Jewish matters ... he thereafter lived more in London than in Paris."
  112. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "Jewish philanthropist"
  113. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "His family were Jewish"
  114. ^ The Press, Hendon and Finchley Edition, 16 November 2006, p.4: "Student Jeremiah, who was Jewish"
  115. ^ [6]; The Irish Times, Wednesday, 7 January 1998: "Ireland's Young Bloomers"
  116. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "born in Berlin of Jewish parents"
  117. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: "registered with the Jewish community of Pest"; Jewish Encyclopedia
  118. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography: "a Portuguese Jew, but born a British subject"
  119. ^ Lire: le magazine littéraire: "la comtesse Krystyna Skarbek, une aristocrate juive"

Bibliography[edit]

  • Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: The Authorized Biography. London: Sanctuary Publishing, Ltd.; 3rd edition, 2003. pp. 23–32.
  • JYB = Jewish Year Book (annual)
  • "Obituary: Sir Edward Sassoon". The Times, Saturday, 25 May 1912; pg. 11; Issue 39908; col C.
  • TimesAd: The Times, 6/7/06 p34: "A Call by Jews in Britain" (advert signed by 300 British Jews)
  • David S. Katz, The Jews in the History of England, 1485–1850 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994). xvi, 447 pp.

See also[edit]