List of British fascist parties

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Although Fascism in the United Kingdom never reached the heights of many of its European counterparts, British politics after the First World War saw the emergence of a number of fascist movements, none of which ever came to power.


A flowchart showing the history of the early British fascist movement

A number of fascist movements emerged before the Second World War. Amongst those that were founded were:


After the Second World War a handful of groups emerged which looked directly to fascism and Nazism for their inspiration. Those who have openly done so (in contrast with parties which merely describe themselves as aligned with nationalism) are:

National Front demonstration in Yorkshire, 1970s


  • R. Benewick, Political Violence and Public Order, London: Allan Lane, 1969
  • M. Cronin (ed.), The Failure of British Fascism, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996
  • R. Eatwell, Fascism : A History, London: Pimlico, 2003
  • R. Thurlow, Fascism in Britain, London: IB Tauris, 1998
  • M. Sarkisyanz, From Imperialism to Fascism: Why Hitler's India was to be Russia, New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications, 2003


  1. ^ Martin Pugh, 'Hurrah for the Blackshirts!' Fascists and Fascism in Britain between the Wars (London 2005)
  2. ^ RJB Bosworth, "The British Press, the Conservatives, and Mussolini, 1920-34", Journal of Contemporary History, 1970