List of British postage stamps

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This is a list of postage stamps issued by the United Kingdom, normally referred to as Great Britain in philatelic usage, even though standard British stamps are valid alongside their regional counterparts throughout the British Isles. This list should be consistent with printed publications,[1][2] and cite sources of any deviation (e.g., magazine issue listing newly found variations).

Queen Victoria[edit]

Line engraved[edit]

Penny black.jpg

Embossed[edit]

  • Sixpence embossed
  • Ten Pence embossed
  • One Shilling embossed

Surface printed[edit]

King Edward VII[edit]

  • Definitives halfpenny to £1, 1902 (printed by De La Rue & Co.)
  • Definitives halfpenny to 4d, 1911 (printed by Harrison and Sons)
  • Definitives one and a half pence to £1, 1911–13 (printed at Somerset House)

King George V[edit]

  • Definitives halfpenny, 1d, 1911–12 "Mackennals" (designed by Bertram Mackennal)
  • Definitives halfpenny, 1d, 1912 "Mackennals" (lion shaded)
  • Low value definitives, 1912–24 (halfpenny to 1s)
  • High value definitives, 1913–18, "Seahorses"
  • Postage due stamps, 1914 (halfpenny to 1s)
  • British Empire Exhibition Postage Stamps (first commemorative issue)
  • Universal Postal Union Congress, London 10 May 1929 (halfpenny to twopence halfpenny and £1)
  • Low value definitives, 1934–36 (halfpenny to 1s)
  • High value definitives, 1934, "Seahorses" (re-engraved)
  • Silver Jubilee 7 May 1935 (first issue to commemorate a royal event)

King Edward VIII[edit]

King George VI[edit]

  • Low value definitives (original dark colours)
  • Low value definitives (pale colours)
  • Low value definitives (changed colours)
  • High value definitives (original square format)
  • High value definitives (rectangular format) 1951
  • Coronation 12 May 1937 (first issue to include the Queen's portrait as well as the King's)
  • Centenary of the postage stamp 6 May 1940
  • Victory 11 June 1946
  • Silver wedding 26 April 1948 (first issue to commemorate a personal Royal occasion rather than a state event, £1 value was the first British stamp designed by a woman and the issue is notable for the omission of the words 'postage' and 'revenue').
  • Channel Islands Liberation 10 May 1948
  • Olympic Games 29 July 1948
  • Universal Postal Union (UPU) 10 October 1949
  • Festival of Britain 3 May 1951 [3]

Queen Elizabeth II (pre-decimalisation)[edit]

1952-4[edit]

  • Low value definitives known as Wildings, 5 December 1952, 31 August 1953, 15 October 1954

1953[edit]

1955[edit]

1957[edit]

1958[edit]

1959[edit]

  • Low value Wilding definitives with phosphor bands, 18 November (first phosphor issue)

1960[edit]

1961[edit]

1962[edit]

Note: Issues between 1962 and 1966 inclusive are available in two varieties – with, and without, phosphor bands (which fluoresce in ultra-violet light). These were introduced to help sorting machines distinguish between first and second class letters automatically and the early examples with phosphor bands (up to the 1965 Salvation Army issue) are worth several times those without.

1963[edit]

  • Freedom from Hunger, 21 March
  • Centenary of the Paris Postal Conference, 7 May
  • National Nature Week, 16 May
  • Ninth International Lifeboat Conference, Edinburgh, 31 May
  • Red Cross Centenary Congress, 15 August
  • Opening of COMPAC (Trans-Pacific Telephone Cable), 3 December

1964[edit]

Note: First commemorative set to feature in an illustrated Presentation Pack, including mint stamps, with descriptive notes and protective covering. Also first set for which there was an official Post Office issue illustrated First Day Cover envelope and first set to commemorate a person from history.

1965[edit]

  • Winston Churchill Commemoration (2 stamps, 4d & 1/3), 8 July
  • 700th Anniversary of Simon De Montfort's Parliament (2 stamps, 6d & 2/6), 19 July
  • Salvation Army Centenary, (2 stamps, 3d & 1/6), 9 August
  • Centenary of Joseph Lister's Discovery of Antiseptic Surgery, (2 stamps), 1 September
  • Commonwealth Arts Festival (2 stamps), 1 September
  • 25th Anniversary of Battle of Britain (8 stamps + 4d values as block of 6), 13 September
  • Opening of Post Office Tower (2 stamps), 8 October
  • 20th Anniversary of U.N.O. and International Cooperation Year (2 stamps), 25 October
  • International Telecommunications Union (I.T.U.) Centenary (2 stamps), 15 November

1966[edit]

1967[edit]

  • Christmas 1967, 18 October and 27 November

Also this year, in two issues, the first Machin definitives (4d, 1s, and 1/9d in the first issue); the remaining values were issued later in 1967 (3d, 9d, and 1/6d) and on two dates in 1968.

1968[edit]

  • British Bridges, 29 April (synthetic PVA gum used from this issue)
  • British Anniversaries, 29 May
  • British Paintings, 12 August
  • Christmas 1968, 25 November

1969[edit]

  • British Ships, 15 January
  • First Flight of Concorde, 3 March
  • Anniversaries, 2 April
  • British Architecture (Cathedrals), 28 May
  • Investiture of The Prince of Wales, 1 July
  • Gandhi Centenary Year, 13 August
  • British Post Office Technology, 1 October
  • Christmas 1969, 26 November

1970[edit]

  • British Rural Architecture (4 stamps), 11 February
  • Anniversaries (5 stamps), 1 April
  • London 6 at 4d (Sun Life assurance co. Of Canada) ((6 stamps,)) May ----- [RARE ONLY 4 IN KNOWN EXISTENCE]
  • Literary Anniversaries (5 stamps), 3 June
  • Decimal Currency: Machin design of 10p, 20p, 50p and One Pound (4 stamps), 17 June
  • Ninth British Commonwealth Games (3 stamps), Edinburgh, 15 July
  • Philympia 1970 stamp exhibition (3 stamps), 18 September
  • Christmas 1970 (3 stamps), 25 November

Queen Elizabeth II (Decimal currency)[edit]

1971[edit]

  • Decimal Currency Machins: ½p, 1p, 1½p, 2p, 2½p, 3p, 3½p, 4p, 5p, 6p, 7½p, and 9p (12 stamps), 15 February
  • 'Ulster '71' Paintings (3 stamps), 16 June
  • Literary Anniversaries (3 stamps), 28 July
  • Decimal Currency Machin: 10p small format (1 stamp), 8 August
  • British Anniversaries (3 stamps), 25 August
  • British Architecture: Modern University Buildings(4 stamps), 22 September
  • Christmas 1971 (3 stamps), 31 October

1972[edit]

  • British Polar Explorers (4 stamps), 16 February
  • General Anniversaries (3 stamps), 26 April
  • British Architecture: Village Churches (5 stamps), 21 June
  • Broadcasting Anniversaries (4 stamps), 13 September
  • Christmas 1972 (3 stamps), 18 October
  • Royal Silver Wedding (2 stamps), 20 November (first issue with "all over" phospher)

1973[edit]

1974[edit]

  • British Trees (2nd issue), 27 February
  • Bicentenary of the Fire Prevention (Metropolis) Act, 24 April
  • Centenary of Universal Postal Union, 12 June
  • Medieval Warriors, 10 July
  • Birth Centenary of Winston Churchill, 9 October
  • Christmas, 27 November

1975[edit]

  • Health and Handicap Funds, 22 January
  • Birth Bicentenary of J.M.W. Turner (painter), 19 February
  • European Architectural Heritage Year, 23 April
  • Sailing, 11 June
  • 150th Anniversary of Public Railways, 13 August
  • 62nd Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference, 3 September
  • Birth Bicentenary of Jane Austen (novelist), 22 October
  • Christmas, 26 November

1976[edit]

  • Telephone Centenary, 10 March
  • Social Reformers, 28 April
  • Bicentenary of American Revolution, 2 June
  • Centenary of Royal National Rose Society, 30 June
  • British Cultural Traditions, 4 August
  • 500th Anniversary of British Printing, 29 September
  • Christmas, 24 November

1977[edit]

1978[edit]

  • Energy Resources, 25 January
  • British Architecture: Historic Buildings (4 stamps + MS), 1 March

1979[edit]

1980[edit]

  • Centenary of Wild Bird Protection Act (4 stamps), 16 January
  • 150th Anniversary of Liverpool and Manchester Railway (5 stamps + strip of 5), 12 March
  • London 1980: International Stamp Exhibition (1 stamp and Minisheet), 9 April
  • London Landmarks (5 stamps), 7 May
  • Famous Authoresses (4 stamps), 4 July
  • 80th Birthday of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother (1 stamp), 4 August (first issue to commemorate a Royal birthday)
  • British Conductors (4 stamps), 10 September
  • Sport Centenaries (4 stamps), 10 October
  • Christmas 1980 (5 stamps), 10 November

1981[edit]

1982[edit]

  • Charles Darwin (4 stamps), 10 February
  • Youth Organisations (4 stamps), 24 March
  • British Theatre (4 stamps), 28 April
  • ??? Pack number 135
  • Maritime Heritage (5 stamps), 16 June
  • British Textiles (4 stamps), 23 July
  • Information Technology (2 stamps), 8 September
  • British Motor Cars (4 stamps), 13 October
  • Christmas (Carols) (5 stamps),17 November

1983[edit]

  • British River Fishes (4 stamps), 26 January
  • Commonwealth Day Monday 14 March (4 stamps), 9 March
  • British Engineering Achievements (3 stamps), 25 May
  • The British Army (5 Stamps), 6 July
  • British Gardens (4 stamps), 24 August
  • British Fairs (4 stamps), 5 October
  • Christmas (5 stamps), 16 November

1984[edit]

  • Heraldry (4 stamps), 17 January
  • Cattle (5 stamps), 6 March
  • Urban Renewal (4 stamps), 10 April
  • Europa, CEPT 25th anniversary The Second European Election (2 strips of 2 stamps), 15 May
  • Greenwich 1884– Meridian −1984 (4 stamps), 26 June
  • The Royal Mail (strip of 5 stamps), 31 July
  • The British Council 1934 – 1984 (4 stamps), 25 September
  • Christmas (The Nativity) (3 stamps), 20 November

1985[edit]

  • Famous Trains (5 stamps), 22 January
  • Insects (5 stamps), 12 March
  • British Composers (4 stamps), 14 May
  • Safety at Sea (4 stamps), 18 June
  • Royal Mail (4 stamps), 30 July
  • Arthurian Legend (4 stamps), 3 September
  • British Films (5 stamps), 8 October
  • Christmas (Pantomime) (5 stamps), 19 November

1986[edit]

  • Industry Year (4 stamps), 14 January
  • Halley's Comet (4 stamps), 18 February
  • 60th Birthday of Queen Elizabeth II (4 stamps, 2 X 2 se-tenant), 21 April
  • Europa. Nature Conservation, Endangered Species (4 stamps), 20 May
  • Medieval Life (4 stamps), 17 June
  • Sport (5 stamps), 15 July
  • Royal Wedding of Prince Andrew, Duke of York and Sarah Ferguson (2 stamps), 22 July
  • Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference, (1 stamp), 19 August
  • Royal Air Force, (5 stamps), 16 September
  • Christmas (Traditions) (6 stamps), 18 November

1987[edit]

  • Flowers, (4 stamps), 6 January
  • Sir Isaac Newton, (4 stamps), 24 March
  • British Architects in Europe, (4 stamps), 12 May
  • St John Ambulance, (4 stamps), 16 June
  • Scottish Heraldry, (4 stamps), 21 June
  • Victorian Britain, (4 stamps), 8 September
  • Studio Pottery, (4 stamps), 13 October
  • Christmas, (5 stamps), 17 November

1988[edit]

  • Bicentenary of Linnean Society, (4 stamps), 19 January
  • 400th Anniversary of the Welsh Bible, (4 stamps), 1 March
  • Sports Organisations, (4 stamps), 22 March
  • Transport and Mail Services, Europa, (4 stamps), 10 May
  • Australian Bicentenary (4 stamps), 21 June
  • Spanish Armada, (5 stamps), 19 July
  • Centenary of death of Edward Lear, (4 stamps), 6 September
  • Castle high value definitives, (4 stamps), 18 October
  • Christmas, (5 stamps), 15 November

1989[edit]

1990[edit]

1991[edit]

1992[edit]

1993[edit]

1994[edit]

  • The Age of Steam. Railway Photographs by Colin Gifford, 18 January
  • Greeting Stamps. 'Messages', 1 February
  • Postage due stamps, 15 February (the final issue of postage due stamps that had been introduced in 1914)
  • 25th Anniversary of Investiture of The Prince of Wales. Paintings by The Prince of Wales, 1 March
  • Centenary of Picture Postcards, 12 April
  • Opening of Channel Tunnel, 3 May
  • 50th Anniversary of D-Day, 6 June
  • Scottish Golf Courses, 5 July
  • The Four Seasons. Summertime Events, 2 August
  • Europa. Medical Discoveries, 27 September
  • Christmas. Children's Nativity Plays, 1 November

1995[edit]

1996[edit]

1997[edit]

  • Greetings Stamps. 19th-century Flower Paintings, 6 January
  • 450th Death Anniversary of King Henry VIII, 21 January
  • Religious Anniversaries, 11 March
  • Europa. Tales and Legends. Horror Stories, 13 May
  • British Aircraft Designers, 10 June
  • 'All The Queens Horses'. 50th Anniversary of the British Horse Society, 8 July
  • Sub-Post Offices, 12 August
  • Birth Centenary of Enid Blyton (children's author), 9 September
  • Christmas. 150th Anniversary of the Christmas Cracker, 27 October
  • Royal Golden Wedding, 13 November

1998[edit]

1999[edit]

  • Millennium stamp Series. The Inventors' Tale, 12 January
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Travellers' Tale, 2 February
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Patients's Tale, 2 March
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Settlers' Tale, 6 April
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Workers' Tale, 4 May
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Entertainers' Tale, 1 June
  • Royal wedding, 15 June
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Citizens' Tale, 6 July
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Scientists' Tale, 3 August
  • Solar Eclipse, 11 August
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Farmers' Tale. Includes 1999 Europa issue, 7 September
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Soldiers' Tale, 5 October
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Christians' Tale, 2 November
  • Millennium stamp Series. The Artists' Tale, 7 December
  • Millennium stamp Series. 'Millennium Timekeeper', 14 December

2000[edit]

  • New Millennium stamp, 6 January
  • Millennium stamp Projects (1st Series). 'Above and Beyond', 18 January
  • Millennium stamp Projects (2nd Series). 'Fire and Light', 1 February
  • Millennium stamp Projects (3rd Series). 'Water and Coast', 7 March
  • Millennium stamp Projects (4th Series). 'Life and Earth', (2nd) ECOS Ballymena, (1st) Web of Life Exhibition at London Zoo, 44p Earth Centre Doncaster, 64p Project SUZY Teesside. Printed by De La Rue Security Print. 4 April
  • Millennium stamp Projects (5th Series). 'Art and Craft', 2 May
  • 'Stamp Show 2000' International Stamp Exhibition, London. 'Her Majesty's Stamps', 23 May
  • Millennium stamp Projects (6th Series). 'People and Places', 6 June
  • Millennium stamp Projects (7th Series). 'Stone and Soil', 4 July
  • Millennium stamp Projects (8th Series). 'Tree and Leaf', 1 August
  • Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother's 100th Birthday, 4 August
  • Millennium stamp Projects (9th Series). 'Mind and Matter', 5 September
  • Millennium stamp Projects (10th Series). 'Body and Bone', 3 October
  • Millennium stamp Projects (11th Series). 'Spirit and Faith', 7 November
  • Millennium stamp Projects (12th Series). 'Sound and Vision', 5 December

2001[edit]

2002[edit]

  • Centenary of Publication of Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories, 15 January
  • Golden Jubilee, 6 February
  • Wilding Definitive of 1952–54, 6 February
  • Greetings Stamps "Occasions", 5 March
  • British Coastlines, 19 March
  • Europa, Circus, 10 April
  • Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Commemoration, 25 April
  • 50th Anniversary of Passenger Jet Aviation, 2 May
  • World Cup Football Championship, Japan and Korea, 21 May
  • 17th Commonwealth Games, Manchester, 16 July
  • 150th Anniversary of Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, 20 August
  • Bridges of London, 10 September
  • Astronomy Sheet, 24 September
  • 150th Anniversary of the First Pillar Box, 8 October
  • Christmas 2002, 5 November
  • 50th Anniversary of Wilding Definitives sheet, 5 December

2003[edit]

  • Birds of Prey, 14 January
  • Greetings Stamps "Occasions", 4 February
  • 50th Anniversary of Discovery of DNA, 25 February
  • Fruit and Vegetables, 25 March
  • Overseas Booklet Stamps, 27 March
  • Extreme Endeavours (British Explorers), 29 April
  • 50th Anniversary of Coronation, 2 June
  • 21st Birthday of Prince William of Wales, 17 June
  • A British Journey, Scotland, 15 July
  • Europa, British Pub Signs, 12 August
  • Classic Transport Toys, 18 September
  • 250th Anniversary of the British Museum, 7 October
  • Christmas 2003, 4 November
  • England's Victory in Rugby World Cup sheet, 19 December

2004[edit]

2005[edit]

2006[edit]

2007[edit]

  • The Beatles, 9 January
  • Sea Life, 1 February
  • The Sky at Night, 13 February
  • World of Invention, 1 March
  • Abolition of the Slave Trade, 22 March
  • Endangered Species – Birds, 10 April
  • Celebrating England, 23 April
  • Beside the Seaside, 15 May
  • 40th Anniversary of the Machin, 5 June
  • Grand Prix, 3 July
  • 10th Anniversary of the First Harry Potter Book, 17 July
  • Scouts, 26 July
  • British Army Uniforms, 20 September
  • The Queen's 60th Wedding Anniversary, 16 October
  • Christmas, 6 November
  • Lest We Forget, 8 November

2008[edit]

  • James Bond Centenary of Birth of Ian Fleming (6 stamps + Prestige Book) 8 January
  • LOVE (Booklet) 15 January
  • Working Dogs Centenary (6 stamps) 5 February
  • Kings & Queens (Part 1) (Houses of Lancaster and York) (6 stamps + MS) 28 February
  • Greetings Booklet 28 February
  • Celebrating Northern Ireland (MS) and Glorious N.Ireland (Smilers sheet) 11 March
  • Mayday – Rescue at Sea (6 stamps) 13 March
  • New Machin definitives & Country stamps for new postage rates 1 April
  • Territorial Army Centenary (Commemorative Sheet) 1 April
  • Insects 'Action for Species' 2 (10 stamps) 15 April
  • Cathedrals 300th anniversary of completion of St Paul’s Cathedral: (6 stamps + MS) 13 May
  • Retail booklet – Summer holidays. 13 May
  • Classic Films "Carry on" and "Hammer" Films anniversaries (6 stamps) 10 June
  • London 1908 Olympics (Commemorative Sheet) 23 June
  • Airshows (6 stamps)17 July
  • Beijing Expo (Smilers Sheet) August
  • Olympics Handover – 2008 Beijing Olympics (MS) 26 August
  • British RAF Uniforms – (6 stamps + Prestige Book) 18 September
  • Country Definitives – 50th anniversary. (MS of 9 stamps + Prestige Book) 29 September
  • Glorious UK (Smilers sheet) 29 September
  • Women of Distinction (6 stamps) 14 October
  • Christmas – Pantomime (6 stamps + MS + Smilers)4 November
  • Lest We Forget – 90th anniversary of end of the First World War (MS) 6 November

2009[edit]

  • Design Classics (10 stamps + Prestige Book + Smilers + Self Adhesive retail books released in February, April and September) 13 January
  • 250th Anniversary Birth of Robert Burns (MS) 22 January
  • 200th Anniversary Birth of Charles Darwin (6 stamps + MS + Prestige Book)12 February
  • Celebrating Wales (MS) 26 February
  • Pioneers of the Industrial Revolution (8 stamps) 17 March
  • New Machin Definitives and Country Stamps for new postage rates April
  • Kings & Queens Part 2 (Tudors) (6 stamps +MS ) 21 April
  • Endangered Plants & 250th Anniversary of Kew Gardens (10 stamps + MS) 19 May
  • Treasure of the Archive (Prestige Book) May
  • Mythical Creatures (6 stamps) 16 June
  • Olympic Disciplines (10 stamps) July
  • Postboxes (MS) 18 August
  • Fire Brigade (6 stamps) 1 September
  • Royal Navy Uniforms (6 stamp + Prestige Book) 17 September
  • Eminent Britons (10 stamps) 8 October
  • Olympic & Paralympic Games (20 stamps) 22 October
  • Christmas – The Nativity Story as depicted on church stained glass (7 stamps + MS + Smilers) 3 November

2010[edit]

  • Classic Album Covers, 7 January
  • Girl Guiding, 2 February
  • The Royal Society, 25 February
  • Battersea Dogs and Cats Home, 11 March
  • Kings and Queens – The Stewarts, 23 March
  • Mammals, 13 April
  • King George V sheet, 6 May
  • Festival of Stamps sheet, 8 May
  • London 2010 sheet, 8 May
  • Britain Alone, 13 May
  • The Stuarts, 15 June
  • Olympic Games, 27 July
  • Great British Railways, 19 August
  • Winnie the Pooh, 12 October
  • Wallace & Grommit X-mas, MS, Generic Smiler 2 November

2011[edit]

  • Classic Children's Television, the Genius of Gerry Anderson – set of 6 & lenticular miniature sheet and Thunderbirds Retail Booklet – 11 January
  • Pictorial Faststamps, Birds II – Garden Birds 2 – 24 January
  • Classic Locomotives of England, Minisheet – 1st Feb
  • Indipex Stamp Exhibition Generic Smilers Sheet – 20 x Union flag, 10x labels incl 1969 Gandhi stamp.-12th Feb
  • West End Stage Musicals set of 6 -24th Feb
  • Retail Booklet: British Heart Foundation 50th Anniv: has Medical Breakthroughs Beta-Blockers 1st stamp 24th Feb
  • Magical Realms – including Discworld, Narnia, Harry Potter, King Arthur: set of 8 – 8 March
  • 50th Anniv World Wide Fund for Nature – set of 10, MS & Prestige Booklet −22 March
  • Commemorative Sheet 50th anniversary of Jaguar E-type −30 March
  • Royal Shakespeare Company 50th Anniversary set of 6 + Minisheet 12 April
  • Royal Wedding – miniature sheet of 4 stamps.- 21 April
  • William Morris & Co 150th Anniversary set of 6 + Prestige Booklet – 5 May
  • Pictorial Faststamps, Water Birds 3 – Mallard, Mute Swan, Kingfisher, Moorhen, Greylag Goose and Great Crested Grebe −19 May
  • Rev Wilbert Awdry Birth Cent. (author, Thomas the Tank Engine stories) Set of 6, Minisheet and booklet −14 June
  • The Duke of Edinburgh's 90th Birthday Commemorative Sheet – 14 June
  • Olympics/Paralympics III – and retail booklet 5, a Commemorative Sheet and a Composite Sheet/30 stamps −27 June
  • Phila'nippon 11, Japan, Exhibition Generic Smilers Sheet.-28 July[clarification needed]
  • The Crown Jewels set of 8. -23 August
  • Classic Locomotives of England retail booklet 23 August
  • World's First Scheduled Airmail, Windsor – Minisheet and Prestige stamp book – 9 September
  • Arnold Machin Birth Centenary miniature sheet −14 September
  • Kings & Queens, House of Hanover, set of 6 + Minisheet – 15 September
  • Olympics/Paralympics retail booklet 6 -15 September
  • 350th Anniv of the Postmark – Generic Smilers Sheet −15 September
  • Pictorial Faststamps, Birds 4 – Sea birds. 16 September
  • A-Z of the United Kingdom (part 1 – 12 stamps, A-L) -13 October
  • Retail booklets: 6 x 1st with 2012 Stamp Calendar on inside cover. 12 x 2nd, 12 x 1st, 4 x 2nd Large, 4 x 1st *Large all with Forest Stewardship Council logo 25 October
  • Christmas 400th Anniv. of the King James Version of the Bible – set of 7, MS, Smilers Sheet, Stamp booklets −8th Nov

2012[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Stanley Gibbons Simplified Catalogue of Stamps of the World 2009
  2. ^ Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalogue 2009
  3. ^ King George VI stamps main page (archived)