List of British royal residences

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This is a list of residences occupied by the British Royal Family, noting the seasons of the year they are traditionally occupied. Members of the Royal Family inhabit their range of residences across the United Kingdom. Some are royal palaces, owned by the Crown and held in trust by the monarch; others are privately owned. Balmoral Castle and Sandringham House have been inherited as private property for several generations. Other royal palaces are no longer residences (e.g. the Palace of Westminster, the Palace of Whitehall). Some remain in irregular use for royal occasions. The Royal Palaces enjoy certain legal privileges, for example there is an exemption from levying duty on alcoholic beverages sold in the bars at the Palace of Westminster and there are exemptions from Health and Safety legislation. According to Halsbury's Laws of England, it is not possible to arrest a person within the "verges" of a royal palace (though this assertion is contradicted by a memorandum by the Clerk of the House of Commons in respect of the Palace of Westminster),[1] and when a royal palace is used as a residence (regardless of whether the monarch is actually living there at the time), judicial processes cannot be executed within that palace.[2]

The occupied royal residences are cared for and maintained by the Royal Household Property Section. The unoccupied royal palaces of England are now within the responsibility of the Historic Royal Palaces Agency.

Current royal residences by members of the Royal Family[edit]

Residence Location Notes

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh[edit]

Official[edit]

Buckingham Palace London, England Official London residence (Monday to Friday)
Windsor Castle Windsor, Berkshire, England Official country residence (Most weekends; a month over Easter; a week in June for Royal Ascot and the service of the Order of the Garter)
Palace of Holyroodhouse Edinburgh, Scotland Official Scottish residence (Whenever the Royal Family undertake official duties in Scotland: primarily Holyrood week in July)
Hillsborough Castle County Down, Northern Ireland Official residence in Northern Ireland (whenever the Royal Family undertake official duties in the region)[3]

Private[edit]

inherited from the current Queen's father, King George VI

Sandringham House Sandringham, Norfolk, England Christmas until February
Balmoral Castle Aberdeenshire, Scotland August and September
Craigowan Lodge Balmoral, Aberdeenshire
Delnadamph Lodge Balmoral, Aberdeenshire Being rebuilt for the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall; located on the estate of Balmoral Castle

The Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall[edit]

Official[edit]

Clarence House London Official London residence

Private[edit]

Highgrove House Gloucestershire
Birkhall Balmoral, Aberdeenshire previously used by Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother; located on the estate of Balmoral Castle
Llwynywermod Myddfai, Llandovery, Carmarthenshire, Wales Usual country residence of the Prince of Wales in Wales
Tamarisk Isles of Scilly

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge[edit]

Official[edit]

Kensington Palace London Official London residence

Private[edit]

Anmer Hall Sandringham Estate, Norfolk Located on the grounds of Sandringham House[4]

Prince Harry[edit]

Official[edit]

Kensington Palace London

The Duke of York[edit]

Official[edit]

Buckingham Palace London Official London residence
The Royal Lodge Windsor, Berkshire Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate

The Earl and Countess of Wessex[edit]

Official[edit]

Buckingham Palace London Official London residence
Bagshot Park Surrey Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate

The Princess Royal[edit]

Official[edit]

St. James's Palace London Official London residence

Private[edit]

Gatcombe Park Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire Privately owned home

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester[edit]

Official[edit]

Kensington Palace London Official London residence
Barnwell Manor Barnwell, Northamptonshire Not in residence - leased since 1995

The Duke and Duchess of Kent[edit]

Official[edit]

Wren House Kensington Palace, London Official London residence

Prince and Princess Michael of Kent[edit]

Official[edit]

Kensington Palace London Official London residence

Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy[edit]

Official[edit]

St James's Palace London Official London residence
Thatched House Lodge Richmond, Surrey Official country residence, leased from the Crown Estate

Current royal residences by type of residence[edit]

Residence Location Member(s)

State-owned[edit]

Buckingham Palace London The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh, The Yorks, The Wessexes
Clarence House London The Waleses[N 1]
Kensington Palace London The Cambridges, The Gloucesters, Prince and Princess Michael, Prince Harry (also an Historic Royal Palace)
Wren House Kensington Palace, London The Kents
St James's Palace London The Princess Royal, Sir Timothy Laurence, Princess Alexandra
Windsor Castle Windsor, Berkshire Various
Palace of Holyroodhouse Edinburgh Various
Hillsborough Castle County Down, Northern Ireland Various

Crown Estate Owner[edit]

The Royal Lodge Windsor, Berkshire The Yorks
Bagshot Park Surrey The Wessexes
Thatched House Lodge Richmond, Surrey Princess Alexandra
Barnwell Manor Barnwell, Northamptonshire The Gloucesters

Privately owned[edit]

Gatcombe Park Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire The Princess Royal
Sandringham House Norfolk The Queen (inherited)
Balmoral Castle Aberdeenshire The Queen (inherited)
Craigowan Lodge Balmoral, Aberdeenshire
Delnadamph Lodge Balmoral, Aberdeenshire
Highgrove House Gloucestershire The Waleses (owned by Duchy of Cornwall)
Birkhall House Balmoral, Aberdeenshire
Llwynywermod Myddfai, Llandovery, Carmarthenshire The Waleses (owned by Duchy of Cornwall)
Tamarisk Isles of Scilly

Former royal residences[edit]

Bonchurch, Isle of Wight Built as hunting lodge for Queen Adelaide in 1825, now converted into apartments with most of gardens sold off

Residence Location Royal(s) & Date(s)
Ailesbury House Leicester Square, London
Albany Piccadilly, London Prince Frederick, Duke of York (1791–1802)
Allerton Castle North Yorkshire Prince Frederick, Duke of York (1786–1789)
Anmer Hall Anmer, Norfolk (Sandringham Estate) Leased by the Kents (1972–1990)
Audley End House Saffron Walden, Essex Charles II (1668–1701)
Banqueting House Whitehall, London Last remaining property of the Palace of Whitehall, now a Historic Royal Palace
Barnwell Manor Northamptonshire Princes Henry and Richard, Dukes of Gloucester (1938–1995, still owned)
Palace of Beaulieu Chelmsford, Essex Henry VIII; Edward VI; Mary I; Elizabeth I (1517–1622)
Beaumont Palace Oxford Henry I through Edward II; 1130–1318)
Fort Belvedere Windsor Great Park Prince William, Duke of Cumberland; Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught; Edward VIII (1750–1936)
Bentley Priory London Queen Adelaide (leased 1846/8–1849)
Berkhamsted Castle Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire William the Conqueror (1066); Henry I (1123); Edward, the Black Prince (1337); a number of Queens consort (1191–1400); last occupied 1469–1496 by Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Birch Hall Surrey Bought and sold in 1998 by the trustees representing Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie of York. Never occupied by the Princesses nor their mother, who claimed that financial difficulties prevented her from running the house (1998)
Brantridge Park Balcombe, West Sussex Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone; Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (1919–1941)
Bridewell Palace London Henry VIII; Edward VI (1515–1523, owned 'til 1556)
Brill Palace Brill, Buckinghamshire Edward the Confessor; Harold Godwinson; William the Conqueror; William II; Henry I; Stephen; Henry II; John; Henry III; Edward I; Edward II; Edward III (c. 1042–1337; given to Sir John de Moleyns)
Bushy House Teddington, London William IV; the FitzClarences; Mrs Jordan; Queen Adelaide (1797–1849; still owned)
Cadzow Castle South Lanarkshire, Scotland Scottish crown (David I, Alexander II, Alexander III, John, Robert I); Mary, Queen of Scots (mid-early twelfth century - early fourteenth century, early May 1568)
Caernarfon Castle Caernarfon, Wales Edward I (1283– still owned)
Cambridge Cottage Kew
Cambridge House Piccadilly, London Official London residence of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (1829–1850)
Carisbrooke Castle Newport, Isle of Wight Charles I; Princess Elizabeth; Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester and Princess Henrietta; Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (1647-c. 1652, 1896–1944; now English Heritage)
Carlton House London George IV (1783–1827; now Carlton House Terrace, still owned by the Crown Estate)
Castle Hill Lodge Ealing Used by Maria Anne Fitzherbert from October 1795 and George, Prince of Wales then bought by Edward, Duke of Kent (father of Queen Victoria) who spent £100,000 enhancing the house. His aide-de-camp General Sir Frederick Augustus Wetherall bought the house to rescue the Duchess from creditors following the Duke of Kent's death. The house was demolished in 1845 by General Sir George Augustus Wetherall.
Castlewood House Egham, Surrey Leased by The Duke and Duchess of York (1987–1990)
Chelsea Manor London Princess Elizabeth; Anne of Cleves (1536–1547, c. 1547–1557)
Chesterfield House Greenwich London home of Princess Mary (1923–1929) - owned by the Estate of Harewood
Chevening Kent Owned by the Crown Estate and used as the official residence of the Foreign Secretary (1980–)
Chideock Manor Dorset Rented by The Duke and Duchess of York (1986–1987)
Chiswick House Burlington Lane, Chiswick, London Acquired by English Heritage, 1929
Christ Church Oxford Charles I (1642–1649)
Claremont Esher, Surrey Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales and Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld; Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany and Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (1816–1831; owned 'til 1865, 1882–1922)
Clarendon Palace Salisbury, Wiltshire Used for hunting trips during the Middle Ages. Now ruined.
Cliveden Buckinghamshire George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland
Coppins Buckinghamshire Princess Victoria; Princes George and Edward, Dukes of Kent (1925–1973)
Crocker End House Oxfordshire Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (1990-?)
Crosby Hall Chelsea, London Richard, Duke of Gloucester (mid-late 15th Century)[5]
Cumberland Cottage
Cumberland House Pall Mall, London Prince Edward, Duke of York; Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland (c. 1760–1801; as York House 'til 1767)
Cumberland Lodge Windsor Great Park Princes William and Henry, Dukes of Cumberland; Anne, Duchess of Cumberland; Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex; Princess Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (1746–1803; 1830–1843; 1872–1923; still owned)
Dolphin Square Embankment, London The Princess Royal, at some point or other, but never owned
Doune Castle Stirlingshire Seat of the Duke of Albany (1380–1603)
Dover House London Prince Frederick, Duke of York (1788–1792)
Dublin Castle Dublin, Ireland Seat of Lords and Kings of Ireland (1171–1922)
Dunfermline Palace Dunfermline, Fife Seat of the King of Scots (1500–1650)
East Sheen Lodge London Princess Louise, Princess Royal (1889–1931)
Eastwell Park Kent Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Maria, Duchess of Edinburgh (rented 1874–1893)
Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh A residence of the Kings of Scots from the 11th to the 17th centuries, last used by Charles I in 1633 (now Historic Scotland)
Eltham Palace Kent The Crown (Edward II through Henry VIII; now English Heritage)
Falkland Palace Falkland, Fife Various, including Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany; David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (The Scottish Crown 14th Century –; now National Trust for Scotland)
Frogmore House Windsor Queen Charlotte and her then-unmarried daughters – Charlotte, Princess Royal, Princesses Princess Augusta, Elizabeth, Mary, Sophia, Amelia; Princess Augusta; Princess Victoria, Duchess of Kent (leased 1792–)
Gloucester House Weymouth Summer residence of Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (later 18th Century)
Gloucester House, London Piccadilly, London Prince William, Duke of Gloucester died here, 1805, as did his daughter-in-law Princess Mary, last surviving child of George III, on 30 April 1857
Gloucester Lodge Brompton
Gunnersbury Park London Summer retreat of Princess Amelia (1760–1786)
Hampton Court Palace London The Crown, since Henry VIII (1525–; now a Historic Royal Palace)
Hatfield House Hertfordshire The Crown (residents included Prince Edward and Princess Elizabeth; 16th Century – 1607)
Ingestre House Belgrave Square, London
Kent House Isle of Wight Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll (from 1901)
Kew House Isle of Wight Alejandro Combarro Martín
Kew Palace London Frederick, Prince of Wales; George III; The Crown since (Mid-18th Century –; now a Historic Royal Palace)
Kingsbourne House Wentworth, Surrey Leased by Sarah, Duchess of York (1994–1997)
Kings Langley Palace Hertfordshire Used by the Plantagenet to Tudor Kings (1276–1558)
Lancaster House London
Leeds Castle Kent
Leicester House London Frederick, Prince of Wales (c. 1730–1751)
Les Jollies Eaux Mustique, St Vincent Gift to Princess Margaret. Sold by her son Viscount Linley in 2000.
Linlithgow Palace West Lothian
Tower of London London Now a Historic Royal Palace
Marlborough House London Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh; Queen Adelaide (1837–1849); Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra, Princess of Wales (1863–1901); George, Prince of Wales and Mary, Princess of Wales (1901–1910). Occupied by Queen Mary, Dowager Queen 1945-1953.
The Castle of Mey nr. John o' Groats Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (1952–2002)
Nether Lypiatt Manor Stroud, Gloucestershire former country home of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent
Nonsuch Palace London built by Henry VIII, later dismantled and sold-off by Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Norfolk House London Frederick, Prince of Wales
Oak Grove House Sandhurst
Oatlands Palace Weybridge, Surrey King Henry VIII; King Edward VI; Queen Mary I; Queen Elizabeth I (and the Stuart line)
Oatlands Park Weybridge, Surrey
Osborne Cottage Isle of Wight Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (1901–1912)
Osborne House Isle of Wight Queen Victoria and Prince Albert (1846–1901). Queen Victoria died there on 22 January 1901. Bequeathed to her successor King Edward VII, who gave it to the nation later that year.
Palace of Placentia London The Palace at Greenwich, acquired by Margaret of Anjou (consort to Henry VI), last used by Charles I
Queen Charlotte's Cottage Kew ?
Queen's House Greenwich Built in the Gardens of the Palace of Greenwich for Anne of Denmark, consort to James I
Ranger's House Greenwich
Ribsden Holt Windlesham, Surrey Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll; Princess Patricia of Connaught
Richmond Palace London Also known as Palace of Sheen, Royal Residence 1327 to 1649, little remains
Romenda Lodge Wentworth Estate, Surrey Leased by the Duchess of York 1992-1994.
Royal Hospital Dublin Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Connaught c1900
The Royal Pavilion, Brighton Brighton, East Sussex George IV; William IV; Victoria (1786–1838)
Sagana Lodge Kenya
Savile House Leicester Square, London
Savoy Palace London
Schomberg House Pall Mall, London Princess Helena (until 1923) and daughters Princess Helena Victoria and Princess Marie Louise (1920–1939)[6]
Somerset House London Queen Elizabeth I; Queen Henrietta Maria
Stirling Castle Stirling Kings of Scots
Sunninghill Park Ascot, Windsor Prince Andrew, Duke of York and family (c. 1990—2004)
Sussex House Upper Mall, Hammersmith, London Prince Augustus, Duke of Sussex
Theobalds Palace Hertfordshire The Crown. James I exchanged it by Act of Parliament with Lord Burleigh; Charles I also lived there; granted in 1 & 2 William and Mary to William, Duke of Portland
Walmer Castle Walmer, Kent
Palace of Westminster London Saxon-1530
Palace of Whitehall London 1530–1698
White Lodge Richmond Princess Amelia of Great Britain; King George III and Queen Charlotte; Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh; Albert Edward, Prince of Wales; Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge and family; Prince Albert George, Duke of York and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (c. 1740–1923)
The King's House Winchester Proposed royal residence for King Charles II
Windlesham Moor Windsor The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1947–4 July 1949[7])
Witley Court Worcestershire
Woodstock Palace Oxfordshire
York Cottage In the grounds of Sandringham House, Norfolk Occupied by King George V and his wife Queen Mary as Duke and Duchess of York. They retained use of the small cottage after their accession in 1910. It was later given to George V's son, Prince Albert, Duke of York and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
York House, St James's Palace London Various royal residents

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Which, following the creation of the Household of Princes William and Harry (now of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry), means the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jack, Malcolm. "ARREST OF MEMBERS AND SEARCHING OF OFFICES IN THE PARLIAMENTARY PRECINCTS". Memorandum by the Clerk of the House. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Halsbury's Laws of England, volume 12(1): "Crown and Royal Family", paragraph 53
  3. ^ Guide to Hillsborough Castle, Northern Ireland Office
  4. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/prince-George/10209880/Duke-and-Duchess-of-Cambridge-to-move-into-country-bolt-hole.html
  5. ^ Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea – Interesting Places – Crosby Hall
  6. ^ Princess Marie Louise (nee Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenberg), My Memories of Six Reigns London:Evans Brothers, 1956
  7. ^ Royal.gov.uk – 60 Facts, Fact 50